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P\§sf sImÃp¶ IoS\min\n \nba§Ä

tUm. tPmkv tPmk^v

{]^kÀ B³Uv slUv, hnÚm\hym]\hn`mKw, ImÀjnI tImfPv, ]S¶¡mSv


F³tUmkÄ^m³ DÄs¸sS XeapdIsf ZpcnX¯nemgv¯p¶ IoS\min\n Zpc´§Ä XpSÀ¡Ybmbn amdpt¼mgpw cmPys¯ IoS\min\n\nb{´W \nba§Ä C¶pw Ip¯gnªXmbn XpScp¶psh¶v ]T\ dnt¸mÀ«v. Hmtcm hnfbnepw Hmtcm IoS\min\nbpsSbpw A\phZ\obamb AhinjvS hnjmwi¯nsâ ]cn[n \nÝbn¡msX IoS\min\nIÄ¡v Ct¸mgpw cPnkvt{Sj³ \ÂIp¶Xmbn \yqUÂlnbnse skâÀ t^mÀ kb³kv B³Uv F³htbm¬saâv (knFkvC) ASp¯Ime¯v ]pd¯nd¡nb Hcp dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. ]pXnb IoS\min\nIÄ hmWnPy]cambn ]pd¯nd¡m³ A\paXn \ÂIn¡gnªXn\p tijhpw aXnbmb kpc£m]T\§Ä \S¯mdnÃ. IoS\min\nIfpsS kpc£nXamb D]tbmKs¯¡pdn¨v Kh¬saâv hnÚm\hym]\ GP³knIÄ IÀjIÀ¡nSbn \S¯p¶ t_m[h¡cW ]cn]mSnIÄ XoÀ¯pw A]cym]vXamWv. GsXÃmw hnfIfn {]tbmKn¡p¶Xn\mtWm Hcp IoS\min\n¡v tI{µ C³skIvSnsskkv t_mÀUv cPnkvt{Sj³ \ÂInbncn¡p¶Xv B hnfIfneÃmsX aäp hnfIfnepw AtX IoS\min\n Xfn¡p¶Xn\v ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIfpw hnhn[ t_mÀUpIfpw in]mÀi \ÂIp¶Xmbpw knFkvC bpsS ]T\ dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. {]mtZinI Xe¯n \S¯p¶ ]T\§fpsS ASnØm\¯nemWv cPnkvt{Sj\nÃm¯ hnfIfnepw IoS\min\nIÄ in]mÀi sN¿p¶sX¶v ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIÄ AhImis¸Sp¶psWvS¦nepw ]et¸mgpw C¯cw ]T\§Ä \S¡mdnÃ. IoS\min\nIfpsS kpc£nXamb D]tbmK¯n\p thWvSn F«phÀjw ap¼v tPmbnâv ]mÀesaâdn I½än (sP]nkn) kaÀ¸n¨ \nÀt±i§Ä Ct¸mgpw \S¸m¡nbn«nCsöpw knFkv dnt¸mÀ«v shfns¸Sp¯p¶p.

kzX{´ C´ybn dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿s¸« BZys¯ h³IoS\min\n Zpc´w kw`hn¨Xv tIcf¯nembncp¶p. 1958  102 t]cpsS Poh³ A]lcn¨ Cu IoS\min\n Zpc´¯n\p ImcWw Atacn¡bn \n¶pw I¸en Cd¡paXnsNbvX `£yhkvXp¡fn CussX³ ]mc¯tbm¬ F¶ IoS\min\n IeÀ¶Xmbncp¶p. F¶m cmPy¯v ka{Kamb Hcp IoS\min\n \nba¯n\v cq]w \ÂIm³ hoWvSpw 10 hÀjw IqSn thWvSnh¶p. cWvSp I½oj\pIfpsS {]hÀ¯\¯n\p tijamWv 1968  cmPys¯ IoS\min\n \nba¯n\v cq]w \ÂInbXv. Cu \nba§Ä \S¸m¡p¶Xn\pÅ A\p_Ô N«§Ä 1971  am{XamWv \nehn h¶Xv. ^coZm_mZv BØm\ambn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUmWv \nbaw \S¸m¡m\pÅ GP³kn. t_mÀUnsâ IognepÅ cPnkvt{Sj³ I½nän ]pXnb IoS\min\nIÄ¡v cPnkvt{Sj³ A\phZn¡p¶p. Hcp ]pXnb IoS\min\n¡v cPnkvt{Sj³ \ÂIp¶Xn\p ap¼v AXnsâ ]mcnØnXnI {]XymLmX§Ä, {]tXyI IoS¯ns\XnscbpÅ Imcy£aamb {]hÀ¯\w, Ahjn]vX hnjmwiw XpS§nbhsb¡pdn¨v hniZamb ]T\§Ä \S¯n hnhc§Ä tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUnsâ cPnkvt{Sj³ I½nän¡v kaÀ¸n¨ncn¡Ww. iàamb kpc£m]co£W§Ä \S¯Wsa¶v ISemkn \nbaapsWvS¦nepw ]pXnb IoS\min\nIÄ¡v cPnkvt{Sj³ \ÂIm\pÅ kpc£m]co£W§Ä ]et¸mgpw {]lk\ambn amdp¶p. I¼\nIÄ \ÂIp¶ ]co£Whnhc§Ä \njv]£amb hniIe\¯n\p hnt[bam¡msX AtX]Sn apJhnebvs¡Sp¯psImWvSmWv an¡t¸mgpw cPnkvt{Sj³ \ÂIp¶Xv. IoS\min\n hn]Wnbnend¡p¶Xn\p ap¼p hsc am{Xsa kpc£m ]T\§Ä \S¯mdpÅp. Irjn¡mcnse¯p¶ IoS\min\nIfpsS kpc£m]T\w \S¯p¶Xv tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUnsâ D¯chmZnXztabÃ.

