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P\§sf sImÃp¶ IoS\min\n \nba§Ä

tUm. tPmkv tPmk^v

{]^kÀ B³Uv slUv, hnÚm\hym]\hn`mKw, ImÀjnI tImfPv, ]S¶¡mSv


F³tUmkÄ^m³ DÄs¸sS XeapdIsf ZpcnX¯nemgv¯p¶ IoS\min\n Zpc´§Ä XpSÀ¡Ybmbn amdpt¼mgpw cmPys¯ IoS\min\n\nb{´W \nba§Ä C¶pw Ip¯gnªXmbn XpScp¶psh¶v ]T\ dnt¸mÀ«v. Hmtcm hnfbnepw Hmtcm IoS\min\nbpsSbpw A\phZ\obamb AhinjvS hnjmwi¯nsâ ]cn[n \nÝbn¡msX IoS\min\nIÄ¡v Ct¸mgpw cPnkvt{Sj³ \ÂIp¶Xmbn \yqUÂlnbnse skâÀ t^mÀ kb³kv B³Uv F³htbm¬saâv (knFkvC) ASp¯Ime¯v ]pd¯nd¡nb Hcp dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. ]pXnb IoS\min\nIÄ hmWnPy]cambn ]pd¯nd¡m³ A\paXn \ÂIn¡gnªXn\p tijhpw aXnbmb kpc£m]T\§Ä \S¯mdnÃ. IoS\min\nIfpsS kpc£nXamb D]tbmKs¯¡pdn¨v Kh¬saâv hnÚm\hym]\ GP³knIÄ IÀjIÀ¡nSbn \S¯p¶ t_m[h¡cW ]cn]mSnIÄ XoÀ¯pw A]cym]vXamWv. GsXÃmw hnfIfn {]tbmKn¡p¶Xn\mtWm Hcp IoS\min\n¡v tI{µ C³skIvSnsskkv t_mÀUv cPnkvt{Sj³ \ÂInbncn¡p¶Xv B hnfIfneÃmsX aäp hnfIfnepw AtX IoS\min\n Xfn¡p¶Xn\v ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIfpw hnhn[ t_mÀUpIfpw in]mÀi \ÂIp¶Xmbpw knFkvC bpsS ]T\ dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. {]mtZinI Xe¯n \S¯p¶ ]T\§fpsS ASnØm\¯nemWv cPnkvt{Sj\nÃm¯ hnfIfnepw IoS\min\nIÄ in]mÀi sN¿p¶sX¶v ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIÄ AhImis¸Sp¶psWvS¦nepw ]et¸mgpw C¯cw ]T\§Ä \S¡mdnÃ. IoS\min\nIfpsS kpc£nXamb D]tbmK¯n\p thWvSn F«phÀjw ap¼v tPmbnâv ]mÀesaâdn I½än (sP]nkn) kaÀ¸n¨ \nÀt±i§Ä Ct¸mgpw \S¸m¡nbn«nCsöpw knFkv dnt¸mÀ«v shfns¸Sp¯p¶p.

kzX{´ C´ybn dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿s¸« BZys¯ h³IoS\min\n Zpc´w kw`hn¨Xv tIcf¯nembncp¶p. 1958  102 t]cpsS Poh³ A]lcn¨ Cu IoS\min\n Zpc´¯n\p ImcWw Atacn¡bn \n¶pw I¸en Cd¡paXnsNbvX `£yhkvXp¡fn CussX³ ]mc¯tbm¬ F¶ IoS\min\n IeÀ¶Xmbncp¶p. F¶m cmPy¯v ka{Kamb Hcp IoS\min\n \nba¯n\v cq]w \ÂIm³ hoWvSpw 10 hÀjw IqSn thWvSnh¶p. cWvSp I½oj\pIfpsS {]hÀ¯\¯n\p tijamWv 1968  cmPys¯ IoS\min\n \nba¯n\v cq]w \ÂInbXv. Cu \nba§Ä \S¸m¡p¶Xn\pÅ A\p_Ô N«§Ä 1971  am{XamWv \nehn h¶Xv. ^coZm_mZv BØm\ambn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUmWv \nbaw \S¸m¡m\pÅ GP³kn. t_mÀUnsâ IognepÅ cPnkvt{Sj³ I½nän ]pXnb IoS\min\nIÄ¡v cPnkvt{Sj³ A\phZn¡p¶p. Hcp ]pXnb IoS\min\n¡v cPnkvt{Sj³ \ÂIp¶Xn\p ap¼v AXnsâ ]mcnØnXnI {]XymLmX§Ä, {]tXyI IoS¯ns\XnscbpÅ Imcy£aamb {]hÀ¯\w, Ahjn]vX hnjmwiw XpS§nbhsb¡pdn¨v hniZamb ]T\§Ä \S¯n hnhc§Ä tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUnsâ cPnkvt{Sj³ I½nän¡v kaÀ¸n¨ncn¡Ww. iàamb kpc£m]co£W§Ä \S¯Wsa¶v ISemkn \nbaapsWvS¦nepw ]pXnb IoS\min\nIÄ¡v cPnkvt{Sj³ \ÂIm\pÅ kpc£m]co£W§Ä ]et¸mgpw {]lk\ambn amdp¶p. I¼\nIÄ \ÂIp¶ ]co£Whnhc§Ä \njv]£amb hniIe\¯n\p hnt[bam¡msX AtX]Sn apJhnebvs¡Sp¯psImWvSmWv an¡t¸mgpw cPnkvt{Sj³ \ÂIp¶Xv. IoS\min\n hn]Wnbnend¡p¶Xn\p ap¼p hsc am{Xsa kpc£m ]T\§Ä \S¯mdpÅp. Irjn¡mcnse¯p¶ IoS\min\nIfpsS kpc£m]T\w \S¯p¶Xv tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUnsâ D¯chmZnXztabÃ.

