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IŸWw ISen\¡sc Xs¶

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UÂln Ubdn / tPmÀPv IÅnhbenÂ

Fs´ms¡ taml§fmbncp¶p. shdpsX 15 e£w cq] hoXw In«nbm BcmWp kt´mjn¡m¯Xv? IŸWw apgph³ hosWvSSp¡psa¶pw C´ybnse Hmtcm ]uc\pw 15 e£w cq] hoXw In«psa¶pw tamln¸n¨Xp shdpsXbmcpaÃ, km£m \tc{µ tamZnbpw cmPv\mYv knwKpw \nXn³ KUvIcnbpw Xs¶. temI¯nse Gähpw henb P\m[n]Xy cmPys¯ ià\mb {][m\a{´nbpsSbpw a{´namcpsSbpw hmKvZm\w hnizkn¡msX XcanÃ.

taml§Ä apcSn¨p

hntZi¯pÅ IŸWw shdpw \qdp Znhkw sImWvSv C´ybn XncnsI sImWvSphcpsa¶p IqSn _nsP]n t\Xm¡Ä cmPyt¯mSp ]dªt¸mÄ ]eÀ¡pw km^eyambn. hcm\ncn¡p¶Xp \à Zn\§Ä, Asæn AÑm Zn³ Bt\ hme F¶pIqSn tamZn ]dbpt¼mÄ kncIfn càtbm«w IqSnbXpw tcmam©w DWvSmIp¶Xpw kzm`mhnIw. tIm¬{Kknsâ 60 hÀjs¯ ZpÀ`cW¯n \n¶p c£bpw At±lw tamln¸n¨p. taml§Ä F¶pw taml§fmbn am{Xw tijn¡ptamsb¶p P\w i¦n¨m Ct¸mÄ Ipäw ]dbm\mInÃ.

km[mcW¡mscbpw ]mh§sfbpw IÀjIscbpw Hs¡ {]bmk¯nem¡nb ap³ kÀ¡mcnsâ km¼¯nI \b§fn amäw {]Xo£n¨hÀ iXe£§fmbncp¶p. h¼³ tImÀ]tdäpIsfbpw Ip¯I apXemfnamscbpw klmbn¡m³ IÀjIscbpw km[mcW¡mscbpw _ensImSp¯ncp¶ \bkao]\§fn km[mcW¡mÀ a\waSp¯ncp¶p. sImSnb AgnaXnbpw Ahiykm[\§fpsS hne¡bähpw ImÀjntImXv]¶§fpsS hnebnSnhpw am[hv KmUvKnÂþ IkvXqcncwK³ t]msebpÅ dnt¸mÀ«pIfpw FÃmw tNÀ¶t¸mÄ cmPys¯ IÀjIcpw km[mcW¡mcpw ]pXnsbmcp kp{]`mXw tamln¨m Ipäw ]dbm\pamInÃmbncp¶p.

PetcJbmbn ambptam...?

henb P\]n´pWtbmsS tI{µ¯n A[nImc¯nse¯nb \tc{µ tamZn kÀ¡mÀ ]t£ Ct¸mÄ PetcJ t]mse amªpt]mIpIbmtWm F¶mWp ]ecpsSbpw i¦. ‘`cW¯nse¯nbn«v Bdp amkamIpt¼mgpw km¼¯nI \b§Ä AS¡w ]eXnepw tIm¬{Kkpw _nsP]nbpw X½n hyXymkw IsWvS¯pIsb¶Xmbn ZpjvIcw. adn¨v hmKvZm\§Ä ]men¡m¯Xn\p ]pXnb \ymb§Ä \nc¯m\mWp tamZn kÀ¡mcnsâ {iaw. Aw_m\namcpw AUm\namcpw tamZnbpsS {]nb¦ccmIp¶Xpw km[mcW¡mcpsS Dd¡w sISp¯pw.

\nIpXn \ÂImsX cmPy¯nsâ k¼ZvLS\sb t]mepw A«nadn¡p¶ IŸW¯nsâ tXmXp IrXyambn IW¡m¡m³ IgnbnÃ. hntZi_m¦pIfn am{Xw Npcp§nbXp 200 tImSn tUmfÀ Asæn 12,000 tImSn cq]bpsS IŸWw DsWvS¶mWv GItZi IW¡v. F¶mÂ, 84 e£w tImSn cq]bpsS (1.4 {Sney³ Asæn ]Xn¶membncw tImSn tUmfÀ) C´y³ IŸWw kznävkÀe³Unepw aäpambn DsWvS¶pw Nne dnt¸mÀ«pIfpWvSv.

\nIpXnsh«n¸n\mbn h³InS I¼\nIÄ kznkv _m¦pIsfbpw audojykv t]msebpÅ cmPy§sfbpw D]tbmKs¸Sp¯p¶Xv Hcp kÀ¡mcn\pw Adnbm¯XÃ. cmPys¯ km[mcW¡mcmb P\§Ä t]mepw ]et¸mgpw IŸW¯nsâ I®nIfmIp¶p. ‘`qan, hoSv, aäp sI«nS§Ä F¶n§s\ dnb FtÌäv I¨hS¯nemWp IŸW ssIamäw hfsc hym]IambpÅXv.

Hcp tImSnbpsStbm ]¯p e£¯nsâtbm `qan¡p ]IpXn hne tcJIfn ImWn¨p _m¡n ]IpXn IŸWambn am{Xw hm§p¶hcmWp an¡hcpw. kz´w Imcyw \S¡m³ F´p hn«phogvNbpw sN¿m³ \msaÃmw ]et¸mgpw XbmdmIp¶Xp h³InS IŸW¡mÀ¡p XpWbmIp¶p.

