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A\´]pcn /ZznP³

Ahkm\w P\m[n]Xy ap¶Wn kÀ¡mcnsâ aZy\bw D½³NmWvSn ]nSn¨nSs¯¯n. kp[oc³ ]dbp¶Xà D½³NmWvSn ]dbp¶XmWp aZyw k_Ôn¨pw Ct¸mÄ tIcf¯nse tIm¬{Kkv \bsa¶p sXfnbn¡s¸«p. kÀ¡mÀ \b¯nsâ {]mtbmKnIhXvIcWw F¶ adbn hcp¯nb t`ZKXnIfneqsS Ipfn¸n¨p Ipfn¸n¨p sIm¨ns\ CÃmXm¡p¶ AhØbn F¯n¨p F¶Xp kp[oc³ ]dbmsX Xs¶ FÃmhÀ¡pw a\knembn. aZyhncp²cpsS hnImcw Gähpw `wKnbmbn kp[oc³ {]ISn¸n¨p. hfsc kq£n¨v FgpXn¯bmdm¡nbmWv At±lw C¡pdn {]XnIcWw sImSp¯Xv. kzm`mhnIambpw At±l¯nsâ hm¡pIÄ ISp¯Xmbncp¶p. aZyhncp²sc ]mÀ«nbpsS IqsS\nÀ¯m³ kp[oc\mhpI, aZy]m\nIsfbpw _mÀ apXemfnamscbpw IqsS \nÀ¯m³ D½³NmWvSn¡mhpI. F{X \à s]mfnän¡Â sKbnw! A§s\ ]pXnb t`ZKXnIfneqsS P\s¯ apgph³ tIm¬{Kkns\m¸w \nÀ¯m\mhp¶p F¶Xp NnÃd¡mcyamtWm? kp[ocsâ aZyhncp² {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡v FIvsskkv a{´n sI. _m_p FÃm ]n´pWbpw hmKvZm\w sNbvXncn¡p¶p. P\m[n]Xy ap¶WnbpsS A_vImcn \bw Adnbn¨psImWvSv 2014 HmKÌv 21 \p apJya{´n {]Jym]n¨ e£ykabamb 2024 BIp¶Xn\p ap¼p tIcfw k¼qÀW aZyhÀPnX tZiambn amdpsa¶p hyàw

_mÀ hnjb¯n P\m[n]Xy ap¶Wn kÀ¡mÀ Ct¸mÄ FSp¯Xnepw ISp¯ {]mtbmKnI kao]\w BÀs¡Sp¡m\mhpw? \nehmcw CÃm¯h F¶ AfhptIm hcpt¼mgtà ÌmÀ ]Zhn Hs¡ _mÀ A\phZn¡p¶Xn {]iv\amhpI. ]Icw "sslPo\n'¡mb FÃmbnS¯pw _mÀ sImSp¡m\pÅ Xocpam\w _p²nap«pIÄ Ipdbv¡pw. Cu hm¡p ]dªpX¶ hnZKv[s\ \an¡Ww. AXneqsS kp{]nwtImSXnsbbpw. Ncmb¡St]mepÅ _mdpIÄ¡v A\phmZw sImSp¡p¶Xns\ Ipäs¸Sp¯nb A¡uWvSâv P\dens\bpw FÃmw ]cW¯ncp¯n. D½³ NmWvSn kÀ¡mÀ hfsc {]mtbmKnIamb Xocpam\w FSp¯p.

kp[oc\pw aZyhncp²cpw ]dbp¶X\pkcn¨v AYhm FÃma§p ]q«nbmtem? CSXpap¶Wn XoÀ¯p]dbp¶p X§Ä A[nImc¯n h¶m FÃmw Xncn¨pXpd¡psa¶v. F¦n¸ns¶ Ct¸mįs¶ Xpd¶v AXnsâ KpWw A\p`hn¡p¶Xtà {]mtbmKnIw? Ct¸mÄ ]ecpw A§s\bmWp Nn´n¡p¶Xv.

CtXmsS tIcfw c£s¸SpIbmbn. sF.Sn, Sqdnkw taJeIÄ IpXn¨pbcpw. hnIk\w FÃm ]cn[nIfpw XIÀ¯p apt¶dpw. aZyhÀP\sa¶ kÀ¡mÀ e£yw A\mbmkw km£mXvIcn¡s¸Spw. tIcfw ]dpZokbmhpw. hnIk\ XSk§Ä adnIS¡p¶ D½³ NmWvSn ssien k½Xn¡Ww!

tIcf¯nse A_vImcn \nbaw A\pkcn¨v 1992 \ptijw \nba]cambn {]hÀ¯n¡cpXm¯ FÃm _mdpIÄ¡pw C\n {]hÀ¯n¡mw. t]cp amdpsa¶p am{Xw. _nbÀ B³Uv ssh³ ]mÀeÀ F¶mhpw t]cv. 2014 HmKÌv 21 \v D½³ NmWvSn F{X {ian¨mepw FSp¡m\mhpambncp¶nà Cu Xocpam\w. A¶p kp{]ow tImSXn \nÀtZim\pkcWw ]cntim[n¡s¸«psImWvSncp¶ 418 _mdpIfpw Xpd¡m³ km[n¡pambncp¶nÃ. ctaiv sN¶n¯e A¶p sImWvSph¶ a[ya amÀKw t]mepw \nehmcapÅhbv¡p sImSp¯m aXnsb¶mbncp¶p. Ct¸mÄ \nehmcw F¶ hmt¡ Dt]£n¨p. A¶p hÃmsX sh«nembncp¶ 418 _mdpIsf c£n¡m\mWp t\cs¯ A\phmZw sImSp¯ 312 _mdpIfpsS IqsS ssek³kv d±m¡m³ Xocpam\n¨sX¶v Bsc¦nepw IcpXntbm? B Xocpam\w sImWvSp Ipsd NÀ¨ \Ss¶¶ÃmsX Hcp _msd¦nepw ]qt«WvSnht¶m? CÃ. _mÀ apXemfnamÀ tImSXnbn t]mIpsa¶p XoÀ¨bmbncp¶p. AhÀ tImSXnbn t]mbn. kÀ¡mÀ Xocpam\w tÌ sNbvXp. 312 _mdpIÄ {]hÀ¯\w XpSÀ¶p.

A_vImcn tem_nbpsS {]hÀ¯\w IqSpX iàam¡n. FXncmfnIsf XIÀ¡m\pÅ FÃm Icp¡fpw \o¡n. X§sf klmbnt¡WvShscsbÃmw kwc£n¨psImWvSv AhÀ FXncmfnIsf B{Ian¨p. 1992  \nba]cambn Imemh[n XoÀ¶ Nmcmb¡St]mepÅ _mdpIÄ Xpd¶psImSp¡cpsX¶ FIvsskkv I½ojWdpsS in]mÀi adnIS¶v FÃm¯n\pw 2007  AwKoImcw sImSp¯ KpcpZmk³ a{´n¡ptijw C{Xbpw {]mtbmKnIamb kao]\w tIcf¯n DWvSmbn«nÃ. KpcpZmk³ \nbahncp²ambh FÃmw hoWvSpw 2010 epw 2011 epw dKpessdkv sNbvXp. FIvsskkv I½ojWÀ FÃm hÀjhpw \nehmcw CÃm¯ _mdpIÄ¡v A\paXn sImSp¡cpsX¶v in]mÀi sNbvXpsImWvSncp¶p.