]©m_nse ImÀjnI taJebmb `«n³Ubn \n¶pw cmPØm\nse _n¡m\dnte¡pÅ s{Sbn³ \¼À 339 "Im³kÀ s{Sbn³' F¶mWv Adnbs¸Sp¶Xv. Cu s{Sbn³ `«n³Ubn \n¶pw Znhtk\ 70 Im³kÀ tcmKnIsf hoXw _n¡m\dnse doPW Im³kÀ skâdnte¡p sImWvSpt]mIp¶p. 1960 Ifnepw 70Ifnepw AanXamb IoS\min\n {]tbmK¯neqsS lcnXhn¹hw Act§dnb `«n³Ubnse {Kma§fn \n¶pÅhcmWv Cu Im³kÀ tcmKnIÄ. ]©m_nse `«n³Ubpw tIcf¯nse ImkÀtKmUpw t]mse cmPys¯ Nne taJeIfn IoS\min\nIfpsS A\nb{´nX D]tbmKw Zpc´w hnXbv¡pt¼mÄ AXpXSbp¶Xn\v XnI¨pw A]cym]vXamWv \nehnepÅ IoS\min\n \nb{´W \nba§Ä. Hcn¡Â Irjn¡mcnse¯n¡gnªm GXp IoS\min\nbpw A\nb{´nXambn hn¡m\pw GXp hnfbnepw Aimkv{Xobambn D]tbmKn¡m\papÅ A]ISIcamb kmlNcyw Ct¸mgpw \ne\n¡p¶p. IoS\min\n tem_nbpsS iàamb k½À±w ImcWw \nehnepÅ \nbaw ]gpXS¨p \S¸m¡mt\m Imem\pkrXambn ]cnjvIcn¡mt\m km[n¡p¶nÃ.

C´ybn Ct¸mÄ cPnÌÀ sNbvXncn¡p¶ 241 IoS\min\nIfn 59 F®¯n\v ]camh[n A\phZ\obamb Ahjn]vX hnjmwi¯nsâ ]cn[n \nÝbn¨n«nsöv knFkvC bpsS dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. hnfIfn {]tbmKn¡p¶ IoS\min\nIÄ ]qÀ®ambpw hnLSn¨p t]mImsX hfscs¨dnsbmcp Awiw a®nepw sNSnIfnepw Iptd¡met¯s¡¦nepw Ahtijn¡pw. a\pjyÀ¡pw PohnIÄ¡pw A]ISIcamIm¯ ChbpsS Afhns\ ]camh[n A\phZ\obamb Ahjn]vX hnjmwi¯nsâ ]cn[n (FwBÀFÂ) AYhm amIvknaw sdknUyq enanäv) F¶p hnfn¡p¶p. \à IrjncoXnIÄ ]n´pSÀ¶Xn\p tijhpw hnfIfn ImWs¸Sp¶ Ahjn]vX hnjmwi¯nsâ A\phZ\obamb ]cn[nbmWv FwBÀFÂ. ]pXnb IoS\min\n¡v cPnkvt{Sj³ e`n¡m³ FwBÀF kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§Ä A\phmcyasænepw 2004 apX CXv \nÀ_Ôam¡psa¶v tI{µ Irjn a{´mebw Dd¸p \ÂInbncp¶p. Cu \n_Ô\ C\nbpw \S¸m¡nbn«nÃ. F¶mÂ, \nch[n hnhmZ§Ä¡ptijhpw FwBÀF kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§Ä CÃmsX Xs¶ cPnkvt{Sj³ \ÂIp¶ ]Xnhv cPnkvt{Sj³ I½nän Ct¸mgpw XpScpIbmWv.

