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FbvUUv hnZym`ymk taJesb c£n¡pI

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^m. amXyp N{µ³Ipt¶Â

tIcf¯nse FbvUUv hnZym`ymk taJe XIÀ¨bpsS h¡nemWv. kvIqfpIfn Bhiy¯n\p Ip«nItfm ¢mkn A[ym]Itcm CÃ. ZnhkthX\m[ym]IÀ¡p hÀj§fmbn thX\w e`n¡p¶nÃ. lbÀ sk¡³Udn {]n³kn¸ÂamcpsS {]iv\§Ä ]cnlcn¡s¸SmsX InS¡p¶p. A[ym]Iþ hnZymÀYn A\p]mXw 1: 30, 1: 35 B¡n ]p\À\nÝbn¡Wsa¶ tI{µ hnZym`ymk AhImi\nbaw \S¸nem¡p¶Xn\pw kÀ¡mÀ `mK¯p\n¶p Xocpam\§fnÃ. Ip«nIÄ¡p X¡kab¯p ]mT]pkvXI§Ä In«p¶nÃ. GIPmeIw hgnbpÅ ¹kv h¬ {]thi\{]{Inb A\´ambn \ofp¶p.

A\[ym]IcpsS \nba\{]iv\§Ä DÄs¸sS FbvUUv taJebnse FÃm {]XnkÔnIfpw DS\Sn ]cnlcn¡psa¶p apJya{´nbpw hIp¸pa{´nbpw [\a{´nbpsSbpw D¶X DtZymKØcpsSbpw km¶n[y¯n kvIqÄ amt\PÀamÀ¡pw kapZmb t\Xm¡·mÀ¡pw \evInb Dd¸v \mfnXphscbpw ]men¡s¸«n«nÃ. s]mXphnZym`ymk taJesb kvt\ln¡p¶hcpw B{ibn¡p¶hcpw ISp¯ ZpxJ¯nepw \ncmibnepamWv.

kÀ¡mÀ ]n·mdcpXv

tkh\taJebnÂ\n¶p kÀ¡mÀ DÂ]mZ\taJebnte¡p NphSpamäp¶psh¶ Bt£]apWvSv. DÂ]mZ\ taJebpsS {][m\ KpWt`màm¡Ä h³InS¡mcpw Ip¯I aqe[\iànIfpamWv. FbvUUv taJebnÂ\n¶p kÀ¡mÀ ]n·mdp¶Xnsâ ^eambn kvIqfpIÄ AS¨p]q«Â `ojWn t\cnSpIbmWv. AXp cmPy¯n\p Xs¶ A]ISIcamWv. tZiob ho£Whpw tZikvt\lhpw ]uct_m[hpapÅ bphXeapd cq]s¸Sp¶Xn\p s]mXphnZym`ymk taJe iàns¸tSWvSXv BhiyamWv. Ip¯IhXvIrXhpw hn]WntI{µoIrXhpw aÕcm[njvTnXhpamb \h en_d kwkvImc¯n hnZym`ymkw DÂ]¶w am{XamWv.

1980þIÄ hsc C´ybn ]n´pSÀ¶Xv a¡msf {]`phpw NmÄkv hpUpw apt¶m«ph¨ Bw¥n¡³ hnZym`ymk amXrIbmWv. `mjm]T\¯n\pw am\hnI hnjb§Ä¡pw {]m[m\yw Iev]n¨ hnZym`ymk coXnbmWXv. 1980 Ifn X§fpsS Bhiy§Ä¡v DXIp¶ hn[¯n hnZym`ymk]²Xn s]mfns¨gpXm\pÅ k½ÀZw hyhkmb Øm]\§fpsS `mK¯p\n¶pWvSmbn. 1980 hsc C´ybn 45 iXam\w hnZymÀYnIÄ am\hnI hnjb§fpw 20.4 iXam\w kb³kv hnjb§fpw ]Tn¨ncp¶p.

1980IfpsS Ahkm\t¯msS 80 iXam\w hnZymÀYnIfpw {]^jW tImfPpIfnemWv ]Tn¡p¶Xv. 1980Ifn DbÀ¶ph¶ kzm{ib Øm]\§fn ^okpsImSp¯p ]Tn¡m³ {]m]vXnbpÅ Hcp a[yhÀKw C´y³ kaql¯n hfÀ¶psh¶Xpw s]mXphnZym`ymk taJebn \n¶p ]n³henbm³ kÀ¡mcn\p t{]cWbmbn.

s]mXphnZym`ymk taJebn \n¶p kÀ¡mÀ ]n·mdnbm ]mhs¸« hnZymÀYnIfpsS ]T\w apS§pw. hnZym`ymkw P\Iobam¡m\pw kmÀh{XnIam¡m\pw FbvUUv taJe \ÂInb kw`mh\IÄ hepXmWv. tI{µklmbw e`n¡p¶Xn\pap¼p s]mXphnZym`ymks¯ Xm§n\nÀ¯nbXpw tIcf tamU hnIk\¯n\v AWnbdbn {]hÀ¯n¨Xpw FbvUUv taJebmWv. s]mSnbcn ]ncn¨pw s]m¶n³ Ipcniv hnäpw ]n¨sXWvSnbpw ]Sp¯pbÀ¯nbXmWp hnhn[ kapZmb§fpsS kvIqfpIÄ. tImÀ]tdäv aqe[\ iànIÄ Iq«ns\¯pt¼mÄ FbvUUv taJesb \SXÅp¶Xp kÀ¡mcn\p `qjWaÃ.

hyàamb \b§fpw P\]£kao]\§fpw iàamb \S]SnIfpwsImWvSp am{Xta s]mXphnZym`ymk taJebnse {]XnkÔn ]cnlcn¡m\mhpIbpÅq. FbvUUv taJe t\cnSp¶ {][m\ {]iv\§Ä kÀ¡mcnsâbpw s]mXpkaql¯nsâbpw ]cnKW\bv¡p kaÀ¸n¡p¶p.