]©m_nse ImÀjnI taJebmb `«n³Ubn \n¶pw cmPØm\nse _n¡m\dnte¡pÅ s{Sbn³ \¼À 339 "Im³kÀ s{Sbn³' F¶mWv Adnbs¸Sp¶Xv. Cu s{Sbn³ `«n³Ubn \n¶pw Znhtk\ 70 Im³kÀ tcmKnIsf hoXw _n¡m\dnse doPW Im³kÀ skâdnte¡p sImWvSpt]mIp¶p. 1960 Ifnepw 70Ifnepw AanXamb IoS\min\n {]tbmK¯neqsS lcnXhn¹hw Act§dnb `«n³Ubnse {Kma§fn \n¶pÅhcmWv Cu Im³kÀ tcmKnIÄ. ]©m_nse `«n³Ubpw tIcf¯nse ImkÀtKmUpw t]mse cmPys¯ Nne taJeIfn IoS\min\nIfpsS A\nb{´nX D]tbmKw Zpc´w hnXbv¡pt¼mÄ AXpXSbp¶Xn\v XnI¨pw A]cym]vXamWv \nehnepÅ IoS\min\n \nb{´W \nba§Ä. Hcn¡Â Irjn¡mcnse¯n¡gnªm GXp IoS\min\nbpw A\nb{´nXambn hn¡m\pw GXp hnfbnepw Aimkv{Xobambn D]tbmKn¡m\papÅ A]ISIcamb kmlNcyw Ct¸mgpw \ne\n¡p¶p. IoS\min\n tem_nbpsS iàamb k½À±w ImcWw \nehnepÅ \nbaw ]gpXS¨p \S¸m¡mt\m Imem\pkrXambn ]cnjvIcn¡mt\m km[n¡p¶nÃ.

C´ybn Ct¸mÄ cPnÌÀ sNbvXncn¡p¶ 241 IoS\min\nIfn 59 F®¯n\v ]camh[n A\phZ\obamb Ahjn]vX hnjmwi¯nsâ ]cn[n \nÝbn¨n«nsöv knFkvC bpsS dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. hnfIfn {]tbmKn¡p¶ IoS\min\nIÄ ]qÀ®ambpw hnLSn¨p t]mImsX hfscs¨dnsbmcp Awiw a®nepw sNSnIfnepw Iptd¡met¯s¡¦nepw Ahtijn¡pw. a\pjyÀ¡pw PohnIÄ¡pw A]ISIcamIm¯ ChbpsS Afhns\ ]camh[n A\phZ\obamb Ahjn]vX hnjmwi¯nsâ ]cn[n (FwBÀFÂ) AYhm amIvknaw sdknUyq enanäv) F¶p hnfn¡p¶p. \à IrjncoXnIÄ ]n´pSÀ¶Xn\p tijhpw hnfIfn ImWs¸Sp¶ Ahjn]vX hnjmwi¯nsâ A\phZ\obamb ]cn[nbmWv FwBÀFÂ. ]pXnb IoS\min\n¡v cPnkvt{Sj³ e`n¡m³ FwBÀF kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§Ä A\phmcyasænepw 2004 apX CXv \nÀ_Ôam¡psa¶v tI{µ Irjn a{´mebw Dd¸p \ÂInbncp¶p. Cu \n_Ô\ C\nbpw \S¸m¡nbn«nÃ. F¶mÂ, \nch[n hnhmZ§Ä¡ptijhpw FwBÀF kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§Ä CÃmsX Xs¶ cPnkvt{Sj³ \ÂIp¶ ]Xnhv cPnkvt{Sj³ I½nän Ct¸mgpw XpScpIbmWv.