]pd¯p am{XaÃ, AI¯papWvSv

hntZi¯p am{XaÃ, cmPy¯n\I¯pw ]IpXntbmfw ]Ww IW¡n DÄs¡mÅn¡m¯, \nIpXn \ÂIm¯ IŸWamsW¶Xp cmPy¯nsâ kpc£sbhsc _m[n¡p¶XmWv. kÀ¡mcnsâ _Pänt\¡mÄ henb XpIbmWp IŸWambn ssIamäw sN¿s¸Sp¶sX¶mWp km¼¯nI hnZKv[cpsS hnebncp¯Â. \nIpXnsh«n¸n\p thWvSn Iůc¯n\v AdnªpsImWvSpXs¶ km[mcW¡mÀ t]mepw CcIfmIpIbpw sN¿p¶p.

]t£, IŸWw IsWvS¯n s]mXpJP\mhnte¡p apXÂIq«p¶Xns\¡pdn¨pÅ hmKvZm\§Ä tI«p henb {]Xo£tbmsS P\w A[nImc¯nteänb tI{µkÀ¡mÀ ae¡w adnbp¶Xp Zpc´amIpw. C¡mcy¯n ap³ kÀ¡mcns\ ]gn¨hÀ Ct¸mÄ AtX ]mX XpScp¶XmWp ]mÀesaânepw tImSXnbnepw ]pd¯psams¡ P\w IWvSXv. \qdp Znhk¯n\Iw IŸWw XncnsIsb¯n¡psa¶p _nsP]n {]IS\]{XnIbn Dd¸p\ÂInbn«nsöpw A{Xt¯mfw A]IzX X§Ä¡nsöpamWp ]mÀesaâdnImcy a{´n Fw. sh¦¿ \mbnUp temIvk`bn ]dªXv. {]IS\]{XnIbneÃ, A¶p _nsP]n A[y£\pw ]n¶oSp tamZn a{´nk`bnse cWvSma\mb B`y´c a{´nbpamb cmPv\mYv knwKv t\cn«mWv A¯csamcp hmKvZm\w \ÂInbsX¶ kXyw \mbnUphn\v Adnbmªn«Ã. _nsP]n {]knUânsâ hmKvZm\w {][m\a{´nØm\mÀYn tamZn At¸msgm¶pw \ntj[n¨XpanÃ.

I¸Â tIdmsX IŸWw

CtXmsS, \qdp Znhkw t]mbn«p \qdv BgvNItfm, amk§tfm Ignªmepw IŸWw sImWvSphcp¶ e£Wsam¶pw ImWm\nsöp _nsP]n¡mÀ¡p t]mepw t_m[yambn. F´nt\sd, kznkv _m¦neS¡w hntZi¯p IŸW \nt£]apÅhcpsS t]cphnhc§Ä t]mepw shfns¸Sp¯m³ kÀ¡mÀ Xbmdmbn«nÃ. t\ct¯ bp]nF kÀ¡mÀ ]dªXpXs¶bmWp F³UnF kÀ¡mcpw ]mÀesaân BhÀ¯n¨Xv. IŸWw s]s«¶p XncnsIsb¯n¡m\mhnsöp IqSn [\a{´n Acp¬ Pbväven aSnbnÃmsX ]dªp. IŸW¡mcpsS t]cpIÄ shfns¸Sp¯p¶Xp cmPym´c DS¼SnIÄs¡XncmIpsa¶ bp]nF kÀ¡mcnsâ hmZamWp tamZn kÀ¡mcpw BhÀ¯n¡p¶Xv. F¦nepw kÀ¡mÀ hm¡p]men¡psa¶ tamlw \ne\nÀ¯m\pw Pbväven ad¶n«nÃ. dpta\nb HgnsI 91 cmPy§fpambn DWvSm¡nb IcmÀ {]Imcw hnhc§Ä clkyam¡n hbv¡Ww. kznävkÀe³Unse F¨vFkv_nkn _m¦n \n¶pÅ 627 t]cpsS hnhc§Ä kp{]owtImSXnbnepw {]tXyI At\zjWkwL¯n\pw ssIamdnbn«pWvSv. CXn 427 t]cn \n¶p adp]Sn In«n. X§Ä¡p hntZi¯p \nt£]apsWvS¶v 250 t]À k½Xn¨n«pWvSv. Ipä]{Xw \ÂIpwap¼p kp{]owtImSXn¡p \ÂInb t]cpIÄ shfns¸Sp¯m\mhnÃ.

hm¡pamäw ]pXpabÃ

{]Xn]£¯ncn¡pt¼mÄ ]dbp¶ Imcy§Ä `cW¯nse¯pt¼mÄ ]men¡mXncn¡p¶Xv Gsd IWvS \mSmWp \½ptSXv. hmKvZm\§Ä ewLn¡m\pw \ne]mSpIfn ae¡w adnbm\pw cmjv{Sobt\Xm¡Ä¡v Dfp¸nÃ. hm¡tà amdm\mIq, ssIbpw Imepw amdm³ IgnbnÃtÃm F¶p Xami ]dbp¶Xpw HmÀ¡mXncn¡m\mInÃ. hntZis¯bpw kztZis¯bpw IŸWw hosWvSSp¡p¶ Imcy¯nepw hmKvZm\ewL\§fpw ae¡wadn¨nepw \S¯msX ‘`cW¡mÀ¡p c£bnÃ.