\nba\ XSk§Ä \o¡pI

CSXpkÀ¡mcnsâ Ime¯p sImWvSph¶ \nba\ \ntcm[\w X¯z¯n amdnsb¦nepw {]tbmK¯n AXp \ne\nev¡pIbmWv. bp.sF.UnbpsS t]cn 2010þ11 apX Xesb®nbpÅ XkvXnI \nÀWbw \S¶n«nÃ. bp.sF.Un. \nehn hcp¶Xphsc 2010þ11þse XkvXnI {]Imcw 2011þ 12 epw 2012 þ 13epw \nba\mwKoImcw e`n¨p. bp.sF.UnbpsS \S]Sn{Ia§Ä ]qÀ¯nbmbXv 2014þemWv. AXpsImWvSv AXphscbpÅ \nba\w, AXmbXv 2013 þ 14, 2014 þ 15 A[yb\hÀj§fnse \nba\w IqSn, 2010þse XkvXnI {]Imiw ]mkm¡msa¶p kÀ¡mÀ hm¡m k½Xn¨ncp¶XmWv. F¶mÂ, hyàamb D¯chnsâ A`mh¯m hnZym`ymk Hm^okÀamÀ B hÀj§fnse \nba\§Ä AwKoIcn¨n«nÃ.

bpànclnXhpw [n¡mc]chpamb kao]\amWp Nne Hm^okÀamcpsS `mK¯p\n¶pWvSmbXv. s]mXpP\tkh\amtWm kz´w sXmgn kpc£nXXzhpw i¼fþ s]³j³þ B\pIqey§fpamtWm AhÀ¡p {]m[s¸«sX¶p kwibw P\n¸n¡pwhn[amWp NnecpsS s]cpamäw.

A[ym]Iþ hnZymÀYn A\p]mXw ]p\À\nÀWbn¡pI

1959þ cq]oIrXamb sICBdn \nÀtZin¨n«pÅ 1:45 A\p]mXw C¶v A{]kàamWv. Ip«nIfpsS F®¯nepWvSmb KWyamb Ipdhpw hnZymÀYntI{µoIrXt_m[\coXnbpw A[ym]Iþ hnZymÀYn A\p]mX¯nsâ ]p\À\nÀWbw A\nhmcyam¡nbncn¡p¶p. tI{µ hnZym`ymk AhImi \nba{]ImcapÅ 1: 30, 1:35 A\p]mXw \S¸nem¡n Ip«nIÄ¡v A[ym]Isc e`n¡m\pÅ AhImiw kwc£nt¡WvSXmWv.

2009 þ {]Jym]n¨ hnZym`ymk AhImi \nbaw ]Tn¡m\pÅ hnZymÀYnIfpsS AhImi¯nsâ amámImÀ«bmWv. ]Xn¶mev hbkn XmsgbpÅ Ip«nIÄ¡p \nÀ_ÔnXhpw kuP\yhpamb hnZym`ymkw Dd¸m¡pI F¶XmWp \nba¯nsâ s]mcpÄ.

hnZym`ymk AhImi \nba¯nsâ ImX A[ym]I _m¦msW¶ hymJym\w sXän²mcWmP\IamWv. Ip«nIfpsS F®¡pdhpaqew ]pd¯mb A[ym]Isc kwc£n¡m³ kÀ¡mÀ IsWvS¯nb amÀKamWv A[ym]I _m¦v. Ip«nIfpsS F®w s]cp¸n¨p ImWn¨v A[nI XkvXnIIÄ krjvSn¨ amt\PpsaâpIfnemWp kwc£nX A[ym]IcpWvSmbXv. Gähpw IqSpX kvIqfpIfpÅ tImÀ¸tdäv amt\Ppsaân kwc£nXm[ym]IÀ CsöpXs¶ ]dbmw. Unhnj³ \jvSs¸Sm\pÅ km[yX ap¶n¡WvSv amt\Ppsaân\p IognepÅ aäp kvIqfpIfn Ahsc hn\ykn¨ncp¶p. hnZym`ymk I¨hS¯nsâ CcIfmbn amdnbhcmWp an¡ kwc£nXm[ym]Icpw.

tPmen \jvSs¸« A[ym]Isc kwc£n¡m\pÅ kÀ¡mcnsâ D¯chmZnXzw \yq\]£ ]ZhnbpÅ Øm]\§fn sI«nhbv¡m\pÅ kÀ¡mcnsâ X{´amWv A[ym]I _m¦v. X§fptSXÃm¯ A[ym]Isc DÄsImÅm\pÅ D¯chmZnXzw \yq\]£ Øm]\§Ä¡nÃ. G¦nepw, Hcp XmXvImenI {IaoIcWsa¶\nebn kÀ¡mcns\ klmbn¡m\pÅ k¶²X \yq\]£ amt\PpsaâpIÄ kÀ¡mcns\ Adnbn¡pIbpWvSmbn.

1 :30, 1 :35 A\p]mX¯n XkvXnI \nÀWbw \S¯pt¼mÄ A[nIambpWvSmIp¶ BZys¯ XkvXnI \ÂImsa¶p amt\PpsaâpIÄ HuZmcy]qÀhw kÀ¡mcn\p hm¡p \ÂIn. F¶mÂ, hnZym`ymkhIp¸nsâ sasÃt¸m¡pw sISpImcyØXbpw aqew CXp \S¸nembn«nÃ. A[ym]I _m¦v F¶ km¦ev]nI `qXs¯ IpSw Xpd¶phn«p kÀ¡mÀ A[ym]I \nba\§Ä XSbpIbmWv.
(tIcf kvIqÄ amt\tPgvkv Atkmkntbj³ kwØm\ {]knUâmWp teJI³.)

