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aZy\bw P\\·bv¡v

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hn.Fw. kp[oc³ sI]nknkn {]knUâv

k¼qÀW aZy\ntcm[\w L«wL«ambn \S¸nem¡pI F¶ al¯mb e£y¯nte¡pÅ kpZrVamb NphSphbv]mWv sFIy P\m[n]Xy ap¶Wn kÀ¡mÀ ssIs¡mWvSncn¡p¶Xv. Ncn{Xw Cu Xocpam\s¯ Gähpw anI¨sX¶p hntijn¸n¡pI Xs¶ sN¿pw.

hnZym`ymkþBtcmKy taJeIfn \mw ssIhcn¨ t\«§Ä temIs¯ hnIknX cmPy§fpambn XmcXays¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. C´ysbm«msI amXrIbmbn«pÅ \nch[n \nba\nÀamW§fpsS Imcy¯nepw `cW\S]SnIfnepw tIcfw ap³]´nbnemWv. ap³Ime t\«§fpsS t]cn A`nam\n¨ncp¶ \mw C¶p Nne taJeIfn A`napJoIcn¡p¶ {]iv\§fpsS t]cn ZpxJnt¡WvSn hcp¶p. AXn {][m\s¸«XmWp elcnbpsS A[n\nthiw. tIcfw C¶p elcnbpsS ]nSnbnemWvþ aZy¯nsâbpw ab¡pacp¶nsâbpw.

{]XnioÀj aZy D]tbmK¯nsâ Imcy¯n tIcfw cmPy¯v H¶mw Øm\s¯¯n. BßlXybpsSbpw hnjmZtcmK§fpsSbpw Imcy¯nepw H¶maXpXs¶. A\pZn\w hÀ[n¨phcp¶ tdmU]IS§Ä, Bip]{XnIsf B{ibnt¡WvSnhcp¶ elcnP\ytcmKnIfpsS B[nIyw, In«p¶Xntesdbpw aZyimebn sImSp¯p shdpwssIbpambn hoSpIfnte¡v F¯p¶ Krl\mY·mcpsS F®¯nepWvSmb hÀ[\, AXpaqew IpSpw_§fn DWvSmIp¶ km¼¯nI¯IÀ¨, Zmcn{Zyw, IpSpw__Ô§fnse ssiYneyw, KmÀlnI]oU\§Ä, A`qX]qÀhambn«pÅ hnhmltamN\§Ä, am\knIhpw imcocnIhpambn«pÅ BtcmKy¯IÀ¨, kmaqlycwK¯p hfÀ¶phcp¶ AcmPImhØ, s]cpInhcp¶ IpäIrXy§Ä, {Iakam[m\ {]iv\§Ä XpS§nbhbntebvs¡ms¡ \bn¡p¶Xp elcn Xs¶bmWv.

Cu kmaqlnI ZpchØ IW¡nseSp¯psImWvSmWp aZy¯nsâ e`yXbpw D]tbmKhpw Ipd¨psImWvSphcm\pw AXphgn L«wL«amb aZy\ntcm[\¯nte¡p \o§m\pw bpUnF^v t\cs¯Xs¶ Xocpam\n¨Xv. bpUnF^v sXcsªSp¸v {]IS\]{XnIbnepw C¡mcyw hyàam¡nbn«pWvSv. sI. IcpWmIc³ apJya{´nbpw D½³ NmWvSn bpUnF^v I¬ho\dpambncp¶ Ime¯p \S¶ NÀ¨IfpsS ASnØm\¯n cq]w sImWvS DZb`m\p I½oj³ dnt¸mÀ«pw CXn\m[mcambn.

sI. IcpWmIc³ apJya{´nbmbncp¶t¸mÄ 1992 _mdpIÄ¡p Sp ÌmÀ \n_Ô\ GÀs¸Sp¯n. F.sI. BâWn apJya{´n Bbncp¶t¸mÄ 96 Nmcmbw \ntcm[n¨Xpw bpUnF^nsâ XpSÀ\S]SnIfpsS `mKambncp¶p. BâWnsb¯pSÀ¶v 2004  D½³NmWvSn apJya{´nbmbn h¶t¸mÄ IÅnsâ e`yXbpsS ASnØm\¯n jm¸pIfpsS F®w {Ias¸Sp¯pI F¶ \b¯nsâ `mKambn jm¸pIfpsS F®w KWyambn Ipd¨p. bpUnF^v kÀ¡mcpIÄ C¯c¯n \nch[n \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¨psh¦nepw FÂUnF^v kÀ¡mcpIfmIs« C¡mcy¯n XnIª DZmko\XbmWp {]ISn¸n¨Xv.

D½³ NmWvSnbpsS t\XrXz¯nepÅ Ct¸mgs¯ bpUnF^v kÀ¡mÀ A[nImc¯n h¶t¸mÄ bpUnF^v ]n´pSÀ¶p h¶ \b¯nsâbpw sXcsªSp¸v {]IS\]{XnIbpsSbpw ASnØm\¯n hyàamb aZy\b¯n\p cq]w sImSp¯p. AX\pkcn¨v 31.3.2012 hsc {Xo ÌmÀ ]ZhnbpÅ tlm«epIÄ¡p _mÀ ssek³kv A\phZn¡p¶Xp XpScpsa¶pw 1.4.2012 apX t^mÀ Ìmdpw AXn\p apIfnepw ]ZhnbpÅ tlm«epIÄ¡p am{Xta _mÀ ssek³kv A\phZn¡pIbpÅpsh¶pw 2013þ14 km¼¯nI hÀjw apX an\naw 25 apdnIfpw ss^hv ÌmÀ ¢mkn^nt¡j\pw DÅ tlm«epIÄ¡v am{Xta _mÀ ssek³kv A\phZn¡pIbpÅpsh¶pw hyàam¡nbn«pWvSv.

CX\pkcn¨p kÀ¡mÀ \S]SnIÄ XpScth \nehmcanÃm¯Xpw \nbaewL\w \S¯nbXpamb 418 _mdpIsf kw_Ôn¨p knFPn dnt¸mÀ«v ]pd¯ph¶Xpw XpSÀ¶p kp{]owtImSXn ]cmaÀi¯n\nSbm¡nbXpw kp{][m\ hgn¯ncnhmbn. CXnsâsbÃmw ASnØm\¯nemWv 418 _mdpIÄ¡p ssek³kv ]pXp¡n \ÂtIWvSXnsöp kÀ¡mÀ Xocpam\n¨Xv. ]n¶oSv Cu hÀjs¯ aZy\bw kw_Ôn¨p hfsctbsd NÀ¨Ifpw kwhmZ§fpw \S¶p. 418 _mdpIÄ ASªpInS¶Xnsâ KpW^ew hnebncp¯m³ kaql¯n\v Ahkcw In«n.

hnkvabmhlamb amä¯n\mWv C¡me¯v tIcfw km£yw hln¨Xv. aZy¯nsâ D]t`mKw KWyambn Ipdªp F¶Xp _nhtdPkv tImÀ]tdjsâ HutZymKnI sh_vsskän Xs¶ hyàam¡p¶pWvSv. 418 _mdpIÄ AS¨Xn\p ap¼pÅ \mepamks¯bpw AXn\p tijapÅ \mep amks¯bpw IW¡pIÄ XmcXayw sN¿pt¼mÄ hntZiaZy¯nsâ Afhn 21,97,232 enädpw _nbdnsâ Afhn 55,32,254 enädpw IpdhpWvSmbn F¶pÅXv FSp¯p ]db¯¡ t\«w Xs¶bmWv. B`y´ca{´n ctaiv sN¶n¯e \nbak`bn kaÀ¸n¨ IW¡\pkcn¨v 2014 Pq¬ hsc aZyw aqeapÅ kwL«\§fn 36 iXam\¯nsâbpw KmÀlnI ]oU\§fn 31 iXam\¯nsâbpw IpdhpWvSmbn. hml\m]IS§Ä 27 iXam\w IpdªXmbn ]T\§Ä hyàam¡p¶p.

