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_nemhensâ hnSphmb; P¸m\n hnidns¡mSp¦mäv

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temIhnNmcw / skÀPn BâWn

]m¡nØm\n `qt«m IpSpw_t¯mSpÅ P\m`napJyw XoÀ¯pw a§nbn«nÃ. kpÄ^n¡À `qt«mbpw t_\koÀ `qt«mbpsams¡ ]m¡nØm³ cmjv{Sob¯nepw `cWcwK¯pw \nÀWmbI kw`mh\ \ÂInbn«pÅhcmWv. A{]Xo£nXambn t_\koÀ sImÃs¸«Xv ]m¡nØm³ ]o¸nÄkv ]mÀ«n¡pw t_\koÀ IpSpw_¯n\pw henb BLmXambncp¶p. aI³ _nemhens\ IncoSmhIminbm¡m³ At¶ A\pbmbnIÄ {ians¨¦nepw {]mb]qÀ¯nbmIm¯Xn\m \S¶nÃ. ]Icw \dp¡p hoWXp `À¯mhv Bkn^v Aen kÀZmcn¡mWv. t_\koÀ DWvSmbncp¶ Ime¯pXs¶ Gsd AgnaXn¡YIfn \mbI\mbncps¶¦nepw kÀZmcn¡v Hcph«w A[nImc¡tkcbn Ccn¡m\mbn. F¦nepw `qt«m IpSpw_¯nsâ ]n´pSÀ¨¡mcs\¶ \nebn ]n]n]n _nemhens\¯s¶bmWv A\´cmhIminbmbn Dd¸n¨ncp¶Xv.

_nemhen\v Ct¸mÄ Ccp]¯nbmdp hbkmbn. ]m¡nØm³ cmjv{Sob¯n kPohambn CSs]Sm\pÅ kabambn F¶p Xncn¨dnªtXmsS _nemh If¯nend§nbncn¡bmWv. F¶m {]mb¯nsâ ]IzXbnÃmbvabmtWm AtXm cmjv{So¡fcnbnend§nbXnsâ AanXmthiamtWm F¶dnbnÃ, _nemh A½bpsStbm ap¯Ñsâtbm cmjv{Sob ss\]pWyw ImWn¡p¶nÃ. C´ysb A[nt£]n¨m ]m¡nØm\nse P\§fpsS {]oXn k¼mZn¡m\mhpw Fs¶mcp anYym[mcW _nemhens\ ]nSnIqSnbn«psWvS¶p tXm¶p¶p. Asæn Ifcnbn Cd§pwapt¼ ISp¯ C´ymhncp² {]kvXmh\IÄ \S¯m³ bphcmPmhv {ian¡pambncp¶nÃ.

ImjvaoÀ apgph³ Xm³ ]nSn¨S¡psa¶mWp _nemhensâ hochmZw. ]m¡nØm³ {][m\a{´n \hmkv jco^ns\Xntcbpw _nemh ISp¯ {]tbmK§fmWp \S¯nbXv.

C{am³ Jm\pw XmlnÀ A Izm{Znbpw DÄs¸sSbpÅ {]Xn]£ t\Xm¡Ä \hmkv jco^n\v I\¯ shÃphnfn DbÀ¯pt¼mgmWv _nemhepw cwKs¯¯nbncn¡p¶Xv. t_\koÀ `qt«m t_mw_v kvt^mS\¯n sImÃs¸« kw`h¯nsâ Ggmw hmÀjnIt¯mS\p_Ôn¨p \S¶ Iqä³ dmen _nemhensâ cmjv{Sob cwK{]thi\ambn IW¡m¡s¸Sp¶p. t\ct¯Xs¶ ]m¡nØm³ ]o¸nÄkv ]mÀ«nbpsS sNbÀam³]Zw hln¡p¶psWvS¦nepw cmjv{Sob¯n kPohambn F¯pt¼mÄ Kw`ocamsbmcp Act§äw Ipdn¡Wsa¶p _nemh IcpXnbn«pWvSmhpw. AXn\\pkcn¨ coXnbnemWv A½bpsS Ggmw càkm£nXzZn\t¯mS\p_Ôn¨pÅ NS§pIÄ kwLSn¸n¨Xv.

]m¡nØm\nse km[mcW¡mcpw ]mhs¸«hcpamb P\§Ä¡v ]n]n]ntbmSv B`napJyapWvSv. AXp \ne\nÀ¯m³ _nemhen\p Ignbptam F¶Xp {][m\amWv. {]mbw XnIbm¯XpsImWvSmWv _nemhen\p 2008se sXcsªSp¸n aÕcn¡m³ km[n¡msX t]mbXv. ASp¯ XhW _nemh GXmbmepw aÕccwK¯pWvSmhpw. am{Xaà ]n]n]nbpsS {][m\a{´n Øm\mÀYnbpambncn¡pw. AXpsImWvSpXs¶bmhpw C´ys¡Xntcbpw ]m¡nØm\nse {][m\ t\Xm¡Äs¡Xntcbpw _nemh ISp¯ `mj {]tbmKn¡p¶Xv. C{am³ Jms\bpw Izm{Znsbbpw cmjv{Sob¯nse A\mYcpw ]mhIfpsa¶p hntijn¸n¨ _nemh cmPys¯ hoWvSpw GIm[n]Xy¯nte¡p \bn¡pIbmWv ChcpsS e£ysa¶pw Btcm]n¡p¶p. F¶mÂ, B Imew Ignsª¶pw ]m¡nØm\n P\m[n]Xyw kpc£nXamsW¶pw _nemh ]dbp¶p. AtXkabw, _nemhenâ Pev]\§Ä A]Izhpw cmjv{Sob ]m¸c¯hpamsW¶v FXncmfnIÄ Bt£]n¡p¶p. ]mIv P\m[n]Xyw A{XIWvSp hfÀ¨ {]m]n¨n«nsöpw ssk\y¯nsâ taÂt¡mbvabv¡v C¶pw henb £Xw kw`hn¨n«nsöpw hnebncp¯p¶hcmWv A[nIhpw. GXmbmepw P\§sf Iq«m³ `qt«m IpSpw_¯nse cmjv{Sob¡mÀ¡pWvSmbncp¶ hncpXv _nemhenepw sXfnªp ImWp¶pWvSv. ]m¡nØm\nse P\§fn Adp]Xp iXam\w sNdp¸¡mcmWv. ChcpsS ]n´pW sNdp¸¡mc\mb X\n¡p e`n¡psa¶mWp _nemh IW¡pIq«p¶Xv. Zmcn{Zy \nÀamÀP\amIpw Xsâ {][m\ e£ysa¶pw _nemh ]dbp¶p. km[mcW¡mcneqsS thm«ps]«n \nd¨v A[nImc¯nse¯p¶ \mfpIÄ Im¯ncn¡pIbmWv _nemhÂ.