(XpScpw)


agbv¡pw hcp¶p amä§Ä

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XmfwsXänb Rmäptheþ2 / sdPn tPmk^v

tIcf¯n GXp amkhpw GXp Znhkhpw ag s]¿m\pw s]¿mXncn¡m\pw km[yXbpWvSv. ImehÀjw, XpemhÀjw F¶nhbnse Xmf¸ng s\Ãv DÄs¸sS Irjnbn Xncn¨Snbmbn. UÂlnbnse C´y³ A{Kn¡Ä¨d dnkÀ¨v C³Ìnäyq«nse Pe kmt¦XnI tI{µw ASp¯bnsS \S¯nb ]T\¯nsâ IsWvS¯epIÄ C§s\bmWv. 1983, 1985, 1986,1987 F¶o hÀj§fn tIcf¯n\p hcĨ t\cntSWvSnh¶p. 1985epw 1986epw sX¡v ]Snªmd³ a¬kq¬ kokWn A©v BgvNItfmfw tIcf¯n\p ag e`n¡mXncp¶n«pWvSv. sX¡p ]Snªmd³ a¬kq¬ Ime¯v 2010 anÃnaoädpw hS¡p Ing¡³ a¬kq¬ Ime¯v 480 anÃnaoädpw ag e`n¡p¶ kwØm\¯mWv Cuamäw {]ISambncn¡p¶Xv.

tIcf¯n\p {][m\ ag e`n¡p¶Xp sX¡v ]Snªmd³ a¬kq¬ Ime¯mWv. C¡me¯mWv 80 iXam\w agbpw s]¿p¶Xv. ]t£ tIcf¯nsâ hS¡p\n¶p sXt¡m«v t]mIpt´mdpw a¬kq¬ agbpsS iànbpw tXmXpw Afhpw Ipdbp¶Xmbn Xncph\´]pcw ImemhØm \nco£W tI{µw hniZam¡p¶p.

{][m\ ag¡mew sX¡p]Snªmd³ ImehÀjw hscbmsW¦nepw CXnÂ\n¶p IqSpX ag In«p¶Xp hS¡³ tIcf¯n\mWv. sX¡³ tIcf¯n XpemhÀjamWv iàw. hS¡³ tIcf¯n kao]hÀj§fn Xpems¸bv¯v hmÀjnIagbpsS 15 iXam\amWv. Cu {]tZis¯ sam¯w agbpsS 82 iXam\hpw \evIp¶ sX¡v ]Snªmd³ agbpsS tXmXmIs« IqSp¶panÃ.

sX¡³ tIcf¯n sX¡v ]Snªmd³ a¬kq¬ hS¡p Ing¡³ a¬kq¬ F¶nhbpsS e`yXbn t\cnb Ipdhv IWvSphcp¶p. tIcf¯n HcphÀjw In«p¶ icmicn ag 3,000 anÃnaoädmWv. AXn 1,527 anÃnaoäÀ shÅw am{Xta D]tbmKn¡m\mhiyambn hcp¶pÅq. {]XnhÀjw 1500 anÃnaoätdmfw ag A[nIamhp¶ `q{]tZiamWp tIcfsa¶p Npcp¡w. AtXkabw Unkw_À apX tabv hsc BsI e`n¡p¶ ag 459 anÃnaoädmWv. Cu IpdhmWp tIcf¯n hcĨbmbn amdp¶Xv.

kapt{Zm]cnXe¯nse Xm]hyXnbm\w tIcf¯nse ag¡mes¯ tZmjIcambn _m[n¡p¶Xmbn Ipkmäv ImemhØm hn`mKw hyàam¡p¶p. tabv Ahkm\w Ad_n¡Sense D]cnXe Xm]w 28 Un{Kn hsc DbcmdpWvSv. CtXmsS ChnsS \yq\aÀZw cq]s¸SpIbpw tIcf¯n ImehÀjw XpS§pIbpw sN¿p¶p. F¶mÂ, kap{ZXm]\ne Ct¸mÄ IqSpXembn DbcpIbmWv.

1999 apX 2005 hscbpÅ Imebfhn hmÀjnI ag e`yXbn 9.8 iXam\w Ipdhv IsWvS¯nbncp¶p. XpSÀ¶pÅ hÀj§fnepw ags]¿p¶ Imebfhn IrXyXbnÃmbvabpWvSv. sX¡p Ing¡³ a¬kq¬ 150 hÀj¯n\pÅn \net¨¡psa¶v C´y³ C³Ìnäyq«v Hm^v t{Sm¸n¡Â saänbtdmfPnbnse KthjIÀ \S¯nb ]T\w hyàam¡p¶p. Ad_n¡Sen NqSv IqSp¶XmWp ImehÀj¯n\p `ojWnbmIp¶Xv. Xm]\ne Dbcp¶Xn\\pkcn¨p ISepw `qanbpw X½n Xm]¯nepÅ A´cw Ipdbp¶XmWp ImehÀjw \nebv¡m³ ImcWamhpI. sS¼td¨À t{KUnbâv F¶p imkv{XÚÀ hntijn¸n¡p¶ Cu hyXnbm\amWv Ad_n¡Sen \n¶p Icbnte¡p Imäphoim³ ImcWw Bbncp¶Xv. hyXnbm\w 150 hÀj¯n\pÅn ]qPy¯n F¯psa¶pw a¬kq¬ hcWvS Imäp am{Xambn amdpsa¶pw ]q\ ImemhØm KthjWtI{µ¯nse tUm. Fkv.Fw. _mhnkvIÀ ]dbp¶p. 1948þ77 Ime¯v Ad_n¡Sen\p apIÄ\nc¸nse icmicn Xm]\ne 18.77 Un{Kn skÂjykv Bbncp¶p. 1979þ 2008 ImeL«¯n CXv 0.87 Un{Kn hÀ[n¨v 19.64 Un{Knbmbn DbÀ¶Xmbn ]q\ ImemhØmtI{µw hyàam¡p¶p.

