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P\§sf sImÃp¶ IoS\min\n \nba§Ä

tUm. tPmkv tPmk^v

{]^kÀ B³Uv slUv, hnÚm\hym]\hn`mKw, ImÀjnI tImfPv, ]S¶¡mSv


F³tUmkÄ^m³ DÄs¸sS XeapdIsf ZpcnX¯nemgv¯p¶ IoS\min\n Zpc´§Ä XpSÀ¡Ybmbn amdpt¼mgpw cmPys¯ IoS\min\n\nb{´W \nba§Ä C¶pw Ip¯gnªXmbn XpScp¶psh¶v ]T\ dnt¸mÀ«v. Hmtcm hnfbnepw Hmtcm IoS\min\nbpsSbpw A\phZ\obamb AhinjvS hnjmwi¯nsâ ]cn[n \nÝbn¡msX IoS\min\nIÄ¡v Ct¸mgpw cPnkvt{Sj³ \ÂIp¶Xmbn \yqUÂlnbnse skâÀ t^mÀ kb³kv B³Uv F³htbm¬saâv (knFkvC) ASp¯Ime¯v ]pd¯nd¡nb Hcp dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. ]pXnb IoS\min\nIÄ hmWnPy]cambn ]pd¯nd¡m³ A\paXn \ÂIn¡gnªXn\p tijhpw aXnbmb kpc£m]T\§Ä \S¯mdnÃ. IoS\min\nIfpsS kpc£nXamb D]tbmKs¯¡pdn¨v Kh¬saâv hnÚm\hym]\ GP³knIÄ IÀjIÀ¡nSbn \S¯p¶ t_m[h¡cW ]cn]mSnIÄ XoÀ¯pw A]cym]vXamWv. GsXÃmw hnfIfn {]tbmKn¡p¶Xn\mtWm Hcp IoS\min\n¡v tI{µ C³skIvSnsskkv t_mÀUv cPnkvt{Sj³ \ÂInbncn¡p¶Xv B hnfIfneÃmsX aäp hnfIfnepw AtX IoS\min\n Xfn¡p¶Xn\v ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIfpw hnhn[ t_mÀUpIfpw in]mÀi \ÂIp¶Xmbpw knFkvC bpsS ]T\ dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. {]mtZinI Xe¯n \S¯p¶ ]T\§fpsS ASnØm\¯nemWv cPnkvt{Sj\nÃm¯ hnfIfnepw IoS\min\nIÄ in]mÀi sN¿p¶sX¶v ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIÄ AhImis¸Sp¶psWvS¦nepw ]et¸mgpw C¯cw ]T\§Ä \S¡mdnÃ. IoS\min\nIfpsS kpc£nXamb D]tbmK¯n\p thWvSn F«phÀjw ap¼v tPmbnâv ]mÀesaâdn I½än (sP]nkn) kaÀ¸n¨ \nÀt±i§Ä Ct¸mgpw \S¸m¡nbn«nCsöpw knFkv dnt¸mÀ«v shfns¸Sp¯p¶p.

kzX{´ C´ybn dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿s¸« BZys¯ h³IoS\min\n Zpc´w kw`hn¨Xv tIcf¯nembncp¶p. 1958  102 t]cpsS Poh³ A]lcn¨ Cu IoS\min\n Zpc´¯n\p ImcWw Atacn¡bn \n¶pw I¸en Cd¡paXnsNbvX `£yhkvXp¡fn CussX³ ]mc¯tbm¬ F¶ IoS\min\n IeÀ¶Xmbncp¶p. F¶m cmPy¯v ka{Kamb Hcp IoS\min\n \nba¯n\v cq]w \ÂIm³ hoWvSpw 10 hÀjw IqSn thWvSnh¶p. cWvSp I½oj\pIfpsS {]hÀ¯\¯n\p tijamWv 1968  cmPys¯ IoS\min\n \nba¯n\v cq]w \ÂInbXv. Cu \nba§Ä \S¸m¡p¶Xn\pÅ A\p_Ô N«§Ä 1971  am{XamWv \nehn h¶Xv. ^coZm_mZv BØm\ambn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUmWv \nbaw \S¸m¡m\pÅ GP³kn. t_mÀUnsâ IognepÅ cPnkvt{Sj³ I½nän ]pXnb IoS\min\nIÄ¡v cPnkvt{Sj³ A\phZn¡p¶p. Hcp ]pXnb IoS\min\n¡v cPnkvt{Sj³ \ÂIp¶Xn\p ap¼v AXnsâ ]mcnØnXnI {]XymLmX§Ä, {]tXyI IoS¯ns\XnscbpÅ Imcy£aamb {]hÀ¯\w, Ahjn]vX hnjmwiw XpS§nbhsb¡pdn¨v hniZamb ]T\§Ä \S¯n hnhc§Ä tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUnsâ cPnkvt{Sj³ I½nän¡v kaÀ¸n¨ncn¡Ww. iàamb kpc£m]co£W§Ä \S¯Wsa¶v ISemkn \nbaapsWvS¦nepw ]pXnb IoS\min\nIÄ¡v cPnkvt{Sj³ \ÂIm\pÅ kpc£m]co£W§Ä ]et¸mgpw {]lk\ambn amdp¶p. I¼\nIÄ \ÂIp¶ ]co£Whnhc§Ä \njv]£amb hniIe\¯n\p hnt[bam¡msX AtX]Sn apJhnebvs¡Sp¯psImWvSmWv an¡t¸mgpw cPnkvt{Sj³ \ÂIp¶Xv. IoS\min\n hn]Wnbnend¡p¶Xn\p ap¼p hsc am{Xsa kpc£m ]T\§Ä \S¯mdpÅp. Irjn¡mcnse¯p¶ IoS\min\nIfpsS kpc£m]T\w \S¯p¶Xv tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUnsâ D¯chmZnXztabÃ.