Ct¸mgs¯ cmjv{S]Xn {]Wm_v apJÀPn [\a{´nbmbncns¡ ]Xn\©mw temIvk`bn \ÂInb adp]Snbnsebpw bp]nF kÀ¡mÀ AhXcn¸n¨ [hf]{X¯nsebpw apJymwi§Ä Xs¶bmWp tamZnbpsS [\a{´nbpsS temIvk`bnse adp]SnbnepWvSmbncp¶Xv. B`y´c \nba§Ä cmPym´c \nba§fpambn H¯pt]mtIWvSXpsWvS¶p Pbväven ]dbp¶p. C¡mcy¯n ka{K kao]\amWp thWvSXv. kp{]ow tImSXnbnepw {]tXyI At\zjW kwL¯n\p ap¼msIbpw shfns¸Sp¯nb t]cpIÄ ]ckys¸Sp¯m³ Ignbnsöpw At±lw hniZoIcn¡p¶p. CtX hm¡pIfmWp t\ct¯ A¶s¯ [\a{´n {]Wm_v apJÀPnbpw ]dªXv. IŸW¡msc c£n¡m\mWp t]cpIÄ ]dbm¯sX¶mbncp¶p A¶p Pbvävenbpw Iq«cpw Btcm]n¨Xv.

IŸWw IsWvS¯m\pÅ At\zjWkwLw cq]oIcn¡m³ tamZn kÀ¡mcnsâ BZy a{´nk`mtbmK¯n¯s¶ Xocpam\n¨p F¶XmWp [\a{´n t\«ambn ]dªXv. kp{]ow tImSXnbpsS \nÀtZiw AwKoIcn¨v At\zjWkwL¯n\p cq]w \ÂIpIsb¦nepw sNbvXXp \¶mbn. IŸW¡mcpsS ]«nIbnepÅ 250 t]À \nIpXnsbmSp¡m³ CXn\Iw Xbmdmbn«pWvSv. F¶mÂ, B t]cpIÄ t]mepw shfns¸Sp¯m³ kÀ¡mÀ XbmdmbnÃ. FÃmw bYmkabw shfns¸Sp¯psa¶ hmKvZm\apWvSv. \ngÂt]mse ]n´pScpatÃm hmKvZm\§Ä. \qdp Znhk¯n\pÅn IŸWw XncnsIsb¯n¡psa¶p cmPysa§pw \S¶p \tc{µ tamZn hmKvZm\w sNbvXp P\§sf kaÀYambn I_fn¸n¡pIbmbncp¶p F¶mWp {]Xn]£ t\Xm¡Ä Ipäs¸Sp¯nbXv. sXämb hmKvZm\§fpw AkXy§fpw ]dªXn\p {][m\a{´n tamZnbpw a{´namcmb cmPv\mYv knwKpw \nXn³ KUvIcnbpw am¸p]dbWsa¶p temIvk`bnse tIm¬{Kkv t\Xmhv aÃnImÀPp³ JmÀsKbpw cmPyk`bnse ]mÀ«nbpsS D]t\Xmhv B\µv iÀabpw Bhiys¸«p.

kvacW thWw, kvacW!

A[nImc¯nse¯n \qdp Znhk¯n\pÅn IŸWw XncnsIsb¯n¡psa¶mbncp¶p \n§fpsS {][m\ {]NmcWsa¶p JmÀsKbpw B\µv iÀabpw thWptKm]mepw ]mÀesaânse {]kwK¯n NqWvSn¡m«n. Ct¸mÄ \n§Ä {][m\a{´nbmWv. FÃm A[nImc§fpapWvSv. ]dªXpt]mse sN¿pIbmWp thWvSsX¶p apembw knwKv bmZhv, sI.kn. thWptKm]mÂ, apl½Zv kenw, C.Sn. apl½Zv _joÀ, kn.F³. PbtZh³, kpZo]v _tµm]m[ymb XpS§nbhcpw Bhiys¸«p. `cn¨hÀ {]Xn]£¯pw {]Xn]£w `cW¯nepsa¯nbt¸mÄ ]dbp¶sXÃmw ]ckv]cw t\tc XeXncnªXn \ãw P\¯n\p am{Xw.

]t£, {]tem`n¸n¡p¶ I]ShmKvZm\§Ä \ÂIn P\§sf hnUvVnIfm¡p¶Xnt\mSp tbmPn¡m\mInÃ. h³InS tImÀ]tdäpIfpw cmjv{Sob¡mcnsebpw DtZymKØcnsebpw Hcp {]_e hn`mKhpw cmPys¯bpw km[mcW P\§sfbpw NqjWw sNbvXp XSn¨psImgp¡p¶ \ne AXy´w B]XvIcamWv. cmPys¯ IŸW¯nsâ _Z k¼ZvLS\bpsS ASnthcdp¡m³ cmjv{Sobw amänh¨p Iq«mb {iaamWv Bhiyw.


kmÀ¡n\p {]kàn \ãs¸Spt¶m?