\½psS Bip]{XnIfn C¡me¯p kw`hn¨ amäs¯¡pdn¨v Ft¶mSp ]ecpw kqNn¸n¨n«pWvSv. hgntbmc§fn aZy]n¨pInS¡p¶hcpsS F®w Ipdªp. s]mXpØe§fnepw s]mXphml\§fnepw kv{XoIÄ¡v A\p`hnt¡WvSnh¶ncp¶ _p²nap«pIÄ IpdªXmbn \nch[n t]À Ft¶mSp ]dªn«pWvSv. IpSpw_m´co£¯n h¶ amäw {it²bamWv. Krl\mY·mcn `qcn]£hpw bYmkabw tPmen Ignªp ho«n hcp¶p, hcpam\¯nsâ \sÃmcp `mKw ho«mhiy§Ä¡mbn sNehm¡p¶p F¶sXÃmw {it²bamWv. km¼¯nI ZpchØbnÂ\n¶p IpSpw_§Ä¡pWvSmb Bizmkhpw FSp¯p]dtbWvSXmWv. kÀ¡mÀ Hm^okpIfn t]mepw Cu amäw ImWmw. CsXÃmw BÀ¡pw \ntj[n¡m\mhm¯ Imcy§fmWv.

AS¨p]q«nb 418 _mdpIÄ C\n Xpd¡cpsX¶ P\m`n{]mbw iàambn DbÀ¶ph¶p. B s]mXphnImcw IW¡nseSp¯psImWvSmWv F¶pw P\XmÂ]cy¯n\p thWvSn \nesImWvSn«pÅ apJya{´n D½³ NmWvSn ]q«nb 418 _mdpIÄ¡p ]pdta \nehn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ 312 _mdpIÄIqSn ]q«m\pw ss{U tUIfpsS F®w hÀ[n¸n¡m\pw {]XnhÀjw 10 % _nhtdPkv tImÀ]tdj³ Hu«vseäpIÄ \nÀ¯em¡m\pw \S]Sn kzoIcn¨Xv. tIcfs¯ k¼qÀW aZy\ntcm[\¯nte¡p \bn¡p¶Xn\pff \nÀWmbI NphSphbv]mbn CXns\ hntijn¸n¡mw.

atZym]tbmK¯nsâ ^eambn«pÅ ZpcnX§Ä A\p`hn¡pIbpw Ah IWvSpsImWvSncn¡pIbpw sNbvX tIcf kaqlw cWvSpssIbpw \o«nbmWv Cu \S]SnIsf kzmKXw sNbvXXv. \b]bamb Xocpam\w FSp¡m\pÅ kÀ¡mcnsâ A[nImcs¯ sslt¡mSXnbpw AwKoIcn¨p. F¶mÂ, _mdpSaIfpsS A¸oens\¯pSÀ¶v hoWvSpw C¡mcyw sslt¡mSXnbpsS ]cnKW\bv¡mbn kp{]ow tImSXn hn«ncn¡pIbmWv.

kÀ¡mcnsâ \b]camb Cu Xocpam\w s]s«¶v Hcp Znhkw sImWvSv FSp¯XÃ. hÀj§fmbn XpSÀ¶phcp¶ \b¯nsâ `mKamWnXv. \b§Ä cq]oIcn¡pI F¶Xp kÀ¡mcnsâ AhImiamWv. CXp sslt¡mSXn AwKoIcn¨XpamWv. C¡mcyw tImSXnsb C\nbpw t_m[n¸n¡msa¶ BßhnizmkhpapWvSv.

\½psS `cWLS\bpsS 47þmw A\ptOZw lm\nIcamb elcn]ZmÀY§fpsSbpw acp¶pIfpsSbpw D]tbmKw XSbm³ \nÀtZin¡p¶pWvSv. kzmX{´ykacIme¯p almßmKmÔnbpsS t\XrXz¯n C´y³ \mjW tIm¬{Kkv DbÀ¯n¸nSn¨ aZy¯ns\Xncmbn«pÅ \ne]mSnsâ A´xk¯bmWp `cWLS\m hn[mXm¡Ä Cu A\ptOZ¯neqsS hn`mh\w sNbvXXv.

aZy\b¯n\p cq]w sImSp¡pIsb¶Xp kÀ¡mcnsâ AhImiamWv. kÀ¡mÀ cq]w \ÂIp¶ aZy\bw F´mbmepw AXv AwKoIcn¡m\pÅ _m[yX _mdpIÄ \S¯p¶hÀ¡pWvSv. 1996 tJmtU UnÌnedokv IÀWmSI kÀ¡mcns\Xntc \ÂInb tIkn kp{]ow tImSXnbpsS `cWLS\ms_©v C¡mcyw kwibteisat\y hyàam¡nbn«pWvSv. ( Cu tIkn tIcfhpw B{Ôm{]tZipw I£ntNÀ¶ncp¶p.) tImSXnhn[nbnÂ,

aZyhym]mcw Hcp auenImhImiasöpw aZyhym]mcw A\phZn¡tWm thWvStbm F¶ Imcy¯n _Ôs¸« kwØm\ kÀ¡mcpIÄ¡p Xocpam\saSp¡m\pÅ {]tXyIm[nImcapsWvS¶pamWp ]dªncn¡p¶Xv.

`cWLS\bpw kp{]owtImSXnbpw C{Xtbsd Imcy§Ä hyàam¡nbncnt¡ hnthN\sa¶ kmt¦XnIXzw DbÀ¯n¡m«n P\§Ä AwKoIcn¨ \b¯ns\Xntc hmZapbÀ¯m\mWp XXv]cI£nIÄ {ian¡p¶Xv. P\PohnXamtWm AtXm kmt¦XnIXzamtWm hepXv? P\§fpsS PohnXs¯ sa¨s¸« coXnbn sImWvSpt]mIp¶Xn\pÅ kÀ¡mcnsâ \à \S]Sn Hcp ImcWhimepw XSks¸SmXncnt¡WvSXp kaql¯nsâ D¯a XmÂ]cy¯n\v AXy´mt]£nXamWv. P\XmXv]cys¯ ap³\nÀ¯n kÀ¡mÀ kzoIcn¨ \S]Snsb \ntj[n¡m³ {ian¡p¶hÀ tIcf¯nse P\§tfmSp ISp¯ A\oXnbmWp Im«p¶Xv.

aZye`yX CÃmXmbm Sqdnkhpw Sqdnkw hyhkmbhpw CÃmXmhpsa¶pw tIcfw Häs¸Spsa¶papÅ hmZ§Ä Øm]nXXmÂ]cy¡mcnÂ\n¶v DbÀ¶phcp¶pWvSv. \½psS \mSpw Imbepw ]pgIfpw {]IrXnkuµcyhpw BkzZn¡m\mWp k©mcnIÄ hcp¶Xv. AÃmsX ChnSs¯ aZyw Ign¡pI F¶ e£yt¯msSbÃ. tIcf¯nsâ ss]XrIhpw kwkvImchpw Adnbm\pw hcp¶hÀ \nch[nbmWv. BbpÀthZ NnInÂk tXSn hcp¶hcpsS F®w IpdhmtWm?

sF.Sn. cwK¯p NpdpNpdpt¡msS {]hr¯n¡p¶ Bbnc¡W¡n\p sNdp¸¡mÀ aZyelcnbnemWp tPmen sN¿p¶sX¶p ]dbp¶Xv Ahsc A]am\n¡emWv. AhcpsS am\knIhpw ImbnIhpamb {]hÀ¯\£aXbmWp tNmZyw sN¿s¸Sp¶Xv. {]hÀ¯\£aXbnse Ipdhv, {]hÀ¯nbnÂ\n¶p hn«p\n¡m\pÅ {]hWX, sXmgnenS§fnse A]ISw, sXmgn A´co£¯nse AkzØX, sXmgn Øe§fn kv{XoIÄs¡Xntc DWvSmhp¶ AXn{Ia§Ä F¶nhbv¡p ImcWw aZyamsW¶pÅXv ]e ]T\§fpw hyàam¡nbn«pWvSv.

bYmÀY¯n tIcfkÀ¡mcnsâ Xocpam\w tZiobþA´ÀtZiob aZy¡p¯IIsf sR«n¨ncn¡pIbmWv. CâÀ\mjW skâÀ t^mÀ BÄ¡tlmÄ t]mfnkokv’ temI aZy¡p¯IIfpsS s]mXpthZnbmWv. temImtcmKykwLS\bpsS elcnhncp² hn`mK¯nsâ Xeh\mbncp¶ hyànsb¯s¶ Cu kwLS\bpsS t\XrXzw GÂ]n¨ncn¡p¶p F¶Xp hfsc hnNn{Xambncn¡p¶p. tIcf kÀ¡mcnsâ Xocpam\¯n ]cn{`an¨ AhÀ C´ybnepw tIcf¯nepw aZy\ntcm[\{iaw hnPbn¡nsö {]NmcWw \S¯nhcnIbmWv.