]©m_nse ImÀjnI taJebmb `«n³Ubn \n¶pw cmPØm\nse _n¡m\dnte¡pÅ s{Sbn³ \¼À 339 "Im³kÀ s{Sbn³' F¶mWv Adnbs¸Sp¶Xv. Cu s{Sbn³ `«n³Ubn \n¶pw Znhtk\ 70 Im³kÀ tcmKnIsf hoXw _n¡m\dnse doPW Im³kÀ skâdnte¡p sImWvSpt]mIp¶p. 1960 Ifnepw 70Ifnepw AanXamb IoS\min\n {]tbmK¯neqsS lcnXhn¹hw Act§dnb `«n³Ubnse {Kma§fn \n¶pÅhcmWv Cu Im³kÀ tcmKnIÄ. ]©m_nse `«n³Ubpw tIcf¯nse ImkÀtKmUpw t]mse cmPys¯ Nne taJeIfn IoS\min\nIfpsS A\nb{´nX D]tbmKw Zpc´w hnXbv¡pt¼mÄ AXpXSbp¶Xn\v XnI¨pw A]cym]vXamWv \nehnepÅ IoS\min\n \nb{´W \nba§Ä. Hcn¡Â Irjn¡mcnse¯n¡gnªm GXp IoS\min\nbpw A\nb{´nXambn hn¡m\pw GXp hnfbnepw Aimkv{Xobambn D]tbmKn¡m\papÅ A]ISIcamb kmlNcyw Ct¸mgpw \ne\n¡p¶p. IoS\min\n tem_nbpsS iàamb k½À±w ImcWw \nehnepÅ \nbaw ]gpXS¨p \S¸m¡mt\m Imem\pkrXambn ]cnjvIcn¡mt\m km[n¡p¶nÃ.

C´ybn Ct¸mÄ cPnÌÀ sNbvXncn¡p¶ 241 IoS\min\nIfn 59 F®¯n\v ]camh[n A\phZ\obamb Ahjn]vX hnjmwi¯nsâ ]cn[n \nÝbn¨n«nsöv knFkvC bpsS dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p. hnfIfn {]tbmKn¡p¶ IoS\min\nIÄ ]qÀ®ambpw hnLSn¨p t]mImsX hfscs¨dnsbmcp Awiw a®nepw sNSnIfnepw Iptd¡met¯s¡¦nepw Ahtijn¡pw. a\pjyÀ¡pw PohnIÄ¡pw A]ISIcamIm¯ ChbpsS Afhns\ ]camh[n A\phZ\obamb Ahjn]vX hnjmwi¯nsâ ]cn[n (FwBÀFÂ) AYhm amIvknaw sdknUyq enanäv) F¶p hnfn¡p¶p. \à IrjncoXnIÄ ]n´pSÀ¶Xn\p tijhpw hnfIfn ImWs¸Sp¶ Ahjn]vX hnjmwi¯nsâ A\phZ\obamb ]cn[nbmWv FwBÀFÂ. ]pXnb IoS\min\n¡v cPnkvt{Sj³ e`n¡m³ FwBÀF kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§Ä A\phmcyasænepw 2004 apX CXv \nÀ_Ôam¡psa¶v tI{µ Irjn a{´mebw Dd¸p \ÂInbncp¶p. Cu \n_Ô\ C\nbpw \S¸m¡nbn«nÃ. F¶mÂ, \nch[n hnhmZ§Ä¡ptijhpw FwBÀF kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§Ä CÃmsX Xs¶ cPnkvt{Sj³ \ÂIp¶ ]Xnhv cPnkvt{Sj³ I½nän Ct¸mgpw XpScpIbmWv.