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tUm. kt´mjv thc\m\n

Z£ntWjy³ cmPy§fpsS Iq«mbvabmb kmÀ¡nsâ 18þmw D¨tImSn t\¸mÄ XeØm\amb ImTvaÞphn sImSnbnd§nbncn¡pt¼mÄ AXnsâ {]kànXs¶ tNmZyw sN¿pIbmWv A´ÀtZiob hnZKv[À. C´ybpw ]m¡nØm\pw A[oiXzw ]peÀ¯p¶ F«p cmjv{S§fpsS {]mtZinI Iq«mbvabnÂ, ChÀ X½nepÅ XÀ¡§Ä aqew \nÀWmbIamb Xocpam\§Ä ]eXpw amänhbvt¡WvSnhcp¶psh¶mWp aäp cmjv{S§fpsS ]cn`hw.

\hw_À 26, 27 XobXnIÄ D¨tImSn¡p sXcsªSp¯Xp Xs¶ sXämbnt¸msb¶p Nn´n¡p¶hcmWp \bX{´ hnZKv[cn Hcp hn`mKw. ]m¡nØm³ kvt]m¬kÀ sNbvsX¶v C´y NqWvSn¡m«p¶ apàymÀ bp²w apwss_bn Act§dnbXnsâ hmÀjnIZn\¯nepÅ D¨tImSnbpw AXn\nSbnepWvSmtb¡mhp¶ C´yþ]mIv {][m\a{´namcpsS Be¦mcnI IqSn¡mgvNbpw Hgnhmt¡WvSXpXs¶bmbncp¶p F¶mWv AhcpsS A`n{]mbw.

D¨tImSn kam]\thfbn C´y³ {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZnbpw ]m¡nØm³ {][m\a{´n \hmkv jco^pw X½n lkvXZm\w \S¯nsb¦nepw ^e{]Zamb {]Jym]\§sfm¶pw ImTvaÞphnÂ\n¶pWvSmbnÃ. \nÀWmbIamb aq¶v DS¼SnIfn DuÀPhn\nab klIcW Icmdn H¸nSm³ am{XamWp kmÀIv Xeh·mÀ¡p km[n¨Xv. sdbnÂþtdmUv DS¼Snbpw, kmÀIv tamt«mÀ shln¡nÄ DS¼Snbpw amänhbvt¡WvSnh¶Xv D¨tImSnbpsS \ndwsISp¯n.

kmÀ¡nsâ H¼Xp \nco£I cmjv{S§fnsem¶mb ssN\bv¡p kwLS\bn k¼qÀW AwKXzw sImSp¡Wsa¶p hmZn¨p ]m¡nØm\pw t\¸mfnse apJy[mcm cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nIfpw C´ysb IS¶m{Ian¡m\pw D¨tImSnbn ad¶nÃ. t\¸mÄ `cWLS\m k`bpambn _Ôs¸«p tamZnbpsS A\hkc¯nepÅ Nne {]kvXmh\Isf t\¸mfnse Im´n]pÀ AS¡apÅ Nne ]{X§Ä \ninXambn hnaÀin¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

temIhnkvXrXnbpsS \mep iXam\w am{Xta C´ym D]`qJÞ¯nsâ hnkvXrXn hcp¶pÅpsh¦nepw temI¯nse sam¯w P\kwJybpsS 22 iXam\¯ne[nIw DÄs¡mÅp¶ taJebmWnXv. AtXkabw, k_v klmd³ B{^n¡³ D]`qJÞw Ignªm Gähpw hnIkzcamb {]tZihpamWnXv. temI¯v Gähpa[nIw Zcn{ZÀ Xn§n¸mÀ¡p¶ Z£ntWjybmWv Gähpw sFIyanÃm¯ {]tZihpw. F«p Z£ntWjy³ cmPy§fn csWvS®w (C´ybpw ]m¡nØm\pw) {]Jym]nX BWhcmjv{S§fpamWv. AtXkabw, temIs¯ sR«n¡p¶ `oIcþhn[zwkI {]hÀ¯IcpsS hnf\nebambpw C´ym D]`qJÞw Adnbs¸Sp¶p. 2007þ am{Xw kmÀ¡n AwKXzsaSp¯ A^vKm\nØm\nse B`y´chpw cmjv{Sobhpamb A\nÝnXXz§fpw kmÀIv t\cnSp¶ asämcp XethZ\bmWv.

C´ym tI{µoIrXamb kmÀIv kwLS\bn AXnsâ hnkvXrXnbpsSbpw P\kwJybpsSbpw tZiobhcpam\¯nsâbpsams¡ ImcysaSp¯m \men aq¶pw DÄs¡mÅp¶Xp `mcX¯nemWv. 150 tImSnbne[nIw P\§Ä DÄs¡mÅp¶ kmÀIv Iq«mbvabnte¡p ssN\bpsS I®phcp¶XmWv C´y Cu D¨tImSnbn t\cn« Gähpw henb shÃphnfn. C´ym almkap{Zs¯ hfªpsImWvSpÅ ssN\bpsS \mhnI ]cn]mSnbmb ‘kv{]nwKv Hm^v t]fn CXn\IwXs¶ ]¦mfnIfmWp ]m¡nØm\pw _w¥mtZipw {ioe¦bpw ameZzo]psaÃmw.

AXpsImWvSpXs¶bmWp ssN\bpsS HutZymKnI hmÀ¯m GP³knbmb ‘kn³lph’ C´y HgnsIbpÅ cmPy§sfÃmw kmÀ¡nte¡p ssN\bpsS IS¶phchns\ ]n´pWbv¡p¶psh¶v BhÀ¯n¡p¶Xv.