Häs¸« A\nãkw`h§fpsS t]cn hym]Iambn {]NcWw \S¯p¶Xn\pÅ kvt]m¬tkÀUv ]cn]mSnbpw kPohambncn¡p¶p. aZy\ntcm[\w Hcn¡epw hnPbn¡nà F¶p hcp¯n¯oÀ¡p¶Xn\pÅ C¡q«cpsS {ia§Äs¡Xntc AXohPm{KXtbmsSbpÅ {]hÀ¯\§fpambn kÀ¡mÀ kwhn[m\§fpw P\§fpw apt¶m«pt]mhpIsb¶Xp Xs¶bmWv CXp adnIS¡m\pÅ amÀKw. 418 _mdpIÄ AS¨Xpaqew aZyZpc´w DWvSm¡m\pÅ aZytem_nbpsS \o¡w t]meokv, FIvsskkv, dh\yp, t^mdÌv Un¸mÀ«psaâpIfpsS Imcy£aamb {]hÀ¯\w aqeamWp XSbm\mbXv. AXn\nbpw AtXcoXnbn Xs¶ apt¶m«pt]mtIWvSXpWvSv.

aZy\bw kw_Ôn¨ Ct¸mgs¯ Xocpam\w \S¸nem¡m³ XpS§nbnt«bpÅq. At¸mtg¡pw Cu \b¯nsâ `mKambn kÀ¡mcnsâ [\mKa amÀK§Ä ASªpt]mbn, kÀhhnIk\{]hÀ¯\§fpw \ne¨pt]mbn, KpcpXcamb km¼¯nI {]XnkÔn DWvSmbncn¡p¶p, \nba\ \ntcm[\w hcm³ t]mIp¶p F¶ Xc¯nepÅ {]NmcWw iàamWv.

aZy\ntcm[\w aqeapWvSmIp¶ hcpam\¡pdhv Imcyam¡p¶nsöp apJya{´nbpw [\a{´nbpw BhÀ¯n¨p hyàam¡nbn«pWvSv. aZy D]tbmKw kaql¯n\pw IpSpw_§Ä¡pw kÀ¡mcn\pw DWvSm¡p¶ km¼¯nI\jvSw aZy¯n \n¶pÅ hcpam\s¯¡mÄ F{Xtbm Cc«nbmWv.

aZy¯n \n¶pÅ hcpam\w kÀ¡mcnsâ {]hÀ¯\§sf HcpXc¯nepw {]XnIqeambn _m[n¡nsöp apJya{´nbpw [\a{´nbpw BhÀ¯n¨p {]Jym]n¨n«pw CXpkw_Ôn¨p sXän²mcW ]c¯m\pw aZy\bw ]mfnt¸mbn F¶phcp¯n¯oÀ¡m\pw aZytem_nIfpw AhcpsS {]NmcWkwLhpw \S¯p¶ Ip{]NcW§fn Bcpw hoWpt]mIcpsX¶mWv Fsâ A`yÀY\. P\\·sb ap³\nÀ¯n bpUnF^pw kwØm\kÀ¡mcpw apt¶m«phbv¡p¶ Cu aZy\bw hnPbIcambn \S¸nem¡p¶Xn\v FÃmhcpsSbpw ]n´pWbpw klmbklIcW§fpw A`yÀYn¡p¶p.


hn¹h¯n\p iàn]IÀ¶p kpe`v

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Sn.F. tPmÀPv / ipNnXzhgnbnse hn¹h Imlfwþ3

ipNnXz¯nsâbpw hr¯nbpÅ tSmbveäpIfpsSbpw A\nhmcyXsb¡pdn¨p temIs¯ t_m[hXvIcn¡m³ knwK¸qÀ kztZin Pm¡v knw thWvSnbncps¶¦n AXn\pwapt¼ C´ybn Cu Aht_m[w krãn¡m³ kmaqly{]hÀ¯I\mb tUm. _ntµizÀ ]YIv IÀacwK¯pWvSmbncp¶p. cmPy¯p tSmbveäv hn¹hw krãn¡m\pw ]pXnsbmcp ipNnXz Aht_m[w krãn¡m\pw 1971 apX \nXm´ ]cn{ia¯nemWp _ntµizÀ ]Y¡pw At±l¯nsâ k¶²kwLS\bmb kpe`v CâÀ\mjWepw.

tSmbveäns\ kmaqlyamä¯n\pÅ D]IcWambmWp tUm. ]YIv ImWp¶Xv. AXn\m¯s¶ cmPys¯ FÃm ]uc·mÀ¡pw kz´ambn tSmbveäv F¶ Xsâ e£ykm£mXvIcW¯n\mbn At±lw HmSn\S¡p¶p. {]Xn^teÑbnÃm¯ Cu tkh\w At±ls¯ \nch[n tZiobþ A´ÀtZiob ]pckvImc§Ä¡v AÀl\m¡nbn«pWvSv. cmPy¯p Znhtk\ Hcp tImSntbmfw t]cmWp kpe`v CâÀ\mjW ap³ssIsbSp¯p Øm]n¨ ‘kpe`v iuNmeb§Ä’ D]tbmKn¡p¶Xv. GItZiw 60,000 t]À CXpambn _Ôs¸«p {]hÀ¯n¡p¶p. s]mXpipNnXz¯n\p {]m[m\yw \ÂIn ]YIv apt¶m«ph¨ kpe`v iuNmeb amXrI aq¶mw temIcmPy§fnse Zcn{Zcmb P\tImSnIÄ¡v C¶v Gsd BizmkamWp \ÂIp¶Xv.

D¯tc´y³ {Kma§fn tSmbveäv F¶ Bhiyhpambn \hh[p¡Ä `ÀXrhoSpIfn IelapWvSm¡pIbpw _Ôw hntÑZn¡m³ XbmdmIpIbpw sNbvXt¸mÄ BZyw HmSnsb¯nbXv tUm. _ntµizÀ ]Y¡pw At±l¯nsâ kwLS\bpamWv. cWvSphÀjw ap¼p `ÀXrho«nÂ\n¶nd§nb A\nX \msc F¶ BZnhmknbphXnbpsS ss[cys¯ {]IoÀ¯n¨ tUm. ]YIv AhÄ¡v A©pe£w cq]bpsS ]mcntXmjnIw \ÂIn. AhfpsS `ÀXrho«n tSmbveäv \nÀan¨p \ÂIpIbpw sNbvXp. A\nX \msc C¶p kpe`nsâ k¶²{]hÀ¯IbmWv.

_nlmdn koX F¶ \hh[p `ÀXrho«n {]Xntj[kzcapbÀ¯nb kw`hadnªv AhnsSbpw tUm. ]YIv F¯n. tSmbveäv \nÀan¨p\ÂIn koXsb `ÀXrho«nte¡p XncnsIs¡mWvSphcnIbpw AhÄ¡v Hcpe£w cq]bpsS ]mcntXmjnIw \ÂIpIbpw sNbvXp. D¯À{]tZin {]Xntj[mán ]SÀ¯nb {]nb¦ `mcXn, tPymXn, {]nb¦ F¶o \hh[p¡fpsS hoSpIfnepw kpe`v kuP\yambn tSmbveäpIÄ \nÀan¨p \ÂIn.