CXn\nSbnemWp \nehmcanÃm¯h F¶p IsWvS¯s¸« 418 _mdpIfpsS {]iv\w h¶Xv. _mdpIfpsS \nehmcw ]cntim[n¡m³ kp{]ow tImSXn \nÀtZin¨p. At¸mtg¡pw temIvk`m sXcsªSp¸v hnÚm]\w h¶p. AXpsImWvSp kÀ¡mcn\p Xocpam\w FSp¡m\mhmsX h¶p. AXn\pap¼p Xocpam\saSp¡m³ km[n¨nÃ. a{´nk`m tbmK¯n CSn]nSo¶p sImWvSph¶ ^b \nbahIp¸v ]Tnt¡WvSXpsWvS¶p ]dªp. AtXmsS hnjbw kp[oc³ GsäSp¯p. \nehmcanÃm¯ _mdpIÄ¡p ssek³kv ]mSnsöpw 418 _mdpIfpsS ssek³kv ]pXpt¡WvSXnsöpw iàamb s]mXpP\hnImcambn.

temIvk`m sXcªSp¸ns\ XpSÀ¶v aZyhncp²tem_nbpsS {]hÀ¯\w iàambn. kp[oc³ _mdpIÄs¡Xntc cwK¯ph¶p. tIcf¯nse ss{IkvXh k`m tae[y£·mcpw aZy¡¨hS¯ns\Xntc cwK¯ph¶p. \nehmcw CÃm¯ 418 _mdpIÄ¡v C\n A\paXn sImSp¡cpXv F¶ hmZw iàambn. ap¶Wnbnse LSII£nIsfÃmw AXn\v thWvSn hmZn¨tXmsS _mdpImsc c£n¡m³ Hcp amÀKhpanÃm¯ \nebnembn FIvsskkv a{´nbpw apJya{´nbpw. C¯cw L«§fn BtcmSpw tNmZn¡msX AXnthKw _lpZqcw Xocpam\saSp¯v D½³ NmWvSn i{Xp¡sf \ncmbp[cm¡mdpWvSv.

]WvSp D½³NmWvSn Xsâ ssIhiw DWvSmbncp¶ B`y´c hIp¸v BtcmSpw tNmZn¡msX Xncph©qcn\p sImSp¯p. Xncph©qÀ hln¨ncp¶ dh\yp sF¡mc\mb ASqÀ {]Imin\pw sImSp¯p. D½³ NmWvSn¡p I£¯nencp¶Xp t]mhpIbpw D¯c¯nencp¶Xp In«nbpw Cà F¶ ØnXnbmbn. ctaiv B`y´ca{´nbmbn. AXnsâ sNmcp¡v D½³NmWvSn¡v Ct¸mgpapWvSv.

AXn\ptijw 2014 HmKÌv 21 seSp¯ aZy\b¯nemWv Bscbpw IqkmsX D½³ NmWvSn Xocpam\saSp¯Xv. _mdpIÄ FÃmw \nÀ¯p¶p. _nhtdPkv ISIÄ L«wL«ambn \nÀ¯p¶p. RmbdmgvN ss{U tU B¡p¶p. AXnhn¹hIcsa¶p ]ecpw IcpXnt¸mb {]Jym]\§Ä. F´mWv CXneqsS e£yw hbv¡p¶sX¶pw Ft§m«mhpw sImsWvS¯n¡p¶sX¶pw At¶ D½³ NmWvSnbpsS a\kn DWvSmbncp¶ncn¡Ww.

tIcf¯nse A_vImcn tem_nsb Häs¡«mbn sImWvSphcm³ AXneqsS D½³NmWvSn¡mbn. Csæn ssek³kpÅhÀ \ni_vZcmIpambncp¶p. ]cnØnXn teme{]iv\hpambn IkvXqcncwK³ dnt¸mÀ«v h¶t¸mÄ ImÀjnItaJebn DWvSmbXpt]mse Hcp `n¶X. kacw \St¯WvSXv ]cnØnXnteme taJebn s]«hcpsS am{Xw _m[yXbmbtÃm? ChnsS A_vImcnIÄ Häs¡«mbn t]mcm«¯ns\mcp§n. 15 tImSn cq] ]ncns¨Sp¯p. tImSXnbnepw ]pd¯pw Nm\epIfnepw FÃmw AhÀ kacapJ§Ä Xpd¶p. AXn\p km[n¡p¶hsc \ntbmKn¨p.

A_vImcnIÄ C{X iàcmsW¶p P\w BZyw a\knem¡pIbmhWw. AhÀ X½nepÅ IpSn¸IIfpsSbpw AXp XoÀ¡m³ \S¯p¶ sIme]mXI§fpsSbpsaÃmw kn\naIÄ IWvSn«psWvS¦nepw kn\nasb¡mÄ kn\namän¡mWv AhcpsS sNbvXnIsf¶p P\¯n\v Ct¸mÄ a\knembn. ]Ww sImSp¯v F´pw t\Spw. Bscbpw hnebv¡p hm§pw. FXnÀ¡p¶hs\ CÃmXm¡pw. P\§sf IcÄ {Zhn¸n¨p sImÃms¡me sNbvXp ]Ww DWvSm¡p¶hÀ¡v F´p a\xkm£n? ]Ww Fdnªp ]WapWvSm¡p¶h\p ]WamWv FÃmw. AÃm¯hsc AhÀ D·qe\miw sN¿pw.

`cn¡p¶ kÀ¡mcns\, {]Xn]£s¯, am[ya§sf AhÀ hnebvs¡Sp¯ntÃ? tIcf¯nse _mdpIsfÃmw ]q«m\pw _nhtdPkv tImÀ]tdjsâ ISIÄ ]¯piXam\w h¨p ]q«m\pw Xocpam\n¨psImWvSp \m«n kam[m\hpw sskzcPohnXhpw tamln¨hsc sImXn¸n¨ kÀ¡mÀ, Cu Xocpam\¯ns\Xntc DbÀ¶ sImSp¦mäv ImWn¨v A_vImcn tem_nbpsS iàn F{Xsb¶p \m«msc a\knem¡n¨p. Ahcn\n A[nImcwhsc ssIbnseSp¡p¶ am^nb kwkvImc¯n F¯nsöv Bcp IWvSp? FXncmfnsb CÃmbva sN¿p¶ am^nb kwkvImc¯nsâ C¯ncnIqSn DbÀ¶ _u²nI B{IaWw ChnsS AhÀ ImgvNh¨p.

`cX³ cmPmhmbm am{Xw t]mcm, cmas\ Im«nepw Abbv¡Ww. AXmWp aÙcbpsS _p²n. FÃm _mdpIfpw Xpd¶m am{Xw t]mc, kÀ¡mÀ Hu«vseäpIÄ FÃmw ]q«pIbpw thWw. F¦netà AhÀ¡p I¨hSw sImgp¡pIbpÅp. sslt¡mSXn¡v A¡mcy¯n henb klmbw sN¿m\mbn. \mj\ sslthbpsS Hmc¯pÅ _nhtdPkv tImÀ]tdj³ Hu«vseäpIÄ aqew DWvSmIp¶ _p²nap«v sslt¡mSXn¡p hfsc Ffp¸¯n a\knembn. AhsbÃmw ]q«Wsa¶p \nÀtZihpw sImSp¯p. kÀ¡mÀ ]m¸cmbmepw apXemfnamÀ k¼¶cmIWw F¶Xp `mcX¯nse kÀ¡mcpIfpsSsbÃmw ZÀi\amWtÃm? \nehmcw CÃm¯ _mdpIÄ¡p _nbÀ ]mÀedpIÄ F¶ t]cn ssek³kv sImSp¯ kÀ¡mÀ sslt¡mSXn hn[n A\pkcn¨v sslth Hmc¯pÅ _nhtdPkv Hu«vseäpIÄ ]q«Â L«wL«ambn \S¸m¡m\pÅ \S]Snbpw XpS§p¶p.

F¶mÂ, 2013 amÀ¨v 11 \p tI{µkÀ¡mcnsâ Hcp kÀ¡peÀ DWvSmbncp¶p. s]mXp\nc¯pIfnse A]IS§Ä Ipdbv¡m³ \mj\ sslshbpsS Hmc¯pÅ _mdpIsfÃmw ]q«Wsa¶v, Cu \nÀtZiw e`n¨ DS³ cmaN{µ³ I½ojt\mSv AtX¡pdn¨p ]Tn¡m³ _m_p a{´n Bhiys¸«p. B \nÀtZiw \S¸m¡pI {]tbmKnIasöv At±lw ]dªp. C\n kÀ¡mÀ sN¿p¶Xp kÀ¡mÀ Hu«vseäpIsfÃmw ]q«n _mdpImÀ¡p sNehv hÀ[n¸n¨psImSp¡pIbmbncn¡pw. _nhtdPknse Poh\¡mcpsS {]iv\tam? sXmgn a{´n H¶pw ]dbp¶nÃ.