cPnÌÀ sNbvX FÃm IoS\min\nIfpsSbpw A\phZ\obamb Ahjn]vX hnjmwi¯nsâ ]cn[n \nÝbn¡m\pÅ D¯chmZnXzw ^pUv tk^vän B³Uv Ìm³UmÀUvkv AtYmdnän Hm^v C´y¡mWv. cPnÌÀ sNbvX IoS\min\nIfn th¸v A[njvTnX IoS\min\nIÄ, Nne ssPh IoS\min\nIÄ F¶nhbpÄs¸Sp¶ 40 Hmfw IoS\min\nIfpsS FwBÀF \nÝbn¡m³ \nba]camb _m[yXbnÃ. Ahtijn¡p¶ IoS\min\nIfn 59 F®¯nsâ FwBÀF C\nbpw \nÝbn¨n«nÃ. FwBÀF \nÝbn¨ hnfIfpsS Imcy¯nemIs« tImUIvkvt]mepÅ A´mcmjv{S am\ZÞ§Ä ]men¨n«panÃ. A]qÀWhpw Aimkv{XobhpamWv FwBÀF \nÝbn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. Nne IoS\min\nIfpsS Imcy¯n cPnÌÀ sNbvXncn¡p¶ FÃm hnfIfnepw FwBÀF ]T\w \S¯nbn«nÃ. AtXkabw Nne IoS\min\nIfpsS Imcy¯n cPnÌÀ sN¿m¯ hnfIÄ¡pthWvSn ^pUv tk^vän B³Uv Ìm³tUÀUv AtYmdnän FwBÀF ]T\w \S¯pIbpw sNbvXncn¡p¶p.

IoS\min\n I¼\nIÄ GsXÃmw hnfIÄ¡p thWvSnbmtWm Hcp {]tXyI IoS\min\n tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUn cPnÌÀ sNbvXncn¡p¶Xv B hnfIfn am{Xw B {]tXyI IoS\min\n in]mÀi sN¿m\mWv \nba]camb AhImiw. tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUpw cPnkvt{Sj³ I½nänbpw Nne {]tXyI hnfIfnse {]tXyI IoS§fpsS \nb{´W¯n\pthWvSn am{XamWv IoS\min\nIÄ¡v cPnkvt{Sj³ A\phZn¡p¶Xv. F¶m tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUnsâ \nÀt±i¯n \n¶pw hyXykvX ambn aäp hnfIfnse IoS\nb{´W¯n\p thWvSpbpw AtX IoS\min\n Xs¶ ImÀjnI kÀÆIemimeIfpw kvss] kkv t_mÀUv, KthjW tI{µ§Ä, tlmÀ«nIĨÀ anj³ XpS§nb GP³knIfpw in]mÀi sN¿p¶p.

]mt¡Pv Hm^v {]mIvSokkv in]mÀiIfpsS cq]¯nemWv Cu Øm]\§Ä hyXykvXamb in]mÀiIÄ \ÂIp¶Xv. ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIfpsS in]mÀiIÄ tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀ Unsâ \nÀt±i§fpambn kacks¸Sm¯Xv ]et¸mgpw {]iv\§Ä krjvSn¡p¶p. IoS\min\nIfpsS Ahjn]vX hnjmwis¯¡pdn¨pÅ ]T\§Ä C¯cw hyXykvXamb in]mÀiIÄ Akm[yam¡p¶p. `£ykpc£bnepw CXv {]iv\§Ä krjvSn¡pw. tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUnsâ AtX in]mÀiIÄ ]n´pScm\mWv _m[yXsb¦nepw {]mtZinIamb {]tXyIXIÄ IW¡nseSp¯mWv C¯cw hyXykvXamb in]mÀiIÄ \ÂIp¶sX¶mWv AhImihmZw. F¶m ]et¸mgpw aXnbmb kpc£m]T\§Ä \S¯msXbmWv Cu in]mÀiIsf¶XmWv hmkvXhw. s\Ãv, amhv, IpcpapfIv, Gew, tXbne, Icn¼v XpS§nb 11 hnfIÄ ]cntim[n¨t¸mÄ ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIfpw hnhn[ t_mÀUpIfpw KthjW Øm]\§fpw \ÂIp¶ in]mÀiIfpw IoS\min\nIfpsS cPnkvt{Sj\pambn an¡t¸mgpw s]mcp¯s¸Sp¶nsömWv knFkvC bpsS ]T\w IsWvS¯nbXv. cPnkvt{Sj³ CÃm¯ Hcp IoS\min\nbpsS AhinjvSw \nba]cambn Hcp hnfbn IsWvS¯m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. A§s\ IsWvS¯nbm AXv IeÀ¸mbn ]cnKWn¡s¸Spw.