FÃm hoSpIfnepw tSmbveäv

cmPys¯ FÃm hoSpIfnepw tSmbveäv F¶ ap{ZmhmIyhpambn kpe`v CâÀ\mjW ]pXnb IÀacwKt¯¡p {]thin¨pIgnªp. cWvSp ZfnXv s]¬Ip«nIsf sImes¸Sp¯n ac¯n sI«n¯q¡nb kw`hapWvSmb D¯À{]tZinse _Zmhp³ PnÃbnÂs¸« I{XmkmZXvKRvPv {Kma¯nÂ\n¶p IgnªamkamWv ]pXnb ]²Xn¡p kpe`v XpS¡w Ipdn¨Xv.

ho«n tSmbveäv CÃm¯Xn\m Ccp«nsâ adhn {]mYanIIrXyw \nÀhln¨psImWvSncns¡bmWp s]¬Ip«nIsf X«ns¡mWvSpt]mbXv F¶mWv Btcm]Ww. Cu kmlNcy¯nemWp X§fpsS ]pXnb ]²Xn¡mbn I{XmkmZXvKRvPv {Kmas¯ sXcsªSp¡m³ kpe`v Xocpam\n¨Xv. 300 tSmbveäpIÄ¡qSn \nÀan¨p\ÂIn {Kmas¯ k¼qÀW tSmbveäv {Kmaam¡m\mWp Xocpam\sa¶p kpe`v CâÀ\mjWensâ am[ya D]tZãmhv aZ³ jm ]dªp. FÃm hoSpIfnepw tSmbveäv F¶ X§fpsS IÀa]²XnbpsS amXrIbmbn I{XmkmZXvKRvPv {Kmas¯ amänsbSp¡m\mWp kpe`nsâ Xocpam\w. FÃm hoSpIfnepw tSmbveäv F¶ ap{ZmhmIy¯neq¶nbpÅ X§fpsS {]hÀ¯\w hyhkmbØm]\§Ä¡pw kwLS\IÄ¡pw {]tNmZ\amIpsa¶pw AhÀ {Kma§Ä Zs¯Sp¯v AhnSs¯ hoSpIfn tSmbveäv \nÀan¨p \ÂIpsa¶pamWp {]Xo£sb¶p tUm. ]YIv NqWvSn¡m«n.

kmaqlytkh\ kwLS\ F¶ \nebn kpe`v CâÀ\mjW {]hÀ¯\amcw`n¡p¶Xv 1971emWv. amen\y kwkvIcWw, a\pjymhImiw, ]cnØnXn XpS§nb taJeIfn C´y BØm\ambn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ Hcp kwcw`w F¶ tUm. _ntµizÀ ]Y¡nsâ Bib^eambncp¶p kpe`v. CXn\mbn kz´w kmt¦XnIhnZy D]tbmKs¸Sp¯n tSmbveäpIÄ \nÀan¨p. temI¯nse kpc£nXhpw ipNnXzapÅXpamb sdUnsabvUv tSmbveäv F¶ s]cpa kpe`v iuNmeb t\Sn. ]WwsImSp¯v D]tbmKn¡p¶ ]e tSmbveäpIfpw Ct¸mÄ kpe`mWp \nÀan¡p¶Xv. C´ybn Hcp tImSntbmfw P\§Ä kpe`v iuNmeb D]tbmKn¡p¶p.

a\pjyhnkÀPy¯nÂ\n¶p ]mNIhmXIhpw ssPhhfhpw \nÀan¡p¶ ]²XnIfpw kpe`v \S¯p¶pWvSv. 1996 sFIycmjv{Sk` kpe`nsâ {]hÀ¯\§sf {]IoÀ¯n¨p. 50 hnIkzc cmPy§Ä¡pthWvS sdUnsabvUv tSmbveäpIfmWp kpe`v IbäpaXn sN¿p¶Xv. B{^n¡, Gjy, emän³ Atacn¡ F¶nhnS§fnse 50 cmPy§fnemWv Cu tSmbveäpIfpsS tkh\w F¯p¶Xv. \Kc§fnse aen\Pew ip²oIcn¡p¶Xp kw_Ôn¨p kpe`v KthjWw Bcw`n¨n«pWvSv. Nne \Kc§fn ]co£WmSnØm\¯n aen\Pe ip²oIcW ]²XnIÄ XpS§pIbpw sNbvXn«pWvSv.

km[mcW P\§fnÂ\n¶v Gsd AIew ]men¨p Pohn¨hcmbncp¶p F¶pw tXm«n¸Wn¡mÀ. Chsc ap¶n¡WvSp KmÔnb³ Bib§fpsS ]n³_e¯n Hcp ]p¯³ ]²Xn¡mWp tUm. _ntµizÀ ]YIv XpS¡wIpdn¨Xv. A©p hyXykvX L«§fneqsS ]²Xn bmYmÀYyam¡m\mbncp¶p ]Y¡nsâ {iaw.

BZyL«w tXm«nIsf AwKoIcn¡pIsb¶Xmbncp¶p. cWvSmwL«¯n Ahsc \nÝnX taJeIfnte¡p ]p\c[nhkn¸n¡pI. AhÀ¡p ]cnioe\w \ÂIpI, ASp¯ Xeapdbv¡pÅ hnZym`ymkw Dd¸m¡pI F¶nh aq¶pw \mepw L«§Ä. GähpsamSphn kmaqlnIamb DbÀ¨ e£yanSp¶ ]p\cp²mcW ]²Xn. Cu A©p L«§Ä hnPbIcam¡nbXneqsS _ntµizÀ ]YIv kpe`v CâÀ\mjWen\p kpZrVamb ASn¯d \ÂIpIbmbncp¶p.

Hcp ]mc¼tcyXc DuÀPt{kmXkmbn cmPys¯ kpe`v iuNmeb§Ä C¶p amdnbn«pWvSv. kpe^v F^vfphâv {Soävsaâv F¶ B[p\nI coXnbneqsSbmWv Cu _tbmKymkv ¹mâpIfn Gdnb]¦pw {]hÀ¯n¡p¶Xv. C¯c¯n \nch[n bqWnäpIÄ A^vKm\nØm\nse Im_qfnepw Øm]n¨n«pWvSv.

Xsâ ipNnXz {]Øm\¯n\p kmt¦XnI ]n´pW Dd¸m¡pIsb¶ e£yt¯msS 1984 tUm. ]YIv kpe`v CâÀ\mjW C³Ìnäyq«v Hm^v sSIv\n¡Â dnkÀ¨v B³Uv s{Sbn\nwKv F¶ Øm]\w Øm]n¨p. anI¨ imkv{XÚcpsSbpw F³Pn\nbÀamcpsSbpw Hcp \ncXs¶ Cu Øm]\¯n AWntNÀ¶p. CXphgn ]pXnb kmt¦XnIhnZyIÄ ]pd¯ph¶psImWvSncn¡p¶p.

kÀ¡mcpIfpw DWcp¶p

FÃm ]uc·mÀ¡pw tSmbveäv kuIcyw Dd¸phcp¯n cmPys¯ k¼qÀWipNnXzw ssIhcn¡p¶Xn\pÅ {]hÀ¯\§Ä GXm\pw hÀjambn {ZpXKXnbn \S¶phcnIbmWv. tI{µkÀ¡mcpw hnhn[ kwØm\ kÀ¡mcpIfpw C¡mcy¯n Pm{KXtbmsS {]hÀ¯n¡p¶p. bp]nF kÀ¡mÀ BhnjvIcn¨p \S¸m¡nb \nÀa `mcXv A`nbm³ ]²Xn Gsd amä§fpWvSm¡n. ]pXpXmbn A[nImc¯ntednb _nsP]n kÀ¡mcpw C¡mcy¯n iàamb \S]SnIÄs¡mcp§pIbmWv. 21mw \qämWvSnepw C´y¡mcn ]IpXnt]À¡pw tSmbveäv kz´ambn CsöXv AXy´w \mWt¡SmsW¶p hyàam¡n ASp¯ A©p hÀjwsImWvSv cmPys¯ FÃmhÀ¡pw tSmbveäv kuIcyw Dd¸phcp¯psa¶p hmKvZm\w sNbvXp kzÑv `mcXv A`nbm³ F¶ ]²Xn {][m\a{´n \tc{µtamZn {]Jym]n¨pIgnªp. AtX¡pdn¨p \msf.

tUm. _ntµizÀ ]YIv: B[p\nI C´ybnse kmaqly]cnjvIÀ¯mhv

B[p\nI C´ybnse Gähpw henb kmaqly]cnjvIÀ¯mhv Bsc¶ tNmZy¯n\v D¯camWp tUm._ntµizÀ ]YIv. PmXobXbpsS thens¡«pIÄ t`Zn¨p Xmtg¡nSbnepÅhcpsS CSbnte¡v Cd§ns¨¶v AhcpsS DbÀ¨bv¡mbn kzPohnXw amänh¨ hyànbmWv Cu Fgp]s¯m¶pImc³. ipNnXz`mcXw kz]v\wIWvSp hoSpIfnepw \Kc§fnepw sNehpIpdª tSmbveäpIfpw tSmbveäv tImw¹IvkpIfpw At±l¯nsâ {]Øm\amb kpe`v CâÀ\mjW \nÀan¨psImWvSncn¡p¶p.

tXm«n¸Wnsb¶ hensbmcp ASna¸Wnsb CÃmXm¡nb At±lw Cu sXmgnseSp¡p¶hcpsSbpw IpSpw_§fpsSbpw ]p\c[nhmkw e£yan«p \nch[n ]cnioe\ ]cn]mSnIÄ Bcw`n¨p. Ignª 43 hÀjambn ]pXnsbmcp ipNnXz Aht_m[w C´y¡mcn DWvSm¡nsbSp¡m³ Cu a\pjykvt\ln¡p Ignªp.