cPnÌÀ sNbvX FÃm IoS\min\nIfpsSbpw A\phZ\obamb Ahjn]vX hnjmwi¯nsâ ]cn[n \nÝbn¡m\pÅ D¯chmZnXzw ^pUv tk^vän B³Uv Ìm³UmÀUvkv AtYmdnän Hm^v C´y¡mWv. cPnÌÀ sNbvX IoS\min\nIfn th¸v A[njvTnX IoS\min\nIÄ, Nne ssPh IoS\min\nIÄ F¶nhbpÄs¸Sp¶ 40 Hmfw IoS\min\nIfpsS FwBÀF \nÝbn¡m³ \nba]camb _m[yXbnÃ. Ahtijn¡p¶ IoS\min\nIfn 59 F®¯nsâ FwBÀF C\nbpw \nÝbn¨n«nÃ. FwBÀF \nÝbn¨ hnfIfpsS Imcy¯nemIs« tImUIvkvt]mepÅ A´mcmjv{S am\ZÞ§Ä ]men¨n«panÃ. A]qÀWhpw Aimkv{XobhpamWv FwBÀF \nÝbn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. Nne IoS\min\nIfpsS Imcy¯n cPnÌÀ sNbvXncn¡p¶ FÃm hnfIfnepw FwBÀF ]T\w \S¯nbn«nÃ. AtXkabw Nne IoS\min\nIfpsS Imcy¯n cPnÌÀ sN¿m¯ hnfIÄ¡pthWvSn ^pUv tk^vän B³Uv Ìm³tUÀUv AtYmdnän FwBÀF ]T\w \S¯pIbpw sNbvXncn¡p¶p.

IoS\min\n I¼\nIÄ GsXÃmw hnfIÄ¡p thWvSnbmtWm Hcp {]tXyI IoS\min\n tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUn cPnÌÀ sNbvXncn¡p¶Xv B hnfIfn am{Xw B {]tXyI IoS\min\n in]mÀi sN¿m\mWv \nba]camb AhImiw. tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUpw cPnkvt{Sj³ I½nänbpw Nne {]tXyI hnfIfnse {]tXyI IoS§fpsS \nb{´W¯n\pthWvSn am{XamWv IoS\min\nIÄ¡v cPnkvt{Sj³ A\phZn¡p¶Xv. F¶m tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUnsâ \nÀt±i¯n \n¶pw hyXykvX ambn aäp hnfIfnse IoS\nb{´W¯n\p thWvSpbpw AtX IoS\min\n Xs¶ ImÀjnI kÀÆIemimeIfpw kvss] kkv t_mÀUv, KthjW tI{µ§Ä, tlmÀ«nIĨÀ anj³ XpS§nb GP³knIfpw in]mÀi sN¿p¶p.

]mt¡Pv Hm^v {]mIvSokkv in]mÀiIfpsS cq]¯nemWv Cu Øm]\§Ä hyXykvXamb in]mÀiIÄ \ÂIp¶Xv. ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIfpsS in]mÀiIÄ tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀ Unsâ \nÀt±i§fpambn kacks¸Sm¯Xv ]et¸mgpw {]iv\§Ä krjvSn¡p¶p. IoS\min\nIfpsS Ahjn]vX hnjmwis¯¡pdn¨pÅ ]T\§Ä C¯cw hyXykvXamb in]mÀiIÄ Akm[yam¡p¶p. `£ykpc£bnepw CXv {]iv\§Ä krjvSn¡pw. tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUnsâ AtX in]mÀiIÄ ]n´pScm\mWv _m[yXsb¦nepw {]mtZinIamb {]tXyIXIÄ IW¡nseSp¯mWv C¯cw hyXykvXamb in]mÀiIÄ \ÂIp¶sX¶mWv AhImihmZw. F¶m ]et¸mgpw aXnbmb kpc£m]T\§Ä \S¯msXbmWv Cu in]mÀiIsf¶XmWv hmkvXhw. s\Ãv, amhv, IpcpapfIv, Gew, tXbne, Icn¼v XpS§nb 11 hnfIÄ ]cntim[n¨t¸mÄ ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIfpw hnhn[ t_mÀUpIfpw KthjW Øm]\§fpw \ÂIp¶ in]mÀiIfpw IoS\min\nIfpsS cPnkvt{Sj\pambn an¡t¸mgpw s]mcp¯s¸Sp¶nsömWv knFkvC bpsS ]T\w IsWvS¯nbXv. cPnkvt{Sj³ CÃm¯ Hcp IoS\min\nbpsS AhinjvSw \nba]cambn Hcp hnfbn IsWvS¯m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. A§s\ IsWvS¯nbm AXv IeÀ¸mbn ]cnKWn¡s¸Spw.