Hcp hnfbn IoS\min\n Xfn¨pIgnªm AXv hnLSn¨v \nÀhocyamIp¶Xn\pÅ kabw Ignªp am{Xsa hnfshSp¯v D]tbmKn¡phm³ ]mSpÅp. Ahjn]vX hnjhocyw kw_Ôn¨ ]T\§fpsS ASnØm\¯nemWv Hmtcm hnfbnepw Hmtcm IoS\min\nbpsSbpw {]tbmK¯n\pw hnfshSp¸n\panSbnepÅ CSthf \nÝbn¡p¶Xv. Im¯ncn¸p Imew (Witing period) F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ Cu CSthfbv¡ptijw hnfshSp¯m am{Xsa Dev]¶w kpc£nXambncn¡pIbpÅq. A]ISIcaÃm¯ Afhn am{Xta IoS\min\n hnfshSp¯ Dev]¶¯n AS§nbn«pÅpsh¶v Dd¸m¡m\mWv Im¯ncn¸pImew \nÝbn¡p¶Xv. hnfshSp¯ tijw t\cn«p `£n¡p¶ ]gw ]¨¡dn hnfIfn Im¯ncn¸p Imew IqSpX {]m[m\yaÀln¡p¶p. IoS\min\n¡v cPnkvt{Sj³ e`n¡p¶Xn\v Im¯ncn¸pIme¯nsâ hniZhnhc§fpw tI{µIoS\min\n t_mÀUn\pw cPnkvt{Sj³ I½nän¡pw \ÂInbncn¡Ww. F¶m an¡ IoS\min\nIfpsS Imcy¯nepw Im¯ncn¸pIme¯nsâ Imcy¯n hyàXtbm ]qÀWXtbm CÃ. Nne IoS\min\nIÄ¡v Im¯ncn¸pImew in]mÀi sNbvXnt«bnÃ. D]t`màmhnsâ BtcmKys¯ kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw AXy´w A]ISIcamb ØnXnbmWnXv.

ASnØm\Xe¯n IÀjIcpsS CSbnte¡p hcpt¼mÄ ØnXn CXnepw Zb\obamWv. tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUnsâ \nÀt±i§Ä¡\pkcn¨Ã IÀjIÀ ]et¸mgpw IoS\min\nIÄ hm§p¶Xv. IoS\min\n hnev]\¡mcmWv an¡t¸mgpw IÀjIcpsS amÀKZÀin. Nnet¸msgÃmw kz´w [mcWb\pkcn¨pw IÀjI³ IoS\min\n hm§p¶p. At©m Btdm hÀjw IqSpt¼mgmWv ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIÄ ]mt¡Pv Hm^v {]mIvSokkv in]mÀiIÄ ]pXp¡p¶Xv. CXn\Iw ]e ]pXnb IoS\min\nIfpw hn]Wnbnend¡nbncn¡pw. CXv ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIÄ ]mt¡Pv Hm^v {]mIvSokkv in]mÀiIfn DÄs¸Sp¯n ]pXp¡pt¼mtg¡pw Cu IoS\min\nIÄ ]gbXmbn¡gnªncn¡pw. ]pXnb IoS\min\nIÄ ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIfpsS in]mÀiIfn DÄs¸Sp¯¶Xn\pÅ Cu ImeXmakw ImcWw IoS\min\n hnev]\¡mÀ kz´w \nebn ]pXnb IoS\min\nIÄ IÀjIÀ¡v in]mÀi sN¿p¶p. Cu in]mÀiIÄ¡v tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUnsâtbm ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIfpsStbm in]mÀiIfpambn s]mcp¯sam¶papWvSmbncn¡pIbnÃ. tI{µ \nb{´W \nba¯nse ]gpXpIÄ apXem¡n \ntcm[n¨ IoS\min\nIfpw cPnkvt{Sj\nÃm¯ hymP IoS\min\nIfpw D]tbmK¯n\v \n_Ô\IÄ GÀs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ IoS\min\nIfpsaÃmw hn]Wnbn kpe`ambn hnägn¡s¸Sp¶p. knFkvC \S¯nb kÀshbn ]s¦Sp¯ cWvSp IÀjIÀ \ntcm[n¡s¸« F³tUmkÄ^m³ Ct¸mgpw D]tbmKn¨phcp¶Xmbn k½Xn¨p.