Idm¨nbn \S¶ dmenbn ]Xn\mbnc¡W¡n\mfpIsf kwLSn¸n¡m³ ]m¡nØm³ ]o¸nÄkv ]mÀ«n¡p Ignªp. hnImc\nÀ`camsbmcp {]kwKhpw _nemh \S¯n. Xsâ Cu bm{X Bcw`n¡p¶Xv P\§Ä¡pw càkm£nIÄ¡pw kÀthm]cn Xsâ A½bpsS kvacWbv¡pw thWvSnbmsW¶p dmen¡pap¼pXs¶ _nemh Sznädn Ipdn¨p. AtXkabw P\¡q«s¯ IWvSt¸mÄ _nemhen\p Bthiw aq¯p. cmjv{Sob ]cnNbw CÃm¯XpsImWvSmImw hnfn¨p]dªXp ]eXpw icnbmtbm F¶p kwibn¡p¶hcpapWvSv. IqSpX thm«pt\Sm\pw A[nImc¯nse¯m\pw atäsXmcp cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nsbbpw t\Xmhns\bpw t]mse F´p Ifn¡pw Xm³ XbmdmIpsas¶ms¡ _nemh Xpd¶p ]dªXp cmjv{Sob ]IzXbnÃmbvabtà F¶pIcpXp¶htcsdbmWv. \yq P\tdjsâ Xpd¶ kao]\amsW¶pw NneÀ CXns\ ImWp¶p. Z£nW ]m¡nØm\nse IpSpw_\Kcamb \utZtcmbn \S¶ Hcp NS§nemWv _nemh hf¨psIs«m¶panÃmsX {]mtbmKnI cmjv{Sobs¯¡pdn¨p hmNme\mbXv.

2008 apX 2013 hsc ]m¡nØm³ ]o¸nÄkv ]mÀ«nbmWv ]m¡nØm³ `cn¨sX¦nepw Ht«sd AgnaXn Btcm]W§Ä AhÀ¡p t\cntSWvSnh¶p. ssk\ys¯t¸mse iàamb ]m¡nØm³ PpUojdnbpambpw {][m\a{´n Bkn^v Aen kÀZmcn¡p s]mcptXWvSnh¶p. GXmbmepw kÀZmcn `cW¯nepÅ AkwXr]vXn P\§Ä Ignª sXcsªSp¸n {]ISn¸n¨p. ]n]n]n {]Xn]£¯mbn. ISp¯ {]XnkÔnIfneqsS cmPyw IS¶pt]msb¦nepw Ncn{X¯nemZyambn P\m[n]Xy kÀ¡mcnsâ XpSÀ¨ ImWm³ km[n¨p.

\hmkv jco^v A[nImc¯nse¯nbt¸mÄ C´y¡v Gsd {]Xo£IfpWvSmbncp¶p. \à AbÂ]¡ _Ô¯n\pÅ Nne kqN\Ifpw \hmkv sjco^nÂ\n¶pWvSmbn. F¶mÂ, ]m¡nØm\nse B`y´c kmlNcyw XnI¨pw hyXykvambXn\m \hmkv jco^n\pw ]cnanXnItfsdbpWvSmbncp¶p. {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZnbpsS kXy{]XnÚm¨S§n ]s¦Sp¯ \hmkv jco^v C´yþ]mIv _Ô¯n ]pXnsbmcp DujvafX krãns¨¦nepw ]n¶oSpWvSmb kw`hhnImk§Ä A{X Bimhlambncp¶nÃ. AXnÀ¯nbn shSnsbm¨ BhÀ¯n¡pt¼mÄ hoWvSpw _Ô¯n De¨n Zriyambn. B`y´c kwLÀj§fpsS \Sphn ]nSn¨p\n¡m³ \hmkv jco^v ]mSps]Spt¼mgmWv _nemhensâ cwK{]thiw. Icp¯cmb {]Xn]£s¯ HXp¡m³ \hmkv jco^n\p \t¶ t¢int¡WvSnhcpw.

C´ybpambn \à _Ôw ]peÀ¯p¶Xv kz´w cmPys¯ cmjv{Sob t\«¯n\p hnLmXamIpsa¶ [mcWbn ]mIv cmjv{Sob¡mÀ ]peÀ¯p¶ C´ymhncp²X ]mIv ssk\y¯n\pw C´ybpw ]m¡nØm\pw \nXm´ i{XpXbn IgnbWsa¶m{Kln¡p¶ aäp NneÀ¡pw Cãs¸t«¡pw. F¶mÂ, CcpcmPy§fnsebpw P\Xb¡pw D]`qJÞ¯nse kam[m\¯n\pw Cu \ne]mSv H«pw `qjWamhnÃ.