Hcp hnfbn IoS\min\n Xfn¨pIgnªm AXv hnLSn¨v \nÀhocyamIp¶Xn\pÅ kabw Ignªp am{Xsa hnfshSp¯v D]tbmKn¡phm³ ]mSpÅp. Ahjn]vX hnjhocyw kw_Ôn¨ ]T\§fpsS ASnØm\¯nemWv Hmtcm hnfbnepw Hmtcm IoS\min\nbpsSbpw {]tbmK¯n\pw hnfshSp¸n\panSbnepÅ CSthf \nÝbn¡p¶Xv. Im¯ncn¸p Imew (Witing period) F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ Cu CSthfbv¡ptijw hnfshSp¯m am{Xsa Dev]¶w kpc£nXambncn¡pIbpÅq. A]ISIcaÃm¯ Afhn am{Xta IoS\min\n hnfshSp¯ Dev]¶¯n AS§nbn«pÅpsh¶v Dd¸m¡m\mWv Im¯ncn¸pImew \nÝbn¡p¶Xv. hnfshSp¯ tijw t\cn«p `£n¡p¶ ]gw ]¨¡dn hnfIfn Im¯ncn¸p Imew IqSpX {]m[m\yaÀln¡p¶p. IoS\min\n¡v cPnkvt{Sj³ e`n¡p¶Xn\v Im¯ncn¸pIme¯nsâ hniZhnhc§fpw tI{µIoS\min\n t_mÀUn\pw cPnkvt{Sj³ I½nän¡pw \ÂInbncn¡Ww. F¶m an¡ IoS\min\nIfpsS Imcy¯nepw Im¯ncn¸pIme¯nsâ Imcy¯n hyàXtbm ]qÀWXtbm CÃ. Nne IoS\min\nIÄ¡v Im¯ncn¸pImew in]mÀi sNbvXnt«bnÃ. D]t`màmhnsâ BtcmKys¯ kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw AXy´w A]ISIcamb ØnXnbmWnXv.

ASnØm\Xe¯n IÀjIcpsS CSbnte¡p hcpt¼mÄ ØnXn CXnepw Zb\obamWv. tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUnsâ \nÀt±i§Ä¡\pkcn¨Ã IÀjIÀ ]et¸mgpw IoS\min\nIÄ hm§p¶Xv. IoS\min\n hnev]\¡mcmWv an¡t¸mgpw IÀjIcpsS amÀKZÀin. Nnet¸msgÃmw kz´w [mcWb\pkcn¨pw IÀjI³ IoS\min\n hm§p¶p. At©m Btdm hÀjw IqSpt¼mgmWv ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIÄ ]mt¡Pv Hm^v {]mIvSokkv in]mÀiIÄ ]pXp¡p¶Xv. CXn\Iw ]e ]pXnb IoS\min\nIfpw hn]Wnbnend¡nbncn¡pw. CXv ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIÄ ]mt¡Pv Hm^v {]mIvSokkv in]mÀiIfn DÄs¸Sp¯n ]pXp¡pt¼mtg¡pw Cu IoS\min\nIÄ ]gbXmbn¡gnªncn¡pw. ]pXnb IoS\min\nIÄ ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIfpsS in]mÀiIfn DÄs¸Sp¯¶Xn\pÅ Cu ImeXmakw ImcWw IoS\min\n hnev]\¡mÀ kz´w \nebn ]pXnb IoS\min\nIÄ IÀjIÀ¡v in]mÀi sN¿p¶p. Cu in]mÀiIÄ¡v tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUnsâtbm ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIfpsStbm in]mÀiIfpambn s]mcp¯sam¶papWvSmbncn¡pIbnÃ. tI{µ \nb{´W \nba¯nse ]gpXpIÄ apXem¡n \ntcm[n¨ IoS\min\nIfpw cPnkvt{Sj\nÃm¯ hymP IoS\min\nIfpw D]tbmK¯n\v \n_Ô\IÄ GÀs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ IoS\min\nIfpsaÃmw hn]Wnbn kpe`ambn hnägn¡s¸Sp¶p. knFkvC \S¯nb kÀshbn ]s¦Sp¯ cWvSp IÀjIÀ \ntcm[n¡s¸« F³tUmkÄ^m³ Ct¸mgpw D]tbmKn¨phcp¶Xmbn k½Xn¨p.