cPnÌÀ sNbvX FÃm IoS\min\nIfpsSbpw A\phZ\obamb Ahjn]vX hnjmwi¯nsâ ]cn[n \nÝbn¡m\pÅ D¯chmZnXzw ^pUv tk^vän B³Uv Ìm³UmÀUvkv AtYmdnän Hm^v C´y¡mWv. cPnÌÀ sNbvX IoS\min\nIfn th¸v A[njvTnX IoS\min\nIÄ, Nne ssPh IoS\min\nIÄ F¶nhbpÄs¸Sp¶ 40 Hmfw IoS\min\nIfpsS FwBÀF \nÝbn¡m³ \nba]camb _m[yXbnÃ. Ahtijn¡p¶ IoS\min\nIfn 59 F®¯nsâ FwBÀF C\nbpw \nÝbn¨n«nÃ. FwBÀF \nÝbn¨ hnfIfpsS Imcy¯nemIs« tImUIvkvt]mepÅ A´mcmjv{S am\ZÞ§Ä ]men¨n«panÃ. A]qÀWhpw Aimkv{XobhpamWv FwBÀF \nÝbn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. Nne IoS\min\nIfpsS Imcy¯n cPnÌÀ sNbvXncn¡p¶ FÃm hnfIfnepw FwBÀF ]T\w \S¯nbn«nÃ. AtXkabw Nne IoS\min\nIfpsS Imcy¯n cPnÌÀ sN¿m¯ hnfIÄ¡pthWvSn ^pUv tk^vän B³Uv Ìm³tUÀUv AtYmdnän FwBÀF ]T\w \S¯pIbpw sNbvXncn¡p¶p.

IoS\min\n I¼\nIÄ GsXÃmw hnfIÄ¡p thWvSnbmtWm Hcp {]tXyI IoS\min\n tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUn cPnÌÀ sNbvXncn¡p¶Xv B hnfIfn am{Xw B {]tXyI IoS\min\n in]mÀi sN¿m\mWv \nba]camb AhImiw. tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUpw cPnkvt{Sj³ I½nänbpw Nne {]tXyI hnfIfnse {]tXyI IoS§fpsS \nb{´W¯n\pthWvSn am{XamWv IoS\min\nIÄ¡v cPnkvt{Sj³ A\phZn¡p¶Xv. F¶m tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUnsâ \nÀt±i¯n \n¶pw hyXykvX ambn aäp hnfIfnse IoS\nb{´W¯n\p thWvSpbpw AtX IoS\min\n Xs¶ ImÀjnI kÀÆIemimeIfpw kvss] kkv t_mÀUv, KthjW tI{µ§Ä, tlmÀ«nIĨÀ anj³ XpS§nb GP³knIfpw in]mÀi sN¿p¶p.

]mt¡Pv Hm^v {]mIvSokkv in]mÀiIfpsS cq]¯nemWv Cu Øm]\§Ä hyXykvXamb in]mÀiIÄ \ÂIp¶Xv. ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIfpsS in]mÀiIÄ tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀ Unsâ \nÀt±i§fpambn kacks¸Sm¯Xv ]et¸mgpw {]iv\§Ä krjvSn¡p¶p. IoS\min\nIfpsS Ahjn]vX hnjmwis¯¡pdn¨pÅ ]T\§Ä C¯cw hyXykvXamb in]mÀiIÄ Akm[yam¡p¶p. `£ykpc£bnepw CXv {]iv\§Ä krjvSn¡pw. tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUnsâ AtX in]mÀiIÄ ]n´pScm\mWv _m[yXsb¦nepw {]mtZinIamb {]tXyIXIÄ IW¡nseSp¯mWv C¯cw hyXykvXamb in]mÀiIÄ \ÂIp¶sX¶mWv AhImihmZw. F¶m ]et¸mgpw aXnbmb kpc£m]T\§Ä \S¯msXbmWv Cu in]mÀiIsf¶XmWv hmkvXhw. s\Ãv, amhv, IpcpapfIv, Gew, tXbne, Icn¼v XpS§nb 11 hnfIÄ ]cntim[n¨t¸mÄ ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIfpw hnhn[ t_mÀUpIfpw KthjW Øm]\§fpw \ÂIp¶ in]mÀiIfpw IoS\min\nIfpsS cPnkvt{Sj\pambn an¡t¸mgpw s]mcp¯s¸Sp¶nsömWv knFkvC bpsS ]T\w IsWvS¯nbXv. cPnkvt{Sj³ CÃm¯ Hcp IoS\min\nbpsS AhinjvSw \nba]cambn Hcp hnfbn IsWvS¯m³ ]mSnÃm¯XmWv. A§s\ IsWvS¯nbm AXv IeÀ¸mbn ]cnKWn¡s¸Spw.