_nlmdnse sshimen PnÃbnÂs¸« cmw]qÀ _msKense Hcp bmYmØnXnI {_mÒWIpSpw_¯n 1943 G{]n cWvSn\mbncp¶p tUm._ntµizÀ ]Y¡nsâ P\\w. 1968 _nlmÀ KmÔn skâdn\dn skent{_j³ I½nän¡p IognepÅ tXm«n¸Wn hnapà skÃn 600 cq] {]Xnamki¼f¯n tPmen¡p tNÀ¶tXmsSbmWp tXm«n¸Wn¡mÀ A\p`hn¡p¶ ZpcnXs¯¡pdn¨p _ntµizÀ ]YIv a\knem¡p¶Xv. CXn\p]pdsa Xsâ ]nF¨vUn KthjW¯nsâ `mKambn cmPys¯ hnhn[ `mK§fn k©cn¡pIbpw tXm«n¸Wn¡mtcmsSm¯p kabw sNehgn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. henb A\p`hamWv CXt±l¯n\p \ÂInbXv. tXm«n¸Wn¡mtcmSv A\pI¼ tXm¶nb At±lw Ahsc Cu ZpÀhr¯nbnÂ\n¶p tamNnXcm¡m³ {iaamcw`n¨p. CXmWp 1971 kpe`v CâÀ\mjW F¶ k¶² kwLS\bpsS ]ndhn¡p tlXphmbXv.

tUm. ]Y¡ns\ 1991 cmPyw ]Zva`qj¬ _lpaXn \ÂIn BZcn¨p. ]mäv\ bqWnthgvknänbnÂ\n¶p tkmtjymfPnbn _ncpZhpw _ncpZm\´c_ncpZhpw Cw¥ojv kmlnXy¯n _ncpZm\´c_ncpZhpw t\Snbn«pWvSv Ct±lw. sNehp Ipdª ipNoIcW{]hÀ¯\§fneqsS tXm«n¸Wn¡mcpsS tamN\w F¶ hnjb¯nembncp¶p ]nF¨vUn. C´ybnse tXm«n¸Wn D·qe\hpw ]cnØnXn ipNoIcWhpw F¶ hnjb¯nemWv 1994 Un enäv t\SnbXv. \nch[n cmPym´c am[ya§Ä tUm. ]Y¡nsâ tkh\§sf {]IoÀ¯n¨p teJ\§sfgpXn. 1996 XpÀ¡nbnse CukvXw_qfn \S¶ lm_nämävþ2 tIm¬^d³kv \Kc§fnse amen\y\nÀamÀP\¯n\pÅ anI¨ amXrIbmbn kpe`v iuNmebsb {]Jym]n¨p. ipNnXzcwK¯pÅ tkh\w ap³\nÀ¯n bpF³ km¼¯nI kmaqlnI Iu¬kn kpe`n\p kvs]j I¬kÄt«äohv ]Zhn \ÂIpIbpapWvSmbn.

(XpScpw)


tamZn amPn¡n\v F´p]än?

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kPn kndnbIv

\à Zn\§Ä hcnIbmsW¶p ]dªmWp \tc{µ tamZn A[nImctaäXv. F¶mÂ, C\n hcm\ncn¡p¶ Zn\§Ä tamZn {]Xo£n¨Xpt]mse \ÃXmIptam? C¶se ]pd¯ph¶ D]sXcsªSp¸p^ew tamZn¡pw _nsP]n¡pw H«pw BËmZw ]Icp¶XÃ.

IW¡pIq«epIÄ sXän¨psImWvSmWv C´ybnse P\§Ä hoWvSpw k½XnZm\mhImiw hn\ntbmKn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸p^e¯nsâ BhÀ¯\w {]Xo£n¨hÀ sR«n. AtXkabw, C´y³ P\m[n]Xy¯nsâ B´cnIamb Icp¯v sXfnbn¡p¶XpamWv C¶es¯ ^ew. temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n _nsP]n¡p \ÂInb anI¨ hnPbw cmPyw BÀ¡pw XosdgpXn \ÂInbXnsâ kqN\bmbncp¶nsöp k½XnZmbIÀ hyàam¡n.

_nsP]nbpsS kzm[o\taJeIfmb kwØm\§fnemWv Ct¸mgs¯ D]sXcsªSp¸p \S¶Xv. an¡bnS¯pw _nsP]n¡p koäv \jvSambn. D¯À{]tZinse Zb\ob ]cmPbamWv FSp¯p]dtbWvSXv. temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n bp]nbnse F¬]Xn 71 koäpw ]nSn¨S¡nb _nsP]n¡pw kJyI£nIÄ¡pw C¡pdn \nbak`bnse F«p knänwKv koäpIÄ \ãambn. temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n _nsP]n¡v hnPbw t\Sns¡mSp¯ AanXv jmbv¡v Bbncp¶p Cu D]sXcsªSp¸nepw D¯À{]tZinsâ taÂt\m«w.

apkm^À\KÀ Iem]¯nsâ t]cn krãns¨Sp¯ hÀKob {[phoIcWamWp temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n _nsP]nbpsS h³apt¶ä¯n\p ImcWsa¶v Btcm]WapWvSmbncp¶p. F¶mÂ, C¡pdn hÀKob {[phoIcW¯n\pÅ \o¡w P\§Ä ]cmPbs¸Sp¯n. bp]nbnse 11 \nbak`m koän F«nepw hnPbn¨p `cWI£nbmb kamPvhmZn ]mÀ«n am\w Im¯p.

D]sXcsªSp¸n tIm¬{Kkn\p henb t\«amWv DWvSmbsX¶Xpw ImWmXncp¶pIqSm. ssl¡am³Unsâtbm tZiob t\Xm¡fpsStbm t\XrXzanÃmsXbmWv kwØm\§fnse tIm¬{Kkv LSI§Ä Cu hnPb§Ä t\Snsb¶Xpw {it²bw. GXm\pw amkwap¼p \S¶ temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n ]mÀ«nbpsS Ncn{X¯nse Gähpw tamiw {]IS\w \S¯n ]cmPb¯nsâ ]SpIpgn IWvS tIm¬{Kkv Ct¸mÄ Ahnizk\obamb hn[¯nepw thK¯nepamWp Xncn¨phchnsâ kqN\IÄ \ÂIp¶Xv.

D¯À{]tZin `cWI£nsb¶ \nebn kamPvhmZn ]mÀ«ns¡Xntc iàamb `cWhncp² hnImcw DWvSmbncp¶p. {Iakam[m\¯IÀ¨bpsS t]cn apJya{´n AJntejv bmZhv tIÄ¡m¯ ]gnsbm¶panÃ. hÀKobkwLÀj§Ä¡p ]pdta am\`wK hmÀ¯Ifpw hÃm¯ Zpjvt]cp tIĸn¨p. CsXms¡bmbn«pw Fkv]n t\Snb Kw`ochnPbw AanXv jmbpsSbpw tamZnbpsSbpw kIe IW¡pIq«epIsfbpw sXän¡p¶Xmbncp¶p.

