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_Z\hmfphnsâ _ZÂ amXrI

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kwØm\ ]cyS\w / kn.sI. Ipcym¨³

_Z\hmfphn kpØnc hnIk\¯n\v DuSpw ]mhpw s\bvXp XpS§n. KmÔnPnbpsS kz]v\w bmYmÀYyam¡m³ At±l¯nsâ ]mZkv]Àitaä _Z\hmfp henb XpS¡amWv \S¯nbncn¡p¶Xv. ZfnXcpw ]nt¶m¡¡mcpamb Zcn{ZcpsS hnIk\w e£yanSp¶ JmZn þ ssI¯dn {]Øm\¯n\v ]pXnb DuÀPhpw {]Xo£bpw \ÂIns¡mWvSmWv _Z\hmfphn kpØnc hnIk\¯n\mbn \S¯nb kXy{Klhpw tZiob I¬h³j\pw kam]n¨Xv. amÀ¨v 21\v XpS§nb ]cn]mSnIÄ G{]n 19 hsc DWvSmbncp¶p. cmPys¯ P\Iob hnIk\ {]hÀ¯IÀ¡pw JmZn þ kÀthmZbþ ssI¯dn {]hÀ¯IÀ¡pw KmÔnb³ {]hÀ¯IÀ¡pw Bthiw ]Icp¶Xmbncp¶p IÀWmSIbnse _Z\hmfp {Kma¯n \S¶ ]cn]mSnIÄ

_Z\hmfp

ssakqÀ PnÃbnse \©³tKmUv Xmeq¡nse Hcp sNdnb {KmaamWv _Z\hmfp. ZfnXcpw ]nt¶m¡¡mcpw taÂPmXn¡mcpsS ]oU\¯n\ncbmhpIbpw X·qew Iem]§Ä DWvSmhpIbpw sN¿pIhgn Ip{]kn²ambncp¶p _Z\hmfphnsâ iXmÐw ap¼pÅ Ncn{Xw. F¶m 1927 {]ikvX KmÔnb\mbncp¶ XKZqÀ cmaN{µdmhp ChnsS Hcp JmZn tI{µw Bcw`n¨p. \mep ZfnXv kv{XoIfpsS t\XrXz¯nemWv tI{µw {]hÀ¯\w XpS§nbXv. F¶m 1932 almß KmÔnPnbpsS kµÀi\t¯msS _Z\hmfphn\v tZiob {i² e`n¨p. ]n¶oSv HcpXhW IqSn KmÔnPn ChnSw kµÀin¨p. KmÔnPnbpsS ]mZkv]ÀitaätXmsS _Z\hmfp JmZntI{µ¯n\pw {Kma¯n\msIbpw Znimt_m[w ssIh¶p.

ZfnXcpw enwKmb¯pIfpaS§p¶ ]nt¶m¡ hn`mK¡mcpsS {]bXv\¯n _Z\hmfp {Kmaw hnIk\¯n\p _Z amXrIbmhpIbmWv. Ct¸mÄ ap¶qtdmfw kv{XoIÄ tPmen sN¿p¶ henb JmZn tI{µambn _Z\hmfp amdnbncn¡p¶p. CS¡mew sImWvSv {]hÀ¯\§Ä aµo`hns¨¦nepw {]ikvX \mSI {]hÀ¯I\pw KmÔnb\pamb {]k¶bpsS t\XrXz¯n _Z\hmfp JmZn tI{µw kpØnc hnIk\¯n\p amXrIbmhpIbmbncp¶p. C¶v _Z\hmfp JmZn DXv]¶§Ä¡v IÀWmSIbn \à Unam³UpWvSv.

_ZÂ hnIk\hpambn {]k¶

Fgp¯pImc³, A`nt\Xmhv, KmÔnb³ XpS§nb \neIfn Adnbs¸Sp¶ {]k¶bv¡v B[p\nI I¶U \mSI{]hÀ¯Icn {]apJ Øm\amWpÅXv. 1951 P\n¨ {]k¶ \mjW kvIqÄ Hm^v {UmabnÂ\n¶p _ncpZw t\Snbtijw I¶U \mSI cwK¯v kPohambn.

IÀWmSIbnse sls¤mZp BØm\ambn \mSI {]hÀ¯\§fpw JmZn {]hÀ¯\§fpw \S¯p¶ At±lw kwKoX \mSI A¡mZan AhmÀUv tPXmhv IqSnbmWv.

cmPy¯n\I¯pw ]pd¯pw [mcmfw kplr¯p¡fpWvSv. jntamK PnÃbnse sls¤mZphn \Ã\nebn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ NcIbpsS Øm]I\pw {]k¶bmWv. 350 kv{XoIÄ tPmensN¿p¶ NcIbpsS DXv]¶§Ä¡p IÀWmSIbnse§pw \à Unam³UpWvSv. sUhe]nwKv Ct¡mfPn¡en kkväbv\_nÄ C³Ukv{Sn (tZkn) F¶ {_m³UnemWv NcIbpsS DXv]¶§Ä hnägn¡p¶Xv. CSXp]£ A\p`mhnbmbncp¶ {]k¶ KmÔnb³ amÀK¯nte¡p XncnbpIbmbncp¶p. A\oXns¡Xntc iÐapbÀ¯ns¡mWvSp IÀWmSIbn sXcphp\mSI cwK¯pw At±lw {it²b\mbncp¶p.