Hcp hnfbn IoS\min\n Xfn¨pIgnªm AXv hnLSn¨v \nÀhocyamIp¶Xn\pÅ kabw Ignªp am{Xsa hnfshSp¯v D]tbmKn¡phm³ ]mSpÅp. Ahjn]vX hnjhocyw kw_Ôn¨ ]T\§fpsS ASnØm\¯nemWv Hmtcm hnfbnepw Hmtcm IoS\min\nbpsSbpw {]tbmK¯n\pw hnfshSp¸n\panSbnepÅ CSthf \nÝbn¡p¶Xv. Im¯ncn¸p Imew (Witing period) F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ Cu CSthfbv¡ptijw hnfshSp¯m am{Xsa Dev]¶w kpc£nXambncn¡pIbpÅq. A]ISIcaÃm¯ Afhn am{Xta IoS\min\n hnfshSp¯ Dev]¶¯n AS§nbn«pÅpsh¶v Dd¸m¡m\mWv Im¯ncn¸pImew \nÝbn¡p¶Xv. hnfshSp¯ tijw t\cn«p `£n¡p¶ ]gw ]¨¡dn hnfIfn Im¯ncn¸p Imew IqSpX {]m[m\yaÀln¡p¶p. IoS\min\n¡v cPnkvt{Sj³ e`n¡p¶Xn\v Im¯ncn¸pIme¯nsâ hniZhnhc§fpw tI{µIoS\min\n t_mÀUn\pw cPnkvt{Sj³ I½nän¡pw \ÂInbncn¡Ww. F¶m an¡ IoS\min\nIfpsS Imcy¯nepw Im¯ncn¸pIme¯nsâ Imcy¯n hyàXtbm ]qÀWXtbm CÃ. Nne IoS\min\nIÄ¡v Im¯ncn¸pImew in]mÀi sNbvXnt«bnÃ. D]t`màmhnsâ BtcmKys¯ kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw AXy´w A]ISIcamb ØnXnbmWnXv.

ASnØm\Xe¯n IÀjIcpsS CSbnte¡p hcpt¼mÄ ØnXn CXnepw Zb\obamWv. tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUnsâ \nÀt±i§Ä¡\pkcn¨Ã IÀjIÀ ]et¸mgpw IoS\min\nIÄ hm§p¶Xv. IoS\min\n hnev]\¡mcmWv an¡t¸mgpw IÀjIcpsS amÀKZÀin. Nnet¸msgÃmw kz´w [mcWb\pkcn¨pw IÀjI³ IoS\min\n hm§p¶p. At©m Btdm hÀjw IqSpt¼mgmWv ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIÄ ]mt¡Pv Hm^v {]mIvSokkv in]mÀiIÄ ]pXp¡p¶Xv. CXn\Iw ]e ]pXnb IoS\min\nIfpw hn]Wnbnend¡nbncn¡pw. CXv ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIÄ ]mt¡Pv Hm^v {]mIvSokkv in]mÀiIfn DÄs¸Sp¯n ]pXp¡pt¼mtg¡pw Cu IoS\min\nIÄ ]gbXmbn¡gnªncn¡pw. ]pXnb IoS\min\nIÄ ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIfpsS in]mÀiIfn DÄs¸Sp¯¶Xn\pÅ Cu ImeXmakw ImcWw IoS\min\n hnev]\¡mÀ kz´w \nebn ]pXnb IoS\min\nIÄ IÀjIÀ¡v in]mÀi sN¿p¶p. Cu in]mÀiIÄ¡v tI{µ IoS\min\n t_mÀUnsâtbm ImÀjnI kÀhIemimeIfpsStbm in]mÀiIfpambn s]mcp¯sam¶papWvSmbncn¡pIbnÃ. tI{µ \nb{´W \nba¯nse ]gpXpIÄ apXem¡n \ntcm[n¨ IoS\min\nIfpw cPnkvt{Sj\nÃm¯ hymP IoS\min\nIfpw D]tbmK¯n\v \n_Ô\IÄ GÀs¸Sp¯nbn«pÅ IoS\min\nIfpsaÃmw hn]Wnbn kpe`ambn hnägn¡s¸Sp¶p. knFkvC \S¯nb kÀshbn ]s¦Sp¯ cWvSp IÀjIÀ \ntcm[n¡s¸« F³tUmkÄ^m³ Ct¸mgpw D]tbmKn¨phcp¶Xmbn k½Xn¨p.