Øm\mÀYnIsf \nÀ¯msX _nFkv]n amdn\n¶Xv \yq\]£þ]nt¶m¡ thm«pIÄ Fkv]nbpsS s]«nbn hogm³ ImcWambn«pWvSmhmw. tIm¬{Kkpw ]e koäpIfnepw Fkv]ns¡Xntc Øm\mÀYnIsf \nÀ¯nbncp¶nÃ. _nlmÀ D]sXcsªSp¸n F¶t]mse D¯À{]tZinepw C§s\ atXXc I£nIÄ tbmPn¨p\n¶p hnPbw t\SnbXv _nsP]n¡p `mhnbn shÃphnfnbmImXncn¡nÃ. _nsP]n kÀ¡mcnsâ ]e \o¡§sfbpw `oXntbmsS ImWp¶hÀ¡v CsXmcp ip`kqN\bpamWv.

KpPdm¯n _nsP]nbpsS aq¶p koäpIÄ tIm¬{Kkv ]nSns¨Sp¯Xp \tc{µ tamZn¡p hyàn]cambpw Xncn¨SnbmWv. Ct¸mgs¯ apJya{´n B\µn s_³ ]t«ensâ Xebn ]cmPb¯nsâ ]m]`mcw sI«nhbv¡msa¦nepw KpPdm¯n Ct¸mgpw Imcy§Ä Xocpam\n¡p¶Xp tamZnþAanXv jm SoamsW¶v Adnbm¯hcnÃ.

KpPdm¯nse koäpIÄ H¶S¦w Xq¯phmcmsa¶mbncp¶p _nsP]nbpsS {]Xo£. htUmZcbn ap³Iq«n¯s¶ C¶se hnPbmËmZ dmen ¹m³ sNbvXXv AXn\memWv. AXp amänhbvt¡WvSnh¶ \mWt¡SpapWvSmbn.Ignª \nbak`mþtemIvk`m sXcsªSp¸pIfn koäpIÄ Xq¯phmcnb cmPØm\n _nsP]n¡pWvSmb I\¯ Xncn¨Snbpw FSp¯p]dbWw. D]sXcsªSp¸p \S¶ \men aq¶p koäpw tIm¬{Kkv ]nSns¨Sp¯p. apJya{´n hkpÔccmP knÔybpsS t\XrXz¯n km¼¯nI ]cnjvIcW \S]SnIÄ DuÀPnXambn \S¸m¡nhcnIbmbncp¶p AhnsS. _nsP]n tI{µ¯n \S¸m¡m³ Dt±in¡p¶ km¼¯nI ]cnjvIcW \S]SnIfpsS ss]eäv ]²Xn F¶p thWsa¦n Ahsb hntijn¸n¡mw. AXnt\mSp P\§Ä¡pÅ ISp¯ FXnÀ¸mWv D]sXcsªSp¸p ^e¯n {]Xn^en¨Xv.

Ignª temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n tIm¬{Kkv ]cmPbs¸Sm\pÅ apJy ImcWhpw a³taml³knwKv kÀ¡mcnsâ P\hncp² km¼¯nI \b§fpw kÀ¡mcns\Xntc DbÀ¶ AgnaXnbmtcm]W§fpw Bbncp¶tÃm. tIm¬{Kkv XfÀ¶mepw XIÀ¶n«nsöpw B ]mÀ«nsb Bcpw FgpXn¯tÅWvSXnsöpapÅ hyàamb ktµiw D]sXcsªSp¸p ^e¯nepWvSv. {]mtZinI hnjb§fneq¶n {]NmcWw \S¯nbm tIm¬{Kkn\p hnPbn¡m\mIpsa¶mWp cmPØm\nsebpw KpPdm¯nsebpw a[y{]tZinsebpsams¡ hnPbw kqNn¸n¡p¶Xv. KpPdm¯nepw cmPØm\nepw \n¶mbn _nsP]nbpsS Bdp koäpIÄ tIm¬{Kkv ]nSns¨Sp¯p. D¯À{]tZin tIm¬{Kknsâ `mKyw C\nbpw sXfnªn«nà F¶Xp hkvXpXbmWv. ]Ýna_wKmfnepw ØnXn sa¨aÃ. F¶mÂ, cmPØm\nsebpw KpPdm¯nsebpw apt¶äw tIm¬{Kkn\p {]Xo£ \ÂIp¶XmWv. almcmjv{S, lcnbm\ \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸pIÄ ASp¯amkw \S¡m\ncns¡ Cu D]sXcsªSp¸p^ew tIm¬{Kkn\v Gsd BXvahnizmkw ]Icpw. {]Xn]£ ]mÀ«nsb¶ \nebn tIm¬{Kknsâ {]m[m\yw hÀ[n¡pIbmWv. tIm¬{Kkn\v {]Xn]£t\XrØm\w \ÂImsX amän\nÀ¯m³ _nsP]n kÀ¡mÀ {ian¨mepw tIm¬{Kkv CÃmsX _nsP]nhncp² ap¶Wn ]qÀWamInsö ktµiw cWvSp L«§fnembn \S¶ D]sXcsªSp¸pIfpsS ^e§fneqsS h¶pIgnªp. CXp P\t£aIcambn `cWw \S¯m³ \tc{µ tamZn kÀ¡mcns\bpw t{]cn¸nt¨¡mw.


tSmbveävhn¹h Blzm\hpambn A\nXbpsS sNdp¯p\nev]v

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Sn.F. tPmÀPv / ipNnXzhgnbnse hn¹h Imlfwþ2

cWvSp hÀjwap¼p a[y{]tZinse ss_Xp PnÃbnÂs¸« cXv\m]qÀ {Kmahmknbmb A\nX \msc F¶ Ccp]¯ncWvSpImcnbmb BZnhmkn bphXn DbÀ¯nhn« hn¹hw D¯tc´y³ {Kma§fn hensbmcp kmaqlnIamä¯n\mWp hgnhbv¡p¶Xv. kz´ambn kpc£nXamb tSmbveäv F¶ Bhiyhpambn `ÀXrho«n A\nX IelapWvSm¡nbt¸mÄ AXv C´y³ tSmbveäv hn¹hambn ]cnWan¡pIbmbncp¶p. CXnsâ AesbmenIÄ C¶pw _nlmdnÂ\n¶pw D¯À{]tZinÂ\n¶psams¡ apg§ns¡mWvSncn¡p¶p.

Gsd ]cm[o\XIfpsWvS¦nepw A\nXbpsS ho«n ipNnXz¯n\p {]m[m\yw \ÂInbncp¶p. kz´ambn ho«n tSmbveäv \nÀan¨psh¶p am{Xaà aIsf _nF hsc ]Tn¸n¡m\pw ]nXmhv \msc Xbmdmbn. F¶mÂ, 2012 tabv cWvSn\p hnhmlw Ignªp `ÀXrho«nse¯nbt¸mÄ AhnSs¯ kmlNcy§Ä A\nXbv¡p kln¡mhp¶Xnepw A¸pdambncp¶p. B ho«n kz´ambn I¡qknÃ. Ccp«nsâ adhn ssIbn shÅhpambn Imcykm[y¯n\mbn ]d¼nte¡p t]mtIWvS AhØ.

`À¯mhv inhdmapw aäp IpSpw_mwK§fpw bmsXmcp IqkepanÃmsX ]IÂkab¯pt]mepw {]IrXnbpsS hnfntI«p ]pdt¯¡p t]mIpt¼mÄ A\nXbv¡v CXp IWvSp\n¡m\mbnÃ. BZycm{Xnbn¯s¶ `À¯mhpambn CXp kw_Ôn¨p hg¡nSm³ A\nX Xbmdmbn. Xsâ ssIhiw ]Wansöpw ho«n tSmbveäv \nÀan¡nsöpw inhdmw hyàam¡n. hn«psImSp¡m³ A\nX XbmdmbnÃ. Iãn¨v Hcp Znhkw `ÀXrho«n IgnªpIqSnb A\nX cWvSmwZnhkw t\sc kz´w ho«nte¡p t]mbn. tSmbveäv \nÀan¨nsæn C\n `ÀXrho«nte¡nsöp hyàam¡nbmbncp¶p aS¡w.

inhdmans\ kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw A{]Xo£nXambncp¶p CXv. F§s\sb¦nepw tSmbveäv \nÀan¨v `mcysb aS¡ns¡mWvSphcm³ inhdmw {iaamcw`n¨p. CXn\p km¼¯nIklmbw tXSn {Kma]©mb¯ns\ kao]n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. hnhcadnª ]©mb¯[nIrXÀ ho«n tSmbveäv \nÀan¡m³ 2,200 cq] klmbambn \ÂIn. almßmKmÔn tZiob {KmaoW sXmgnepd¸p ]²Xn{]Imcw 3,400 cq]bpsS asämcp klmbhpwIqSn tSmbveäv \nÀamW¯n\p inhdman\p e`n¨p. A\nX ]nW§nt¸mbn F«p Znhk¯n\pÅn inhdmansâ hoSnt\mSp tNÀ¶p tSmbveäv Øm]nXambn. hnhcadnª A\nX `ÀXrho«nte¡p aS§nt¸mcpIbpw sNbvXp.