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cmjv{Sob¯n kv{XoimàoIcW¯n\p ]pds¸« P¸m³ {][m\a{´n jn³tkm Bs_ IpSp¡nembn. Xsâ a{´nk`bnse cWvSp h\nXm AwK§Ä AgnaXnbmtcm]W¯sâ t]cn cmPnhbvt¡WvSnh¶XmWv Bs_sb hnjahr¯¯nem¡nbXv. km¼¯nI ]cnjvIcW§fpambn apt¶m«pt]mIp¶ Bs_ ]ehn[ {]XnkÔnIÄ t\cnSp¶ Ahkc¯nemWv Iq\nt·Â Ipcpt]mse h\nXm a{´namÀs¡XntcbpÅ Btcm]Ww. hyhkmb, hmWnPy hIp¸p ssIImcyw sNbvXncp¶ bqt¡m H_o¨n, \oXn\ymb a{´n antZmcn aXvkpjna F¶nhcmWv cmPnh¨Xv.

]mÀ«n ^WvSv Zpcp]tbmKn¨psh¶mWv H_q¨ns¡XntcbpÅ Btcm]Ww. thm«ÀamÀ¡v ISemkp hnidn \ÂIn kzm[o\n¡m³ {ian¨psh¶XmWv \nXo\ymb a{´n aXvkpjnabpsS t]cnepÅ Btcm]Ww. Hcp hnidn C{Xtbsd sImSp¦mäpWvSm¡psa¶v Bs_tbm h\nXm a{´ntbm hnNmcn¨nÃ. GsX¦nepw Xc¯nepÅ k½m\§Ä \ÂIn thm«Àamsc kzm[o\n¡p¶Xv P¸m\n ISp¯ sXcsªSp¸p \nbaewL\amWv. Nph¶ Pm¡äv AWnª aXvkpjnabpsS ]Sw Hcp hi¯v ]Xn¨ hnidnbmWv k½m\ambn \ÂInbXv. Cu hnidnbpambn IgnªbmgvN ]mÀesaânse¯nb {]Xn]£ AwK§fmWv hnidns¡mSp¦mäv Agn¨phn«Xv. cWvSphÀjw ap¼p \S¶ sXcsªSp¸n ^WvSv Zpcp]tbmKn¨psh¶mWp H_q¨nbpsS t]cnepÅ Btcm]Ww. GItZiw \mev]¯©p cq] hnehcp¶ 22,000 hnidnbmWp hnXcWw sNbvXXv. A\phZ\obamb sXcsªSp¸p sNehv CXpaqew A[nIcn¨psh¶mWp IW¡m¡p¶Xv.

P¸m\nse kv{XoIÄ cmjv{Sob¯n A{X kPohaÃ. AXpsImWvSpXs¶bmWv h\nXmt£a¯n XXv]c\mb {][m\a{´n Bs_ A©p h\nXm a{´namsc Xsâ Im_n\än DĸSp¯nbXv. Xsâ P\{]oXn hÀ[n¸n¡pIsb¶ e£yhpw Bs_bv¡pWvSmbncp¶p. thm«mWtÃm FÃmhcpsSbpw t\m«w.

h\nXm a{´namÀ cmPn kaÀ¸n¨v A[nIw sshImsXXs¶ cWvSp hIp¸nte¡pw ]pXnb a{´namsc \ntbmKn¨n«pWvSv. \oXn\ymb a{´meb¯nte¡v Hcp h\nXm a{´nsb¯s¶bmWv h¨ncn¡p¶Xv. [\ImcyhIp¸nse apXnÀ¶ DtZymKØ\mbncp¶ tbmbn¨n antbmkmhbmWv ]pXnb hyhkmb, hmWnPy a{´n. km¼¯nI ]cnjvImc§Ä kw_Ôn¨ \S]SnIÄ¡p bmsXmcp XSkhpw DWvSmIcpsX¶p Bs_bv¡p \nÀ_ÔapWvSv.

cmPnh¨ bqt¡m H_q¨n cmjv{Sob ]mc¼cyapÅ IpSpw_¯nÂ\n¶p h¶ ho«½bmWv. \mev]XpImcnbmb Chsc `mhn P¸m³ {][m\a{´nbmbn IWvShcpWvSv. hnhmltijw ho«pImcy§fnte¡v DÄhenbp¶hcmWv km[mcW Pm¸\okv h\nXIÄ. CXns\mcp amäw hcWsa¶p {][m\a{´n jn³sk Bs_ B{Kln¡p¶p. P¸m\nse P\X IqSpX hmÀ[Iy¯nte¡p \o§pIbmWv. tPmen sN¿m³ IgnhpÅhcpsS F®w \mÄ¡p\mÄ Ipdªphcp¶p. PohnX \nehmc¯nepWvSmb hfÀ¨bpw BbpÀssZÀLyw hÀ[n¨Xpsams¡ apXnÀ¶hcpsS F®w hÀ[n¸n¨p. P\kwJym hÀ[\bpw ImcyambnÃ. h\nXIÄ ]gbXpt]mse ASp¡fbn AS§nbncp¶mÂt]mcm cmjv{Sob¯nepw kmaqlycwK¯pw kPohamIWsa¶ \bamWp Bs_ \S¸m¡m\pt±in¡p¶Xv.

2006þ07 ImeL«¯n Bs_ BZyw {][m\a{´nbmbncp¶t¸mgpw Nne {]XnkÔnIÄ t\cntSWvSnh¶ncp¶p. A¶pw AgnaXn Btcm]W§sf¯pSÀ¶v Nne a{´namÀ¡p cmPnhbvt¡WvSnh¶p. Hcp a{´n Pohs\mSp¡pIbpw sNbvXp. 2012 hoWvSpw \à `qcn]£t¯msS A[nImc¯nse¯nb Bs_ P¸m³ k¼ZvLS\ ]p\cpÖohn¸n¡p¶Xn\p Nne ]²XnIÄ Bkq{XWw sNbvXphcnIbmWv. D]t`màr \nIpXn hÀ[\ t]mepÅ hnjb§Ä ISp¯ FXnÀ¸p hnfn¨phcp¯n. cWvSmaqg¯nse Imet¡SnÂ\n¶p IcIbdm³ Bt_bv¡v Gsd ITn\m[zm\w sNt¿WvSnhcpw.


tÌPn slÂaäv \nÀ_Ôw!