2003  knFkvC \S¯nb ]T\§fn s]]vkn, sIms¡mtImf {_m³UpIfn A\phZ\obamb ]cn[nbnepw ]Xn·S§v A[nIw Afhn IoS\min\nIÄ AS§nbncn¡p¶Xmbn IsWvS¯nbncp¶p. _lpcmjv{S I¼\nIfpsS hnhn[ {_m³Uv Ip¸nshůnepw amcIamb IoS\min\nIÄ A\phZ\obamb Afhnepw IqSpXemsW¶pw ]T\§fn sXfnªncp¶p. CtX¯pSÀ¶v ioXf]m\ob§fnse IoS\min\nIfpsS AhinjvSs¯bpw kpc£m am\ZÞ§sfbpw Ipdn¨v ]Tn¡m³ Hcp kwbpà ]mÀesaâdn I½nän¡v (sP]nkn) ]mÀesaâv cq]w \ÂIn. I½nän 2005  kaÀ¸n¨ dnt¸mÀ«n IoS\min\nIfpsS kpc£nXamb D]tbmKw kw_Ôn¨v \nch[n in]mÀiIÄ DÄs¡mÅn¨ncp¶p. F¶m sP]nkn dnt¸mÀ«v kaÀ¸n¨v F«phÀjw Ignªn«pw Cu dnt¸mÀ«n ASnb´c{]m[m\yt¯msS kaÀ¸n¨ \nÀt±i§fn `qcn`mKhpw \S¸m¡s¸SmsX Ahtijn¸n¡pIbmWv. Hmtcm IoS\min\n¡pw Hmtcm hnfbnepapÅ ]camh[n A\phZ\obamb Ahjn]vX hnjmwi¯nsâ (FwBÀFÂ) \nÝbn¡msX cPnkvt{Sj³ \nÂIcpsX¶mbncp¶p Hcp {][m\ in]mÀi. CXn\pthWvSn IoS\min\n \nba¯n t`ZKXn sImWvSphcpsa¶v tI{µ Irjn a{´mebw Adnbn¨ncp¶psh¦nepw CXphscbpw \S]Snsbm¶psaSp¯n«nÃ. cPnÌÀ sNbvX IoS\min\nIsf¡pdn¨v I¼\nIÄ {]kn²oIcn¡p¶ eLpteJIfn Im¯ncn¸pImew kw_Ôn¨ hniZmwi§Ä tNÀ¯ncn¡Wsa¶ sP]nkn in]mÀibpw C\nbpw \S¸m¡nbn«nÃ. \ntcm[n¡s¸« IoS\min\nIfpw D]tbmKw ]cnanXs¸Sp¯nb IoS\min\nIfpw hym]Iambn Zpcp]tbmKw sN¿p¶nsöv Dd¸m¡Wsa¶Xmbncp¶p asämcp in]mÀi. CXnepw \S]Snsbm¶pambn«nÃ. C¯cw IoS\min\nIÄ hn¡p¶hÀs¡Xntc \S]Sn kzoIcn¡m³ \nbaw t`ZKXn sN¿Wsa¶ in]mÀi \S¸m¡p¶ Imcy¯nepw ]ptcmKXnsbm¶panÃ.

tIcf¯n 2011 tabn ssPhImÀjnI \bw \S¸m¡p¶Xnsâ `mKambn Nph¸p te_enepw aª te_enepapÅ hnjhocyw IqSnb GXm\pw IoS\min\nIfpw IpanÄ\min\nIfpw If\min\nIfpw \ntcm[n¨ncp¶p. \ntcm[n¨ IoS\min\nIÄ¡p ]Icambn GXm\pw _Z IoS\min\nIfpw IpanÄ\min\nIfpw If\min\nIfpw ImÀjnI kÀhIemimebpsS in]mÀibpsS ASnØm\¯n kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ AwKoIcn¨psImWvSv D¯chnd¡n. Hcp hÀjImemh[nbnte¡mbncp¶p Cu in]mÀi. Hcp hÀj¯n\Iw Cu _Z IoS\min\nIfpsS kpc£sb¡pdn¨v ]T\w \S¯n dnt¸mÀ«v \ÂIWsa¶mbncp¶p \nÀt±iw. F¶m Cu _Z IoS\min\nIfpsS kpc£nXXzs¯¡pdn¨pÅ ]T\w cWvSphÀjambn«pw ]qÀ¯nbmbn«nÃ. _Z IoS\min\nIfmbn in]mÀisNbvXn«pÅ CanUmt¢m{]nUv, t¢mÀss^dnt^mkv XpS§nb IoS\min\nIÄ Nne hntZi cmPy§fn \ntcm[n¡s¸SpItbm D]tbmKw ]cnanXs¸Sp¯s¸SpItbm sNbvXn«pÅ IoS\min\nIfmWv. "t\Àhv GPâv' F¶ t]cnednbs¸Sp¶ \ntbm\nt\m«ntembnUv hn`mK¯nse CanUm t¢m{]nUv F¶ IoS\min\n tX\o¨ tImfWnIfpsS hn\mi¯n\p ImcWamIpsa¶Xn\m ASp¯ Ime¯v bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\nse ]e cmPy§fnepw \ntcm[n¨n«pWvSv.

Adp]XpIfn AÛpXacp¶pIfmbn hntijn¸n¡s¸«v hn]Wnbnse¯nb IoS\min\nIÄ acW¯nsâ HäaqenIfmbn amdnbn«pw cmPys¯ IoS\min\n \nba¯n Imem\pkrXamb t`ZKXn hcp¯phm³ A[nIrXÀ C\nbpw X¿mdmbn«nÃ. ]cnØnXn, Pemib§Ä, PohPme§Ä, a®v F¶nhsb A\phZ\obamb ]cn[n¡pw ]Xn·S§papIfn IoS\min\nIÄ aen\oIcn¨n«pw IoS\min\n \nb{´W \nba§Ä kab_ÔnXambn ]cnjvIcn¡m³ X¿mdmIm¯Xv IoS\min\n tem_nbpsS k½À±¯n\p hg§p¶Xp sImWvStà F¶p kwibnt¡WvSncn¡p¶p.

IqSpX hnhc§Ä¡v: 9387100119.