\mepamk¯n\nsS {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZnbpsS cWvSmas¯ t\¸mÄ kµÀi\ambncp¶p CXv. ]ckv]c KXmKX _豈 Ipdhmb CcpcmPy§sfbpw _Ôn¸n¨psImWvSpÅ UÂlnþImTvaÞp ]ip]Xn FIvkv{]kv F¶ _kv kÀhokn\p XpS¡wIpdn¡m³ km[n¨Xp ]pXnsbmcp ImÂhbv]mbn. F¶mÂ, FÃmhcpw {]Xo£n¨ncp¶ kmÀIv tamt«mÀ shln¡nÄ GP³knbpsS {]Jym]\w ]m¡nØmsâ FXnÀ¸ns\¯pSÀ¶p amänhbvt¡WvSXmbpw h¶p. tamZn XpS¡¯n¯s¶ {]Jym]n¨ kmÀIv kmässeäv klIcWw CâÀs\ävþ hmÀ¯mhn\nab cwK¯p IpXn¨pNm«¯n\v CSbm¡ntb¡mw. UÂln BØm\ambpÅ Z£ntWjym kÀhIemimebpsS {]hÀ¯\w DuÀPnXs¸Sp¯m\pw ]Xns\«mw D¨tImSnbn Xocpam\amhpIbpapWvSmbn.

kmÀIv {]mtZinI tI{µ§fpsS F®w ]Xns\m¶nÂ\n¶v A©mbn Npcp¡n AXns\ iàns¸Sp¯m\pÅ \o¡hpw kt½f\¯nepWvSmbn. `q«m\nse h\KthjW tI{µw, ameZzo]nepÅ tImÌ UnkmÌÀ skâÀ, [m¡bn ØnXnsN¿p¶ ImemhØm ]T\tI{µw XpS§nbh Hä¡pS¡ognem¡n kmÀIv F³htbm¬saâv skâÀ F¶ t]cnem¡m\pÅ Xocpam\hpw D¨tImSnbnepWvSmbn. AtXmsSm¸w CÉmam_mZnepÅ kmÀIv am\hhn`htijn tI{µhpw UÂlnbnepÅ tUmIypsatâj³ skâdpw {]hÀ¯\w Ahkm\n¸n¨p \yqUÂln tI{µambpÅ ku¯v Gjy³ bqWnthgvknän iàns¸Sp¯m\pw Xocpam\ambn.

Z£ntWjy³ cmPy§Ä X½n tbmPn¸n\pÅ {][m\ XSkw tamiamb sdbnÂþtdmUv irwJebmWv. ssN\ CXn\Iw Bcw`n¨p Ignª kn¡v tdmUv ]²XnbpsS amXrIbn Z£ntWjy³ sdbnÂþtdmUv irwJe ]pãns¸Sp¯m³ ]pXnb DS¼Sn¡p Ignbpw. \nehn Z£ntWjy³ cmPy§fpsS A´ÀtZiob hym]mc¯nsâ 95 iXam\hpw taJebv¡p ]pd¯pÅ cmPy§fpambmWv. Sqdnkw cwK¯pw aäpw C´ybpw t\¸mfpw apt¼m«pt]mIp¶ _p²nÌv Sqdnkw kÀIyq«v t]mepÅ ]²XnIÄ ]cnt]mjn¸n¡pI hgn am{Xta XIÀ¶pInS¡p¶ _豈 sa¨s¸Sp¯m³ km[n¡q.

1947 amÀ¨v, G{]n amk§fn CS¡me {][m\a{´nbmbncp¶ PhlÀem s\lvdp hnfn¨ptNÀ¯ Gjy³ dntej³kv tIm¬^d³kv BWv 1980 Ifn kmÀ¡nsâ _oPmhm]¯n\p ImcWambXv. _w¥mtZiv {]knUâmbncp¶ knbmhpÀ dlvamsâ (kmÀ¡nsâ ]nXmhv) ap³ssIbn \S¶ kt½f\w, 1981þse sImfwt_m aoänwKv, AXns\¯pSÀ¶pÅ 1983þse UÂln kt½f\w F¶nhsbms¡bmbncp¶p kmÀ¡n\v ASn¯dbn«Xv. 1985 Unkw_À F«n\p UÂln kmÀIv NmÀ«dn\v HutZymKnI AwKoImchpw \ÂIpIbpWvSmbn.

F«v AwKcmPy§fpw H¼Xp \nco£IcpapÅ Z£ntWjy³ Iq«mbva cmPy§fpsS ]ckv]c hnizmk cmlnXyw kwLS\sb F¶pw ]nt¶m«Sn¡p¶Xn {][m\ ImcWamWv. AXpsImWvSpXs¶bmWp km¼¯nI klIcW¯n\p taJebnse cmPy§Ä cq]wsImSp¯ FkvFF^vSnF (ku¯v Gjy³ {^o t{SUv F{Knsaâv) C¶pw ssiihmhØbn \n¡p¶Xv. aäp taJem km¼¯nI DS¼SnIfmb F³FF^vSnF, FFkvCFF³þ F^vSnF Hs¡ Gsd apt¼m«pt]msb¦nepw FkvFF^vSnFbpw AXnsâ apt¶mSnbmb ku¯v Gjy³ {]n^d³jy t{SUv F{Knsaâv (FkvF]nSnF) Hs¡bpw C¶pw {^okdn¯s¶bmWv.

kam[m\¯n\pw kar²n¡pambn Bg¯nepÅ DZv{KY\w F¶ {]tab¯neq¶nbmbncp¶p ]Xns\«mw kmÀIv D¨tImSn \S¶Xv. CXv F{Xt¯mfw A\zÀYambn F¶Xp ]¯¼Xmw D¨tImSn CÉmam_mZn 2016þ \S¡pt¼msg¦nepw a\knem¡m³ Ignbpsa¶p \ap¡p {]Xymin¡mw. GXmbmepw kmÀ¡nsâ aq¶mw ]XnämWvSnte¡pÅ ImÂhbv]v kpJcamhnà F¶Xpd¸mWv.