_Z\hmfp kXy{Klw

JmZn þssI¯dn {]hÀ¯\§Ä DuÀPnXam¡p¶Xn\pw kpØnc hnIk\ ktµiw {]Ncn¸n¡p¶Xn\pambn Hcp hÀjw ap¼mWv _Z\hmfp kXy{Klw Bcw`n¨Xv. HmÄ C´y s^Utdj³ Hm^v lm³Uveqw HmÀKss\tkjsâ t\XrXz¯nemWv kXy{Klhpw I¬h³j\pw kwLSn¸n¨Xv. 2013 Unkw_dn IÀWmSIbnse Bbnc¡W¡n\p ssI¯dn s\bv¯pImÀ _\i¦cn bm{X kwLSn¸n¨ncp¶p. \qdpIW¡n\v IntemaoäÀ ]Zbm{X \S¯nbmWv _\i¦cn bm{X ]qÀ¯nbm¡nbXv. 2014 P\phcnbn lm³Uveqw dnkÀthj³ BÎv IÀ¡iambn \S¸m¡Wsa¶mhiys¸«v A\nÝnXIme kXy{Klw Bcw`n¨p. 2014 Unkw_dn b{´¯dnIfpsS hymP ssI¯dn \nÀamW¯ns\Xntc A\nÝnXIme kXy{Klhpw \S¯n. Cu kac§fneqsSsbÃmw JmZnþssI¯dn {]hÀ¯\§sf imàoIcn¡m³ IgnªXphgnbmWv C¡gnª amÀ¨v 21 apX G{]n 19 hsc iàamb {]hÀ¯\§Ä _Z\hmfp tI{µoIcn¨p \S¯m\mbXv. \Kc¯ntebpw {Kma§fntebpw P\§sf tImÀ¯nW¡n kpØnc hnIk\ amXrIIÄ cq]s¸Sp¯m\pw {]Ncn¸n¡m\pw IgnªXmWv _Z\hmfp kXy{Kl¯nsâ t\«sa¶mWv kwLmSIÀ AhImis¸Sp¶Xv. {]ikvX ]cnØnXn {]hÀ¯I ta[m]SvIÀ, t_mfnhpUv \S³ CÀ^m³Jm³ XpS§nbhÀ kXy{Kl¯n\v ]n´pW {]Jym]n¨v _Z\hmfphn F¯nbncp¶p. kt½f\§Ä, in¸imeIÄ, sXcphp\mSI§Ä, Nn{X{]ZÀi\§Ä XpS§n \nch[n {]hÀ¯\§Ä _Z\hmfphn Act§dn. G{]n 12 apX \nch[n ]Zbm{XIÄ kwLSn¸n¡s¸«p. JmZnþssI¯dn, IcIuie DXv]¶§fpsS hn]peamb {]ZÀi\w ImWm³ Bbnc§Ä _Z\hmfphn F¯n.

cmPy¯nsâ hnhn[ `mK§fnÂ\n¶pw \nch[n {]KÛÀ _Z\hmfp kXy{Kl¯nepw tZiob I¬h³j\nepw ]s¦Sp¯p. A§s\ kpØnchnIk\sa¶ _ZÂ hnIk\ amXrIbv¡v _Z\hmfp ]pXnb Znimt_m[w \ÂInbncn¡p¶p.


kÀh [Àa ka`mh\

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tUm. tPmÀPv tPm¬

sshhn[y¯nsâ hnf\neamb `mcXa®n atXXcXz kwlnXbv¡p £Xw kw`hn¡p¶ \ne]mSpIfpw \S]SnIfpw Gsd Kucht¯msS ho£nt¡WvSXv A\nhmcyamWv. C´y³ `cWLS\bpsS BapJ¯n ASnhcbn«p {]Jym]n¨n«pÅ atXXcXz¯n\p Xpc¦whbv¡m\pÅ \o¡w Gsd tImfnf¡w krãn¨Xn\p]n¶mse AtXXc¯n aXhnizmks¯ XrWhXvKWn¡p¶ Xocpam\w ]ctam¶X \oXn]oT¯nsâ ]cam[y£\mb No^v PÌoknÂ\n¶pWvSmbXp \nkmcambn IcpXm\mhnÃ.

ss{IkvXhcpsS ]pWyZn\§fmb ZpxJshÅn, CuÌÀ Znhk§fn No^v PÌokpamcpsSbpw apJya{´namcpsSbpw kt½f\w \S¯ns¡mWvSmWp kp{]owtImSXn No^v PÌokv ]pXnb hnhmZ¯n\p XncnsImfp¯nbXv. hnip²hmc¯n kt½f\w \S¯m\pÅ Xocpam\w \S¸m¡cpsX¶p kp{]owtImSXn PUvPn PÌokv Ipcy³ tPmk^v A`yÀYns¨¦nepw No^v PÌokv AXv AhKWn¨p. 2004, 2007, 2009 F¶o hÀj§fn bYm{Iaw hmevaoIn Pb´n, ZpxJshÅn, kzmX{´yZn\w F¶n§s\ Ah[n Znhk§fn PpUoj tbmKw \S¶psh¶p NqWvSn¡m«n PÌokv Ipcy³ tPmk^nsâ A`yÀY\sb \nkmchXvIcn¡pIbmbncp¶p. PmXnaXt`Zsat\y FÃm ]pWyZn\§Ä¡pw AÀlamb Xpey]cnKW\ \evIWsa¶pw C¯cw Ahkc§fn HutZymKnI ]cn]mSnIÄ Hgnhm¡Wsa¶pw Bhiys¸«p tIcf apJya{´n D½³NmWvSn {][m\a{´n¡p Is¯gpXnsb¦nepw AXn\pw A\pIqe {]XnIcWapWvSmbnÃ. hnip²hmc Xncp¡Àa§fn ]s¦Spt¡WvSnbncp¶Xn\m PÌokv Ipcy³ tPmk^pw apJya{´nbpw No^v PÌokv hnfn¨ptNÀ¯ kt½f\¯n ]s¦Sp¯nÃ.