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GXm\pw hÀj§fmbn anI¨ hne e`n¡p¶ kpKÔhyRvP\§fmWv PmXn¡bpw PmXn]{Xnbpw. AXpsImWvSp Xs¶ PmXn¡rjn C¶v hnIk\¯nsâ ]mXbnemWv. asäÃmIrjnIfn \n¶p Cu hnfsb hyXykvXam¡nbncn¡p¶Xv Imcyamb tcmK§fpw IoS§fpw PmXnacs¯ B{Ian¡p¶nÃ
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hnjwIecm¯ hnPba{´ambn tPmtPmbpsS IrjnbnSw

hnjw Iecm¯ ]¨¡dnIfpw ^e§fpw hnfbn¨pw ]md¡pf¯n ao³ hfÀ¯nbpw tIcf¯nse IÀjIÀ¡p amXrIbmIpIbmWp tIm«bw PnÃbnse apWvS¡bw ]d¯m\w hSt¡XISntb tPmtPmþknanen Z¼XnIÄ. kvIqÄ ]T\ImeL«w apXÂt¡ tPmtPmbv¡p Irjnbn XmXv ]cyw DWvSmbncp¶p.
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]pfn¸n¨ ]m DXv]¶§Ä BtcmKy¯n\pw aqeyhÀ[\hn\pw

]mensâ t]mjIaqeys¯¡pdn¨v Gsd¡psd FÃmhcpw C¶v t_m[hm·mcmWv. ]men AS§nbncn¡p¶ emIvtSmkv F¶ ]©kmcsb Hcp Iq«w kq£vamWp¡Ä (emIvänIv BknUv _mIväocnb) hnLSn¸n¨v AXns\ emIvSnIv BknUv Bbn amäpt¼mgmWv \ap¡v ]pfn¸n¨
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kzÀKhmXn ]£nIÄ

ta\nbn \ndbp¶ hÀ®¡q«pIfpw, \ndw Xn§nb ]«ptNet]mse hmepIfpambn XriqÀ IWnawKew kztZin A\n X¼nbpsS ho«papä¯n\v s^kâpIÄ \ÂIp¶Xv A`ua kuµcyamWv. kp\man t]msebpÅ {]IrXnt£m`§Ä ap³Iq«n Xncn¨dnbm\pÅ Ignhpaqew ssZh¯nsâ kz´w ]£n IfmbmWnh
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sN¯n DZym\¯nse Xo\mfw

DZym\¯n Xo\mfw t]mse tim`n¡p¶ Nph¶ sN¯n¸q¡Ä Xo£vWkuµcy¯nsâ DZm¯amXrIbmWv. sN¯n¸qhn\v sXän F¶pw t]cpWvSv. kpµc ]pjv]§fpsS DdhnSamWv Cu Ipäns¨Sn. Nph¶ ]q¡fpWvSmIp¶ sN¯nbmWv km[mcWsa¦nepw Cfw Nph¸v, ISpwNph¸v,
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{iocmaN{µaThpw temI tKmkt½f\hpw

IÀWmSIbnse jntamK PnÃbn slmk\Kdn\Sp¯v ImcWKncnbn 1200 hÀj§Ä¡pap¼v BZni¦c\m Øm]nXamb {iocmaN{µ]pc aTw "ImaZpK' Fs¶mcp \ho\ ]²Xn \S¸nem¡ns¡mWvSncn¡pIbmWv. {InbmßIamb {]hÀ¯\§fneqsSbpw t_m[hXvIcW¯neqsSbpw
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Hcp B{^n¡³ Irjn KmY

IrjnhnIk\hpambn _Ôs¸«v B{^n¡³ cmPy§fnsem¶mb NmUv (CHAD )  \n¶v Hm^À h¶t¸mÄ, BZyw H¶p`b¶p, {Xo{hhmZhpw, kwL«\§fpw \nc´cw th«bmSp¶ Hcp cmPyw F¶Xmbncp¶p Fsâ Adnhv. CXpambn _Ôs¸«v ]etcmSpw At\zjWw ...
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a[pcw hnfbpw ho«phf¸pIÄ

a[pc¯nsâ sam¯¡¨hS¡mÀ F¶v \mw kvt\lt¯msS ]g§sf hnfn¡mdpWvSv. ]g§Ä t]mjI§fpsS aWns¨¸pIfmWv. BtcmKyZmbIamb hn`h§fpsS Iehd. kzmZn\p ]pdta BtcmKyw, Bbpkv, _p²niàn F¶nhbvs¡Ãmw ]g§Ä A\nhmcyamWv.
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eoUvkv ]²XnbneqsS hnPbhpambn Nnäqcnse bphIÀjI³

]me¡mSv PnÃbnse Irjn{][m\amsbmcp ØeamWv NnäqÀ. ChnsS s]m ¸pÅn Irjn`hsâ ]cn[nbn hcp¶ bphIÀjI\mWv {]`p. Xsâ _ncpZ ]T\¯n\ptijw ]qÀWambpw Irjnbnte¡v ImseSp¯phbv¡pIbmbncp¶p Cu bphIÀjI³.
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t]mfnlukvIrjn: XSw Xbmdm¡ensâ {]m[m\yw

t]mfnlukv Irjnbn A´co£¯nsâ {]m[m\ys¯ ¡pdn¨v ap³e¡¯n kqNn¸n¨ncp¶p. AXpt]mseXs¶ hfsc {]m[m\yaÀln¡p¶p XSsamcp¡Â. sNSnbpsS Icp¯pähfÀ¨bv¡pw IqSpX DXv]mZ\¯n\pw XSsamcp¡ens\¡pdn¨pw a®ns\ ¡pdn¨pw AdntbWvSXv BhiywXs¶bmWv.
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Ir{Xna amwkhpw CXm Cs§¯nt¸mbn