2003  knFkvC \S¯nb ]T\§fn s]]vkn, sIms¡mtImf {_m³UpIfn A\phZ\obamb ]cn[nbnepw ]Xn·S§v A[nIw Afhn IoS\min\nIÄ AS§nbncn¡p¶Xmbn IsWvS¯nbncp¶p. _lpcmjv{S I¼\nIfpsS hnhn[ {_m³Uv Ip¸nshůnepw amcIamb IoS\min\nIÄ A\phZ\obamb Afhnepw IqSpXemsW¶pw ]T\§fn sXfnªncp¶p. CtX¯pSÀ¶v ioXf]m\ob§fnse IoS\min\nIfpsS AhinjvSs¯bpw kpc£m am\ZÞ§sfbpw Ipdn¨v ]Tn¡m³ Hcp kwbpà ]mÀesaâdn I½nän¡v (sP]nkn) ]mÀesaâv cq]w \ÂIn. I½nän 2005  kaÀ¸n¨ dnt¸mÀ«n IoS\min\nIfpsS kpc£nXamb D]tbmKw kw_Ôn¨v \nch[n in]mÀiIÄ DÄs¡mÅn¨ncp¶p. F¶m sP]nkn dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¨v F«phÀjw Ignªn«pw Cu dnt¸mÀ«n ASnb´c{]m[m\yt¯msS kaÀ¸n¨ \nÀt±i§fn `qcn`mKhpw \S¸m¡s¸SmsX Ahtijn¸n¡pIbmWv. Hmtcm IoS\min\n¡pw Hmtcm hnfbnepapÅ ]camh[n A\phZ\obamb Ahjn]vX hnjmwi¯nsâ (FwBÀFÂ) \nÝbn¡msX cPnkvt{Sj³ \nÂIcpsX¶mbncp¶p Hcp {][m\ in]mÀi. CXn\pthWvSn IoS\min\n \nba¯n t`ZKXn sImWvSphcpsa¶v tI{µ Irjn a{´mebw Adnbn¨ncp¶psh¦nepw CXphscbpw \S]Snsbm¶psaSp¯n«nÃ. cPnÌÀ sNbvX IoS\min\nIsf¡pdn¨v I¼\nIÄ {]kn²oIcn¡p¶ eLpteJIfn Im¯ncn¸pImew kw_Ôn¨ hniZmwi§Ä tNÀ¯ncn¡Wsa¶ sP]nkn in]mÀibpw C\nbpw \S¸m¡nbn«nÃ. \ntcm[n¡s¸« IoS\min\nIfpw D]tbmKw ]cnanXs¸Sp¯nb IoS\min\nIfpw hym]Iambn Zpcp]tbmKw sN¿p¶nsöv Dd¸m¡Wsa¶Xmbncp¶p asämcp in]mÀi. CXnepw \S]Snsbm¶pambn«nÃ. C¯cw IoS\min\nIÄ hn¡p¶hÀs¡Xntc \S]Sn kzoIcn¡m³ \nbaw t`ZKXn sN¿Wsa¶ in]mÀi \S¸m¡p¶ Imcy¯nepw ]ptcmKXnsbm¶panÃ.

tIcf¯n 2011 tabn ssPhImÀjnI \bw \S¸m¡p¶Xnsâ `mKambn Nph¸p te_enepw aª te_enepapÅ hnjhocyw IqSnb GXm\pw IoS\min\nIfpw IpanÄ\min\nIfpw If\min\nIfpw \ntcm[n¨ncp¶p. \ntcm[n¨ IoS\min\nIÄ¡p ]Icambn GXm\pw _Z IoS\min\nIfpw IpanÄ\min\nIfpw If\min\nIfpw ImÀjnI kÀhIemimebpsS in]mÀibpsS ASnØm\¯n kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ AwKoIcn¨psImWvSv D¯chnd¡n. Hcp hÀjImemh[nbnte¡mbncp¶p Cu in]mÀi. Hcp hÀj¯n\Iw Cu _Z IoS\min\nIfpsS kpc£sb¡pdn¨v ]T\w \S¯n dnt¸mÀ«v \ÂIWsa¶mbncp¶p \nÀt±iw. F¶m Cu _Z IoS\min\nIfpsS kpc£nXXzs¯¡pdn¨pÅ ]T\w cWvSphÀjambn«pw ]qÀ¯nbmbn«nÃ. _Z IoS\min\nIfmbn in]mÀisNbvXn«pÅ CanUmt¢m{]nUv, t¢mÀss^dnt^mkv XpS§nb IoS\min\nIÄ Nne hntZi cmPy§fn \ntcm[n¡s¸SpItbm D]tbmKw ]cnanXs¸Sp¯s¸SpItbm sNbvXn«pÅ IoS\min\nIfmWv. "t\Àhv GPâv' F¶ t]cnednbs¸Sp¶ \ntbm\nt\m«ntembnUv hn`mK¯nse CanUm t¢m{]nUv F¶ IoS\min\n tX\o¨ tImfWnIfpsS hn\mi¯n\p ImcWamIpsa¶Xn\m ASp¯ Ime¯v bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\nse ]e cmPy§fnepw \ntcm[n¨n«pWvSv.

Adp]XpIfn AÛpXacp¶pIfmbn hntijn¸n¡s¸«v hn]Wnbnse¯nb IoS\min\nIÄ acW¯nsâ HäaqenIfmbn amdnbn«pw cmPys¯ IoS\min\n \nba¯n Imem\pkrXamb t`ZKXn hcp¯phm³ A[nIrXÀ C\nbpw X¿mdmbn«nÃ. ]cnØnXn, Pemib§Ä, PohPme§Ä, a®v F¶nhsb A\phZ\obamb ]cn[n¡pw ]Xn·S§papIfn IoS\min\nIÄ aen\oIcn¨n«pw IoS\min\n \nb{´W \nba§Ä kab_ÔnXambn ]cnjvIcn¡m³ X¿mdmIm¯Xv IoS\min\n tem_nbpsS k½À±¯n\p hg§p¶Xp sImWvStà F¶p kwibnt¡WvSncn¡p¶p.

IqSpX hnhc§Ä¡v: 9387100119.