BÄssZh§fpw ssZhnI BfpIfpw

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Pn. A¿t\¯v

b£n, `qX, t{]XmZnIfmbncp¶p HcpIme¯p \mSns\ hnd¸n¨ncp¶Xv. \msSÃmw \Kcambns¡mWvSncn¡pt¼mÄ Ahbpw \mSp\o§ns¡mWvSncn¡p¶p. AhbpsS Øm\¯v BÄssZh§Ä AhXcn¡m³ XpS§n. AhcmWnt¸mÄ \mSns\ _m[n¨ncn¡p¶ _m[. AÔhnizmk§fpsSbpw I]S`ànbpsSbpw amÀ¡äv AZriy`qX§fnÂ\n¶v BÄssZh§Ä ]nSns¨Sp¯ncn¡pIbmWv.

Ignª Ac\qämWvSp ImesaSp¯m `mcXob `ànamÀ¡än BÄssZh§fpsS XÅn¡bäambncp¶p F¶p ImWmw. am{Xaà AhÀ X§fpsS `ànkm{amPyw tUmfdnte¡pw ]uWvSnte¡pw bqtdmbnte¡psams¡ hym]n¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. _m_bpw _m]phpw ZmZmbpw amXmbpw k´pw kzmanbpw BNmcybpw Kpcphpsams¡bmbn AhÀ thj¸IÀ¨ \S¯n. `oam\µ almcmPm, N{µkzman, Bimdmw _m¸p, dmw dlow knwKv, kZmNmcn, cP\ojv, \nXym\µ, t{]am\µ, {i²m\µ, PvRm\ssNX\y, dmw]mÂ, dmwtZhv F¶n§s\ \ofp¶p ChcpsS AhXmccq]§Ä. Chscms¡ h³tXm¡pIÄ. F¶mÂ, ChcpsS Bbnc¡W¡n\p sNdnb ]Xn¸pIÄ FÃm aX§fnepapWvSv. AhÀ aX§fpsS ad]än a\pjysc ]än¡pIbmWv.

`ànbpsSbpw kmaqlytkh\¯nsâbpw ]pIad krãn¨v Cu BÄssZh§Ä sshIrX§fpsS henb km{amPy§Ä ]Sp¯pbÀ¯n, A\mNmc§fpsSbpw AÔhnizmk§fpsSbpw sshIrX§Ä, ssewKnIsshIrX§Ä, km¼¯nI {Iat¡SpIÄ, Bßobhpw _u²nIhpw imcocnIhpamb ASna¯w F¶n§s\ ]eXpw. aXZÀi\§fpw BNmc§fpw X§Ä¡pXIpwhn[w hfs¨mSn¡p¶ C§s\bpÅ skÎpIfnte¡p a\pjyÀ BIÀjn¡s¸Sp¶Xp hnhn[ ImcW§fmemWv. NneÀ cmjv{Sob t\«¯n\pthWvSnbpw aäp NneÀ _nkn\kv XmXv]cy§Ä¡mbpw thtd NneÀ \nba§Ä adnIS¶p X§fpsS kz`mh sshIrX§fn sskzchnlmcw \S¯m³thWvSnbpw.

]t£, _lp`qcn]£w hcp¶ aä\pbmbnIfmIs« IYbdnbmsX I_fn¸n¡s¸SpIbmWv. BÄssZh§Ä krãn¡p¶ ssZhnI ]cnthj¯nsâ Xobnte¡v BIÀjn¡s¸Sp¶ shdpw Cubmw]mäIfmWhÀ. ss\anjnIt\«§Ä¡pw D·mZ§Ä¡pw ]ndtIt]mIp¶ AhÀ {ItaW skÎnsâ hocmcm[\bnepw B`nNmchr¯nIfnepw am\knIambn ASnas¸Sp¶p. B{Kln¨mÂt¸mepw ]n¶oSv AXnÂ\n¶p ]pd¯phcm³ Ignbm¯hn[w Xo{hambncn¡pw AhcpsS Bßob ASna¯w.

BßobX a\pjys\ kzX{´\m¡m\mWv, ASnabm¡m\Ã. t]meokv \S]Snsb¯pSÀ¶p dmw]mensâ B{ia tIm«bv¡pÅnÂ\n¶p ]pd¯ph¶hÀ X§sf AXn XShnem¡nh¨Xnsâ IYIÄ am[ya§tfmSp ]dbpIbpWvSmbn.

{ioi¦cmNmcycpw {iocmaIrjvW ]calwk\pw kzman hnthIm\µ\psams¡ a\pjysc Bßobambn ASnabm¡nbhcÃ, kzX{´cm¡nbhcmWv. AhÀ Ahti¸n¨pt]mb D¶Xamb Kpcpk¦ev]apWvSv. AXn³{]Imcw Kpcp Hcphs\ Cuizc\nte¡p \bn¡p¶ tKmthWnbmWv. AÃmsX BÄssZh§sft¸mse sIWnbÃ. sIWnbmbn amdnbXpsImWvSmWv Kpcp k©b¯n\pw k¦ev]¯n\pw C¶p tZiob þ A´ÀtZiob Xe§fn CSnhp kw`hn¨ncn¡p¶Xv.