Ct¶¡v 82 hÀjw ap³]v 1932  hn³Ì³ NÀ¨n FgpXn, A³]XphÀj§Ä¡¸pdw tImgnbpsS s\t©m, Imtem, Ign¡p¶Xn\p thWvSn Hcp apgph³ tImgnsbbpw hfÀ¯pIsb¶ Akw_Ô¯n \n¶pw \mw c£s¸Spw; Hmtcm¶ns\bpw Ir{Xnaambn hÀ[\m am[ya§Ä
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N¡hn¹h¯n\mbn HäbmÄt]mcm«w

BÀ¡pw thWvSmsX ]mgmbn t]mIp¶ N¡bv¡v anI¨ hn]Wn t\SnsbSp¡m³ Ignª ]Xn\©p hÀjambn {ian¨ IÀjI\mWv ]me¡mSv Imªnc¸pg Ccp¼It¨me kztZin ]mebv¡m¯d¸n sPbnwkv ]n. amXyp. ss]XrIambn e`n¨ Irjn`qanbn \nch[n ¹mhpIfpWvSmbncp¶ Ct±lw AXv IÀjI\v F{]Imc
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Ae¦mc {]mhpIÄ: hnt\mZt¯msSm¸w BZmbhpw

kvIqÄ ]T\Imes¯ IuXpIambncp¶p PbvkWv {]mhpIÄ. ]T\w H³]Xmw ¢mkn Ahkm\n¨t¸mgpw a\kn sâ ]pkvXI¯n {]mhpIÄ IqSpIq«nbncp¶p. GXm\pw \mS³ {]mhpIfpambn«mbncp¶p XpS¡w. ]n¶oSv hntZibn\w Ae¦mc{]mhpIÄ hn]Wnbnse Xmc§fmbt¸mÄ ap´nb C\§fnte¡v NphSpamäw.
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sNdn H¶v, `mhw aq¶v

t]cv ItcmWvS sNdnþASp¸apÅhÀ t_¡dn sNdn F¶p hnfn¡pw... CfwImbvIÄ¡v ]pfnbpw NhÀ¸pw DsWvS¦nepw hnfªm kwkvIcns¨Sp¯v a[pcXcamb sNdn¸gam¡mw. \nXylcnXkz`mhhpw ]¨ne¯g¸pw inJc§Ä \ndsb Cfw Npht¸m ]nt¦m \ndapÅ ImbvIfpambn \n¡pt¼mÄ....
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]mÂs¸cpabnse Hcp hS¡³ hocKmY

sabv¡cp¯nsâ C´y³ {]Xncq]§fmWv ]©m_pw lcnbm\bpw. `£W{]nb¯n\p t]ÀsImWvS \mSpIÄ. Xn¶p¶Xns\m¸w C´y¡msc Xoänt¸mäp¶Xnepw ap³]´nbnemWv cmPy¯nsâ `£y Iehdsb¶dnbs¸Sp¶ Cu hS¡³ kbmaokv kwØm\§Ä.
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a[pc KÔhpambn at\mcRvPn\n

a\pjya\kns\ cRvPn¸n¡p¶Xv F¶ AÀ°¯n A\zÀ°amb t]cv In«nb Hcp kpKÔ kpµc]pjv]w, AXmWv at\mcRvPn\n. at\mcRvPnXw F¶pw t]cpWvSv. kwkvIrX¯n lcNw], lcNw]I. khntijamb a[pcKÔamWv at\mcRvPn\nbpsS apJap{Z.
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N¡bneqsS `£yhn¹h¯nte¡v

]me¡mSv PnÃbpsS kmaqlytaJebn ap¸¯nbmdp hÀjambn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ ]o¸nÄkv kÀhokv skmsskän ]me¡mSv (]nFkvFkv]n) \qX\ Bib§fpw {]hÀ¯\ssienbpwsImWvSp X\Xv ap{Z]Xn¸n¨ k¶² kwLS\bmWv. 2012þse N¡ hnfshSp¸papX kwkvIcW¯neqsS D]t`mKw hÀ[n¸n¡p¶Xn\pw....
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ImemhØ amdp¶p, C\n ss¢aäv kvamÀ«v Irjn

Ignª A©p hÀj¯n\p tijw cmPyw hoWvSpw asämcp hcĨbnte¡v {]thin¡pIbmWv. Pqsse ]IpXn hsc In«nb a¬kq¬ agbpsS Afhv 43 iXam\t¯mfw IpdhmWv. ]k^nIv kap{Z¯nsâ D]cnXew XpSÀ¨bmbn NqSmIp¶XpsImWvSpWvSmIp¶ F \nt\m {]Xn`mkw....
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]ip hfÀ¯Â A{X tamiw ]WnbÃ...