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Hu«v Hm^v td©v /tPm¬k¬ ]ph´pc¯v

kÀ¡mcnsâ JP\mhpw d_À IÀjIâ ]Ws¸«nbpw GXmWvSv Htc ØnXnbnemWv. CjvSwt]mse Øew Xcnip InS¡p¶Xn\m kÀ¡mcnsâ `qantIcfw ]²Xn JP\mhnte¡p hym]n¸n¨mtem F¶ BtemN\bpWvSv, AXsæn ]¨¡dn¡rjn¡p hn«p\ÂIpw. AtXkabw, d_À t_mÀUv BsW¦n IÀjIsâ XcnipInS¡p¶ ]Ws¸«nbnÂIqSn d_À \«p]nSn¸n¡m\pÅ IjvS¸mSnemWv. hnebnsæn Imcy§Ä d_À t]mse C¯ncn henbpsat¶bpÅq, ]t£, d_dnsæn t_mÀUnsâ Xs¶ BhiyanÃtÃm. JP\mhn IminÃmsX hcpt¼mÄ {]Xn]£w AXns\ km¼¯nI {]XnkÔn F¶p hnfn¡pw. `cW]£¯n\p sRcp¡sat¶m Nfp¡sat¶m Hs¡ hnfn¡mw. ]t£, Bcv F´p hnfn¨mepw JP\mhn\p XXvImew Ipep¡anà F¶Xp bmYmÀYyw.

JP\mhv sRcp§nbm kÀ¡mÀ Rc§pw. kÀ¡mÀ Rc§pt¼mÄ ]²Xn \nc§pw. ]²Xn \nc§nbm P\w Ipcp§pw. AXn\m JP\mhv sacp§p¶Xphsc ]cn]mSnIÄ saenbWw. apWvSpapdp¡nbpSp¡pI F¶XmWp \m«p\S¸pIfnsem¶v. apWvSpSp¡p¶Xp ]XnhnÃm¯hÀ F´p sN¿Ww? Fs´¦nepw H¶papdp¡nbpSp¯v Cu kwcw`¯n ]¦p tNcpIXs¶. ]t£, Po³kv [cn¡p¶hÀ thWvSs¸«htcmsSms¡ tNmZn¨n«p am{Xw IqSpX apdp¡nbm aXnbmIpw. ImcWw \n§fpsS apdp¡w aäpÅhÀ¡p ]ncnapdp¡ambn amdcpXtÃm!

DSp¡m³ Xp¶epw IodepanÃm¯ Hcp apWvSnsænepw kÀ¡mÀ sNehpNpcp¡m³ Xs¶ Xocpam\n¨ncn¡pIbmWv. a{´namcpw FwFÂFamcpw hIp¸pta[mhnIfpsams¡ \¶mbn Npcp§Wsa¶mWp \nÀtZiw. hntZibm{X Ipdbv¡m³ \nÀtZin¨psImWvSmbncp¶p Npcp¡ensâ XpS¡w. apSnsh«pw t^jyepsams¡ C\n \m«n¯s¶ \S¯nbm aXnsb¶p Npcp¡w. henb sNehnÃmsX sNehpNpcp¡Â F§s\ \S¸m¡msa¶p Nn´n¨p Xe]pI¨psImWvSncn¡pIbmWp ]ecpw. kÀ¡mÀ Npcp¡m³ {ian¨psImWvSncn¡pt¼mÄ kÀ¡mcns\ \bn¡p¶ ]mÀ«n amIvknaw hnIkn¡m\pÅ ]cn{ia§fnemWv. kt½f\§Ä¡mbn Hcp¡p¶ tÌPpIfnemWv Cu hnIk\w XIrXnbmbncn¡p¶Xv. hnIkn¨p hnIkn¨v Ct¸mÄ tIm¬{Kkv ]cn]mSnbmsW¦n thZn XIÀ¨ Dd¸mWv. AXpsImWvSv C\n kt½f\§fpsS Imcy]cn]mSnbpsS IqsS "tÌPvhogvN' F¶ C\wIqSn tNÀ¡Wsa¶ Bhiyhpw DbÀ¶n«pWvSv. tÌPn Ibdn¸äm\mbn Nne t\Xm¡Ä hntZi¯pt]mbn hsc ]cnioe\w t\Sp¶pWvSt{X. ^vsfIvkntem XebnÃ, tÌPnse¦nepw Xesbm¶p ImWn¨nsæn ]ns¶´p t\Xmhv? tIm«b¯p BgvNIÄ¡pÅn tIm¬{Kkv `mchmlnIfpsS `mcw Xm§m\mhmsX cWvSp tIm¬{Kkv thZnIfmWp Xd]änbXv. Xebv¡p ]cn¡p]ämXncn¡m³ tIm¬{Kkv thZnIfn slÂaäv \nÀ_Ôam¡p¶Xpw ]cnKW\bnemWv.

hogvNbn ]cnt¡äp NnInÕbnepÅ Hcp t\Xmhv tÌPnse CSn¨pIbä¯n\p \nb{´Ww thWsa¶v HSphn sI]nknkn {]knUân\p I¯b¨ncn¡pIbmWv. {]knUâv hnNmcn¨m Hcp]t£, kz´w `mcw Ipdbv¡m³ km[nt¨¡pw F¶mÂ, tIm¬{Kkv thZnbpsS `mcw Ipdbpsa¶p tXm¶p¶nÃ.

tÌPn Ibdp¶hcmbncn¡pw C\n ]mÀ«n{]Jym]n¡p¶ \ncmlmckac§Ä¡p t\XrXzw sImSpt¡WvSsX¶v Hä {]Jym]\w \S¯nbm am{XwaXn tÌPneÃ, B PnÃbn t]mepw Bcpw IbdnÃ!

ankvUv tImÄ

sIFkvBÀSnkn 1,350 ]pXnb _kpIÄIqSn hm§p¶p.
þhmÀ¯

I«¸pdw dq«n IfIvj³IqSpsa¶pd¸mbn!