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aetbmc IÀjIÀ¡v Xm§pw XWeptaIn Hcp XWÂ Hme¡S

aetbmc IÀjIÀ¡v Xm§pw XWeptaIn Hcp XWÂ Hme¡S. tIm«bw hmgqÀ {Kma]©mb¯nse Nmaw]XmenemWv Ignª 40 hÀjambn C§s\sbmcp I¨hSw \S¶phcp¶Xv. Hme C{_mlnw F¶v \m«pImÀ kvt\lt¯msS hnfn¡p¶, Fw.F¨v. C{_mlnamWv Cu Hme¡SbpsS kmcYn.
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sNdnb IrjnØe§Ä¡v Ipª³ {SmIvSdpIÄ

Irjn \hoIcn¡p¶Xn\pw Xo{ham¡p¶Xn\pw IrjnbnS§fn {]tbmKn¡s¸Sp¶ icmicn DuÀP hn\ntbmKw hÀ[n¸nt¡WvSXpWvSv. b{´klmb¯m Irjn \S¯pIbmWv CXn\p ]änb Hcp amÀKw. ImÀjnI b{´hXvIcW¯n \ndkm¶n[yamWv {SmIvSdpIÄ.
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acymZbv¡p kwc£n¨m Gew aS¡n¯cp¶Xv e£§Ä

Hcp Ipªns\t¸mse thWw Ges¯ kwc£n¡m³. FÃm Znhkhpw tXm«¯nse¯Ww. sNSnIsf \nco£n¡Ww. IrXyamb ]cnNcWw \ÂInbm Gew e£§Ä aS¡n¯cpw. CXv shdpw hm¡Ã, 12 hÀjs¯ Xsâ GewIrjn A\p`h§fn \n¶v aq¶mÀ ss_k¬hmen....
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aÕy¡pªp§sf \nt£]n¡pt¼mÄ

GsXmcp aÕyIrjn kwc`¯nsâbpw hnPbw BtcmKyapÅ aÕy¡pªp§fpsS IrXykab¯pÅ e`yXsb B{ibn¨ncn¡p¶p. Cu hn¯p aÕy§sf hnhn[ hep¸¯nepw {]mb¯nepw IrjnbnS§fn \nt£]n¡p¶Xmbn ImWmw. ChbpsS {]mbw....
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Xn\sIm¿pw ]mSw

A¶v ¢mkv XpS§nbXpw amXyp Hcp kwibap¶bn¨pþ""amtj, amjv ]e [m\y§sf¡pdn¨pw sNdp[m\y§sf¡pdn¨psams¡ ]dªtÃm. ]s£ Xn\sb¡pdn¨p ]dªnÃ. Rm\n¶se ho«nse eu t_ÀUvkn\p Xn\sImSp¯t¸mgm A¡mcyw HmÀ¯Xv?''
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Im\\Xpeyw Cu Irjnt¯m«w

IrjnbnSs¯ h\wt]mse hfÀ¯nsbSp¯v ]cnØnXn kwc£Ww \S¯p¶ Hcp IÀjI³ IuXpIamIp¶p. ]me¡mSv ]qSqÀ \mtc¡m«v BXnchnÃbn F³.hn X¦¨³ tPm¬ F¶ IÀjI\mWv kz´w Irjnt¯m«s¯ Im\\Xpeyam¡n kwc£n¡p¶Xv.
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KmUvKn t]mbn IkvXqcncwK³ h¶p

Ipsd \mÄ \oWvS A\nÝnXXz¯n\v hncmaan«psImWvSv tI{µKh¬saâv KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«v XÅn. IkvXqcncwK³ I½nän dnt¸mÀ«nsâ ASnØm\¯nemIpw C\n ]ÝnaL«w kwc£n¡p¶Xn\pÅ \S]SnIÄ. ]ÝnaL«§fnse ]cnØnXn kwc£W¯n\v KmUvKn I½nän dnt¸mÀ«Ã,
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cmtP{µsâ Irjnt¯m«¯nse¯q, k½n{iIrjn A\p`hn¨dnbq...

aÕys¯mgnemfnIÄ ao³]nSp¯w Ignªph¶m ]ns¶ hn{ia¯nemWv. Bg¡Sen cm{Xn ao³ tXSnt¸mbn, ao³ In«nbmepw Csænepw ao³]nSp¯¡mÀ¡v ]I hn{ia t\camWv. NneÀ hn{iakab¯v heIÄ Xp¶pw. sNdpXpw hepXpamb aÕy_Ô\ lmÀ_dpIfnepw IS¸pd¯pw....
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]q¨IfpsS ]cnNcWw

X\Xmb imcocnI kz`mh {]tXyIXIÄ DÅ ]q¨IÄ¡v {]tXyI ]cnNcWw BhiyamWv. cWvSpamkw {]mbamb ]q¨¡pªp§sf hm§mw. Cu kabwhsc XŸq¨bpsS IqsSbmbncn¡pw Ch IgnbpI. tcmKe£W§Ä CÃm¯ DuÀPkzeXtbmsS Ifn¡p¶ Pm{KXbpÅ ]q¨¡pªp§sf sXcsªSp¡mw.
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DZym\¯nse ^bÀ^vfmjv