ss{IkvXhÀ¡p ]pdta aäp kapZmb§fpw FXncmsW¶ hkvXpX a\knem¡nbn«pw ap«mbpànIÄ \nc¯n Xsâ \ne]mSns\ \ymboIcn¡m\pw Xsâ A{]amZnXzs¯ tNmZyw sNbvXXp \nÀ`mKyIcambnt¸msb¶p hntijn¸n¡m\pamWp No^v PÌokv sa\s¡«Xv. kp{]owtImSXn ap³ PUvPn PÌokv sI.Sn. tXmakv No^v PÌoknsâ ]n´pWbvs¡¯nbXns\ AhkchmZ kao]\w F¶ÃmsX hntijn¸n¡pI h¿. 75 iXam\w ss{IkvXhcpÅ Atacn¡bn ZpxJshÅn {]hr¯nZn\amsW¶ IsWvS¯epambn«mWv At±lw F¯nbXv. `mcXhpw ChnSs¯ P\§fpw kz´w ss]XrIw ]Wbwh¨p aämcpsSsb¦nepw ioew ]n´pScWsa¶ hmZKXn AÚXbpsS {]Xn^e\w am{XamWv.

`cW]cambn X§fpsS \ne]mSv XnI¨pw icnbmsW¶p No^v PÌokpw tI{µkÀ¡mcpw hmZn¡pt¼mÄ adphn`mKw `cWLS\m]cambpw \ymbambpw AÀln¡p¶ AhImiw kwc£n¡s¸SWsa¶mWv B{Kln¡p¶Xv. CXp hyàamb BibkwL«\¯nte¡p hgnXpd¡p¶psh¶Xp bmYmÀYyw.

X¯zimkv{X]cambpw \nba]cambpw GXp XÀ¡¯nepw kzm`mhnIambn Hcp`mK¯v IqSpX icnbpWvSmbncn¡pw. AXp NÀ¨IfpsSbpw hnhn[ LSI§fpsS ]cnKW\IfpsSbpw ASnØm\¯n \nba{]Imcw DNnXamb Xocpam\saSp¡p¶Xnte¡p \bn¡pw. Ct¸mgs¯ kmlNcy¯n ]ctam¶X \oXn]oT¯nsâ A[n]³ FSp¯ hnhmZ Xocpam\w thenXs¶ hnfhpXn¶p¶Xn\p Xpeyambn.

Hcp kaql¯nsâ `cWLS\m]chpw \nba]chpw kmaqlnIhpamb AhImis¯¡pdn¨p KuchapÅ Xpd¶ NÀ¨ AXy´mt]£nXamWv. s^Ud Ah[nbmbn {]Jym]n¨n«nÃm¯ Hcp Znhkw Atacn¡bn AhcpsS kwkvImchpw ]mc¼cyhpa\pkcn¨v Fs´¦nepw Iogvhg¡apsWvS¦n AXnsâ NphSp]nSn¨v C´ybpsS al¯mb `cWLS\bpsS \SpshmSnt¡WvSXnÃ. \qämWvSpIfmbn Im¯p]cn]men¡p¶ ]mc¼cyhpw hnizmkkwlnXIfpw kwkvImchpw BNmcm\pjvTm\§fpw atXXcXz]cnc£bpw kz´ambpÅ C´ybnse Hmtcm ]uc\pw AÀlamb AhImiw e`n¡pIXs¶ thWw. AXp l\n¡s¸Sp¶Xv C\nsbmcn¡epw BhÀ¯n¡nsöv Dd¸phcp¯Ww.

aXkaql§Ä ]cn]mh\ambn IcpXp¶ BtLmjZn\§fn ]pWyIÀa§fn ]s¦Spt¡WvSXv Hgnhm¡m\mhnÃ. PmXnaXhyXymkanÃmsX FÃmhcpw At\ym\yw kulrZw Du«nbpd¸n¡p¶ al¯mb Ahkc§fmWh. F¶mÂ, CsXm¶pw IWvSnsöp \Sn¨v A[nImc¯nsâbpw `cW¯nsâbpw Dcp¡papjvSn {]tbmKn¡m\mWp No^v PÌokv apt¶m«ph¶Xv. \oXn\ymb hn`mKs¯ apgph³ Häs¡«mbn Xsâ ]n¶n AWn\nc¯m³ At±l¯n\p Ignªnà F¶Xv HmÀ¡p¶Xp \¶v.

s]mXpkaql¯nsâ \·sb e£ywh¨psImWvSp _rl¯mb NÀ¨IÄ¡pw BtemN\IÄ¡pwtijw ]cnKW\mÀlamb hnhn[ LSI§Ä IW¡nseSp¯pamWp Kh¬saâv Hcp Ah[n \nÝbn¡p¶Xv. B Zn\¯nsâ ]mh\Xbpw {]m[m\yhpw A\pkvacn¨psImWvSp cmjv{S]Xn, {][m\a{´n XpS§nb {]apJ `cWm[n]·mÀ P\§Ä¡v Biwk Adnbn¡p¶Xp km[mcWamWv. GXp aX¯nsâ BtLmjamsW¦nepw P\m[n]Xyþ atXXc `mcX¯n AXv FÃmhcpsSbpw BËmZthfbmWv. \m\mXz¯n GIXzsa¶ C´ybpsS apJap{Z temI¯n\pXs¶ AZv`pXhpw amXrIbpamWv. cmjv{S¯n\pw P\kaql¯n\pw CXp ssNX\yZmbIamsW¶XmWp hkvXpX.