ioXbp²¯n\v F®bpw

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Ìm^v teJI³

cmPym´c hn]Wnbn F®hne IpdªXv C´y AS¡apÅ cmPy§fnse s]t{SmÄþUok D]tbmàm¡Ä¡p henb A\p{Klambn. F¶mÂ, F®hnebnSnhv djy¡pw Cdm\psaXntc Hcp ioXbp²¯n\v Atacn¡bpsS Bbp[amhpIbmtWm? \yqtbmÀ¡v ssSwknse tImfanÌmb tXmakv FÂ. {^oUvam³ A¯csamcp \nKa\¯nemsW¯p¶Xv. F®hnebnSnhv Ct¸mgs¯ tXmXn XpScp¶Xv djytbbpw Cdms\bpw km¼¯nI XIÀ¨bpsS h¡nse¯n¡psa¶v At±lw hnebncp¯p¶p.

en_nb, Cdm¡v, kndnb, ss\Pocnb XpS§nb ]e {]apJ F® DXv]mZI cmPy§fnepw cmjv{Sob {]iv\§Ä aqew F® DXv]mZ\w ]qÀWtXmXn \S¡p¶nÃ. F¶n«pw F®hne h³tXmXn CSnªp. F® Hcp _nkn\kmsW¦nepw Ct¸mgs¯ ØnXnKXnIÄ Hcp bp²¯nsâ {]XoXn DWÀ¯p¶psWvS¶p {^oUvam³ ]dbp¶p. F®hne¯IÀ¨ F® k¼¯n DuäwsImÅp¶ ]Ýntajybnse GIm[n]XnIÄs¡Ãmw hnjaZn\§fmWp k½m\n¡pI.

F®hnebnSnhn\p ]e ImcW§fpw hnZKv[À NqWvSn¡mWn¡p¶pWvSv. Atacn¡bpsS hÀ[n¨ tXmXnepff F® DXv]mZ\w, bqtdm¸nsebpw ssN\bnsebpw km¼¯nI XfÀ¨, Hs¸Iv (s]t{Smfnbw IbäpaXn cmPy§fpsS kwLS\) cmPy§Ä F® DXv]mZ\w Ipdbv¡m¯Xv F¶n§s\bpÅ ]e ImcW§Ä. ImcW§sf´mbmepw F®hne¯IÀ¨ djybpsSbpw Cdmsâbpw _PäpIsf XInSwadn¨p. bps{Ibv³ {]iv\¯nsâ t]cn djys¡Xntc GÀs¸Sp¯nb D]tcm[w IqSpX ^ew ImWWsa¶v Atacn¡ B{Kln¡p¶pWvSv. F®hne¯IÀ¨ djysb IqSpX sRcp¡¯nem¡pw.

F¶mÂ, CXpaqeapÅ km¼¯nI {]XnkÔn djy³ t\Xmhv hvfmUnaÀ ]pSnsâ bps{Ibv³ \b¯n bmsXmcp amähpw DWvSm¡m³ t]mIp¶nsömWp hnZKv[cpsS hnebncp¯Â. ISpw]nSp¯hpambn At±lw apt¶m«pt]mIpw. AtXkabw, ]pSnsâ km¼¯nI ]n³_eamb djy³ _nkn\kpImÀ¡v CXp _p²nap«v DWvSm¡pw. F®tbbpw {]IrXnhmXIt¯bpw B{ibn¨mWp djy³ k¼ZvhyhØ hensbmcfhphsc \ne\n¡p¶Xv.

hnjan¡p¶ asämcp cmPyw Cdm\mWv. F®hne ho¸bv¡v 100 tUmfdn Xmsgt¸mIp¶Xv Cdm³ _Pänsâ Xmfw sXän¡pw. C¶es¯ F®hne ho¸bv¡v 81.40 tUmfdmbncp¶p. ]Ýntajybnse {]apJ F® DXv]mZIÀ DXv]mZ\w sh«n¡pd¨v hne 90 tUmfdm¡n \nÀ¯m³ {ian¡psa¶mWp ]ecpw IW¡pIq«p¶Xv.

F®hnebpsS \nb{´Ww Hs¸¡nsâ ssIbnÂ\n¶p X§fpsS ssIbnte¡p sImWvSphcm³ Atacn¡ {ian¡p¶pWvSv. Atacn¡ F® DXv]mZ\w Iq«nbXmWv Ct¸mgs¯ hnebnSnhn\v Hcp {][m\ ImcWw. Ignª BdphÀjwsImWvSv Atacn¡bpsS F® DXv]mZ\w 70 iXam\w IWvSp hÀ[n¨p. Gähpw henb F® DXv]mZI cmPyamb kuZn Atd_ysb adnIS¡m\mWt{X Atacn¡bpsS {iaw.

]eXc¯nepÅ A´mcmjv{S kwLÀj§fpWvSmbt¸mgpw F® DXv]mZ\w X{´]qÀhw Iq«nbpw Ipd¨pw hne sÌUnbmbn \nÀ¯m³ kuZn Atd_y¡v CXphsc Ignªncp¶p. F® k¼¯psImWvSp kuZnbpw aäv Ad_n cmPy§fpw temIcmjv {Sobs¯ \nb{´n¡m³ {ian¡p¶ AhØhsc Imcy§sf¯n. BtKmf `oIcXbpsS hfÀ¨bv¡pw F®¸Ww hln¨ ]¦v sNdpXÃ. F®hne ho¸bv¡v 75þ80 tUmfÀ hsc Ipdbp¶Xn\p kuZn Im¯ncn¡psa¶pw At¸mÄ Atacn¡bnse ]e F® _nkn\kpImcpw IfwhnSpsa¶pw At¸mÄ hn]Wn XncnsI¸nSn¡msa¶papÅ IW¡pIq«enemWp kuZnsb¶p IcpXp¶hcpWvSv.