Hät\m«¯n\p Xs¶ BcpsSbpw {i² ]nSn¨p]äp¶, Bcpw IuXpIt¯msS CjvSs¸Sp¶ Hcp DZym\kkywþAXmWv Aánkv^pcWw F¶ AÀYw tZymXn¸n¡p¶ ^bÀ ^vfmjv sNSn. Cu sNSntbmSv s]s«¶v Hcp Hma\¯w tXm¶m³ F´mWv ImcWw F¶p tNmZn¨mÂ...
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X¡mfn C\§fpw IrjncoXnbpw

sXt¡ Atacn¡bnse s]dphmWv X¡mfnbpsS P·tZiw. ]mhs¸«hsâ Hmd©v F¶dnbs¸Sp¶p. tIcf¯n [mcmfw D]tbmKn¡s¸Sp¶psWvS¦nepw Irjn IpdhmWv. F¶m ASp¡ft¯m«¯n\pÅ Irjn¡v hfsc A\ptbmPyamWv.
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tPmjnbpsS kz´w ssa Hm¬ dw_q«m³

am§bpw N¡bpw t]cbv¡bpw BªnenhnfbpsaÃmw ]ndtIm«pt]mbn. dw_q«m\pw amwtKmÌo\pw ]pemkm\psams¡bmWv C¶p aebmfnIfpsS ho«p]d¼pIsf a[pcn¸n¡p¶Xv. dw_q«m\v C{Xtbsd P\{]oXnbpsWvS¦n F´psImWvSp dw_q«m³ Irjn Hcp hcpam\ amÀKam¡n¡qSm
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^n©pIÄ apX a¡mhv hsc, ]£ntiJc¯n hnkvabsamcp¡n cRvPnXv

tPmenbpsS Bbmkhpw am\knI k½À±§fpw Ipdbv¡phm³ ]£nIsf hfÀ¯p¶hcpw ]£nt{]anIfpw C¶p \nch[nbmWv. hyXykvXXbpÅ ]£nbn\§Ä BhiyapÅhÀ¡v Ah \ÂIm³ kZm XXv]c\mWv tIm«bw PnÃbnse ]membv¡Sp¯v Ing]dbmdpÅ hmghnf ho«n cRvPnXv.
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k_vknUn kzmX{´yw C´ybpsS Bhiyw

`£ykpc£bv¡pthWvSn IqSpX [m\yw kw`cn¡p¶Xn\pw sNdpInS IÀjIÀ¡v k_v knUn \ÂIp¶Xn\papÅ kzmX{´yamWv C´ybpsS Bhiyw. CXv temI hym]mc kwLS\bpsS ]cntim[\m ]cn[nbn \n¶v amäWw. 73 Zie£w S¬ `£y[m\yamWv Cu hÀjw Kh¬ saânsâ IcpXÂ
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hÀWhnkvabambv X¯IÄ

hÀW¸In«nsâbpw Infns¡m©epIfpsSbpw Ifn¡q«pIfpsSbpw temIamWv X¯IfptSXv. X¯¨pWvSpw, hnc hn\ymkhpw, A\pIcW tijnbpw a\pjyt\mSpÅ ASp¸hpsams¡ X¯Isf aäv Ae¦mc¸£nIfn \n¶p hyXykvXam¡p¶p. ap¶pdne[nIw C\w X¯IÄ Cu IpSpw_¯nepWvSv.
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ImenIfpsS BtcmKy¯n\v [mXpehW an{inXw

t{Imanbw [mXp¡Ä DuÀP¯nsâ DdhnSamb ¥qt¡mkv ]N\{]{Inbsbbpw BKncWs¯bpw XzcnXs¸Sp¯p¶p. kn¦v [mXp¡Ä imcocnIhfÀ¨, ImepIfpsS BtcmKyw F¶nh Im¯pkq£n¡p¶tXmsSm¸w Imf¡pªp§fn hrjvWhfÀ¨,
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ss]\m¸nÄ: hnhmZ§fpw hkvXpXbpw

CSnsh«nbhsâ Xebn ]m¼pISn¨p F¶ AhØbnemWv d_À, ss]\m¸nÄ IÀjIÀ. hnebnSnhpaqew \«w Xncnbp¶ d_ÀIÀjIÀ¡v BsIbpWvSmbncp¶ Bizmkamb ss]\m¸nfn\pw IWvSIi\n _m[n¡pIbmWv. Irjn¡mbn IÀjIÀ D]tbmKn¡p¶ hf§fpsS t^mfnbmÀ kvt{]bpw Hcpan¨p...
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AtIzdnb¯nse amemJamÀ

ip²Pe Ae¦mcaÕy§fn hfsc {]NmcapÅXpw Gsd Bhiy¡mcpÅXpamb Hcn\amWv amemJ (Fbv©Â) aÕy§Ä. ]c¶ icoc{]IrXn, hoXn IqSnb apIÄ, ]mÀiz NndIpIÄ, hncnªv hnidn t]mepÅ hmÂNndIv, hfsc BIÀjIamb \ndt`Z§Ä ChbpsSsbÃmw kt½f\w amemJ aÕy§sf....
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Irjnbn Hcp AÀ[iXIw t\m«u«v