kn¡v kapZmb¯nsâ ]pWyZn\§fn cmPy¯nsâ hnhn[ `mK§fnÂ\ns¶¯p¶ `àÀ \yqUÂlnbnse _w¥m kmln_v KpcpZzmcbnse NS§pIÄ¡ptijw kao]¯pÅ XncplrZb tZhmeb¯n {]mÀY\ \S¯p¶Xp teJI³ IWvSn«pWvSv. Xnct¡dnb PohnXkmlNcy¯n Ah[nZn\§fneÃmsX AhÀ¡v C§s\ BNmcm\pjvTm\§Ä \nÀhln¡m³ IgnbnÃ. ZpxJshÅnbmgvNIfnepw CuÌÀ, {Inkvakv Zn\§fnepw AhÀ C§s\ F¯mdpWvSv.

hnhn[ aXhnizmknIfpsS klhÀ¯nXzhpw k·t\m`mhhpw Du«nbpd¸n¡p¶Xp `mcX¯nsâ lrZb¯n \n£n]vXamb atXXcXzkwlnXbmWv. atXXcXz¯n A[njvTnXamb kÀh [Àa ka`mh\bmbn CXns\ hntijn¸n¡mw. Ckvemw hnizmknIfÃm¯ \nch[nbmfpIÄ APvaoÀ ZÀK kµÀin¡p¶Xv kÀhkm[mcWamWv. CXp atXXc `mcX¯nsâ Bß_eamWv. H¸w klhÀ¯nXz¯nsâbpw ]ckv]c_lpam\¯nsâbpw {]Xn^e\w.

Kkäv hnÚm]\¯neqsS {]Jym]n¡s¸«n«pÅ aX]cambn {]m[m\yapÅ tZiob Ah[nZn\¯n AXXp P\hn`mKw A\pjvTn¡p¶ BNmc§fpsS amlmßys¯bpw ]mh\Xtbbpw `cW]camb Bhiysa¶ t]cn \nkmchXvIcn¡p¶Xpw `cWLS\m]cambn AÀlamb AhImiw l\n¡p¶Xp \oXn\ntj[asöp hmZn¡p¶Xpw BhÀ¯n¨pIqSm.

P\\·bv¡pthWvSn {]hÀ¯nt¡WvS `cWm[nImcnIfpw \oXn\nÀhlW¯nsâ ImhemfpIfmb \ymbm[n]·mcpw \nbaÚcpw P\lrZb§fn thZ\bpWvSm¡p¶ k¦pNnX Xocpam\§fnÂ\n¶pw \ne]mSpIfnÂ\n¶pw hn«p\n¡psa¶Xp atXXcþP\m[n]Xy `mcX¯nse km[mcWP\¯nsâ Xo{hamb A`nemjamWv.


I®qÀ kJm¡Ä¡p Xncn¨Sn

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DÅXp ]dªm / sI. tKm]meIrjvW³

]mÀ«n `cWLS\bnse \nba§fnepw \n_Ô\Ifnepsa¶t]mse cmPys¯ \nba§fnepw Dd¨p\n¡p¶Xn\p IayqWnÌv amÀIvknÌv ]mÀ«nsb ]ecpw {]iwkn¡p¶p. kwLS\msXcsªSp¸n AhÀ N«§Ä ]men¡p¶p. ]mÀ«n Xocpam\§Ä IÀ¡iambn ]n´pSÀ¶p. ASp¯Ime¯p tI{µ¯nepw tIcf¯nepw kwLS\bpsS Xe¸¯pWvSmb amä§Ä ]mÀ«n {]hÀ¯\coXnbpsS D¯tamZmlcWamWv. CXpt]mseXs¶ {it²bamb ImcyamWp \b]cn]mSnIÄ ImemIme§fn hnebncp¯p¶Xpw \b]cn]mSnIÄ FhnsSbmWp ]cmPbs¸«sX¶p IsWvS¯p¶Xpw. F¶mÂ, ]mÀ«nhn]peoIcWw e£yan«pÅ Cu sXäpXncp¯Â \S]SnIÄ henbtXmXn hnPbn¨n«nÃ.

]mÀ«n\b§Ä ]cmPbs¸Sp¶Xp XpSÀ¡YbmhpIbmWv. sXäpIÄ Xncn¨dnbp¶psWvS¦nepw Xncp¯Â\S]SnIÄ ]mÀ«nbpsS _lpP\mSn¯d hfÀ¯p¶Xn\p klmbIamIp¶nÃ. tZiob cmjv{Sob kmlNcy§Ä hnebncp¯p¶Xn\pw AXn\\pkcn¨p ]mÀ«nbpsS \b]cn]mSnIÄ cq]s¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pw CXneqsS kaImenI cmjv{Sob shÃphnfnIsf t\cnSp¶Xn\pw `mhnsb A`napJoIcn¡p¶Xn\pw Hcp {iahpw \S¯p¶nà F¶XmWp hkvXpX.