Atacn¡bpsS Ct¸mgs¯ F® \bcq]oIcW¯n\v 1973þ74  Ad_nIÄ F® D]tcm[w GÀs¸Sp¯nb Imet¯mfw ]g¡apWvSv. tbmwIn¸qÀ bp²¯n C{ktbens\ klmbn¨ Atacn¡sb ]mTw ]Tn¸n¡m\mWv H¸Iv cmPy§Ä A¶v F® DXv]mZ\w Ipdbv¡m³ Xocpam\n¨Xv. AXv ]pXn F® ]cyth£W§Ä¡v Atacn¡sb t{]cn¸n¨p. Atacn¡bpsS hÀ[n¨ F® DXv]mZ\w AhnsS ]pXpXmbn Bbnc¡W¡n\p sXmgnepIÄ krãn¡m³ klmbn¨n«pWvSv. bpFkv k¼ZvhyhØbv¡pw AXv DWÀthIn.

`mhnbn F®£maw DWvSmImXncn¡m³ F® IbäpaXn \St¯sWvS¶v Atacn¡ Xocpam\n¨ncp¶p. (AemkvIbnepw Ient^mÀWnbbnse Nne `mK§fnepw DXv]mZn¸n¡p¶ F®bv¡v CXnÂ\n¶v HgnhpWvSv). Cu \ntcm[\w \o¡n km¼¯nI {]hÀ¯\w XzcnXs¸Sp¯m³ klmbn¡Wsa¶p hmZn¡p¶ ]ecpw Atacn¡bnepWvSv.


{]hmknIÄ¡mbn khntij ]²XnIÄ

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ssh.Fkv. ISmcnb (teJI³ \yqUÂln ]nsF_nbn tI{µ {]hmknImcy hIp¸nsâ Un¸mÀ«vsaâ ]»nknän Hm^okdmWv.)

hntZi¯p t]mIm³ Dt±in¡p¶hcpw hntZi¯p hkn¡p¶hcpamb C´y¡mÀ¡p {]hmknImcy hIp¸nsâ tkh\§Ä {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. {]hmkn C´y¡msc Dt±in¨v 2004emWp tI{µ {]hmknImcy a{´mebw cq]hXvIcn¡s¸«Xv. C´y³ {]hmknIsf Iq«nbnW¡p¶ irwJe IqSnbmWp {]hmknImcy a{´mebw. ]pXnb _nsP]n kÀ¡mÀ {]hmknImcy a{´mebs¯ hntZiImcy a{´meb¯nsâ `mKam¡n.

\mep tkh\ hn`mK§fmWp {]hmknImcy hIp¸nepÅXv. 1. hwiP tkh\§Ä. 2. km¼¯nI tkh\§Ä. 3. Fant{Kj³ tkh\§Ä. 4. amt\Pvsaâv tkh\§Ä.

{]hmknImcy hIp¸nsâ Imcy]cn]mSnbn Xmsg¸dbp¶hbpw DÄs¸Sp¶p. 1. C´ybpsS hnIk\¯nÂ\n¶p {]hmknIÄ¡p {]tbmP\w e`n¡p¶ Xcw ]¦mfn¯ Imcy]cn]mSn hnIkn¸n¡pI. 2. C´y³ {]hmknIfpsS irwJeIÄ cq]oIcn¡m\pÅ cq]tcJ Xbmdm¡pI. 3. \m«nsebpw hntZis¯bpw Øm]\§sf C¯cw irwJeIfpsS `mKam¡pI. 4. C´y³ {]hmknIfpsSbpw C´y³ hwiPcpsSbpw Adnhpw aäp hn`h§fpw {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯m\pÅ hyànKX, kmaqlnI IÀa]²Xn¡p cq]tcJ Xbmdm¡pI. 5. C´ybpsS hnIk\ {ia§Ä¡p {]hmknIfpsS AÀY]qÀWamb ]¦mfn¯w Dd¸m¡p¶Xn\p amÀKtcJ Xbmdm¡pI. 6. tZiob, kwØm\ Xe§fn C´ybpw C´y³ hwiPcpambpÅ kwhmZ¯n\p amXrIIÄ hnIkn¸n¡pI. 7. km¼¯nI, kmaqlnI, kmwkvImcnI cwKs¯ ]pXnb kwcw`§Ä¡v C´y³ {]hmkntemI¯nsâ ]¦mfn¯w Dd¸m¡pI. 8. {]hmknIfpsSbpw IpSntbä¡mcpsSbpw Bhiy§Ä¡\pkrXambn ss\]pWy hnIk\ ]cn]mSnIÄ kwØm\§fn hnIkn¸n¡pI.

Cu AP³U \S¸m¡p¶Xn\p \mep amÀK\nÀtZiI X¯z§fmWp a{´mebw ]n´pScp¶Xv.

1. {]hmkn `mcXob kaql¯nsâ {]Xo£IÄ \ndthäm\pÅ km{¼ZmbnI ]cnlmc§Ä. 2. C´ybpw `mcXob {]hmknIfpambpÅ _Ô¯n\p X{´{][m\ hym]vXn ssIhcp¯pI. 3. {]hmknIfpsS Adnhpw aäp hn`h§fpw ^e{]Zambn {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯pI. 4. FÃm {]hmkn kwcw`§fnepw kwØm\§sf _Ôn¸n¨p \nÀ¯pI.

HmhÀkokv C´y³ ^knentäj³ skâÀ, Iu¬kn t^mÀ {]tamj³ Hm^v HmhÀkokv Fwt¹mbvsaâv, HmhÀkokv C´y³ skâdpIÄ, s]mXpþkzImcy ]¦mfn¯§Ä XpS§nbh hgnbmWp tI{µ {]hmknImcy a{´mebw {]hmknIfpambpw {]hmknIÄ¡nSbnepapÅ irwJeIÄ hnIkn¸n¡p¶Xv.

hmWnPy \nt£] cwK¯pw IpSntbäw, hnZym`ymkw, BtcmKyw, imkv{Xþkmt¦XnIw, kmwkvImcnI cwKw XpS§nb hnhn[ taJeIfnepw C´y³ hwiPcpÄs¸« {]hmknIÄ¡mbn a{´mebw hnhn[ ]²XnIÄ BhnjvIcn¨p \S¸m¡p¶pWvSv. {]hmkn `mcXob Znhkv, C´ybpsS HmhÀkokv ]ucXzw, C´ysb AdnbpI ]²Xn, C´y BtcmKyc£m ]cn]mSn, {]hmkn `mcXob `oa tbmP\, {]hmkn `mcXob tI{µw XpS§nbh Chbn NneXmWv.