R§fmcpw _mÀ apXemfnamcpsS BÄ¡mcà F¶p ap³IqÀ Pmayw FSp¯psImWvSv sImSnbpsS \nd hyXykanÃmsX FÃmhcpw AhÀ¡pthWvSn \n¶p. eoKv FXnÀ¯p F¶p ]dbp¶Xv AXnse Gähpw henb P\h©\. eoKv ]änà F¶p ]dbp¶ Hcp Xocpam\saSp¡m³ D½³NmWvSn kÀ¡mcn\mhptam?

tkmfmÀ {]iv\w h¶p Xncph©qÀ IpSp¡nembmepw, ¹kv Sp h¶v AÐpd_v IpSp¡nembmepw, _mÀ tImg h¶p amWn IpSp¡nembmepsaÃmw D½³NmWvSn ]dbpw Rm\mWp Ipä¡mc³. AXpsImsWvS´m, sNbvX sXän\p hà IpdhpaptWvSm? D½³ NmWvSn¡v FÃmw BImsa¶ptWvSm? _mÀ {]iv\¯n hfsc kXykÔamb \ne]msSSp¯ kp[oc\p hÃm¯ Xncn¨Snbmbn. sI]nknkn {]knUâv C{Xtb DÅp F¶v D½³ NmWvSn sXfnbn¨p. ssl¡am³Uv sI«nbnd¡p¶hÀ¡v F{X CtaPv DWvSmbmepw C{Xbpta Ignbq F¶pw t_m[yam¡n.

D½³ NmWvSnbpw kwLhpw _mÀ {]iv\¯nseSp¯ {]mtbmKnIamb Xocpam\¯n H¶pw {]XnIcn¡mXncn¡p¶XmWp kp[oc\p \ÃXv. kp[ocsâ hm¡pt]mse Fs¶mcp sNmÃv Ct¸mtg DWvSmbn¡gnªp. F¶mepw A_vImcnItfmSpw AhcpsS ]Wt¯mSpw am{Xaà thm«nt\mSpt]mepw kp[oc³ ]peÀ¯nb \ne]mSv B kao]\w FSp¡p¶hÀs¡Ãmw amXrIbmWv. P\]£bm{Xbv¡v A_vImcnIfn \n¶p ]Ww hm§nbhÀs¡Xntc \S]SnsbSp¡m\pw B ]Ww Xncn¨psImSp¡m\pw kp[oc³ ImWn¨ N¦qäw H¶m´cambn.

bpUnF^nsâ \b¯n Hcp amähpw hcp¯nbmhnà {]mtbmKnI amäw F¶mbncp¶p \nbak`bn t]mepw kÀ¡mÀ ]dªXv. Ct¸mÄ P\w tNmZn¡p¶Xv F´mWp bpUnF^nsâ \bw F¶mWv. sslPo\nIv F¶v FIvsskkpImÀ¡p hnizmkapÅnSs¯Ãmw _nbÀ ]mÀeÀ!

CXn\nsS _m_p sNbvX asämcp NXn IqSn a\knem¡Ww. tIcf¯nse sX§p IÀjIcpsS c£bv¡p Sn.sI. tPmkv sImWvSph¶ \oc ]²Xn ]cW¯ph¨psImWvSncp¶p. Hcp sX§n\v 1700 cq] hsc Hs¡ IÀjI\p In«p¶XmWv. \oc D]tbmKn¨p XpS§nbm _mdpImcpsS I¨hSw Ipdªmtem?

GXmbmepw bpUnF^n\v C\n ss[cyambn ]©mb¯v sXcsªSp¸n\p t]mImw. aZyhÀP\¡mÀ F´p ]dªmepw AXns\ t\cnSm\pÅ k¶ml§Ä Hcp¡mw. A_vImcnIfpsS \nÀtem]amb klIcWw ]Wambpw _nbdmbpw ssh\mbpw IÅmbpw FÃmw kÀ¡mcn\p e`n¡pw. A_vImcn¡mÀ¡p am[ya h¼·mcpsS klmbhpw Dd¸v. P\¯n\p asämcp tNmbvkv CÃ. ssZhhnizmkw CÃm¯ kn]nFw D½m¡nbpw, \yq\]£§sf CÃmbva sN¿m³ \n¡p¶ _nsP]nbpamWp _ZepIÄ. sNIp¯m\pw adpXbv¡pw CSbn s]«Xpt]memhpw P\w.

hcp¶Xp hcs« F¶ a«n C´y {]XnIcn¨Xnsâ ASbmfamWp UÂlnbnse tamZn kÀ¡mÀ F¶v HmÀ¡p¶Xp \¶v.

GXmbmepw sslPo\n¡mbhcpsS ImeamWp hcp¶Xv. A¯cw Ipsd At]£IÀ¡p IqSn ]mÀeÀ sImSpt¡WvSn hcpw. sslPo\nIv F¶m Fs´¶p Xocpam\n¡p¶Xv FIvsskkv hIp¸v. DtZymKØcpw lm¸n. sslPn\n¡msW¶ kÀ«n^n¡än\p hÃXpw XSbpatÃm? ]ns¶ hà XSkhpw h¶m sslt¡mSXn Atà DÅXv? AhcpsS klmbhpw In«pw. ]q«nt¸mb FÃm _mdpw Xpd¡mw. t]cp ssh³ ]mÀeÀ. ssh³ ]mÀedpIfn Fs´Ãmw hn¡Wsa¶p I¨hS¡mc\p Xocpam\n¡mw. ]cntim[n¡p¶Xv FIvsskkpImctÃ?R§Ä Imcyw t\Sm³ ]Ww Hgp¡p¶psWvS¶p Xpd¶p]dªhcmWp _mdpImÀ. DtZymKØÀ hÃXpw hm§n¨m Bcp Ipäw ]dbpw? kXykÔ\mbncp¶p s]³j³ t]mepw hm§m\mhmsX dn«bÀ sNbvXn«v F´p ^ew?

kÀ¡mÀ aZy\bw Xncp¯nhcp¶Xphsc hnPne³kn\p samgn sImSp¡nsöp iTn¨v FÃmhscbpw apÄap\bn \nÀ¯nbhÀ C\n hm¡phyXymkw ImWn¡ptam F¶ `oXn _m¡nbpWvSv. ]ncns¨Sp¯ Imin ]dbm¯Xnsâ IW¡pIqSn ]dsª¦n F¶p ]mbkw D®p¶hcpWvSv. C{Xbpw hn¹hIcamb Xocpam\¯nse¯n¨ D½³NmWvSn¡v CXphsc ]dªsXÃmw t_m[anÃmsX ]dªXmsW¶p ]dbn¡m\pÅ IgnhpsWvS¶p ZznP\dnbmw. ASp¯Ime¯v ]n.kn. tPmÀPv sImSp¯ Hc`napJ¯n Pbn hnapàbmb kcnX ]ÀZ [cn¨v At±ls¯ ImWms\¯nsb¶pw AhÀ Xbmdm¡nb 25 t]PpÅ ]oU\IY hmbn¡m³ sImSp¯p F¶pw AhImis¸«p IWvSp. At¸mÄ A§s\sbm¶v DWvSmbncp¶psh¶pw AXv CÃmXm¡s¸«XmsW¶pw Atà hcp¶Xv? AXnthKw _lpZqcw D½³ NmWvSn apt¶dp¶p.