X®oÀ¯S§Ä¡p kw`hn¨Xv

ap³ {][m\a{´n PhlÀem s\lvdp tIcf¯nse X®oÀ¯S§fpsS `wKn IWvSmWp ]qt´m« kwØm\sa¶mWp tIcfs¯ hnfn¨Xv.

`mcX¯nse ]£nIfn A©nsem¶p tIcf¯nse X®oÀ¯S§fpambn _Ôs¸«mWp Pohn¡p¶Xv. 2011 Zn C¡tWmanIvkv Hm^v Ct¡m knÌwkv B³Uv _tbm ssUthgvknän F¶ Øm]\w tIcf¯nse X®oÀ¯S§fpsS ]mcnØnXnI aqeys¯¸än hniZ]T\w \S¯nbncp¶p. ImemhØm {IaoIcWw, a®v kwc£Ww, as®men¸v XSbÂ, `qPe \nc¸v kwc£Ww XpS§nhbpw X®oÀ¯S§fpsS kw`mh\IfmWv.

th\¡met¯¡p agshÅw kq£n¨phbv¡p¶ Pekw`cWnIfmWp X®oÀ¯S§Ä. IqSmsX {]fbs¡SpXnIfpw hcĨs¡SpXnIfpw Ipdbv¡p¶p. Pe]cnkvYnXnbnse t]mjI\nehmcw \ne\nÀ¯pIbpw \oÀ]£nIfpsS AXnPoh\w Dd¸phcp¯pIbpw sN¿p¶p. tZimS\]£nIfpsS BhmkØeambpw Ch hÀ¯n¡p¶p.

`qKÀ`hpw hcfp¶p

Bk¶`mhnbn cq£amb Pe£mas¯ tIcfw t\cntSWvSnhcpsa¶p tIcf ImÀjnI kÀhIemimebpsS skâÀ t^mÀ FIvke³kv C³ F³hb¬saâ C¡tWmanIvkv (knCCC) ta[mhn ]n. CµncmtZhn ]dbp¶p. Xm]\ne, DjvWw, P\s¸cp¸w, ]mSw\nI¯Â XpS§n hnhn[ ImcW§fmWv CXn\p ImcWamIp¶Xv. kwØm\ `qKÀ` Pe AtYmdn«n 2013 \S¯nb ]T\¯n `qKÀ` Pe\nc¸v hfsc IpdhpÅ kwØm\§fpsS ]«nIbn aq¶mw Øm\¯mWp tIcfw.

Gähpw Ipdhv `qKÀ`Pew Xangv\m«nemWv. cWvSmw Øm\¯p ]©m_v. `qKÀ`Pe\nc¸nepWvSmIp¶ Ipdhv tZiobXe¯n 56.2 iXamsW¶ncns¡ tIcf¯neXv 71.62 iXam\amWv. a¬kq¬ \¶mbn e`n¨n«pw s\¸mS§fpw Ipf§fpw X®oÀ¯S§fpw Ipdbp¶Xpw \nÀamW§Ä hÀ[n¡p¶XpamWp `qKÀ`Pew Ipdbm³ CSbm¡p¶sX¶p tIcf ssPhsshhn[y t_mÀUv ap³ sNbÀam³ tUm. hn.Fkv. hnPb³ ]dªp. tIcf¯n BZyIme§fn Ipg InWdpIfpsS ]camh[n Bgw 200 ASnbmbncp¶p. Ct¸mgXv 400 ASntbmfambncn¡p¶p. a®nsâ kz`mhhpw Bg¡pdhpw ]mdbpsS LS\bpw ImcWw tIcf¯n `qKÀ`Pe \oscmgp¡nsâ thKw IpdhmWv.

IpacI¯p ]£nIÄ Ipdbp¶p

IpacI¯v ]£nIfpsS F®¯n h³ Ipdhp ImWp¶Xmbn tUm.sI.Pn. ]ßIpamdpw kwLhpw \S¯nb kÀshbn IsWvS¯n. 2012 30,779 ]£nIsf IpacI¯p IsWvS¯nbncp¶p. 2013 IsWvS¯nbXv 26,196 F®w. NXp¸pIfpsSbpw kwc£nX {]tZi§fpsSbpw hnkvXrXnbnepWvSmIp¶ Ipdhpw ImemhØbpsS Xmf{Iaw sXäepamWv F®w Ipdbm³ ImcWsa¶p ]ßIpamÀ hyàam¡n. FcWvS, Im«pXmdmhv, sIm¡v, s]m³am³, Xmact¡mgn, \oÀ¸£n F¶nhbpsS F®¯nepw IpdhpWvSv. ssk_ocnb³ sIm¡v XpS§n tZimS\¸£nIfpsS hchnepw hyXnbm\w kw`hn¨Xmbn ]ßIpamÀ ]dªp.

ag¡me¯nsâ hchpw ]£nIÄ IqSpIq«p¶Xpw X½n _ÔapsWvS¶mWp kwØm\ ssPh sshhn[y t_mÀUv ap³ sNbÀam³ tUm. hn.Fkv. ”hnPbsâ \nco£Ww. ag sshInbm IqSpIq«m³ sshIpw. ImemhØbnse t\cnb amä§Ät]mepw ]£narKmZnIfpsS Ncysb _m[n¡pw. ag, shbnÂ, aªv XpS§n Hmtcm Ime¯pw hyXykvXXcw tZimS\]£nIfmWp tIcf¯nse¯pI.