2003  knFkvC \S¯nb ]T\§fn s]]vkn, sIms¡mtImf {_m³UpIfn A\phZ\obamb ]cn[nbnepw ]Xn·S§v A[nIw Afhn IoS\min\nIÄ AS§nbncn¡p¶Xmbn IsWvS¯nbncp¶p. _lpcmjv{S I¼\nIfpsS hnhn[ {_m³Uv Ip¸nshůnepw amcIamb IoS\min\nIÄ A\phZ\obamb Afhnepw IqSpXemsW¶pw ]T\§fn sXfnªncp¶p. CtX¯pSÀ¶v ioXf]m\ob§fnse IoS\min\nIfpsS AhinjvSs¯bpw kpc£m am\ZÞ§sfbpw Ipdn¨v ]Tn¡m³ Hcp kwbpà ]mÀesaâdn I½nän¡v (sP]nkn) ]mÀesaâv cq]w \ÂIn. I½nän 2005  kaÀ¸n¨ dnt¸mÀ«n IoS\min\nIfpsS kpc£nXamb D]tbmKw kw_Ôn¨v \nch[n in]mÀiIÄ DÄs¡mÅn¨ncp¶p. F¶m sP]nkn dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¨v F«phÀjw Ignªn«pw Cu dnt¸mÀ«n ASnb´c{]m[m\yt¯msS kaÀ¸n¨ \nÀt±i§fn `qcn`mKhpw \S¸m¡s¸SmsX Ahtijn¸n¡pIbmWv. Hmtcm IoS\min\n¡pw Hmtcm hnfbnepapÅ ]camh[n A\phZ\obamb Ahjn]vX hnjmwi¯nsâ (FwBÀFÂ) \nÝbn¡msX cPnkvt{Sj³ \nÂIcpsX¶mbncp¶p Hcp {][m\ in]mÀi. CXn\pthWvSn IoS\min\n \nba¯n t`ZKXn sImWvSphcpsa¶v tI{µ Irjn a{´mebw Adnbn¨ncp¶psh¦nepw CXphscbpw \S]Snsbm¶psaSp¯n«nÃ. cPnÌÀ sNbvX IoS\min\nIsf¡pdn¨v I¼\nIÄ {]kn²oIcn¡p¶ eLpteJIfn Im¯ncn¸pImew kw_Ôn¨ hniZmwi§Ä tNÀ¯ncn¡Wsa¶ sP]nkn in]mÀibpw C\nbpw \S¸m¡nbn«nÃ. \ntcm[n¡s¸« IoS\min\nIfpw D]tbmKw ]cnanXs¸Sp¯nb IoS\min\nIfpw hym]Iambn Zpcp]tbmKw sN¿p¶nsöv Dd¸m¡Wsa¶Xmbncp¶p asämcp in]mÀi. CXnepw \S]Snsbm¶pambn«nÃ. C¯cw IoS\min\nIÄ hn¡p¶hÀs¡Xntc \S]Sn kzoIcn¡m³ \nbaw t`ZKXn sN¿Wsa¶ in]mÀi \S¸m¡p¶ Imcy¯nepw ]ptcmKXnsbm¶panÃ.

tIcf¯n 2011 tabn ssPhImÀjnI \bw \S¸m¡p¶Xnsâ `mKambn Nph¸p te_enepw aª te_enepapÅ hnjhocyw IqSnb GXm\pw IoS\min\nIfpw IpanÄ\min\nIfpw If\min\nIfpw \ntcm[n¨ncp¶p. \ntcm[n¨ IoS\min\nIÄ¡p ]Icambn GXm\pw _Z IoS\min\nIfpw IpanÄ\min\nIfpw If\min\nIfpw ImÀjnI kÀhIemimebpsS in]mÀibpsS ASnØm\¯n kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ AwKoIcn¨psImWvSv D¯chnd¡n. Hcp hÀjImemh[nbnte¡mbncp¶p Cu in]mÀi. Hcp hÀj¯n\Iw Cu _Z IoS\min\nIfpsS kpc£sb¡pdn¨v ]T\w \S¯n dnt¸mÀ«v \ÂIWsa¶mbncp¶p \nÀt±iw. F¶m Cu _Z IoS\min\nIfpsS kpc£nXXzs¯¡pdn¨pÅ ]T\w cWvSphÀjambn«pw ]qÀ¯nbmbn«nÃ. _Z IoS\min\nIfmbn in]mÀisNbvXn«pÅ CanUmt¢m{]nUv, t¢mÀss^dnt^mkv XpS§nb IoS\min\nIÄ Nne hntZi cmPy§fn \ntcm[n¡s¸SpItbm D]tbmKw ]cnanXs¸Sp¯s¸SpItbm sNbvXn«pÅ IoS\min\nIfmWv. "t\Àhv GPâv' F¶ t]cnednbs¸Sp¶ \ntbm\nt\m«ntembnUv hn`mK¯nse CanUm t¢m{]nUv F¶ IoS\min\n tX\o¨ tImfWnIfpsS hn\mi¯n\p ImcWamIpsa¶Xn\m ASp¯ Ime¯v bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\nse ]e cmPy§fnepw \ntcm[n¨n«pWvSv.

Adp]XpIfn AÛpXacp¶pIfmbn hntijn¸n¡s¸«v hn]Wnbnse¯nb IoS\min\nIÄ acW¯nsâ HäaqenIfmbn amdnbn«pw cmPys¯ IoS\min\n \nba¯n Imem\pkrXamb t`ZKXn hcp¯phm³ A[nIrXÀ C\nbpw X¿mdmbn«nÃ. ]cnØnXn, Pemib§Ä, PohPme§Ä, a®v F¶nhsb A\phZ\obamb ]cn[n¡pw ]Xn·S§papIfn IoS\min\nIÄ aen\oIcn¨n«pw IoS\min\n \nb{´W \nba§Ä kab_ÔnXambn ]cnjvIcn¡m³ X¿mdmIm¯Xv IoS\min\n tem_nbpsS k½À±¯n\p hg§p¶Xp sImWvStà F¶p kwibnt¡WvSncn¡p¶p.

IqSpX hnhc§Ä¡v: 9387100119.