A\nX hnhmlnXbmbn F¯p¶Xphsc Cu {Kma¯n BÀ¡pw tSmbveäv DWvSmbncp¶nÃ. hoSnt\mSp tNÀ¶v tSmbveäv \nÀan¡p¶Xv AhÀ¡v Ad¸pÅXmbncp¶p. henb hoSpw ]pcbnShpw {SmÎdpIfpsams¡ kz´ambpÅ hoSpIfnepw CXpXs¶bmbncp¶p AhØ. A\nX krãn¨ hn¹hw {Kma¯n amsämenbmbn. `ÀXrho«n tSmbveäv CÃm¯Xnsâ t]cn \nch[n bphXnIÄ hnhml_Ô¯n\p hnk½Xn¨p. hnhmlnXcmb bphXnIfpw `ÀXrho«pImcpambn tSmbveäns\ sNmÃn Ieln¨p. CtXmsS hoSnt\mSp tNÀ¶p tSmbveäpIÄ \nÀan¡m³ FÃmhcpw \nÀ_ÔnXcmbn. CXn\p klmbhpambn ]©mb¯pw kwØm\ kÀ¡mcpw tI{µkÀ¡mcpsams¡sb¯n.

A\nX krãn¨ hn¹h¯nsâ AesbmenIÄ BZyw apg§nbXp kz´w {Kma¯n¯s¶bmWv. H³]Xp amk¯n\pÅn {Kma¯nse 326 IpSpw_§Ä¡pw kz´ambn tSmbveämbn. A\nXbpsS [ocIrXys¯ A`n\µn¨psImWvSp PnÃmIfÎÀ N{µtiJÀ s_mÀ¡mdmWv BZyw cwK¯ph¶Xv. ho«nse¯n A\nXsb A`n\µn¨ At±lw ss_Xp PnÃbn \S¸m¡p¶ k¼qÀW ipNoIcW ]²XnbpsS {_m³Uv Aw_mkUdmbn A\nXsb {]Jym]n¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

`ÀXrho«nÂ\n¶pÅ A\nXbpsS Cu Cd§nt¸m¡p cXv\m]qÀ {Kma¯nepw ss_Xp PnÃbnepw a[y{]tZinepw am{Xaà cmPy¯pw cmPy¯n\p ]pd¯pw hmÀ¯bmbn. \nch[n ]pckvImc§Ä A\nXsb tXSnsb¯n. FÃm ho«nepw tSmbveäv F¶ Bhiyhpambn t_m[hXvIcW cwK¯pÅ kpe`v CâÀ\mjW F¶ kwLS\bmWv A\nXbpsS [ocXsb ]pIgv¯n BZyambn cwK¯ph¶Xv. A©p e£w cq]bmWv A\nXbv¡v AhÀ ]mcntXmjnIw \ÂInbXv. `ÀXrhoSv ]pXp¡n¸Wnbm\pw \sÃmcp tSmbveäv \nÀan¡m\pamWv A\nX Cu XpI sNehgn¨Xv. CXnt\mSIw tSmbveänsâ {]m[m\ys¯¡pdn¨v t_m[hm\mb inhdmamIs« `mcybv¡v FÃmhn[ ]n´pWbpw \ÂIn.

A\nXbpsS hn¹hw a[y{]tZiv kÀ¡mcns\bpw ]p\ÀhnNn´\¯n\p t{]cn¸n¨p. hoSpIfn tSmbveäpIÄ \nÀan¡m³ P\§sf t{]mÕmln¸n¡p¶Xn\p kÀ¡mÀ ka{K iuN A`nbm³ F¶ ]²Xn BhnjvIcn¨p. ]²XnbpsS {_m³Uv Aw_mkUdmbn A\nXsb sXcsªSp¡pIbpw sNbvXp. A\nXbpsS t{]cWbn ]¯mw¢mkv ]T\w ]qÀ¯nbm¡nb inhdman\v Hcp kÀ¡mÀ ss{]adn kvIqfn XmXvImenI A[ym]I\mbn kÀ¡mÀ tPmen \ÂIn. tI{µ {KmahnIk\a{´mebhpw ]pckvImcw \ÂIn A\nXsb BZcn¨p. 2012 cmjv{S]Xnbmbncp¶ {]Xn`m]m«o cmjv{S]Xn`h\nte¡p hnfn¨phcp¯nbmWv A\nXsb BZcn¨Xv.

kpe`v CâÀ\mjWensâ k¶²{]hÀ¯IIqSnbmb A\nX C¶p a[y{]tZin Gsd Adnbs¸Sp¶ kmaqlnI{]hÀ¯IbmWv. cmPym´c am[ya§Ähsc {Kma¯nse¯n A\nXbpambn A`napJw \S¯n tSmbveäv hn¹hw temIs¯ Adnbn¨p. kwØm\ kÀ¡mcpw CtXmsS DWÀs¶gpt¶äp. tSmbveäv \nÀan¡m³ 1000 cq] apS¡p¶ ho«pImÀ¡v 8,000 cq] hoXw k_vknUn \ÂIp¶ ka{K iuN A`nbm³ ]²Xn {]Jym]n¡m³ kwØm\kÀ¡mcns\ t{]cn¸n¨Xv A\nX sNep¯nb kzm[o\amWv.

A\nXbpsS tSmbveäv hn¹hw {Kma¯n henb amä§fmWp sImWvSph¶Xv. {Kma¯nse knXp[m\ \Znbn kÀ¡mÀ AWs¡«v \nÀan¡pIbpw AXphgn {Kma¯n PetkN\kuIcyw e`yamIpIbpw sNbvXp. A§s\ {Kma¯nse ImÀjnItaJe iàns¸«p.

hnhmltamN\¯n\p Xbmdmbn _nlmÀ bphXn

A\nX \mscsb¶ BZnhmknbphXn a[y{]tZin DbÀ¯nhn« tSmbveäv hn¹hw GXm\pw amk§fmbn D¯À{]tZinsebpw _nlmdnsebpw {KmaoWbphXnIÄ Gäp]nSn¨ncn¡pIbmWv. _nlmdnse ]mäv\ PnÃbnÂs¸« _nlvXm SuWn\p kao]w kmtZiv]qÀ {Kmahmknbmb AemIv \ncRvPsâ `mcy koX `ÀXrho«n tSmbveäv CÃm¯Xnsâ t]cn hnhmltamN\¯n\p Xbmdmbn. Znhkhpw Ccp«nsâ adhn Xpdkmb Øet¯¡p t]mIm³ \nÀ_ÔnXbmIp¶Xn a\kp aSp¯mWv Cu bphXn _Ôw thÀ]ncnbm³ {ian¨Xv. hnhmltamN\¯n\p klmbw tXSn ]mäv\bnse h\nXm slÂ]v sUkvIns\ kao]n¨tXmsSbmWv kw`hw ]pd¯mbXv. tSmbveänÃmsX `À¯mhns\m¸w Xmakn¡m³ Xbmdsöpw tSmbveäv \nÀan¡m³ k½ÀZw sNep¯p¶Xnsâ t]cn `À¯mhv Xs¶ \nc´cw aÀZn¡mdpsWvS¶pw bphXn h\nXm slÂ]v sse\n\p \ÂInb ]cmXnbn ]dbp¶p. 2009 hnhmlnXbmb A¶papX tSmbveäv \nÀan¡m³ Xm³ `À¯mhn k½ÀZw sNep¯nhcp¶psWvS¦nepw CXphsc AXp \nÀan¡m³ AbmÄ Iq«m¡nbn«nsöpw bphXn ]cmXnbn NqWvSn¡m«n.