ImemhØ am{Xaà XoäbpsSbpsS e`yXbpw CXnse LSIamWv. \nÝnX ImemhØbnepw Bhmk hyhØbnepw am{Xw \n¡p¶ kky, P´pP\pkpIsfbmWv ImemhØmamäw kmcambn _m[n¡p¶Xv.

(XpScpw)


\nhÀ¶p\n¶p tI{µ kÀhIemime

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Fw. tdmbv / tI{µ kÀhIemimebn kw`hn¡p¶Xvþ1

tI{µ kÀhIemime ImkÀtKmUv Øm]n¡psa¶ {]Jym]\w D¯cae_mdpImÀ BZysam¶pw hnizkn¨ncp¶nÃ. Ahnizkn¡m³ aXnbmb ImcWhpw DWvSmbncp¶p. kÀ¡mcnsâ henb kwcw`§sfm¶pw C§v hSt¡bät¯¡p hcp¶ ]Xnhv AXphscbnÃmbncp¶p.

ImkÀtKmUv BØm\ambn 2009 amÀ¨n tI{µ kÀhIemime cq]oIrXambn. B hÀjw Pqssebn ImkÀtKmUv \mb·mÀaqebnse hmSIs¡«nS¯n {]hÀ¯\w XpS§n. sk]väw_À apX cWvSp ]nPn tImgvkpIfn ]T\hpw Bcw`n¨p. BfpIfpsS Ahnizmkw AtXmsS AXnibambn amdn. cmPys¯ 39þmaXpw tIcf¯nse BZyt¯Xpamb tIcfm tI{µ kÀhIemime Ct¸mÄ BdphÀjw ]n¶n«ncn¡p¶p.

Bdphbkv F¶Xv Hcp kÀhIemimesb kw_Ôn¨p ap«nengbp¶ {]mbw am{Xw. F¶m 17 hnZymÀYnIfpw F«v A[ym]Icpambn Bcw`n¨ tI{µ kÀhIemime ]nSn¨psImWvSmsW¦nepw \nhÀ¶p \n¡mdmbncn¡p¶p. ]s¯m¼Xp hIp¸pIfnembn 726 hnZymÀYnIÄ. A¼Xne[nIw Øncm[ym]IÀ.

\qtdmfw A\[ym]IÀ. s]cnbbn tZiob]mXtbmcs¯ tXPkzn\n Ip¶n sshkv Nm³kedpsS BØm\apÄs¸sS `cWhn`mKw {]hÀ¯n¡p¶p. GXm\pw ]T\hIp¸pIfpw IzmÀt«gvkpIfpw h\nXm tlmÌepw ChnsSbpWvSv. XmXvImenIamsW¦nepw kz´ambn \nÀan¨ sI«nS§fnemWp s]cnbbnse Hm^okpIÄ.

s]cnbbnse 360 G¡dnemWp sabn³ Im¼kv. ChnsS \nÀan¡m\pÅ Iqä³ sI«nS§Ä¡p Icmdmbn¡gnªp. tlmÌepIfpsSbpw aäpw \nÀamWw \S¶phcp¶p. \mb·mÀaqebnse hnZym\KÀ Im¼kpw ]S¶¡ms« kb³kv Im¼kpw hmSIs¡«nS¯nemWp {]hÀ¯n¡p¶Xv.

sse{_dnbpw em_pIfpw ChnsSbpWvSv. tI{µkÀhIemimebpsS Iogn hcp¶ tem Im¼kv ]¯\wXn«bnepw Im¸nä skâÀ Xncph\´]pc¯pw {]hÀ¯n¡p¶p.

BdmWvSn\pÅnse Cu t\«§Ä sNdpXÃ. {]Ya sshkv Nm³keÀ tUm. Pm³kn Pbnwkv DÄs¸sSbpÅ BZyIme kmcYnIfpsS anSp¡v CXn\p ]n¶nepWvSv. Ct¸mgs¯ sshkv Nm³keÀ tUm. Pn. tKm]Ipamdnsâ t\XrXz¯n kÀhIemime apt¶m«pIpXn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p.

henb kz]v\§Ä

henb kz]v\§fmWp tI{µkÀhIemimebpambn _Ôs¸«p ImkÀtKmUnsâ a®n Dbcp¶Xv. tI{µkÀ¡mcnsâ t\cn«pÅ \nb{´W¯nepÅ bqWnthgvknän ]qÀWkÖamIp¶tXmsS Cu hS¡³ PnÃbpsS apJOmb amdpw. AhnIknX Pnà F¶ ]cnlmkt¸cv hns«mgnbpw. D¶XhnZym`ymkw tXSp¶ bphXeapdbpsS \mhn³Xp¼n s]cnb Im¼kv Xpfp¼n\n¡pw.