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]me¡mSv PnÃbpsS kmaqlytaJebn ap¸¯nbmdp hÀjambn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ ]o¸nÄkv kÀhokv skmsskän ]me¡mSv (]nFkvFkv]n) \qX\ Bib§fpw {]hÀ¯\ssienbpwsImWvSp X\Xv ap{Z]Xn¸n¨ k¶² kwLS\bmWv. 2012þse N¡ hnfshSp¸papX kwkvIcW¯neqsS D]t`mKw hÀ[n¸n¡p¶Xn\pw....
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ImemhØ amdp¶p, C\n ss¢aäv kvamÀ«v Irjn

Ignª A©p hÀj¯n\p tijw cmPyw hoWvSpw asämcp hcĨbnte¡v {]thin¡pIbmWv. Pqsse ]IpXn hsc In«nb a¬kq¬ agbpsS Afhv 43 iXam\t¯mfw IpdhmWv. ]k^nIv kap{Z¯nsâ D]cnXew XpSÀ¨bmbn NqSmIp¶XpsImWvSpWvSmIp¶ F \nt\m {]Xn`mkw....
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]ip hfÀ¯Â A{X tamiw ]WnbÃ...

hS¡t©cn (]me¡mSv): ]iphfÀ¯Â em`Icasöpw XcwXmgv¶ ]WnbmsW¶pw ]dªv ]pÑn¨p XÅp¶hÀ hmbnt¨mfq. awKew Kh¬saâv FÂ]n kvIqfn\p kao]apÅ cmlpÂhnÃbn ]ip ^mw \S¯p¶Xp ktlmZc§fmb bph A`n`mjI\pw bph tUmÎdpamWv.
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kq£vaaqeI§fpw hmg¡rjnbpw

aebmfnIsf kw_Ôn ¨nSt¯mfw ]gsa¶m hmg¸gw F¶mWtÃm. sX¡p Ing¡³ Gjybnse NqSpÅ ImemhØbnemWv CXnsâ DXv`hw. t\cn«pw thhn¨pw Ign¡mhp¶ hmg¸gw Ffp ¸¯n Zln¡p¶Xpw t]mjI KpW§fpw Huj [KpW§fpw \ndªXpamWv.
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tIm«b¯nsâ a®n Im]vkn¡hpw

Irjnbpw ImÀjnI kwkvImchpw F¶pw Xg¨phfÀ¶n«pÅXv \ZoXoc§fnemWv. ^e]qbnãamb a®pw ip²Pehpw kpe`ambn e`n¡psa¶XmWv CXn\v HcpImcWw. CXpt]mse Hcp \ZoXS Irjnbpw ImÀjnI kwkvImchpw hfcpIbmWv ao\¨nemdnsâ IcbnÂ.
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hnfIÄ¡v Icp¯mbn..hocyambn...

`mhnPohnX¯nte¡v XesbSpt¸msS, Dd¨ NphSpItfmsS \S¶p apt¶tdWvS Hcp XeapdbpsS ImepIÄ¡v _e£bw A\p`hs¸«mtem? AhcpsS NphSpIÄ e£yt_m[anÃmsX ]Xdnbmtem? GXmWvSv aq¶c ]XnämWvSp ap³]v _w¥mtZin kw`hn¨ bmYmÀYyamWnXv.
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AgtIdpw tImgn¨´w

amwk¯n\pw ap«bv¡pambn hfÀ¯p¶ C\§fn \n¶v Ae¦mct¡mgnIsf thÀXncn¡p¶Xv AhcpsS N´w Xs¶bmWv. A¦hmenepw, Xqh hn\ymk¯nepw, BSbnepw, Xe¸qhnepw \ndbp¶ hÀWtaf\§fmWv ChbpsS hne \nÝbn¡p¶Xv. Im¡nbpSp¸n\pÅn Hcp IemlrZbapsWvS¶v sXfnbn¡pIbmWv....
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thdn« IÀjI Nn´IÄ

GXp hyhkmb kwcw`hpw hnPbw ssIhcn¡p¶Xv DXv]¶§fpsS sshhn[y¯neqsSbmWv F¶ X¯zw £octaJebnepw sXfnbn¨ncn¡pIbmWv sImÃw PnÃbnse Xghm ssNX\y ho«n A\nÂIpamÀ.£ochnIk\ hIp¸v 1999  sImÃw PnÃbn \S¸m¡nb ka{K£ochnIk\ ]²Xnbmb ...
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¹mhps]cpabpambn Pm¡v A\nÂ

ZimСmeambn ¹mhpIfpsS \à \mS³ C\§Ä IsWvS¯n _ÍnwKneqsS Ahbv¡v ]pXnb cq]hpw `mhhpw \ÂIpIbmWv Pm¡v A\n F¶t]cnednbs¸Sp¶ A\nÂIpamÀ. aebmfnbmb A\n Ct¸mÄ Xmakn¡p¶ IÀWmSI¯nse Z£nW I¶U PnÃbnse ]p¯qcnemWv ¹mhn hnkvab§Ä hncnbn¡p¶Xv.
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Xncphkv{X hÀ®apÅ ]pjv]§Ä