`mcy hnhmltamN\¯n\p {ian¡p¶XmbpÅ hmÀ¯ \ncRvPs\ sR«n¡pIXs¶ sNbvXp. km¼¯nI{]bmkw ImcWamWp `mcybpsS Bhiyw \S¸m¡m¯sX¶pw X§fpsS hnhml_Ôw kwc£n¡m³ GXphnt[\bpw tSmbveäv \nÀan¡psa¶pw h\nXm slÂ]v sse\n\p \ncRvP³ Dd¸p \ÂIn. {]iv\w XoÀ¡m\mbn Ccphscbpw h\nXm slÂ]v sse³ {]hÀ¯IÀ hnfn¨phcp¯n. tSmbveäv \nÀan¡psa¶ \ncRvPsâ Dd¸n Ccphscbpw A\p\bn¸n¨p hnSpIbmbncp¶p. hnhcadnª kpe`v CâÀ\mjW \ncRvPsâ ho«n AXym[p\nI tSmbveäv \nÀan¨p \ÂIn. kz´ambn tSmbveäv F¶ auenImhImi¯n\mbn _Ôw thÀ]ncnbm³ t]mepw Xbmdmb bphXn¡v Hcp e£w cq] ]mcntXmjnIw \ÂIpIbpw sNbvXp. 10.5 tImSn P\§fpÅ _nlmdn 2.19 tImSn¡pw kz´ambn tSmbveänÃ.

D¯À{]tZinepw bphXnIÄ `ÀXrhoSpIÄ hn«nd§n

`ÀXrhoSpIfpt]£n¨p kz´w ho«nte¡p t]mbn ASp¯nsS D¯À{]tZinepw GXm\pw bphXnIÄ tSmbveäv hn¹h¯n\p hn¯p]mIn. {]nb¦ `mcXn, tPymXn, {]nb¦....D¯À{]tZinse {KmaoWbphXnIÄ¡p ss[cyw ]IÀ¶hÀ \nch[nbmWv. almcmPvKRvPv PnÃbnÂs¸« hnjvWp]pÀ JpÀZv kztZin\nbmb {]nb¦ `mcXnbpsS {]Xntj[w kwØm\¯v apgph³ AebSn¡pIXs¶ sNbvXp.

]s¯m¼Xmw hbkn hnhmlnXbmbn `ÀXrho«nse¯nb {]nb¦bv¡p kln¡mhp¶Xnepa¸pdambncp¶p AhnSs¯ Imcy§Ä. kz´ambn tSmbveäv kuIcyanÃm¯ ho«n \mep Znhkw AhÄ Hcphn[w ]nSn¨p\n¶p. tSmbveäv CÃm¯Xnsâ hnjaw `À¯mhv AaÀPn¯nt\mSp ]eIpdn ]dªn«pw ImcyapWvSmbnÃ. tSmbveäv \nÀan¡msX C\n Ct§m«nsöp ]dªv AhÄ kz´w ho«nte¡p aS§n. `ÀXrho«nte¡p t]mIm³ amXmhpw ]nXmhpw Ahsf \nÀ_Ôns¨¦nepw tSmbveänsâ BhiyIXsb¡pdn¨v Ahsc t_m[hXvIcn¨v H¸w \nÀ¯m³ {]nb¦bv¡mbn. hnhcadnª kpe`v CâÀ\mjW {]hÀ¯IÀ {]nb¦bpsS ho«nse¯n kwkmcn¡pIbpw `ÀXrho«n tSmbveäv \nÀan¨p \ÂIpIbpw sNbvXp. cWvSp e£w cq] ]mcntXmjnIhpw {]nb¦bv¡p \ÂIn.

AaÀPn¯nsâ ho«n \nÀan¨ tSmbveäv kpe`v kwLS\bpsS {]hÀ¯IcpsS km¶n[y¯n {]nb¦Xs¶bmWv DZvLmS\w sNbvXXv. A\nX \mscsbt¸mse {]nb¦ `mcXnbpw kpe`v CâÀ\mjWensâ k¶²{]hÀ¯IbmWn¶v. ipNnXzhpambn _Ôs¸« Hcp ]ckyNn{X¯n t_mfnhpUv \Sn {]nb¦ tNm{]bvs¡m¸w {]nb¦ `mcXn ASp¯nsS A`n\bn¨ncp¶p.

`ÀXrho«n tSmbveäv CÃm¯Xnsâ t]cn Ignª amkw D¯À{]tZinse Ipjn\KÀ PnÃbnÂs¸« tJknb {Kma¯n lnµp, apkvenw kapZmb§fnÂs¸« Bdp bphXnIfmWp kz´w hoSpIfnte¡p t]mbXv. \oew, IemhXn, k¡o\, \ncRvP\, KpZnb, knX F¶o bphXnIfmWp hnhmlw Ignªp cWvSpw aq¶pw Znhksams¡ am{Xw `ÀXrho«n sNehgn¨tijw kz´w hoSpIfnte¡p aS§nbXv. hnhcadnª kpe`v CâÀ\mjW Bdpt]cpsSbpw `ÀXrhoSpIfn tSmbveäv \nÀan¡pIbpw `ÀXrhoSpIfnte¡p aS§nt¸mIm³ Chsc t{]cn¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. Bdp bphXnIsfbpw kpe`v A\ptamZn¡pIbpw Imjv AhmÀUv \ÂIpIbpw sNbvXp.

hnhml_Ôw thÀs]Sp¯n O¯okvKUv bphXn

A\nX krãn¨ tSmbveäv hn¹h¯nsâ AesbmenIÄ Ct¸mgpw XpSÀ¶psImWvSncn¡p¶p. GähpsamSphn O¯okvKUnemWp kam\kw`hapWvSmbXv. O¯okvKUnse dmbvKUv PnÃbnse Hcp bphXn `À¯mhnsâ ho«n tSmbveäv Csö ImcW¯m _Ôw thÀ]ncnbpIXs¶ sNbvXp. Ignª amkw 29\mbncp¶p kw`hw. hcsâ ho«n tSmbveäv Csödnª bphXn hnhml¯n\pap¼v AXp \nÀan¡Wsa¶v Bhiys¸«ncp¶p. hcsâ IpSpw_mwK§Ä CXp k½Xn¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

F¶mÂ, hnhmlnXbmbn `À¯mhnsâ ho«nse¯nbt¸mgmWv AhnsS tSmbveäv \nÀan¨n«nsöv Adnbp¶Xv. {]Xntj[ns¨¦nepw `À¯mhpw ho«pImcpw AXp ImcyamsbSp¯nÃ. CtXmsS hoSphn«p kz´w ho«nte¡p t]m¶ bphXn hnhmltamN\w t\Sm³ Xocpam\n¡pIbmbncp¶p. bphXn Xsâ Xocpam\¯n Dd¨p\n¶tXmsS Ccpho«pImÀ¡pw aäp t]mwhgnsbm¶papWvSmbncp¶nÃ. kz´ambn tSmbveäpÅ asämcmfpambn bphXnbpsS hnhmlw IgnªbmgvN Dd¸n¨ncn¡pIbmWv.

hn¹h¯n\p iàn ]IÀ¶p kpe`v

A\nXbpsSbpw {]nb¦ `mcXnbpsSbpsams¡ tSmbveäv hn¹h¯n\p iàn]IÀ¶Xp kpe`v CâÀ\mjW F¶ k¶²kwLS\bmWv. cmPys¯ FÃm hoSpIfnepw tSmbveäv F¶ e£yhpambn Ignª \mep ]XnämWvSntesdbmbn {]hÀ¯\cwK¯pÅ kpe`pw AXnsâ Øm]I³ tUm._ntµizÀ ]YIpw sNbvXpsImWvSncn¡p¶ tkh\§sf F{X ]pIgv¯nbmepw aXnbmInÃ. AtX¡pdn¨p \msf.

(XpScpw)






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