]mÀ«nsb XoÀ¯pw tamiamb AhØbnse¯n¨ \b§fpsSbpw X{´§fpsSbpw ]cmPbw hnimJ]«W¯v CubnsS tNÀ¶ ]mÀ«n tIm¬{Kkv shfns¸Sp¯n. ]mÀ«ntbmSp bphm¡fn hÀ[n¨phcp¶ hn{]Xn]¯n, ]mÀ«n AwK§fpsS sImgnªpt]m¡v F¶nh hniZoIcn¡p¶Xns\m¸w \nehnepÅ ]mÀ«nbwK§fn 20 iXam\w t]À \nÀPohamsW¶pw dnt¸mÀ«n ]cmaÀiapWvSv. ]mÀesaâv sXcsªSp¸nepWvSmb sR«n¡p¶ ]cmPbw, ]mÀ«nbpsS iàntI{µambncp¶ _wKmfnepWvSmb henb Xncn¨Sn F¶nhbvs¡m¸w temIvk`bnse ]mÀ«n AwKkwJybnepWvSmb henb Ipdhpw ]cmPbs¸« {]hÀ¯\coXnsb¡pdn¨p ]p\cmtemNn¡p¶Xn\pw ]pXnb X{´§Ä cq]s¸Sp¯p¶Xn\pw t\XrXz¯n\p t{]cW \ÂIp¶p.

_wKmfnsebpw tIcf¯nsebpw Nne t\Xm¡Ä tUm. a³taml³ knwKnsâ DZmchXvIcW km¼¯nI \b§sf ]n´pW¨Xp ]mÀ«nbWnIfn Bib¡pg¸w krãn¨p. Cu t\Xm¡Ä X§fpsS PohnXssien amänadn¡pIbpw ]mÀ«nbpsS apJap{Zbmbncp¶ ]cn¸phSbpw I«³Nmbbpw Dt]£n¨v kpJtemep]þ BUw_c ssien sXcsªSp¡pIbpw sNbvXp. k¼¶tcmSpw {]_etcmSpapÅ Cu t\Xm¡fpsS kulrZw I¨hS¡mcptSbpw k¼¶cptSbpw XmXv]cy§Ä kwc£n¡p¶hsc¶v Bt£]apÅ tIm¬{KknÂ\n¶pw _nsP]nbnÂ\n¶pw Chsc hyXykvXcÃmXm¡n. \nbak`bn ]mÀ«nbwK§fpsS F®w Ipdsª¦nepw tIcf¯n am{XamWp kn]nF½n\v Bizmkw \ÂIps¶mcp ØnXnhntijapÅXv. D¶X t\XrXz¯n ZoÀLImeambn tkh\w sNbvXpsImWvSncp¶ t\Xm¡sf amtäWvSXv A\nhmcyambncp¶p. AXp \S¯pIbpw sNbvXp.

C´yþ Atacn¡ BWh¡cmdnsâ t]cn bp]nF kÀ¡mcn\pÅ ]n´pW ]n³hen¨Xn ]mÀ«nbnse apXnÀ¶ t\Xm¡Ä hym]IhnaÀi\w Gäphm§nbncp¶p. {]Imiv Imcm«ns\Xntc _wKmfnse kl{]hÀ¯IÀ ISp¯hnaÀi\amWp \S¯nbXv. At±lt¯mSv AhÀ¡p Nne IW¡pIÄ XoÀ¡m\pWvSmbncp¶p. tPymXn_kphns\ {][m\a{´nbm¡m\pÅ \nÀtZis¯ FXnÀ¯ Imcm«nsâ \S]Snsb lnameb³ aWvS¯cw F¶mWp tPymXn_kp Xs¶ ]n¶oSp hntijn¸n¨Xv. cmjv{S]Xn Øm\t¯¡p tkma\mYv NmäÀPnsb sImWvSphcp¶Xns\bpw FXnÀ¯tXmsS _wKmfn Imcm«ns\ FXnÀ¡p¶ hn`mK¯nsâ iànhÀ[n¨p. tIm¬{Kkn\pÅ ]n´pW ]n³hen¨XmWp _wKmfn ]mÀ«n XIÀ¶Snbm³ Hcp ImcWambn ChÀ NqWvSn¡m«p¶Xv.

Cu Xocpam\§sfÃmw _Ôs¸« ]mÀ«n LSI¯nsâ Iq«mb Xocpam\amsW¦nepw Imcm«nsâ ISpw]nSp¯amWv Ahkm\w C¯cw cmjv{Sob\o¡§fnte¡p ]mÀ«nsb \bn¨Xv. ambmhXnsbbpw PbefnXsbbpw DbÀ¯n¡m«p¶Xn Imcm«v \S¯nb \o¡§Ä _p²niq\yambncp¶p. temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸n kz´w kwØm\§fn kn]nF½pambn kJy¯n\p t]mepw Cu t\Xm¡Ä k½Xn¨nÃ. tIcf¯nemIs« I®qÀ kJm¡Ä¡p iàn]Icm\mWp Imcm«v XbmdmbXv. CXphgn P\Iob\mb hn.Fkv. ANypXm\µs\ AIän\nÀ¯pIbpw sNbvXp. kwØm\¯p ]mÀ«nbnse Hcp hn`mK¯n\v CXnt\mSp tbmPn¸pWvSmbncp¶nÃ. CXn\p]pdta A¨S¡ewL\¯nsâ t]cnepw ANypXm\µs\Xntc Imcm«v cwKs¯¯ph¶p. _wKmfnse Nne apXnÀ¶ t\Xm¡Ä t]mfnäv_yqtdmbntem tI{µI½nänbnse ]s¦Sp¡mdpt]mepanà F¶ AhØ \ne\n¡pt¼mgmWnXv.