t]cv ImÀUn\ ^vfhÀ, IÀZn\mÄ ]qhv F¶v ]cn`mj. ImÀUn\ F¶ Cw¥ojv ]Z¯n\v Gähpw {][m\s¸«Xv, hninjvSambXv Fs¶ms¡ AÀ°w. F¶m semt_enb ImÀUn\menkv F¶ ]qhn\v IÀZn\mÄ ]qhv F¶v t]cp In«nbXv.....
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]pXp{]Xo£bpWÀ¯n Im¡¸md Fw. PmXn C\w

hn]Wnbn kpØnchnebpsWvS¶v IcpXnbncp¶ hnfIÄ¡mWn¶v IenImew. hneØncXbnÃm¯ hnfIÄ¡nSbn PmXnacs¯ Hcp hcambn IÀjI³ IcpXnbm AXn ]Xncnsöv ]dtbWvSnhcpw. BtcmKyapÅ, {]mb]qÀ¯nbmb Hcp PmXnac¯n \n¶pw....
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d_À hnebnSnhn hne]nt¡WvS, tX\o¨ XpWbmbpsWvS¦nÂ

d_À tXm«§Ä tX³ Npc¯p¶ amk§fmWv s^{_phcn, amÀ¨v, G{]n amk§Ä. d_À tXm«¯n\pÅn tX\o¨tbm? kwibw tXmt¶WvS, Htc¡À d_À tXm«¯n\pÅn 100 tX\o¨s¸«nIÄ Øm]n¨v kwc£n¡m³ Ignbpw. _o Io¸nwKv ]Tn¨hÀ¡v CXv sImbv¯pImeamWv.
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cWvSc G¡À d_Àt¯m«¯n \n¶v \mec e£w A[nIhcpam\w

PohnX¯n {]XnkÔnIÄ hcpt¼mÄ a\kp kzØam¡m³ Hcp Km\w tIÄ¡p¶hÀ \nch[n. {]XnkÔnbnemb d_À IÀjIcpsS CSbnte¡v Bizmk Km\ambn HgpInsb¯pIbmWv Cu Ces¨SnIÄ. t]cn Xs¶ Km\apÅ Ces¨SnIÄ.
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{]Xntcm[taJebn C´y³ d_dnsâ km[yXIfmcmªv skan\mÀ

{]Xntcm[taJebn C´y³ d_dnsâ km[yX AhtemI\w sN¿p¶ skan \mÀ {it²bambn. d_À hyhkmbw IqSpX sa¨s¸Sp¯p¶Xnsâ km[yXIÄ Bcm bp¶Xn\mbncp¶p skan\mÀ kwLSn¸n¨Xv. bp²¡¸Â, A´Àhmln\n F¶nhbpsS \nÀamW¯n\mhiyamb 1200 d_À A[njvvTnX DXv]¶§Ä \nÀan¨p
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tamZn ImÀjnI taJebv¡p tamSn ]Icptam ?

IÀjIcpÄs¸sS cmPys¯ kakvX P\hn`mK§Ä¡pw \ÃImew hmKvZm\w sNbvXpsImWvSmWv \tc{µtamZn C´ybpsS {][m\a{´n]Zw GsäSp¯ncn¡p¶Xv. cmPyhym]Iambn \S¯nb {]NÞamb sXcsªSp¸v {]NmcWthfbn cmPys¯ IÀjIcpsSbpw Phm·mcpsSbpw....
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d_dns\ c£n¡m³ ]pXnb Bib§Ä, ]p¯³ t^mÀape

d_À t_mÀUv sNbÀt]gvk¬ joe tXmakv sFFFkv, d_À s{]mUIvvj³ I½ojWÀ tUm. sP. tXmakv, d_À t_mÀUv ap³ sNbÀam³ ]n.kn. kndnb¡v, d_Àt_mÀUv ap³ AwKw ]n. BÀ. apcfo[c³, eqWmÀ dt_gvkv FwUn sFk¡v tPmk^v sIm«pIm¸Ån, C´y³ d_À Uotegvkv s^Utdj³ {]knUâv ....
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{]khImes¯ {i² {][m\w

{]khkab¯v ]ip¡Ä ]qÀW BtcmKyhXnIÄ Bbncn¡Ww. P\nXI KpW§Ä, AXmbXv ]qÀWamb ]m DXv]mZ\w {]Xypev]mZ\w F¶nh, BtcmKyhXnIfmb ]ip¡fn \n¶pam{Xta e`n¡pIbpÅq. C¯cw ]ip¡fn 90 iXam\¯n IqSpXepw aZne£Ww {]khtijw 30 Znhk¯n\pÅn ImWn¡pw.
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atejy³ "Kn^väv ' Bbn Ipf¯nse Cd¨nt¡mgn