H¶pcWvSv At]£IfpWvSv. aZyhncp²\bw {]kwKn¨ kp[ocs\ hnizkn¨p P\w sImSp¯ B ]Xn\©p tImSn cq]bpsS kw`mh\ X¶hÀ¡p Xs¶ Xncn¨psImSp¡Ww. AXp km[mcW¡mÀ AhcpsS hcpam\¯n \n¶p sImSp¯Xp ckoXv sImSp¯p hm§nbXmbXpsImWvSp Xncn¨psImSp¡m\mhpw. ]q«nb _mdpIfnse Poh\¡msc ]p\c[nhkn¸n¡m³ Nne kpa\kpIÄ apJya{´nsb G¸n¨ ]Ww _mdpIsfÃmw Xpd¶ kmlNcy¯n Xncn¨psImSp¡m\pÅ am\yX apJya{´n Xs¶ ImWn¡Ww. Cu klmbw X¶hcn ]ecpw AhcpsS k¼¶XbpsS alXz¯n \n¶p sImSp¯XÃ. ]mhs¸«hÀ Ahsc hnizknt¨Â¸n¨ ]Ww \à Imcyw sN¿p¶ kÀ¡mcns\ hnizknt¨Â¸n¨XmWv. AhÀ apJya{´nsb G¸n¨Xp t]mse BtLmjamb NS§p \S¯n B XpI Xncn¨psImSp¡Ww. C§s\ In«nbXv FÃmw IqSn h¶mepw Hcp tImSn t]mepw DWvSmhnÃ. Hcp A_vImcn apXemfnsb hnfn¨p]dªm At±lw sImSp¡p¶ ]Wta DÅp. _nPp ctaint\mSp Xs¶ hnizkn¨p ]dbmw. apJya{´n¡p tZmjapWvSmIp¶ hn[¯n Hcp hm¡p t]mepw _nPp ]dbnÃ.

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KtWjvIpamÀ ASp¯ t]mÀapJw Xpd¡ptam F¶mWp am[ya¡¨hS¡mcpsS Im¯ncn¸v. IqsS InS¶h\p cm¸\n AdnbmatÃm? bpUnF^nse NnecmWp Xsâ IpSpw_PohnXw XIÀ¯Xv Fs¶ms¡ KtWjv ]dbp¶p. hniZmwi§Ä shfns¸Sp¯ptam F¶dnbnÃ. a{´naµnc¯n ]eXpw \S¡p¶Xmbn A¡me¯p ]n.kn. tPmÀPv ]dªncp¶p. KtWjpambpÅ N§m¯¯n\p Nne a{´namsc tPmÀPv D]tZin¡pIbpw sNbvXncp¶p.

KtWjv AgnaXns¡Xnsc t]mcmSm\mWp hcp¶Xv. tcJIÄ ssIbnepsWvS¶p \nbak`bn DbÀ¯n¡mWn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. At±lw _nsP]nbn Ibdn¡qSptam Fs¶ms¡ kwibn¡p¶hcpWvSv. In«nbm AhÀ¡p \nbak`m {]mXn\n[yambn. ]t£ CSbv¡ph¨p ]mÀ«n amdp¶Xn\p \nbak`mwKXzw \jvSs¸Smw F¶ A]IShpapWvSv.

tI{µ¯n A[nImcw In«nbt¸mtg tIcf¯n ]nfÀ¶ ]mÀ«nbmWhÀ. AhÀ ]dbp¶ atXXcXzhpw \yq\]£mhImi kwc£WhpsaÃmw F´msW¶p a\knembn XpS§p¶p. Iqhnsöp ]dªp cmPmhmb Ipdp¡³ AdnbmsX Iqhn¯pS§n. B{Kbnse \nÀ_ÔnX aX]cnhÀ¯\w, {Inkvakv Zn\w {]hÀ¯nZn\am¡Â AS¡apÅ FÃm IqhepIfpw Ipdp¡sâ kz`mhw ImWn¨pXcp¶p. C{Xbpw hnhmZw DWvSmbn«pw ]mÀesaân AtX¡pdn¨p hm Xpd¡m¯ {][m\a{´n tamZn Ipep¡anÃm¯ ASbmfhpw.


SbÀ I¼\nIfpsS klmbwsImWvSp IÀjIcpsS {]iv\w XoÀt¶m?

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]n.kn. kndnbIv (d_À IÀjI kwc£W kanXn sNbÀam\mWp teJI³)

apJya{´n hnfn¨pIq«nb tbmK¯n SbÀ hyhkmbnIÄ 131 cq]bv¡p IÀjIcpsS d_À joäv FSp¡m³ k½Xn¨ncn¡p¶p. GXm\pw Znhk§fmbn hn]Wnhne 115 cq]bnepw Xmsgt¸mIp¶Xp IWvSp hnjan¨ sNdpInS IÀjIÀ¡p XXvIme BizmkamWnXv F¶p k½Xn¡p¶p. ]t£, Irjns¨ehpw IqenbpsaÃmw Iq«pt¼mÄ DXv]mZ\s¨ehv 150 cq]sb¦nepamIpw. Cu kmlNcy¯nemWv, Gähpw IpdªXv 150 cq]bvs¡¦nepw d_À kw`cn¨p sNdpInS IÀjIs\ klmbn¡m\pÅ ISabnÂ\n¶p tI{µ þ tIcf kÀ¡mcpIÄ CXnsâ t]cn ]n·mdm³ ]mSnsöp ]dbp¶Xv.

50 tImSn cq]sb¦nepw \o¡nh¨p tIcf kÀ¡mÀ DS³ d_À kw`cWw XpS§Ww. XpSÀ¶v, IqSpX d_À XpSÀ¨bmbn kw`cn¡m³ tI{µ¯n k½ÀZw sNep¯pIbpw thWw. AhnsS hmWnPya{´meb¯n ]¯psImÃw ap¼v kzcq]n¨ hneØncXm ^WvSv 500 tImSn cq] C¶p ]enibpw tNÀ¯v 1000 tImSn cq]sb¦nepambn hfÀ¶n«pWvSmIpw. Cu ^WvSv e`yam¡nbm Hcp _p²nap«panÃmsX d_À kw`cWw XpSÀ¶p \S¯m³ tI{µ¯n\p Ignbpw. \mw k½ÀZw sNep¯Wsa¶p am{Xw.

AXn\p ]Icw, 131 cq] \nc¡n amÀ¨v 31 hsc SbÀ I¼\nIÄ d_À kw`cn¨psImÅpsa¶p ]dªv, d_À {]XnkÔn CXm ]cnlcn¨ncn¡p¶p F¶p `mhn¡p¶Xp kzoImcyaÃ. SbÀ I¼\n¡mÀ Cd¡paXn d_À ChnsS F¯n¡m³ sNehm¡p¶ XpIbv¡v C´y³ hn]WnbnÂ\n¶p d_À FSp¡psa¶mWp ]dbp¶Xv. hntZi hn]Wnbnse d_À hne, Cd¡paXn¨p¦w (20 iXam\w), A©p iXam\w ]Àt¨kv SmIvkv (tIcf kÀ¡mÀ Cfhv sNbvXp sImSp¡p¶Xv). Ch Iq«n¡n«p¶ hnebv¡mWs{X AhÀ ChnsS d_À joäv hm§p¶Xv. ]t£, I¸Â¡qen, C³jzd³kv, hntZi¯p \ÂtIWvS IbäpaXn SmIvkv Ch IW¡n Iq«nbXmbn ImWp¶nÃ. Npcp¡¯n Hcp cq] t]mepw \ãw kln¡msX SbÀ I¼\n¡mÀ, IÀjIsâ d_À hm§n Ahs\ klmbn¡p¶Xmbn AhImis¸Sm³ AhÀ¡v Hchkcw; AXpw tIcf kÀ¡mcnsâ sNehnÂ.

almcmjv{S, KpPdm¯v, IÀWmSIw apXemb kwØm\§fn ]cp¯n¡ÀjIsc klmbn¡m³ ]cp¯n kw`cWw XIrXnbmbn \S¯p¶ tI{µkÀ¡mÀ d_À kw`cWw \S¯mXncn¡m³ Hcp \ymbhpanÃ.