_p²tZhv ‘`«mNmcybpsS DZmchXvIcW km¼¯nI \b§sf FXnÀ¡p¶ Imcm«v tIcf¯n C¯csamcp \bs¯ ]n´pWbv¡pI hgn henb ]£]mXamWv ImWn¨Xv. tIcf¯nse Xsâ klNmcnIsf kt´mjn¸n¡m\mbncp¶p CXv. Xsâ hnaÀiI\mb koXmdmw sb¨qcnsb Hgnhm¡m\mbn Fkv. cmaN{µ³ ]nÅsb ]n³Kmanbm¡m³ hnimJ]«Ww tIm¬{Kkn Ahkm\\nanjw Imcm«v {ian¨p. CXphgn Imcm«v hncp²iànIÄ Hcpan¡pIbpw A§s\ sb¨qcn P\d sk{I«dnbmhpIbpw sNbvXp. sb¨qcn¡pÅ ]n´pW HcpL«¯n a\knem¡nbtXmsS ]mÀ«nt\XrXz¯nte¡pÅ At±l¯nsâ {]bmWw sFIIWvtTy\bmbXpw HSphn Imcm«v Xs¶ At±l¯nsâ t]cp \nÀtZin¨Xpw ]mÀ«nbpsSbpw AXnsâ AwK§fptSbpw alXzamWp shfnhm¡nbXv.

kam\amb coXnbnepÅ amäamWp kwØm\¯pw ]mÀ«nbn cq]wsImWvSncn¡p¶Xv. ]mÀ«nsb H¶n¸n¨p \nÀ¯m\pw FÃm hn`mK§sfbpw IqsSs¡mWvSpt]mIm\pw t\Xm¡Ä {ian¡p¶p. \¶mbn s]cpamdpIbpw ]p©ncn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ t\Xm¡sfbmWp [mÀjvSyt¯msS s]cpamdp¶htc¡mÄ Cãs¸SpI. AXpsImWvSp tImSntbcnsbbpw sb¨qcnsbbpw t]mepÅ t\Xm¡Ä ]mÀ«nsb \bn¡m\mbn sXcsªSp¡s¸Spt¼mÄ Bcpw AZv`pXs¸Sp¶nÃ. ImcWw AhcpsS kw`mh\IÄ hnes¸«Xpw AhÀ kuayambn s]cpamdp¶hcpamWv.

]mÀ«nbpsS {]XnÑmbbpw {]hÀ¯\ssienbpw amäm³ ]pXnb t\XrXz¯n\p IgnbWw. km¼¯nIambn ]nt¶m¡mhØbnepÅ lnµn taJebnepw cmPys¯ Zcn{ZtaJeIfnepw ]mÀ«n F´psImWvSp hfcp¶nà F¶p Kuchambn ]Tn¡Ww. efnXamb ImcWw kn²m´§Ä BhnjvIcn¡p¶ t\Xm¡Ä ChnsS {]hÀ¯n¡m³ XbmdmIp¶nà F¶XmWv. amthmbnÌv kwL§Ä hfcp¶ Cu taJebn kn]nF½n\p km¶n[yanÃ. t{SUv bqWnb\pIÄ kwLSn¸n¡p¶Xn\pw km¼¯nIambn sa¨s¸« \nebnepÅhÀ¡p IqSpX i¼f¯n\pthWvSn hnet]iepIÄ \S¯p¶Xn\pamWp kn]nFw {ian¡p¶Xv. IÀjIÀ¡pw `qclnX IÀjIs¯mgnemfnIÄ¡pw CSbnepÅ ]mÀ«nbpsS {]hÀ¯\w IpdªphcnIbmWv.

aXþ kmapZmbnI {[phoIcW¯n cmjv{SobI£nIÄ {i²n¨psImWvSncn¡p¶ Cu ImeL«¯n km¼¯nIþkmaqlnI {]iv\§Ä¡p ]cnlmcw IWvSp kaql¯nse Xmsg¡nSbnepÅhsc tkhn¡p¶Xn\pÅ Akpe` AhkcamWp kn]nF½n\p e`n¨ncn¡p¶Xv. Cu taJebn {i²tI{µoIcn¨p cmPys¯ {]apJcmjv{Sobiànbmbn amdm³ sb¨qcn¡pw kwL¯n\pw Ignbptam F¶XmWp {]kàamb tNmZyw. ITn\m[zm\¯neqsSbpw iàamb {]Xybimkv{X ]n³_eapÅ X{´§fneqsSbpw am{Xta kaImenIambmWp X§Ä Nn´n¡p¶sX¶p sXfnbn¡m³ kn]nF½n\p Ignbq. BWhmbp[§Ä hscbpÅ temI¯p hÀKkacw F¶Xp Ffp¸¯n {]mhÀ¯nIam¡pI Gsd _p²nap«mWv. Cu kmlNcy¯n \qämWvSpIÄ ]g¡apÅ {]Xybimkv{Xw AhÀ ]p\x]cntim[nt¡WvSnbncn¡p¶p.

\qämWvSpIÄ¡p ap¼pÅXnÂ\n¶p hyXykvXamb coXnbnemWp _lpcmjv{SIp¯IIfpsS X{´§Ä t]mepw cq]s¸Sp¶Xv. tZiobhmZhpw XÂkw_Ôamb {]Xn_²XIfpw iàamIp¶ kmlNcy¯n A´mcmjv{S am\§fpÅ Hcp {]Øm\w Gsd¡psd Akm[yamWv. efnXambn ]dªm ]mh§tfmSv A\p`mhapÅ Hcp cmjv{SobZÀi\hpw sISpXnIfn \n¶v ASnØm\hÀKs¯ tamNn¸n¡p¶ km¼¯nIhpw kmaqlyhpamb Hcp ]cn]mSnbpamWv Dcp¯ncntbWvSXv. FÃmtaJebnepw \S¡p¶ amä§tfmSp ]mÀ«n {]XnIcnt¡WvSnbncn¡p¶p.