Ipf¯nse tImgnbnd¨n F¶mWv Xnem¸nb aÕys¯ hnfn¡p¶sX¦n Ipf¯nse Cd¨nt¡mgn F¶v Chs\ hntijn¸n¡mw. atejybn \n¶v F¯p¶ Kn^vämWnh³. hÀ[n¨phcp¶ aÕyD]t`mK¯n\v ]cnlmcambmWv Kn^väv F¯p¶Xv.
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]mepw cpNntbdpw ]m DXv]¶§fpw

tIcfobcpsS ssZ\wZn\ PohnX¯n Hgn¨pIqSm\mhm¯ H¶mWtÃm ]mÂ. NmbbpWvSm¡m\pw ssXcpw, tamcpw, s\¿pw DWvSm¡m\pw am{Xw ioen¨ aebmfnIÄ¡v C¶pw aäp]mepXv]¶§sf¡pdn¨v Aht_m[w DtWvSm F¶ kwibw Dbcp¶p.
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]ip¡Ä¡papWvSv ]ncnapdp¡hpw k½À±hpw

]ip¡Ä s]mXpth im´ioecpw hnImc PohnIfpamWv. sNdnb sNdnb Imcy§Ä aXn ChÀ ZpxJ¯nemhm³. ]ip¡sf ]cn]men¡p¶hÀ AhbpsS a\ximkv{Xw IqSn A¸w Adnªncnt¡WvSXv AXymhiyamWv. Igp¯n IbdnÃmsX sskzcyambn taªp \S¶ncp¶ ]ip¡sf....
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anI¨ hntZi C\w ]ip¡Ä

tIcf¯n hfÀ¯nhcp¶Xpw ChnSs¯ I¶pImenIfpsS hÀtKm[mcW¯n\mbn D]tbmKn¨p hcp¶Xpamb I¶pImenhÀK§Ä tPgvkn, tlmÄÌo³ {^ojy³, {_u¬ kznkv F¶nhbmWv. AbÀjbÀ P\pkv ChnsS IWvSphcp¶nsænep Hcp kuµcyapÅ hntZi£ocP\pkmWv.
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C´y³ am¼g¯n\v bqtdm¸n \ntcm[\w

C´ybn \n¶papÅ AÂt^m³tkm am¼g¯n\pw \men\w ]¨¡dnIÄ¡pw bqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ GÀs¸Sp¯nb Cd¡paXn \ntcm[\w KpWta·bpsS t]cn hnIkzccmPy§fn \n¶papÅ hym]mcw ]cnanXs¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pÅ k¼¶cmPy§fpsS GI]£obamb \ne]mSnsâ Gähpw ...
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Im¸n¡p PetkN\w sN¿pt¼mÄ

{]IrXym e`nt¡WvS ag Ipdbpt¼mÄ DWvSmIp¶ PeZuÀe`yw \nI¯p¶Xn\mWv tXm«§fn PetkN\w \S¯p¶Xv. AXpsImWvSp Xs¶ CXv Hcp \ne\nÂ]nsâ imkv{XhpamWv. Im¸nt¯m«§fnse hcĨbpsS ssZÀLyw Ipdbv¡p¶Xn\pw, Icpt¯msS ]q¡Ä hncnbm\pw......
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KÔcmP³ ]q hnSÀ¶p...

Zblmcnbmb hiykpKÔ¯n\v t]cptI« ]pjv]kpµcnþAXmWv "KÔcmP³'. t]cv kqNn¸n¡p¶Xpt]mse KÔcmPsâ ]q¡fn \n¶v thÀXncn¡p¶ AhiyssXew hnhn[Xcw A¯dpIfn tNcphbmWv. GXmWvSv apøqhnt\mSv kam\amb kpKÔw ]c¯p¶ KÔcmPsâ Gsd {]NmcapÅ C\amWv ....
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sIm¡äoepIÄ

XqhepIfm s\¿s¸« Xebnse IncoSamWv sIm¡äoepIfpsS apJap{Z. P\k½XnbpsS Imcy¯n _UvPokpIÄ¡v ]n¶n cWvSmwØm\w ChÀ¡v \ÂImw. XphepIfm \nÀanXamb Nen¸n¡mhp¶ Xe¸qhnsâ BIÀjWw, am\yamb s]cpamäw, hÀ®`wKn,
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]men cNn¨ hnPbKmY

sImÃw PnÃbnse Ip¶¯qÀ am\m¼pg tImt«¡p¶¯v hnPb³]nÅbv¡pw ]ßIpamcn¡pw 25 a¡fmWv. aq¯]p{Xn [\e£van almcmjv{Sbnse Zpsf Kh¬saâv saUn¡Â tImfPn aq¶mw hÀj Fw_n_nFkv hnZymÀ Yn\n. aI³ lcnIrjvW³ 12þmw ¢mkv hnZymÀYn.
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]m Hcp hcZm\w

]mens\bpw ]iphns\bpw sFizcy¯nsâ {]XoIambn IW¡m¡p¶ `mcXobcpsS ssZ\wZn\ PohnX¯n Hgnhm¡ms\m¡m¯ Hcp BlmcamWv ]mÂ. ]pcmW {KÙ§fnepw ]mepw ]mepXv]¶§fpw ]cmaÀin¡s¸«ncn¡p¶p. t£{XmNmc§fnse ]me`ntjIhpw Krl{]thi\¯nsâ
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