_ncpZm\´c tImgvkpIfpw KthjW kuIcyhpamWp tI{µ kÀhIemimebnepÅXv. AJnte´ym Xe¯n {]thi\]co£ \S¯n sXcsªSp¡p¶ hnZymÀYnIÄ¡v FÃmhn[ B[p\nI kwhn[m\§tfmSpw IqSnb anI¨ hnZym`ymkw \ÂIp¶p. cmPy¯nsâ hnhn[ `mK§fnÂ\n¶pw hntZi¯p\n¶pw hsc Ip«nIÄ ]Tn¡ms\¯p¶p. kvs]bn³, ss\Pocnb F¶o cmPy§fnÂ\n¶pÅ cWvSpIp«nIÄ ChnsS ]Tn¡p¶pWvSv. A\ykwØm\ hnZymÀYnIfpw Gsdt¸cpWvSv.

kÀ¡mÀ tImfPpIfnepÅXpt]mse \maam{Xamb ^okv am{XamWnhnsSbpÅXv. ]T\\nehmc¯n ap¶nepÅhÀ¡pw km¼¯nIambn ]n¶nepÅhÀ¡pw kvtImfÀjn¸pIfpWvSv. ChnsS\n¶p ]Tn¨nd§p¶hÀ¡v FÃm taJebnepw ap³Xq¡hpw e`n¡p¶p. F«p tI{µkÀhIemimeIÄ tNÀ¶pÅ I¬tkmÀjyamWp (Iyqskäv) {]thi\ ]co£ \S¯p¶Xv. tIcf¯n\p ]pdsa lcnbm\, P½p, ImjvaoÀ, PmÀJÞv, cmPØm³, Xangv\mSv XpS§nbhbmWp I¬tkmÀjy¯nepÅ kÀhIemimeIÄ.

Ignª G{]n Bdn\v At]£ £Wn¨p. Pq¬ Bdv, Ggv XobXnIfn F³{S³kv ]co£ \S¡pw. tIcf¯nse Bdp skâdpIfneS¡w 39 skâdpIfnemWp ]co£. Pq¬ 20\v dm¦v enÌv {]kn²oIcn¡pw. 2011 apXemWp Iyqskäv F³{S³kv ]co£ XpS§nbXv. Ccp¶qdne[nIw koäpIfnte¡mbn 2014 29,000 t]À AJnte´ymXe¯n ]co£ FgpXnbt¸mÄ IgnªhÀjw F®w 45,000 Ihnªp. tIcf¯n am{Xw 2015 8206 t]À ]co£sbgpXn. _ncpZ ]co£bn 55 iXam\w amÀ¡pÅhÀ¡mWp ]co£sbgpXm³ IgnbpI.

cmjv{S]Xn t\mant\äp sN¿p¶hcS¡apÅ hnZym`ymk hnN£Wcpw hnhn[ taJeIfnse hnZKv[cpaS§nb FIvknIyq«ohv Iu¬knen\mWp kÀhIemimebpsS `cW\nb{´Ww. ]nt¶m¡þ\yq\]£ {]mXn\n[yhpw Iu¬knen Dd¸phcp¯p¶p. F´psImWvSpw aebmfnIÄ¡msI A`nam\n¡mhp¶ D¶XhnZym`ymk Øm]\amWp ImkÀtKms« tI{µ kÀhIemime. CXnsâ hfÀ¨ tIcf¯nsâ hS¡³ taJebpsS Xehc amän¡pdn¡psa¶ Imcy¯nepw kwibanÃ.

shS¡m¡n X\n¡m¡Â

F¶mÂ, Cu _lrZv Øm]\¯n\p t]cptZmjapWvSm¡p¶ hmÀ¯IfmWv ASp¯\mfn ]pd¯ph¶psImWvSncn¡p¶Xv. AXn\p]n¶nemIs« t_m[]qÀhamb Nne \o¡§Ä \S¡p¶papWvSv. Bhiyamb `qanbpw ASnØm\ kuIcy§fpw Hcp¡ns¡mSp¡pI F¶sXmgn¨m tI{µ kÀhIemimebpsS \S¯n¸pambn kwØm\ kÀ¡mcn\p _Ôsam¶panÃ. ]qÀWambpw tI{µkÀ¡mÀ \nb{´W¯nemWp kÀhIemimem {]hÀ¯\w. tI{µw `cn¡p¶ I£n¡mcpsS CSs]S kzm`mhnIambpw Øm]\¯n\pta DWvSmIp¶p.

HcphÀjw ap¼v tI{µ¯n `cWw amdnbtXmsS ]pXpXmbn A[nImc¯n h¶ ]mÀ«n¡m À Ct¸mÄ Øm]\¯n kzm[o\¯n\p {ian¡p¶p.

kÀhIemimebn \ne hn A[nImcØm\§fnencn¡p¶ an¡hcpw ap³kÀ¡mcn sâ Ime¯p \nban¡s¸«hcm Wv. ]ctam¶X kanXnbmb F IvknIyq«ohv Iu¬knen\v ASp¯hÀjw tabn hsc Imemh [nbpWvSv. Pm³kn Pbnwknsâ ]n³Kmanbmb tUm. Pn. tKm]IpamÀ Ignª hÀjw HmKÌnem Wp hn.knbmbXv. _nsP]n kÀ¡mcmWp \nba\w \S¯nbsX¦nepw tIm¬{Kkv kÀ¡mcnsâ Ime¯p Xbmdm¡nb ]m\enÂ\n¶mWp hn.knsb \nÝbn¨Xv. A©phÀjamWp hn.knbpsS Imemh[n.

kÀhIemimebnse Xm t¡m Øm\§fnseÃmw ap³kÀ¡mcnsâ Ime¯p \nban ¡s¸«hcmWv. Øm]\¯n ]nSnapdp¡Wsa¦n Chscsb Ãmw hcpXnbnem¡pItbm Cf ¡n{]XnjvTn¡pItbm thWsa ¶p tI{µ `cWI£n¡mÀ IcpXp¶p. CXnsâ `mKambn CXph sc \S¶ Imcy§fnseÃmw {Iat¡tSm AgnaXntbm IsWvS ¯m³ KthjWw \S¯p¶p. kn_nsFbv¡v DÄs¸sS ]cm XnIÄ \ÂIp¶p. sdbvUp Ifpw tNmZywsN¿epw tIskSp¡epw apdbv¡p \S¡p¶p.