hS¡t©cn (]me¡mSv): ]iphfÀ¯Â em`Icasöpw XcwXmgv¶ ]WnbmsW¶pw ]dªv ]pÑn¨p XÅp¶hÀ hmbnt¨mfq. awKew Kh¬saâv FÂ]n kvIqfn\p kao]apÅ cmlpÂhnÃbn ]ip ^mw \S¯p¶Xp ktlmZc§fmb bph A`n`mjI\pw bph tUmÎdpamWv.
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kq£vaaqeI§fpw hmg¡rjnbpw

aebmfnIsf kw_Ôn ¨nSt¯mfw ]gsa¶m hmg¸gw F¶mWtÃm. sX¡p Ing¡³ Gjybnse NqSpÅ ImemhØbnemWv CXnsâ DXv`hw. t\cn«pw thhn¨pw Ign¡mhp¶ hmg¸gw Ffp ¸¯n Zln¡p¶Xpw t]mjI KpW§fpw Huj [KpW§fpw \ndªXpamWv.
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tIm«b¯nsâ a®n Im]vkn¡hpw

Irjnbpw ImÀjnI kwkvImchpw F¶pw Xg¨phfÀ¶n«pÅXv \ZoXoc§fnemWv. ^e]qbnãamb a®pw ip²Pehpw kpe`ambn e`n¡psa¶XmWv CXn\v HcpImcWw. CXpt]mse Hcp \ZoXS Irjnbpw ImÀjnI kwkvImchpw hfcpIbmWv ao\¨nemdnsâ IcbnÂ.
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hnfIÄ¡v Icp¯mbn..hocyambn...

`mhnPohnX¯nte¡v XesbSpt¸msS, Dd¨ NphSpItfmsS \S¶p apt¶tdWvS Hcp XeapdbpsS ImepIÄ¡v _e£bw A\p`hs¸«mtem? AhcpsS NphSpIÄ e£yt_m[anÃmsX ]Xdnbmtem? GXmWvSv aq¶c ]XnämWvSp ap³]v _w¥mtZin kw`hn¨ bmYmÀYyamWnXv.
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AgtIdpw tImgn¨´w

amwk¯n\pw ap«bv¡pambn hfÀ¯p¶ C\§fn \n¶v Ae¦mct¡mgnIsf thÀXncn¡p¶Xv AhcpsS N´w Xs¶bmWv. A¦hmenepw, Xqh hn\ymk¯nepw, BSbnepw, Xe¸qhnepw \ndbp¶ hÀWtaf\§fmWv ChbpsS hne \nÝbn¡p¶Xv. Im¡nbpSp¸n\pÅn Hcp IemlrZbapsWvS¶v sXfnbn¡pIbmWv....
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thdn« IÀjI Nn´IÄ

GXp hyhkmb kwcw`hpw hnPbw ssIhcn¡p¶Xv DXv]¶§fpsS sshhn[y¯neqsSbmWv F¶ X¯zw £octaJebnepw sXfnbn¨ncn¡pIbmWv sImÃw PnÃbnse Xghm ssNX\y ho«n A\nÂIpamÀ.£ochnIk\ hIp¸v 1999  sImÃw PnÃbn \S¸m¡nb ka{K£ochnIk\ ]²Xnbmb ...
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¹mhps]cpabpambn Pm¡v A\nÂ

ZimСmeambn ¹mhpIfpsS \à \mS³ C\§Ä IsWvS¯n _ÍnwKneqsS Ahbv¡v ]pXnb cq]hpw `mhhpw \ÂIpIbmWv Pm¡v A\n F¶t]cnednbs¸Sp¶ A\nÂIpamÀ. aebmfnbmb A\n Ct¸mÄ Xmakn¡p¶ IÀWmSI¯nse Z£nW I¶U PnÃbnse ]p¯qcnemWv ¹mhn hnkvab§Ä hncnbn¡p¶Xv.
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Xncphkv{X hÀ®apÅ ]pjv]§Ä

t]cv ImÀUn\ ^vfhÀ, IÀZn\mÄ ]qhv F¶v ]cn`mj. ImÀUn\ F¶ Cw¥ojv ]Z¯n\v Gähpw {][m\s¸«Xv, hninjvSambXv Fs¶ms¡ AÀ°w. F¶m semt_enb ImÀUn\menkv F¶ ]qhn\v IÀZn\mÄ ]qhv F¶v t]cp In«nbXv.....
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]pXp{]Xo£bpWÀ¯n Im¡¸md Fw. PmXn C\w

hn]Wnbn kpØnchnebpsWvS¶v IcpXnbncp¶ hnfIÄ¡mWn¶v IenImew. hneØncXbnÃm¯ hnfIÄ¡nSbn PmXnacs¯ Hcp hcambn IÀjI³ IcpXnbm AXn ]Xncnsöv ]dtbWvSnhcpw. BtcmKyapÅ, {]mb]qÀ¯nbmb Hcp PmXnac¯n \n¶pw....
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