AtXmsSm¸w d_dnsâ Cd¡paXn¨p¦w 20 iXam\¯nÂ\n¶pw Hcp _p²nap«panÃmsX 25 iXam\ambn DbÀ¯m³ tI{µkÀ¡mcn\p Ignbpw. AXpt]mse emäIvknsâ Np¦hpw 70 iXam\¯nÂ\n¶v DbÀ¯mw. IgnªsImÃs¯ dn¡mÀUv d_À Cd¡paXnsb¯pSÀ¶v (aqt¶Im e£w S¬) Cs¡mÃw \mep e£w S¬ Cd¡paXn sN¿pIbmWv. sNdpInS IÀjIcpsS d_dnsâ hnebnSn¡p¶ Cu A\nb{´nXamb Hgp¡v \ndp¯m³, A[nI¨p¦w hn[n¡m\pÅ \nba\S]SnIfpw \mw FSpt¡WvSnbncn¡p¶p. AtXmsSm¸w d_À ]m tNÀ¯ SmÀ D]tbmKn¨p tdmUv \nÀamWw hn]peambn {]Ncn¸n¡Ww.

\½psS sNdpInS IÀjIÀ 35 sImïne[nIw {]mbapÅ d_À ac§sfÃmw sh«nbnd¡n, AhnsS ]IpXn Øe¯p am{Xw d_À do¹mâv sN¿pI. _m¡nbpÅ Øe¯p aäp IrjnIfpw sN¿pI. AhnsS sX§n³ssX h¨v, CShnfbmbn sImt¡m, AXn\v CShnfbmbn IpcpapfIv, ]¨¡dnIÄ F¶nh \SpI. Cu k½n{i Irjn hfsc BZmbIcambncn¡pw.

{]mbtadnb acw apgph³ apdn¡pt¼mÄ d_À¯SnbpsS hne IpdbmXncn¡m³ AXp kwØm\¯n\p ]pd¯psImWvSpt]mbn hn¡m³ C¶p \nehnepÅ {]Xn_豈 \o¡w sN¿Ww. CXp tIcf kÀ¡mÀ a\kph¨m sN¿mhp¶tXbpÅp.

ap¼v ]co£n¨p hnPbw IWvS XpdapJ \nb{´Ww XpS§nb Nne \S]SnIfpw hoWvSpw FSpt¡WvSXpw Bhiyw. cWvSp XpdapJ§fneqsS am{Xambn d_À Cd¡paXn ]cnanXs¸Sp¯Ww F¶ \nbahyhØ, tImSXnIÄ ]cntim[n¨p \ymbbpàamsW¶p XoÀ¸pI¸n¨n«pÅXpamWv.


tamZn AdnbWw, Cu au\w hmNmeaÃ

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UÂln Ubdn / tPmÀPv IÅnhbenÂ

kvIqÄ ]T\Ime¯p {]kwK¯nepw \mSI¯nepambncp¶p \tc{µ tamZnbpsS {]mKÛyw. tamZnbpsS hmIvNmXpcnbpw \S\ ssh`hhpw KpPdm¯nse hUv\Kdnse kvIqfnse A[ym]Icpw kl]mTnIfpw At¶ Xncn¨dnªp. ]T\¯n km[mcW \nehmcw am{Xta DWvSmbncp¶pÅqsh¦nepw X\Xpssien sImWvSp kvIqfnse {i²mtI{µambncp¶p tamZn.

Ct¸mÄ 64 hbkn \S¡pt¼mgpw {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZn A]qÀh Xmcw Xs¶. kwkmchpw au\hpw icoc`mjbpw apX `cWssien hsc F´nepw tamZn hmÀ¯Ifn {]mapJyw t\Sp¶p. kzX{´`mcX¯nsâ `mKt[bw amänadn¨ sXcsªSp¸nse Ncn{XhnPb¯neqsS UÂlnbn XpS§nb ]pXnb C¶nwKvkv tamZn¡p ]pXnb ]co£WimebpamIpw. C´ybv¡p kzmX{´yw In«n aq¶p hÀj¯n\p tijw P\n¨ \tc{µ ZmtamZÀZmkv tamZn, B[p\nI C´ybpsS \mSImNmcysâ tdmfnemWnt¸mÄ.

_mey¯nte kwL_Ôw

F«mw hbkn BÀFkvFkpambn ASp¯ tamZn {]mtZinI imJbnse ]cnioe\¯n kPoh ]¦mfnbmbn. _me kzbwtkhIv BbXn\ptijw 1971 apX apgpkab {]NmcI\pw 1978 apX taJem HmÀKss\kdpw Bbncp¶ tamZnbpsS BÀFkvFknt\mSpÅ Iqdp clkyaÃ. 1975 Pq¬ 26\p {][m\a{´n CµncmKmÔn cmPy¯v ASnb´cmhØ {]Jym]n¨Xpw BÀFkvFkns\ \ntcm[n¨Xpw tamZnbpsS kwLmS\ anIhp {]ISam¡m³ Ahkcambn.

HfnPohnX Ime¯v BÀFkvFknsâ t]mjI kwLS\bmb F_nhn]nbpsS {]NmcIv C³ NmÀPv Bbncp¶ tamZn ASnb´cmhØ¡me¯v AdÌv Hgnhm¡m³ KpPdm¯nse§pw thjw amdn bm{X sNbvXncp¶p. A¶s¯ tI{µkÀ¡mcns\Xntc ]pkvXI§sfgpXp¶Xnepw A¨Sn¨p hnXcWw sN¿p¶Xnepw tamZn anIhp Im«n. tIm¬{Kkv kÀ¡mcns\Xntc {]t£m`§Ä kwLSn¸n¡p¶Xnepw Ct±lw ap¶nepWvSmbn. ASnb´cmhØ¡mes¯ A\p`h§fpambn kwLÀjv am KpPdm¯v (KpPdm¯nsâ t]mcm«§Ä) F¶ ]pkvXIhpw tamZn FgpXnbn«papWvSv.

BÀFkvFkv A\p{Kln¨p hn«p

1985 BÀFkvFkv BWv tamZnsb _nsP]nbnte¡p \ntbmKn¨p kPoh cmjv{Sob¯nte¡p \bn¨Xv. aq¶p hÀj¯n\Iw KpPdm¯v _nsP]nbpsS HmÀKss\knwKv sk{I«dnbmb tamZnbmWv FÂ.sI. AUzm\nbpsS 1990se cYbm{X KpPdm¯n hnPbam¡p¶Xn\p Np¡m³ ]nSn¨Xv. 1995 \hw_dn _nsP]n tZiob P\d sk{I«dnbmbn UÂlnbnte¡p hWvSn Ibdnb tamZn 2001 HIvtSm_dn KpPdm¯v apJya{´nbmbmWp \m«n Xncns¨¯nbXv.

2002 s^{_phcnbnse tKm{Z kw`hhpw ]n¶oSpWvSmb hÀKob Iem]hpsaÃmw \tc{µ tamZnsb cmPys¯ Gähpw Icp¯\mb lnµpXz apJam¡n amäpIbmbncp¶p. KpPdm¯v apJya{´nsb¶ \nebn t\Snb `cW]cnNbhpw BÀFkvFknsâ ]n´pWbpw tNÀ¶t¸mÄ tamZn _nsP]nbpsS {]_e \mbI\pw {][m\a{´nbpambsXms¡ cmPy¯n\p ]pXnb {]Xo£ \ÂIn.