Kpcpsh¶p tI«m C¶p hntZinIÄ kwibZrãntbmsSbmWv AXns\ kao]n¡p¶Xv. skÎpw IÄ«pambn a\pjys\ aX§fpsS apJy[mcbnÂ\n¶v AIäp¶ Kpcphnsâ hnIeamb Nn{XamWv BÄssZh§Ä temI¯n\p \ÂInbXv. C§s\bpÅ KpcpsIWnbnÂ\n¶p ]pd¯pIS¶ ]ecpw X§fpsS Bßob ASna¯¯nsâ Zpc´IYIÄ am[ya§fneqsS temI¯n\p ap¶n Xpd¶ph¨p. CXp `mcXob sslµh kwkvImc¯n\pXs¶bpw tIm«whcp¯nbn«pWvSv. AXpsImWvSmWv C§s\bpÅ BÄssZh§sf bYmÀY k\ymknamcpw BNmcy·mcpw aX]ÞnX·mcpw \ntj[n¡p¶Xv.

BÄssZh§sfbpw ssZhnI BfpIsfbpw thÀXncn¨pImtWWvSXpWvSv. ssZht¯mfw X§fmsb¶p kzbw BfmIp¶hcmWv BÄssZh§Ä. ssZhnI BfpIfmIs« BfpIsf ssZh¯nte¡p \bn¡m³ kzbw sNdpXmIp¶hcmWv. AhÀ kzbw sNdpXmIpt¼mÄ temIw Ahsc ssZhnIsc¶p Xncn¨dnbpw. Nnesc temIw Xncn¨dnªXv AhcpsS acWtijwt]mepamWv. BÄssZh§sft¸mse kz´w km{amPyhpw k¼Zvkar²nbpw kpc£mkwhn[m\§fpw kmbp[ ssk\nIcpsam¶pw AhÀ¡nÃ. Bßob B[nImcnIXbpw kmaqly {]Xn_²XbpamWv AhcpsS iàn.

C§s\bpÅhÀ C¶pw FÃm aX§fnepapWvSv. ]t£, Ahsc a\x]qÀhw AhKWn¨v BÄssZh§sf hfÀ¯p¶ I¨hS, {Inan\Â, cmjvv{Sob am^nb \½psS \m«n {]_eamWv. I¨hS¡mÀ¡v AhcpsS _nkn\kv km{amPyw hfÀ¯m³, {Inan\epIÄ¡v AhcpsS kmaqlyhncp² {]hr¯nIÄ BßobXbpsS adhn \nÀ_m[w sN¿m³, cmjvv{Sob¡mÀ¡v A\pbmbnIsf¡q«n thm«p_m¦v hÀ[n¸n¡m³... ChÀs¡Ãmw BÄssZh§sfs¡mWvSv BhiyapWvSv. ChcpsSsbms¡ klmbanÃmsX Hcp dmw]men\pw ChnsS \nbas¯ shÃphnfn¨p hfcm³ IgnbnÃ.

tImSXnIÄ t\cn«nSs]«mWv ChscsbÃmw \nba¯nsâ ap¶n sImWvSph¶n«pÅXv. F¶mÂ, AXn ]ecpw cmjv{Sob kz[o\w D]tbmKn¨p \nba¯nsâ ]gpXpIfneqsS c£s¸«n«pWvSv. BÄssZh§sf \nba¯nsâ ap¶n sImWvSph¶p amXrIm]cambn in£n¡m\pÅ BÀPhw tImSXnbpw cmjv{Sob A[nImcnIfpw ImWn¡Ww.

hnizmkh©\, \nba\ntj[w, km¼¯nI {Iat¡SpIÄ, ssewKnI NqjWw, A{Iaw, sIme]mXIw, cmPyt{Zmlw F¶n§s\ BÄssZh§sf Npän¸än Act§dp¶ IpäIrXy§Ä \nch[nbmWv. CXns\ FXnÀ¡p¶hsc GsX¦nepw Hcp {]tXyI aXZÀi\§sftbm BNmc§sftbm FXnÀ¡p¶hcmbn ap{ZbSn¡m\pÅ {]hWXbpWvSv. aXhnImc§sf {hWs¸Sp¯p¶Xmbn Btcm]n¨p km[mcW hnizmknIsf X§fpsS IqsS \nÀ¯m\pÅ BÄssZh§fpsS AShmWXv. CXp Xncn¨dnªv A¯c¡msc XÅn¸dbm³ \à aXhnizmknIÄ¡p IgnbWw. BÄssZh§sf AÔambn A\pKan¡p¶hÀ¡v Hcp aX¯nsâbpw hàm¡fmIm\pÅ AhImianÃ.