At\zjW¯nsâ `mKsa¶ \nebn {][m\ Øm\§fnencn¡p¶hsc XcwXmgv¯pItbm Hgnhm¡pItbm sN¿p¶p. X§Ä¡p hnt[bcmbhsc ]Icw {]XnjvTn¡p¶p. hfªhgnbneqsS ]mÀ«nbpsS hnizkvXsc AI¯pIbäp¶p. shS¡m¡n X\n¡m¡pI F¶ hr¯nsI«coXn¡p km£ywhln¡pIbmWv Adnhnsâ Cu alm]mTime.

(XpScpw)


Z ]o¸nÄ: IÀjIP\XbpsS kwLSnX apt¶äw

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sjhenbÀ AUz. hn.kn. sk_mÌy³ (tImþHmÀUnt\äÀ, Z ]o¸nÄ)

Z ]o¸nÄ tIcf¯nse cmjv{SotbXc IÀjI P\Iob {]Øm\§fpsS sFIythZnbmWv. ImÀjnI taJebn PohnX{]XnkÔn AXncq£ambn XpScpt¼mÄ IÀjIkaqls¯ Hscmä NcSn tImÀ¯nW¡n iàoIcn¡pIbpw AXnPoh\ t]mcm«¯n\p ]p¯³ ]mXsbmcp¡pIbpamWp Z ]o¸nfnsâ e£yw.

tIcf¯nsâ XoctZiw, CS\mSv, ae\mSv taJeIfnse ap¸¯nctWvSmfw IÀjI P\Iob {]Øm\§Ä Cu P\Iobapt¶ä¯n ]¦ptNcp¶p. Hmtcm {]tZi¯pw AhcptSXmb {]mtZinI hnjb§fn {i²bq¶n {]hÀ¯n¡pt¼mÄ ]et¸mgpw A[nImctI{µ§Ä {]iv\§Ä \nkmchXvIcn¨pImWp¶p F¶pÅ t_m[yhpw sNdpXpcp¯pIfmbn amdn\n¡msX kwLSn¨p{]hÀ¯nt¡WvSXnsâ BhiyIXbpw a\knem¡n Z ]o¸nÄ tIcf¯nepS\ofw C¶p IÀjIkaql¯n kPohambncn¡p¶p.

kaql¯nsâ kakvXtaJeIfnepw \ne\n¡p¶ AgnaXns¡Xntc iàambn {]XnIcn¡p¶ P\apt¶äambpw Z ]o¸nÄ {]hÀ¯n¡p¶p.

Ip«\mSv hnIk\ kanXn (Be¸pg), C³^mw (C´y³ ^mÀtagvkv aqhvsaâv), ssltd©v kwc£W kanXn (CSp¡n), ]ÝnaL« P\kwc£W kanXn (tImgnt¡mSv), IÀjIthZn (tIm«bw), tIcf kzX{´ aÕys¯mgnemfn s^Utdj³ (Xncph\´]pcw), tZiob IÀjI kamPw (]me¡mSv), k\mX\w IÀjIkanXn (sImÃw), sht̬ L«v ]o¸nÄkv s{]m«£³ Iu¬kn (ae¸pdw), ]cnbmcw IÀjI kanXn (XriqÀ), tZiob IÀjI kanXn (FdWmIpfw), XoctZi {]Øm\amb IS (Be¸pg), Imªnc¸pg aetbmc kwc£W kanXn (a®mÀ¡mSv), tIc IÀjIkwLw, kwØm\ CF^vF ]oUnX Iq«mbva (\ne¼qÀ), d_À IÀjI kwc£W kanXn (tImXawKew), A{Kn¡Ä¨d t^mdw (FdWmIpfw), skâÀ t^mÀ I¬kyqaÀ FUyqt¡j³ (]mem), skâÀ t^mÀ ^mÀtagvkv ssKU³kv B³Uv dnkÀ¨v (sXmSp]pg) XpS§nbhbpw ae_mÀ taJebnse 14 IÀjIkwLS\IfpapÄs¸sS 32 {]Øm\§fmWp {][m\ambpw Z ]o¸nÄ F¶ IÀjI sFIythZnbnse AwK kwLS\IÄ.

2015 tabv 15\v I®qcn \S¶ ]Xn\mbncw IÀjIcpsS amÀ¨v ae_mÀ taJebnse IÀjI{]Øm\§fpsS iàn{]IS\ambncp¶p. tabv 22\p Ip«\m«nse s\ÂIÀjIÀ H¯ptNÀ¶t¸mÄ ]¦ph¨Xp XIÀ¨bpsS \Sphnse lrZbs\m¼c§fmWv. tabv 27\v tIm«bw Xncp\¡c t]meokv tÌj³ ssaXm\nbn C³^mw tZiob c£m[nImcn _nj]v amÀ amXyp Adbv¡ensâ t\XrXz¯n Bbnc¡W¡n\p IÀjIÀ D]hmka\pjvSn¡pt¼mÄ tIcf¯nsâ Ncn{X¯nse Gähpw henb IÀjIapt¶ä¯n\p XpS¡amIpw.