]ckv]chn\miImcnbmb {Kq¸v t]mcm«§fnepw kzmÀYXmXv]cy§Ä e£ywh¨pÅ AP³UIfnepw apXnÀ¶ t\Xm¡Ä A`ncan¡p¶ ]mÀ«nbnse Ct¸mgs¯ AhØ henb {]Xo£sbm¶pw \ÂIp¶nÃ. CXp a\knem¡n Iq«mb {]hÀ¯\§fneqsS ]mÀ«nsb iàns¸Sp¯p¶Xns\¡pdn¨p koXmdmw sb¨qcn kwkmcn¨pIgnªp. Cu \bw sb¨qcn \S¸m¡pIbmsW¦n {Kq¸nk¯neqsS ]mÀ«nbpsS \nb{´Ww kz´am¡nb BfpIÄ¡p kwLS\bn henb tdmÄ DWvSmInÃ. I®qÀtem_n t]mepÅhbv¡p ]mÀ«nbnepÅ iàamb ta[mhnXzw \ãs¸Spw. ]«nIPmXnþ]«nIhÀK¯n \n¶pÅ F.sI. _mes\bpw \yq\]£hn`mK¯n \n¶v l¶³apÅsbbpw t]mepÅ t\Xm¡fpsS {]mXn\n[yw hcp¶Xp hyXykvXamsbmcp kao]\¯nsâ kqN\ Ct¸mįs¶ \ÂIp¶pWvSv.

tIm¬{Kknt\mSpw ]mÀ«n¡p hyXykvXamsbmcp \ne]mSv DWvSmtb¡pw. hÀKobiànIÄs¡XntcbpÅ t]mcm«w Xs¶ ]mÀ«nsb iàns¸Sp¯pw. Nne kwL]cnhmÀ kwLS\IÄ Ct¸mįs¶ ssIs¡mWvSncn¡p¶ Nne kao]\§Ä kaql¯n henb apdnhpIfpw hn`P\§fpw krãn¨pIgnªp. ZoÀLImeambn NqjW¯n\p hnt[bambns¡mWvSncn¡p¶ hn`mK§Ä¡v Bizmkw F¯n¡m\pXIp¶ km¼¯nIhpw kmaqlyhpamb \b§Ä A\nhmcyamWv. sb¨qcnsbbpw tImSntbcnsbbpw t]mepÅ t\Xm¡Ä Cu shÃphnfnIsf F§s\ t\cnSp¶psh¶Xp cmPy¯p hcpwhÀj§fnse cmjv{Sobs¯ XoÀ¨bmbpw kzm[o\n¡pw.


h\yPohn kwc£Whpw arK]oU\hpw

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ASqÀ ^nen¸v a¦pgnbnÂ

h\yPohnIsfbpw ]£nIsfbpw \mS³ arK§sfbpw kwc£n¡p¶Xn\p a\pjyc£sb ]cnt]mjn¸n¡p¶Xnt\¡mÄ iàamb \nba§Ä C¶pWvSv. a\pjy\pthWvSnbpÅ \nba§tf¡mÄ iàhpw thK¯n \S¸m¡p¶Xpamb \nba§fmWp arK§fpsS c£bv¡pÅXv. h\yPohnkwc£Ww F¶ \nÀhN\¯n s]Sp¯n Ct¸mÄ Fs´ÃmamWp \S¸m¡p¶sX¶v BtemNn¨m F¯pw ]nSnbpw In«nÃ.

AeªpXncnªp \S¡p¶ \mbv¡sf D]{Zhn¡mt\m sImÃmt\m \nbaanÃ. CXp cWvSpw thWsa¶ B{Klw teJI\nÃ. ]t£, s]äps]cpIp¶ Chsb Bcp kwc£n¡pw, Chbv¡v FhnsS\n¶v Blmcw e`n¡pw, th\¡me¯v FhnsS\n¶p Pew IpSn¡pw, Chbv¡v AkpJw h¶m Bcp NnInÕn¡pw. XpS§nb tNmZy§Ä¡v D¯cw In«Ww.

h\¯nepÅ arK§Ä¡p th\¡me¯p Pe¯n\pthWvSn AhnShnsSbmbn XSbWIÄ sI«p¶Xmbn hmÀ¯ IWvSp. Ct¸msg¦nepw C¯cw Imcy§Ä sN¿p¶Xv A`n\µ\mÀlw. h\¯n Pohn¡p¶ Hmtcm Pohn¡papÅ Blmcw h\¯n Xs¶ DXv]mZn¡p¶Xtà icn? B\bv¡p XmXv]cyw Icn¼v, hmg, sX§v, Hme, ]\ F¶nhbmWv. ChbpsS hn¯pIÄ h\¯n hnXdn AhnsS InfnÀ¯p hfÀ¶m B\ ChtXSn a\pjyhmkapÅ taJebnte¡p hcp¶Xp IpdbntÃ? sNdparK§sf hfÀ¯n Im«n Cd¡nhn«pIqtS? Csæn Im«nÂXs¶ kwc£nXtaJebn hfÀ¯n {]mbhpw hen¸hpamIpt¼mÄ Im«nte¡p Xpd¶phn«mÂ, Ch a\pjys\t¯Sn \m«nte¡p hcp¶Xv HgnhmIpIbntÃ?

ImSnsâ hnhn[ `mK§fn {]IrXn¡v CW§p¶ Pekw`cWnIÄ \nÀan¨p ag¡me¯p Pew kw`cn¨pIqtS? Chbvs¡ms¡ knaâpw I¼nbpw D]tbmKn¡msX {]IrXn¡nW§nb \mS³, BZnhmkn kmt¦XnIhnZy D]tbmKn¨pIqtS?