{]Xo£Ifn \ng hogcpXv

C´ybnse P\§tfmsSm¸w temIhpw tamZnbpsS `cWs¯ {]Xo£tbmsSbmWp ho£n¡p¶Xv. ]¯p hÀjw XpSÀ¨bmbn `cW¯nencp¶ bp]nF kÀ¡mcns\Xncmb hnImchpw cmPysa§pw HmSn\S¶p tamZn \ÂInb hmKvZm\§fpw {]Xo£Ifpambncp¶p _nsP]n¡p henb P\hn[n \ÂIm³ P\s¯ t{]cn¸n¨Xv. kvIqÄ ]T\Ime¯p t\Snb {]kwKNmXpcnbpw \S\ssh`hhpw \¶mbn {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯p¶Xn tamZn t\Snb hnPbhpw Ncn{XhnPb¯n Xm§msb¶Xn i¦nt¡WvS.

k_v tI km¯v, k_v tI hnImkv F¶ {Xkn¸n¡p¶ ap{ZmhmIyhpambn cmPys¯ apgph³ BfpIÄ¡pw hnIk\hpw t£ahpw hmKvZm\w sNbvXmWp tamZn UÂlnbnse sNt¦m« ]nSn¡m\pÅ tXtcm«w \S¯nbXv. AXn\m Xs¶ aX\yq\]£§Ä DÄs¸sS cmPys¯ hensbmcp hn`mKw tamZn¡p thm«p sNbvXp. GsX¦nepw Nne hn`mK§fpsS am{Xw `cWm[n]\söp sXfnbn¡m³ XpS¡¯n tamZn {]kwK¯nepw {]hr¯nbnepw {ian¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

Atacn¡bn \yqtbmÀ¡nse amUnk¬ NXzcw apX Hmkvt{Senbbn knUv\nbnse tÌUnbw hsc tamZn \S¯nb {]kwK§Ä temIsa§papÅ C´y¡mscbpw temIs¯bmsIbpw Bthiw sImÅn¨Xpw kao]Ime Ncn{Xw.

tamSn Ipdbp¶pthm?

`cW¯nse¯n Ggmw amk¯nse¯nbt¸mÄ tamZn amdn¯pS§ntbm F¶mWp Nnesc¦nepw Nn´n¡p¶Xv. {][m\ambpw `cWImcy¯nepw tZiob cmjv{Sob Imcy§fnepw {][m\a{´n ]men¡p¶ au\amWp NÀ¨mhnjbw.

au\n_m_sb¶v Bt£]w tI« a³taml³ knwKn\p tijw hmNme\mb \tc{µ tamZnbpsS IS¶phchv cmPys¯ P\w kt´mjt¯msS BtLmjn¡pIbmbncp¶p. ]t£ cmPys¯bmsI ]nSn¨pIpep¡p¶ tZiob kw`hhnImk§tfmSp {]XnIcn¡msX tamZn XpScp¶ au\w AZv`pXIcamWv. ]mÀesaânepw ]pd¯pw cmPys¯ ]pXnbIme hnhmZ§tfmSp {]XnIcn¡m³ {][m\a{´n hnk½Xn¡p¶Xp icnbÃ.

kwL]cnhmÀ kwLS\IÄ \S¯p¶ \nÀ_ÔnX aX]cnhÀ¯\w, {Inkvakv Zn\¯n hnZymeb§fn apgpZn\ ]cn]mSnIÄ \S¯m\pÅ tI{µkÀ¡mÀ D¯chv F¶nh apX BtKmf {IqUv Hmbn hnebnse CSnhn\v A\pkcn¨p hne¡pdhp P\§Ä¡p \ÂIm¯Xpw s]t{Smfnbw DXv]¶§fpsS \nIpXn Iq«nbXpw AS¡w \nch[n Imcy§fnemWp tamZn au\w ]men¡p¶Xv. cmPys¯ am[ya{]hÀ¯Icpambn Xpd¶p kwhZn¡m\pw ]{X{]hÀ¯IcpsS tNmZy§Ä¡p D¯cw ]dbp¶Xnepw {][m\a{´n sshapJyw XpScp¶p.

H¶p anWvSn¡mWm³

{][m\a{´namcpsS ]Xnhmb ]{Xkt½f\§tfm am[ya{]hÀ¯IcpambpÅ A\u]NmcnI kwkmc§tfm tamZn GXmWvSp ]qÀWambn Hgnhm¡n. kwkmcw Xs¶ s]mXpth IpdhpÅ ap³Kmanbmb a³taml³ knwKv t]mepw GXm\pw ]{Xkt½f\§fpw am[ya{]hÀ¯IcpambpÅ IqSn¡mgvNIfpw \S¯nbncp¶p. hntZibm{XIÄ¡nsS hnam\¯n ]{Xkt½f\w \S¯p¶Xnepw At±lw aSnIm«nbn«nÃ. F¶mÂ, CXpt]mepw tamZn Dt]£n¨p. hntZibm{XIfn am[ya{]hÀ¯Isc {][m\a{´nbpsS hnam\¯n H¸wsImWvSpt]mIp¶ ]Xnhv tamZn Ahkm\n¸n¨tXmsS tZiob, {]mtZinI ]{X{]hÀ¯IcpambpÅ Bibhn\nab§Ä t]mepw CÃmXmbn.

tamZnbpsS Ct¸mgs¯ au\w X{´]camsW¶p hyàw. C´ybv¡p ]pd¯p sNÃpt¼mgpw \nbak`m sXcsªSp¸p \S¡p¶ kwØm\§fn hym]I {]NmcW¯n\p sNÃpt¼mgpw tamZn ]gbXpt]mse hmNme\mWv. ]mÀesaâdn P\m[n]Xy¯nsâ {iotImhnemb ]mÀesaânt\mSp tamZn ]peÀ¯p¶ Hcp Xcw AI¨ Bi¦mP\IamWv.

]mÀesaân ]cnNb¡pdthm?

cmPy¯nsâ `cW¯ehs\¶ \nebn {][m\a{´n Ignbp¶nSt¯mfw IqSpX kabw temIvk`bnepw cmPyk`bnepw lmPcmbn NÀ¨IÄ {ihn¡pIbpw Ahiy kµÀ`§fn CSs]«p {]XnIcn¡pIbpw \nba\nÀamW {]Inbbn `mK`m¡mIpIbpw sNt¿WvSXpWvSv. {]tXyIn¨p ]mÀesaân ap³]cnNbanÃm¯bmfmWp \½psS {][m\a{´n. KpPdm¯v \nbak`bnse A\p`h]mc¼cyw ]mÀesaân tamZn¡p Icpt¯IpIbpw sN¿pw.

{][m\a{´n k`bnse¯pIbpw cmPys¯ hÀKobXsb¡pdn¨pÅ NÀ¨bv¡p adp]Sn ]dbpIbpw sN¿Wsa¶ {]Xn]£ Bhiyt¯mSp tamZn apJw Xncn¨p\n¶Xp aqew cmPyk`m kt½f\w IgnªbmgvN k¼qÀWambn kvXw`n¨p. hymgmgvN {][m\a{´n k`bnepWvSmbncp¶n«pw Cubmhiyt¯mSp {]XnIcn¡msX au\w ]men¡pIbmbncp¶p. ap«mbpànIÄ D¶bn¨p ]mÀesaâv kt½f\w ]msS kvXw`n¸n¡p¶ {]Xn]£ kao]\t¯mSp tbmPn¸nÃ. {InbmßI {]Xn]£sa¶ tdmÄ {]Xn]£ t\Xm¡fpw hnkvacn¡cpXv.

FÃmw Xpd¶p ]dbWw

F¶mÂ, cmPys¯ P\{]Xn\n[n k`mwK§tfmSp {]XnIcn¡m³ {][m\a{´n sshapJyhpw ]nip¡pw ImWn¡p¶Xp \à kqN\bÃ. ]mÀesaâdn P\m[n]Xy¯n ]mÀesaân\mWp ]cam[nImcw. A[nImcsa¶Xntesd cmPys¯ P\§fpsS iÐw {]Xn[z\n¡p¶ k`tbmSp {][m\a{´n AI¨ ]men¡m³ ]mSnÃ. Fw]namcmWp {][m\a{´nsb sXcsªSp¡p¶Xv. Fw]namcpsS H¶ma\mWv {][m\a{´nbmIp¶bmÄ. GXp Xc¯nepw P\{]Xn\n[nk`ItfmSp `cW¯eh\v BZchpw ASp¸hpw Xpd¶p a\kpw thWw. FÃm¯n\pw apIfnemWp Xms\¶ tXm¶Â t]mepw A]IS¯nte¡mIpw \bn¡pI.