hmbphpw shÅhpw am{Xta a\pjy\p hnesImSp¡msX In«p¶ cWvSp {]IrXnhn`h§fmbn Ahtijn¨n«pWvSmbncp¶pÅq. shÅhpw h³InS I¼\n¡mcsâ hyhkmb Dev]¶ambn amdn¡gnªp. shÅw \ndbv¡p¶ Ip¸nIfpw AXy´w amcIambn¯oÀ¶ncn¡pIbmWv. ^mIvSdnIfn \n¶p bmsXmcp X¯zZo£bpanÃmsX XÅp¶ aen\Pew \ZnIsf \in¸n¡p¶p. AXnse aÕyk¼¯pw IpSnshÅhpw henb {]iv\ambn XoÀ¶ncn¡pIbmWv. A´Ihn¯pIfpambn hcp¶ Ip¯I hntZi kztZi I¼\nIÄ IrjnbpsS acWaWn apg¡pIbmWv. cmkhf§fpw IoS\min\nIfpw Irjntbbpw `qantbbpw am{Xaà Irjn¡mcs\bpw \in¸n¨psImWvSncn¡p¶psh¶p \mw Xncn¨dnbWw.

hn¯pIfpsS \nb{´Ww ]qÀWambpw IÀjI\p thWsa¶mWv Z ]o¸nfnsâ A`n{]mbw. ImÀjnI ]ptcmKXn IÀjIâ IWvSp]nSp¯§fn \n¶mWpWvSmtIWvSXv. {]KÛcmb IÀjI imkv{XÚcpsS a®mWp tIcfw. IÀjIsâ Adnhpw _p²nbpw Ignhpw imkv{X¯nsâ ]n³_et¯msS IÀa\ncXam¡m\pÅ ]²XnIfmWp IÀjIcpsS klIcWt¯msS kÀ¡mÀ cq]w sImSpt¡WvSXv.

Pew Poh\mWv. Pekw`cW kwc£W hn\nabw {]mtbmKnIambn \S¸nem¡p¶Xn kÀ¡mÀ kwhn[m\§Ä ^e{]ZamIp¶nÃ. IpSnshÅ {]iv\§Ä cq£amIp¶p. Irjn¡mhiyamb shÅkw`cW¯n\pÅ ]²XnIfpw Imcy£aamIp¶nÃ. ssPhIrjnbmWp \ne\n¡p¶ Irjn. B[p\nI Xeapdsb ssPhIrjnbpsS Xe§fntebv¡p ssI]nSn¨pbÀ¯p¶ ]²XnIÄ hcpw\mfpIfn IqSpX kPoham¡Ww.

ssPh Dev]mZ\t¯msSm¸w hn]W\Xe§fnepw IÀjIÀ¡p t{]mÕml\w \ÂIm\pw Z ]o¸nÄ {ian¡p¶p. kpKÔ hyRvP\§fmb Gew, IpcpapfIv, C©n, aªÄ, It¨mew, PmXn, {Km¼p ^ehr£§fmb sX§v, d_À, IapIv, hmg, ss]\m¸nÄ, Im¸n, tXbne, sImt¡m, s\Ãv, hm\ne F¶nhbpsS Irjn¡pw arKkwc£W¯nsâ `mKambn I¶pImen, tImgn, BSv, apbÂ, ImS, Xmdmhv F¶nhbpsS hfÀ¯en\pw ChbpsSsbÃmw hn]W\¯n\pw hfÀ¨bv¡pambn IqSpX kwLSnX{ia§fpw irwJeIfpw CS\ne¡mcnÃmsX IÀjI Hm¸¬ amÀ¡äpIfpw Z ]o¸nfn AwK§fmb IÀjIkwLS\IÄ cq]w \ÂIn \S¸nem¡nbncn¡p¶p.

\nIpXn hcpam\¯nsâ 50 iXam\¯n IqSpX `cWs¨ehn\mbn amänhbv¡m³ ]mSnsö IÀjIP\XbpsS \nÀtZiw tI{µþ kwØm\ Kh¬saâpIÄ¡p kaÀ¸n¡pw.

ImÀjnItaJetbmSpw IÀjIP\XtbmSpw amdnamdn tI{µhpw kwØm\hpw `cn¨ kÀ¡mcpIÄ kzoIcn¨ \ntj[mßIamb \ne]mSpIÄ IÀjIa¡fpsS a\kpIfn henb apdn¸mSpIfmWp krjvSn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. IÀjI P\Xsb cWvSmwXcw ]uc·mcmbn ImWp¶ `cWþ DtZymKØ t\XrXz§fpsS [n¡mcat\m`mhw thZ\mP\Ihpw {]Xntj[mÀlhpamWv.

cmPy¯nsâ ka{KhfÀ¨bv¡pw `£ykpc£bv¡pw hnhn[ Poht\m]m[nIÄ¡pambn D¶Xamb ]¦mfn¯hpw BßmÀYamb tkh\hpw sN¿p¶ IÀjIsc kwc£n¡m³ D¯chmZnXzs¸«hÀ ]et¸mgpw apJwXncnªp\n¡pIbmWv.

IStemc§fnse aÕys¯mgnemfnIfpsSbpw XoctZi IÀjIcptSbpw Ip«\m«nsebpw ]me¡ms«bpw s\ÂIÀjIcptSbpw CS\m«nse CXc taJeIfn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ IÀjIa¡fptSbpw aetbmc§fn a®nt\mSpw A[nImctI{µ§tfmSpw aÃn«p Pohn¡p¶ IÀjIP\XbpsSbpw ]ckv]cw klIcn¨pÅ Z ]o¸nÄ Iq«mbva Pohn¡m³thWvSn t]mcmSp¶ Hcp P\kaql¯nsâ apt¶äamWv.






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