^ehÀK§fpsS A`mhw aqew ]e \mS³ ]£nIfpw Im«p]£nIfpw A\yw\n¶p t]mhpIbmWv. Chbv¡v Bhiyamb ^ew \ÂIp¶ hr£§Ä h\¯nepw \m«nepÅ kÀ¡mÀ hI Øe§fnepw \«phfÀ¯nbm C¯cw ]£nIÄ¡pw ChtbmsSm¸w a\pjy\pw {]tbmP\w sN¿ntÃ? Ct¸mįs¶ Im¡IÄ, hÆmepIÄ, IpcphnIÄ XpS§nbh ]g§Ä In«msX ]¨¡mbvIfpw ]¨¨¡Ifpw ssIX¨¡Ifpw aäpw Blcn¨p XpS§n. ]£nItfmSpw arK§tfmSpw \n§Ä¡p Pohn¡m³ ChnsS \nbaapWvSv, \n§sf Bcpw sImÃnà F¶p ]dªm aXnbmIptam? Chbv¡p Ign¡m³ Blmcw thtWvS? kÀ¡mcnsâbpw arKkwc£W, h\wþ h\yPohn hIp¸pIfpsSbpw {i² C¡mcy¯n ASnb´cambn ]XntbWvSXmWv.

a\pjysâ Gähpw \à kplr¯mWp \mbv¡Ä. a\pjyt\¡mÄ \à kplr¯v F¶pw ]dbmw. Ch hfsc A[nIw s]äps]cpIn. Ign¡m³ BlmchpanÃ, AkpJw h¶m NnInÕ \ÂIm³ BcpanÃ. hgnsb t]mIp¶hcpsSsbÃmw ItÃdptaäm Ahbv¡pw \ne\nev]n\pthWvSn ]e B{IaWkz`mhhpw ImWnt¡WvSnhcp¶Xp kzm`mhnIw. arKkwc£W\nbaw arK§fpsS kwc£W¯n\msW¦nÂ, \mbv¡fpw a\pjycpsS kwc£Wbn Pohn¡Wsa¶psWvS¦nÂ, \mbv¡sf hfÀ¯p¶hscbpw ]cn]men¡p¶hscbpw klmb[\w \ÂIn t{]mÕmln¸n¡pI.

FÃm hoSpIfnepw Ht¶m ctWvSm \mbv¡sf hfÀ¯m³ kuIcyapsWvS¦n hfÀ¯s«. IqSpX s]äps]cpIn, \m«n AeªpXncnªp ieyapWvSm¡mXncn¡m³ thWvS \S]SnIÄ kzoIcn¡pI. Ct¸mgs¯ tIcf¯nse AWpIpSpw_ kmlNcy¯n a¡Ä {]mb]qÀ¯n BIpt¼mÄ amXm]nXm¡Ä icWmebtam hr²kZ\tam t\m¡nhbvt¡WvSnhcpw. AXn\p XmXv]cyw CÃm¯hÀ 50 hbkv BIpt¼mtg¡v \à C\w ]«nIsf ]cnioe\w \ÂIn hfÀ¯pI. ]{Xw FSp¡pI, ]mep hm§pI XpS§nb AXymhiy Imcy§Ä Ahsb ]Tn¸ns¨Sp¡mw. ]cnioe\w sImSp¯m ]«nsbs¡mWvSp ]eXpw sN¿n¸n¡m³ Ignbpw.

CsXms¡ \msf ]oU\ambn hymJym\n¡ptam F¶dnbnÃ. B\ Ìqfn Ccp¶m ]oU\amIpw. knwls¯ Nm«bpsS iÐw tIĸn¨m ]oU\amIpw. C¯cw \nba§fmWp arK§sf kvt\ln¡p¶Xn\p]Icw shdp¡m³ CSbm¡p¶Xv. Aev]w tPmen arK§Ä sNbvXmepw AXp hymbmaambn IWvSm t]mtc?

tI{µtam kwØm\tam, GXp kÀ¡mÀ Bbmepw thWvSnÃ, AeªpXncnbp¶ \mbv¡Ä¡pw ]£nIÄ¡pw h\yarK§Ä¡pw Pohn¡m³ AhImiapsWvS¦n Blmc¯n\pw AhImiapWvSv F¶ Imcyw AwKoIcn¡Ww. hkv{Xhpw ]mÀ¸nShpw FÃm P´p¡Ä¡pw thsWvS¦nepw \mbv¡Ä¡pw Nne ]£nIÄ¡pw ]mÀ¸nSw BhiyamWv. A[nImcnIfpsS {i² ASnb´cambn Cu hnjb¯n DWvSmIWw.

kÀ¡mÀ hI ]pdt¼m¡pIfn \mbv¡Ä¡v sj«À \nÀan¨v Ahbv¡v Blmcw \evIm³ arKkvt\lnIfmb hyànIÄt¡m k¶² kwLS\IÄt¡m Bhiyamb klmbw \ÂIpI. DÅhsb hÔoIcn¡m\pw aäp tcmK{]Xntcm[ Ip¯nhbv¸pIÄ \S¯m\pw \S]SnsbSp¡pI. Chs¡Ãmw \¼dpIÄ \ÂIn tcmKhnhc§Ä kq£n¡pI. arKkvt\lnIfmb k¼¶cnÂ\n¶p kw`mh\IÄ kzoIcn¨p ]e t£a{]hÀ¯\§fpw \S¸nem¡mhp¶XmWv.






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