I¶pImen hfÀ¯Â Irjnbmhiy¯n\pÅ NmWIw e`n¡p¶Xn\pÅ Hcp D]m[n am{Xambncp¶ Imew apX ]m Hcp hnev]\ hkvXphmb Ime¯neqsS IS¶v Irjnþ£octaJe Hcp sXmgn amÀKambn amdnb ImeL«¯nse¯n\n¡pIbmWv, sImÃw PnÃbnse imkvXmwtIm« I¶ntaÂIpf§c `mkvIc³]nÅ...
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\½psS kz´w IpSpw_Irjn

CuhÀjw A´mcmjv{SXe¯n IpSpw_IrjnhÀjambn BNcn¡pIbmWtÃm? tIcfobsc kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw IpSpw_Irjn F¶Xv ]pXnb H¶Ã. adn¨v ]gbcoXnbnte¡pÅ Xncn¨pt]m¡v am{Xambn«p thWw a\knem¡m³. ImcWw IpSpw_Irjn...
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UÂlnbn Irjnkar²nbpambn tXmakv amjv

UÂlnbnse ho«n ImÀjnI kar²nbpsS HmWambncp¶p ap³ tI{µ `£ya{´n {]^. sI.hn tXmakn\v. XeØm\s¯ Ct±l¯nsâ kÀ¡mÀ hkXnbpsS ]d¼n \ndsb Ipe¨p\n¡p¶ hmgIÄ ImtWWvSXpXs¶.
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tImfm¼n¸q¡fn ChÄ kpµcn

hfÀ¯m³ XmcXtay\ Ffp¸w; {ZpXhfÀ¨, GXv `qhn`mK¯n\pw \nd§fpsS tafw \ÂIpw. AÃam³U kv]ojoknÂs]« DZym\kky§fpsS s]mXpapJap{ZIfmWnXv. AXpsImWvSpXs¶ DjvWtaJem {]tZi§fnse DZym\§fnseÃmw Ch Gsd {]Nmchpw t\Sn.
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]bdnse IoStcmK§Ä

]bÀ IrjnsN¿p¶hcpsS Hcp {][m\ {]iv\amWv apª/ ]bÀt]³. ]bdnsâ CfwXWvSpIfnepw ]qhnepw sR«nepw Imbnepw Iq«wIq«ambn ]än¸nSn¨ncp¶v \ocqän¡pSn¡pIbmWv Ch sN¿p¶Xv. ]bÀsNSnIfn Idp¯\nd¯n ]än¸nSn¨ncn¡p¶ Cu IoS§Ä Ipdª ImewsImWvSv
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ImÀjnItaJebpsS hfÀ¨bv¡v b{´hXvIcWw

ImtemNnXamb ImÀjnI {]hÀ¯\§Ä \S¸nem¡m³ ImÀjnItaJebn b{´hXvIcWw klmbIamWv. Afhns\m¯ coXnbn hn¯v, hfw, PetkN\w F¶nh IrjnbnS¯n {]tbmKn¡m³ CXv kmlNcyw Hcp¡p¶p. DXv]mZ\¯n kw`hn¡p¶ hÀ[\.....
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AÀ¡ B` tIcf¯n\p tbmPn¨ X¡mfnbn\w

tIcf¯nse ho«phf¸nse ]¨¡dnIrjnbn Hcp {][m\ Øm\w hgpX\hÀK ]¨¡dnbmb X¡mfn¡pWvSv. hnäman³ F,kn, t^mfnIv BknUv F¶nhbm kar²amb X¡mfnbn [mcmfw t]mjI§fpw Bân HmIvknUâpIfpw AS§nbncn¡p¶p. hfsc Ipdª Itemdn aqeyapÅ....
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Hcp NphSv I¸ 138 Intem, tN\ 100 Intem

iymansâ tNmZyw \ymbamWv. F´n\v H¯ncn Øe¯v C¯ncnbpWvSmIp¶h IrjnsNbvXv kabw ]mgm¡Ww. C¯ncn Øe¯v H¯ncnbpWvSmhp¶hbtà em`w. iymansâ IrjnbnSw Xs¶bmWv CXn\pÅamXrI. ctWvS¡À Øe¯mWv iymw Ing§p hÀK§Ä IrjnsN¿p¶Xv.
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KncnPbv¡p {]kmZambn kvt\l¡q¬

kz´ambn Hcp hcpam\w GsXmcp ho«½bpsSbpw kz]v\amWv. aXnbmb XmXv]cyhpw Bhiy¯n\v A[zm\hpw H¶n¨ptNÀ¯m ho«nencp¶p Xs¶ Cu kz]v\w km£mXvIcn¡m³ Ignbpw. AXnsâ D¯tamZmlcWamWv Irjnbn "lbÀ t{KUv' ]co£ ]mkmb....
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