GXmbmepw apwss_ `oIcm{IaW tIknse apJy{]Xn kmJnbpÀ dlvam³ eJvhn¡p ]m¡nØm\n Pmayw A\phZn¨Xns\¡pdn¨p temIvk`bn {]kvXmh\ \S¯m³ {][m\a{´n Xbmdmbn. C´ybpsS {]Xntj[w ISp¯ `mjbn Xs¶ ]m¡nØms\ Adnbn¨Xmbn {][m\a{´n tamZn C¶se temIvk`bn ]dªp.

AXnÀ¯n IS¶pÅ `oIcXbvs¡Xntc cmjv{Sobw ad¶p cmPys¯ Fw]namscÃmw tbmPn¨p\n¡p¶ ]Xnhv XpScp¶Xp BimhlamWv. C¡mcy¯n cmjv{Sobansöp `cWþ {]Xn]£ t\Xm¡Ä Hcpt]mse hyàam¡n. ]mÀesaâv {]tabw ]mkm¡Wsa¶ Bhiyhpw kÀ¡mcpw kv]o¡dpw AwKoIcn¨p. CXn\p ]n¶msebmWp {][m\a{´n k`bnse¯n kÀ¡mcnsâ \ne]mSv hniZoIcn¨Xv.

C´y tXSp¶ `oIc³ eJvhn¡p Pmayw \ÂInbXns\¡pdn¨p ]mIv {][m\a{´n \hmkv sjco^v F´p hniZoIcWamWp \ÂInbsX¶p {][m\a{´n k`sb Adnbn¡Wsa¶ tIm¬{Kkv t\Xmhv aÃnImÀPp³ JmÀsKbpsS Bhiyw tamZn AwKoIcn¡pIbmbncp¶p. Fw]namcpsS hnImcw IW¡nseSp¯pÅXmIpw kÀ¡mcnsâ C\nbpÅ \S]Snsb¶pw hntZiImcya{´n kpja kzcmPv Xn¦fmgvN k`sb CXv Adnbn¡psa¶pw {][m\a{´n hyIvXam¡n. tamZnbpsS {]kvXmh\sb XpSÀ¶p temIvk` H¶S¦w ]mIv tImSXn \S]Snsb A]e]n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. C´ybpsS {]Xntj[w aqew Asænepw eJvhnsb ]m¡nØm³ C¶se hoWvSpw XS¦enem¡nbXp ip`hmÀ¯bpambn.

Cu au\w `qjWaÃ

F¶mÂ, aäp Imcy§fn CtX kao]\aà {][m\a{´nbn \n¶pWvSmIp¶Xv. ]mÀesaânt\mSpt]mepw AI¨ ]men¡p¶psh¶ tXm¶Â t]mepw P\m[n]Xys¯ ZpÀ_eam¡pw. AXntesd, cmPys¯ Bi¦bnem¡nb hÀKobhmZnIfpsS \S]SnIsf ]ckyambn XÅn¸dbm³ {][m\a{´n XbmdmIm¯Xp atXXc cmPy¯nsâ sFIy¯n\pw ka{K hfÀ¨bv¡p tZmjIcamIpw.

kÀ¡mcnsâbpw {]Xn]£¯nsâbpw ]nSnhmin sImWvSp hÀKob kwLÀj§sf¡pdn¨p cmPyk`bn \St¡WvSnbncp¶ NÀ¨ Aeknt¸mbXpw cmPyk`m \S]SnIÄ Xs¶ ]msS kvXw`n¨Xpw hfsc B]XvIcamb {]hWX IqSnbmIpw. cmPyk`bnse¯n tI«ncp¶n«pw {]XnIcn¡msX Øewhn« tamZnbpsS kao]\w {InbmßIamInÃ. {]Xn]£s¯ IqSn hnizmk¯nseSp¯mIWw {][m\a{´nbpw kÀ¡mcpw `cWhpw ]mÀesaâv \S]SnIfpw apt¶m«p\bnt¡WvSXv.

NÀ¨bv¡p {][m\a{´nbÃ, B`y´c a{´ntb adp]Sn ]dbpIbpÅqsh¶ tI{µkÀ¡mcnsâbpw {][m\a{´n Xs¶ adp]Sn ]dtª aXnbmIqsh¶ {]Xn]£¯nsâ ZpÀhmin am{Xaà {]iv\w. \nÀ_ÔnX aX]cnhÀ¯\w Bcp \S¯nbmepw XSbpsa¶p {]Jym]n¡m\pÅ BÀPhw \tc{µ tamZn ImWnt¡WvSXpWvSv. hnhmZ§fpw A{Ia§fpw hÀKobXbpaÃ, adn¨p cmPy¯nsâbpw P\§fpsSbpw hnIk\, t£a Imcy§fnemIWw {][m\a{´nbpw kÀ¡mcpw {i²nt¡WvSXv.


sabv¡v C³ C´y bmYmÀYyam¡nbXp IÀjI³

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tUm.Fw.kn. tPmÀPv, C³^mw \mjWÂ {SÌn

sabv¡v C³ C´y F¶Xp {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZn C´y¡I¯pw hntZi ]cyS\¯nepw DbÀ¯n¸nSn¡p¶Xpw C´ybn DXv]mZn¸n¡pI F¶ ktµiw Xo{hambn bmYmÀYyam¡p¶Xn\v Dt±in¨n«pÅXpamb ap{ZmhmIyamWv.

FÃm `cWm[nImcnIÄ¡pw Ignbp¶{X DXv]¶§Ä X§fpsS cmPy¯v DXv]mZn¸n¨v kz´w te_en aäpÅhÀ¡v F¯n¨psImSp¡m\pÅ XmXv]cyw kzm`mhnIamWv.

cmPy¯nsâ Bhiyw Ignªp aäp cmPy§fnte¡p Ibän Abbv¡p¶ FÃm DXv]¶§fpw sabv¡v C³ C´y F¶ \nÀhN\¯n hcpw. C¯c¯n IW¡m¡pt¼mÄ C´ybnse ]cp¯n IÀjI\pw Icn¼pIÀjI\pw d_À IÀjI\psaÃmw sabv¡v C³ C´y hn`mK¯nÂs¸« DXv]mZIcmWv. F¶m Cu hkvXpX C´ybnse IÀjIcpw `cWs¯ \nb{´n¡p¶ cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nIfpw `cWþ \bcq]oIcW¯n t\cn«p {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ DtZymKØcS¡apÅ kwhn[m\§fpw {i²n¡msXt]mIp¶p.

kwcw`I³ F¶Xv Ct¸mÄ am[ya§fn¡qSn ]cnNnXamb Hcp hm¡mWv. shdpsX InS¶ncp¶ `qanbn kmlNcyhpw ImemhØbpw kq£vaambn ]cntim[n¨v A\ptbmPyamb Irjnbnd¡p¶ IÀjI³ kwcw`I³ F¶ hntijW¯n\Àl\tÃ? Ip¯s\ NcnªpInS¡p¶ `qanbn as®men¸p XSªv, agshůnsâ thKw \nb{´n¨p `qanbn¯s¶ Xmgp¶Xp {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯msa¶p IWvSp]nSn¨p \S¸m¡nb IÀjI³ bYmÀY kwcw`I\tÃ? kwcw`Ihmk\ CÃm¯ Hcp hyàn¡v C¯c¯n Nn´n¨p anI¨ ¹m\nwtKmSpIqSn GsäSp¯p \S¯p¶ {]{Inbsb bmYmÀYyam¡p¶Xn\p km[n¡ptam?

Gähpw \à kwcw`Icpw kwcw`Ihmk\bpÅhcpw sabv¡v C³ C´y F¶ ktµiw DÄs¡mWvSp {]hÀ¯n¡p¶hcpw ChnSs¯ IÀjI kaqlamsW¶XmWv CXns\ÃmapÅ D¯cw. Gähpw IqSpX sXmgn \ÂIp¶Xpw ImÀjnItaJebmWv. kwØm\ XeØm\t¯bv¡pw tZiob XeØm\t¯¡pw Abbv¡p¶ P\{]Xn\n[nIsf sXcsªSp¡p¶ Gähpw henb P\kaqlhpw C¯cw kwcw`IXzanIhp sXfnbn¨ P\hn`mKamWv.