1. C´ysb AdnbpI ]²Xn

]Xns\«n\pw 26 \pw CSbnepÅ C´y³ hwiPcmbn«pÅ bphm¡sf cmPyw t\Snb ]ptcmKXnbpw t\«§fpambn ]cnNbs¸Sp¯pI hgn Ahsc ]qÀhnIcpsS \mSpambn ASp¸n¨p\nÀ¯pI F¶XmWv “C´ysb AdnbpI” ]²XnbpsS e£yw. hntZis¯ C´y³ anj\pIfn \n¶p e`n¡p¶ in]mÀi {]ImcamWp ]²Xnbnte¡p bphm¡sf sXcsªSp¡p¶Xv. ]²XnbpsS `mKambn bphm¡Ä¡p XmakkuIcyw Hcp¡pIbpw AhcpsS C¡tWman ¢mknse hnam\bm{X¡qenbn 90 iXam\w XncnsI \ÂIpIbpw sN¿p¶p.

C´ysb¡pdn¨pw cmPy¯nsâ `cWLS\sb¡pdn¨pw cmjv{Sob {]{Inbsb¡pdn¨papÅ AhXcW§Ä, {]apJ kÀhIemimeIfnsebpw tImfPpIfnsebpw aäp Øm]\§fnsebpw hnZymÀYnIfpw A[ym]Icpambn IqSn¡mgvNbv¡pÅ Ahkcw, hyhkmb Øm]\§fnse kµÀi\w, {KmaoW taJeIfnse kµÀi\w, C´y³ am[ya, kn\na cwKs¯¡pdn¨pÅ AhXcWw, kv{XoIfpsS {]iv\§Ä ssIImcyw sN¿p¶ F³PnHIfpw kwLS\Ifpambn IqSn¡mgvN, Ncn{X{]m[m\yapÅ Øe§fnte¡pw kvamcI§fnte¡papÅ kµÀi\§Ä, kmwkvImcnI ]cn]mSnIfnse ]¦mfn¯w, tbmK XpS§nbhsbÃmw ]cn]mSnbpsS `mKamWv. C´y³ cmjv{S]Xn, apJy sXcsªSp¸v I½ojWÀ, I¬t{SmfÀ B³Uv HmUnäÀ P\dÂ, {]hmkn Imcy, bphP\Imcy, kvt]mÀSvkv hIp¸pIfpsS NpaXebpÅ a{´namÀ XpS§nbhcpambn IqSn¡mgvNbv¡pÅ Ahkchpw bphm¡Ä¡p e`n¡pw.

2. C´ybn ]Tn¡pI F¶ ]²Xn

C´ybnse kÀhIemimeIfn {]hmkn `mcXob bphm¡Ä¡v {lkz tImgvkpIÄ sN¿m³ Ahkcw \ÂIp¶XmWv C´ybn ]Tn¡pI F¶ ]²Xn. 2012 sk]väw_À 25 apX HIvtSm_À 23 hsc ]qs\bnse knw_tbmknkv kÀhIemimebnemWv CXnemZyt¯Xp \S¯nbXv. {Sn\nUmUv B³Uv Sp_mtKm, atejy, ^nPn, Z£nWm{^n¡ F¶nhnS§fn \n¶mbn C´y³ hwiPcmb H³]Xv bphm¡Ä A¶v ]Tn¡ms\¯n. 2013 \S¯nb cWvSmw tImgvkn 14 bphm¡Ä ]s¦Sp¯p.

3. C´y³ hwiP hnZymÀYnIÄ¡mbn kvtImfÀjn¸v ]²XnIÄ

2006þ07 hÀjamWv Fkv]nUnkn F¶ t]cnepÅ kvtImfÀjn¸v ]²XnIfpsS XpS¡w. 4000 tUmfÀ hsc aqeyapÅ 100 kvtImfÀjn¸pIfmWv {]XnhÀjw \ÂIp¶Xv. F³Pn\nbdnwKv, kmt¦XnIhnZy, lypam\näokv, en_d BÀSvkv, sImtagvkv, amt\Pvsaâv, tPÀWenkw, tlm«Â amt\Pvsaâv, Irjn, arKkwc£Ww XpS§nb hnhn[ hnjb§fnse _ncpZ tImgvkpIÄ¡mWv kvtImfÀjn¸pIÄ \ÂIp¶Xv. tI{µ am\h hn`htijn a{´meb¯nsâ IognepÅ FPypt¡jW I¬k«âvkv C´y enanäUmWv ]²Xn \S¸m¡p¶Xv. 660 hnZymÀYnIÄ kvtImfÀjn¸v D]tbmKs¸Sp¯nbn«pWvSv.

4. {]hmknIfmb `À¯m¡·mÀ Dt]£n¡pItbm Häs¸Sp¯pItbm sNbvX `mcXobcmb kv{XoIÄ¡pÅ \nba,km¼¯nI klmbw \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ ]²Xn

C´y³ kv{XoIsf `À¯m¡·mÀ Dt]£n¡p¶tXm Häs¸Sp¯p¶tXm Bbn _Ôs¸« hnjb§Ä k¦oÀWamWv. hntZi¯pÅ hc·mcpambn hnhml _Ô¯nteÀs¸Sp¶ kv{XoIÄ¡pw AhcpsS IpSpw_§Ä¡pw X§fpsS AhImi§sf¸änbpw ISaIsf¸änbpw kpc£m ap³IcpXepIsf¸änbpw t_m[hXvIcWw \ÂIp¶pWvSv. {]hmknIfmb `À¯m¡·mÀ Dt]£n¡pItbm Häs¸Sp¯pItbm sNbvX `mcXob kv{XoIÄ¡v \nba, km¼¯nI klmbw \ÂIp¶Xn\pÅ ]²Xn¡v 2007emWv XpS¡an«Xv. 2011 \hw_À 30\v ]²Xn ]cnjvIcn¨p. ]cnjvIcn¨ ]²XnbpsS ]cn[nbn C´ybntem hntZit¯m \S¯p¶ hnhml§fpw C´y¡mct\m hntZintbm Bb `À¯mhpsaÃmw DÄs¸«n«pWvSv.