{]Xn\n[nIsf sXcsªSp¡p¶ {]mcw`L«¯n Xmsg¯«n {]NmcW tImemle§Ä \S¡pt¼mÄ amdn\n¶p Nncn¡p¶ HcpIq«À DWvSv. hncense®mhp¶ hyhkmbnI kwcw`IcmWv C¡q«À. {]NmcW{]hÀ¯\§fn tafs¡mgp¸p hÀ[n¸n¡p¶Xn\pÅ ]W¯nsâ t{kmXkv ChcmWv. FÃmhÀ¡pw \ÂIp¶Xn\m AXn hnthN\anÃ.

C¯c¯nepÅ Hcp kwhn[m\¯n Gähpw {]mYanI Xe¯n kwcw`IXz anIhp sXfnbn¨ IÀjIÀ ]et¸mgpw ]cn[n¡p ]pd¯mIp¶Xn AZv`pX¯n\v AhImianÃ.

cmPy¯p kzm`mhnI d_À D]tbmKn¡p¶ I¼\nIÄ¡mhiyapÅXnsâ 90 iXam\hpw \ÂIp¶Xv sabv¡v C³ C´y ktµiw DÄs¡mWvSpsImWvSv kzbw kwcw`IXzanIhp sXfnbn¨ ChnSs¯ sNdpInS kwcw`IcmWv. d_À t_mÀUv {]kn²oIcn¨n«pÅ IW¡pIÄ CXp hyàam¡p¶p.

kzm`mhnI d_À DXv]mZ\w

sNdpInS kwcw`IcpsS F®hpw ØehnkvXrXnbpw hyàam¡p¶ IW¡pIfnepw DXv]mZ\cwK¯p {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ kwcw`IcpsSbpw AhcpsS {]hÀ¯\ taJebpsSbpw hÀ[\ ImWn¡p¶Xv sabv¡v C³ C´y ktµiw IqSpX t]cv DÄs¡mÅp¶p F¶XmWv.taep²cn¨ IW¡pIfn¯s¶ A©v G¡dn XmsgbpÅhcpsS F®¯nemWv IqSpX hÀ[\ F¶ hkvXpX ImWn¡p¶Xv. IqSpX sNdpInS kwcw`IÀ Cu cwKt¯¡p IS¶ph¶p F¶XmWv.

kzm`mhnI d_dns\ ImÀjnI hkvXphmbn ]cnKWn¡Wsa¶ hmZKXn Ct¸mÄ Fw]namcpÄs¸sS D¶bn¡p¶pWvSv. AtXmsSm¸w d_dn\pw tXbnebv¡pw Im¸n¡pw tI{µ BZmb\nIpXnbpw CuSm¡p¶psWvS¶p am[ya§fnÂ\n¶pw a\knem¡p¶p. Cu aq¶p Irjnsbbpw thdn«p ImWp¶Xpw tI{µ hmWnPy a{´meb¯nsâ Iognem¡nbXpw cWvSmw ]©hÕc ]²Xn¡mes¯ Hcp tI{µ \nÀtZi{]ImcamWv.

1955 þ60 Ime¯v `q]cn[n \nÀWb \nba§fpsS Bcw`wIpdn¨ ImeL«amWv. At¸mÄ FtÌäv DSaIÄ AhcpsS kzm[o\w tI{µ kÀ¡mcn {]tbmKn¨v `qan XpWvSwXpWvSambm DXv]mZ\s¯bpw cmPy¯nsâ km¼¯nI `{ZXsbbpw _m[n¡psa¶p t_m[ys¸Sp¯n. AX\pkcn¨v FÃm kwØm\§Ä¡pw I¯pIfpw Ab¨p. `cWLS\b\pkcn¨p Irjn Hcp kwØm\ hnjbamsW¶ hkvXpX XXvImew kwØm\ `cWIqS§fpw ad¶p. BßmÀYXbnÃm¯ cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nIfpw bmYmÀYy§Ä¡pt\sc I®S¨p. A§s\ cWvSmw ]©hÕc ]²XnbpsS cq]tcJbnse \nÀtZi{]Imcw d_À, tXbne, Im¸n F¶o IrjnIÄ tI{µ¯nsâ t\cn«pÅ \nb{´W¯nemIpIbpw {]tXyI t_mÀUpIfpsS Iognem¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

2011se sk³kkv {]hÀ¯\§fn F\ypatdäÀamÀ¡pÅ amÀK\nÀtZi¯n d_À IrjnsN¿p¶ kwcw`Isc IÀjIcmbn tcJs¸Sp¯cpsX¶pw tXm«§fn tPmensN¿p¶hsc IÀjIs¯mgnemfnIfmbn ]cnKWn¡cpsX¶pw \njvIÀjn¨ncp¶p. tIcf¯n BZmb¯nsâ ASnØm\¯n BZmb\nIpXn ]ncn¨ncp¶ 1990 hscbpÅ ImeL«§fn d_À, sX§v, PmXn apXemb IrjnIfpsSbpw BZmbw IW¡m¡p¶Xn kwØm\ ImÀjnImZmb \nIpXn hIp¸v DtZymKØÀ IÀjIsc ]oUn¸n¨n«pÅXn\p IW¡nÃ.

tIcf¯n sX§pIrjn¡pWvSmb Zpc´w d_À Irjnsbbpw _m[n¡p¶Xnte¡mWp Imcy§Ä sNs¶¯pI. Ignª \qämWvSnsâ Ahkm\L«w shfns¨®bvs¡Xntc \S¯nb Btcm]W§Ä¡p ap¶n hntZis¯ ]mtambn tem_n Bbncps¶¶ hkvXpX ad¨p]nSn¨p \S¯nb \o¡w hnPbwIWvSXmWv sX§pIrjnsb \new]cnim¡nbXv. AXn\ptijw IÀjIÀ¡v A´kpw Bßhnizmkhpw t\Sns¡mSp¯ Irjnbmbncp¶p d_À. Cu cwK¯v sabv¡v C³ C´y F¶Xn\p ]Icw sabv¡v C³ Xmbve³Uv, sabv¡v C³ Ct´mt\jy F¶ e£yhpambn e£¡W¡n\p S¬ d_À ]e t]cpIfn Uyq«n CÃmsXbpw XpÑamb \nIpXn \ÂInbpw Cd¡paXn¡v C´ybnse d_À hyhkmbnIÄ cwK¯ph¶XmWp {]iv\w KpcpXcam¡nbXv.

Gähpw IqSpX apXÂapS¡pÅXpw sXmgn \ÂIp¶Xpw km¼¯nIcwK¯v IqSpXÂt¸sc DÄs¡mÅm³ IgnhpÅXpamb d_À DXv]mZ\cwKw A[x]Xn¡p¶Xmbn {]ISam¡p¶XmWp \nehnse ØnXnhntijw.

hÀjIme¯p sjbvUn«p Sm¸nwKv \S¯n hcpam\w IsWvS¯p¶XnÂ\n¶p IÀjIÀ ]n·mdp¶p F¶pw Nne IÀjIÀ Sm¸nwKv Bcw`n¡msX DXv]mZ\ {]{InbbnÂ\n¶p hn«p\n¡p¶p F¶pamWp Ipdª tXmXnepÅ DXv]mZ\ \nc¡p ImWn¡p¶Xv. Cu {]hWX hcpwamk§fnepw XpScm\mWp km[yX. kwcw`IXzhmk\bpÅ tIcf¯nse IÀjIÀ aäp taJeIfnte¡p {]hÀ¯\w Xncn¨phnSm\pÅ {]hWX IqSp¶p F¶p kmcw.

cmPys¯ cmjvv{SobI£nIfpw AhÀ \bn¡p¶ kÀ¡mcpIfpw BßmÀYXbnÃm¯ Pev]\§Ä \S¯pI am{XamWp sN¿p¶Xv F¶XmWv ImÀjnItaJebnse kwcw`I Zpc´¯n\p ImcWw.






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