C´y³ h\nXm kwLS\Itfm, C´y³ kaql Atkmkntbj\pItfm, C´y³ ZuXy§fn Fw]m\ sNbvX F³PnHItfm hgnbmWp Iu¬knenwKpw \nbaklmbhpw \ÂIp¶Xv. 27 F³PnHIÄ C¯c¯n Fw]m\ sN¿s¸«n«pWvSv. 136 kv{XoIÄ¡p \mfnXphsc ]²XnbpsS {]tbmP\w e`n¡pIbpw 1.34 tImSn cq] hnhn[ F³PnHIÄ¡v C´y³ ZuXy§Ä hnXcWw sN¿pIbpw sNbvXp.

5. thcpIÄ tXSp¶ ]²Xn

C´y³ hwiPÀ¡p \m«n AhcpsS ]qÀhnIcpsS thcpIÄ At\zjn¨dnbm³ kuIcysamcp¡p¶ t{SknwKv Zv dq«vkv ]²Xn¡v 2008 HIvtSm_dnemWp XpS¡amIp¶Xv. ]qÀhnI thcpIÄ tXSm³ B{Kln¡p¶ C´y³ hwiPÀ AhcpsS cmPys¯ C´y³ ZuXy§fn \nÝnX amXrIbnepÅ At]£ CXn\mbn ]qcn¸n¨p \ÂIWw. At]£mt^mw sh_vsskän e`yamWv. At]£tbmsSm¸w 30,000 cq]bv¡p Xpeyamb XpI tUmfdntem bqtdmbntem \ÂIWw. At]£Isâ Pohn¨ncn¡p¶ Gähpw ASp¯ _Ôp, ]qÀhnIcpsS P·tZiw, e`yamb aäp IpSpw_ imJm hnhc§Ä XpS§nbh At]£I\v a{´mebw e`yam¡pw. hnhc§Ä \ÂIm³ Ignbm¯ ]£w C´y³ ZuXyw At]£I\v 20,000 cq] XncnsI \ÂIm³ {]XnÚm_²cmWv.

6. almßm KmÔn {]hmkn kpc£m tbmP\

\n]pWcpw AÀ[ \n]pWcpamb {]hmkn C´y³ sXmgnemfnIÄ¡pthWvSn Xbmdm¡nb kmaqlnI kpc£m ]²XnbmWp almßmKmÔn {]hmkn kpc£m tbmP\. CknBÀ ]mkvt]mÀ«v DÅhcpw XmXvImenI sXmgn s]Àanänsâ ASnØm\¯n 17 CknBÀ cmPy§fn tPmen sN¿p¶hcpamb sXmgnemfnIÄ¡mWv ]²XnbpsS {]tbmP\w e`n¡pI. ]co£WmÀY¯n 2012 sabv H¶p apX tIcf¯n ]²Xn \S¸m¡n. ]²Xn¡p IognepÅ Kh¬saâv hnlnXw A©p hÀj¡met¯t¡m sXmgnemfn C´ybnte¡v aS§nsb¯pItbm(GXmWv BZyw F¶Xv A\pkcn¨v) sN¿pw hscbmWv ASbv¡pI.

7. {]hmkn `mcXob _oa tbmP\

]pdwcmPy§fn tPmen¡mbn t]mIp¶ C´y³ IpSntbä¡mc\v acWtam, Ønc sshIeytam kw`hn¡p¶ ]£w AbmfpsS t\man\nt¡m \nba]camb AhImint¡m ]¯p e£w cq] hsc C³jzd³kv ]cnc£ \ÂIp¶ ]²XnbmWv {]hmkn `mcXob _oa tbmP\. _Ôs¸« s{]m«IvSÀ Hm^v Fan{Kâvkn \n¶v Fant{Kj³ ¢nbd³kv e`n¨tijw am{Xw tPmen¡mbn t]mIp¶ sXmgnemfn¡mWv Cu B\pIqey¯n\v AÀlX. cWvSp hÀjtam, sXmgn Imemh[ntbm (GXmWv ssZÀLyapÅsX¶Xv A\pkcn¨v) BWv C³jzd³kv t]mfnknbpsS Imemh[n.

C³jzÀ sN¿s¸« sXmgnemfn¡p acWw kw`hn¡p¶ ]£w Ct¡mWan ¢mknse aS¡ Sn¡äv XpI C³jzd³kv I¼\n XncnsI \ÂIpw. sXmgnemfn Bip]{Xnbn {]thin¸n¡s¸«p Ignªm 75,000 cq] saUn¡Â C³jzd³kv ]cnc£bpw e`n¡pw. sXmgnemfnbpsS IpSpw_mwKamWv Bip]{Xnbn {]thin¸n¡s¸Sp¶sX¦n 50,000 cq]bpw e`n¡p¶XmWv. kv{XoIfmb IpSntbä sXmgnemfn¡v {]khm\pIqeyambn 25,000 cq] e`n¡pw. \nba klmb§Ä¡v 30,000 cq]bpw Cu ]²XnbpsS `mKambn hyhØIÄ¡v hnt[bambn e`n¡p¶XmWv. cWvSp hÀjt¯¡v 275 cq]bpw tkh\ \nIpXnbpw aq¶p hÀjt¯¡v 375 cq]bpw tkh\ \nIpXnbpamWv t]mfnknbpsS {]oaobw XpI.






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