AXXp aX§fpsS ZÀi\§sfbpw BNmc§sfbpw Zpcp]tbmKn¨pÅ BÄssZh§fpsS Cu Ifn AhbpsS \mi¯nte¡mWp \bn¡p¶Xv. C§s\bpÅ {]hWXItfmSpÅ adpXen¸mbn«mWp ]e cmPy§fnepw aX\ntj[hpw \nµbpw \ncoizchmZhpsams¡ hfÀ¶n«pÅXv. CXp \s½ ]Tn¸n¡p¶ Hcp Ncn{X kXyapWvSv. BÄssZh§Ä aX§fpsS aqSpam´p¶ IpewIp¯nIfmWv. AhÀ aX§Ä¡pÅnencp¶p aX§fpsS aqSpam´p¶p. ]pdta\n¶pÅ iànIÄ¡p sN¿mhp¶Xnepw henb t{ZmlamWv ChÀ aX§tfmSp sN¿p¶Xv. aXkwc£Isc¶ hymtP\ Nne cmjvv{Sob ]mÀ«nIfpw BÄssZh§sf D]tbmKn¨p X§fpsS cmjvv{Sob e£y§Ä¡pthWvSn aXs¯ Zpcp]tbmKn¡pIbmWv. AXp aX§fpsS \mi¯nembncn¡pw sN¶hkm\n¡p¶Xv.

`mcX¯nsâ X\Xmb tbmKbpw [ym\coXnIfpw a{´§fpw `P\bpw BbpÀthZhpsaÃmw I¨hS¨c¡pIfm¡n amäp¶ Hcp henb At[mtemI irwJeXs¶ hfÀ¶ph¶n«pWvSv. Ahbn an¡Xpw sNdpXpw hepXpamb BÄssZh§tfmS\p_Ôn¨mWv hfÀ¶n«pÅXv. lnµp[Àat¯mtSm ZÀi\§tfmtSm GsX¦nepw {]Xn_²XbpsWvS¦n _nsP]n F¶Ã Hcp cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nbpw kwLS\bpw Cu {]hWXsb A\pIqen¡cpXv. aXhnImcanf¡n kz´w km{amPyw hepXm¡p¶ BÄssZh§sf Häs¡«mbn FXnÀ¡mw. AtXkabw ssZhnI BfpIsf BZcn¡pIbpw A\pKan¡pIbpw BNmcy, Kpcp Øm\§fn {]XnjvTn¡pIbpw sN¿mw.


]mäm D¸nen«Xv, ]gpXmc hdp¯Xv!

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Hu«v Hm^v td©v / tPm¬k¬ ]qh´pcp¯v

ho«nse ko\nbÀ ]qh³tImgn \o«nIqhp¶Xp tI«psImWvSmWp Nmt¡m¨³ I®pXpd¶Xv. B Iqhen\v Hcp bm{X tNmZn¡ensâ kzcaptWvSm ? Cu Iqh C\n F{X \mÄ...? Nmt¡m¨³ ]Xnsb P\ Xpd¶p ]pdt¯¡p t\m¡n. \me©p ]nSt¡mgnIÄ AS§p¶ kwLhpambn Hcp tImgn]£bm{Xbmbn apät¯¡p hcnIbmWp ]qh³ kJmhv. P\ Xpd¡p¶ i_vZw tI«psImWvSmtWmsb¶dnbnÃ, Ah³ Hcn¡ÂIqSn \o«nIqhn. ap{ZmhmIyw hnfn¨p ]gInb kJmhns\t¸mse \à sXfnª IqhÂ, F¦nepw Nmt¡m¨³ ]dªp: NndIpw hncn¨p apä¯p\n¡msX ]ndIphis¯§m\pw t]mbn Hfnt¨m. ]£n¸\n kvIzmUv Cd§nbn«pWvSv, Ahsc§m\pw IWvSm \ns¶sbms¡ \nÀ¯n I¯n¡pw.

]t£, aebmfw A{X ]nSnbnÃmªn«mtWmsb¶dnbnÃ, ]qh³ IqkenÃm¯ amthmbnÌns\t¸mse AhnsS¯s¶ Npän¯ncnªp. Adnbm¯ tImgn Xo]nSn¡pt¼mÄ ]Tnt¨mfpsa¶p Iaâv ]mkm¡n Nmt¡m¨³ hgnbntem«nd§n.

PwKvj\nse _Ôphnsâ tImgn¡SbmWp e£yw. ]£n¸\n hmÀ¯ h¶tXmsS IS ]q«nt¸mb I£nsb Fs´¦nepw ]dsªm¶mizkn¸n¡Ww. ]t£, sN¶t¸mÄ IS ]q«nbn«nsöp am{Xaà tImgn hm§m³ H¶p cWvSp t]À IyqhnepapWvSv. ]£n¸\n t]Sn¨p \m«pImcp apgph³ tImgnsbbpw Xmdmhns\bpsams¡ ImWpt¼mÄ HmSn c£s¸Sp¶Xn\nSbn Hcp t]SnbpanÃmsX tImgn hm§m³ \n¡p¶ Ch³amcpsS ss[cyw `b¦cw Xs¶.

Hcp]t£, ]£n¸\n aqew hne IpdªXp apXem¡ms\¯nb tImgn{]nb³amcmbncn¡pw. "\nsâ tImgnsbÃmw hm§m\mfnÃmsX ChnsS InS¶p NmIpatÃm Ft¶mÀ¯p hnjan¨m Rm³ h¶Xv...'þ CXpw ]dªp Nmt¡m¨³ tImgnhm§m³ h¶hsc angn¨pt\m¡n. Nmt¡m¨sâ t\m«w IWvSn«mhWw, tImgn¡S¡mc³ hniZoIcn¨p: Nmt¡m¨m, ]£n¸\nbmsW¶p aebmfn¡tà Adnbq, Chcp _wKmfnIfm. Ch³amÀ aebmfw ]Tn¡p¶Xphsc ]£n¸\nbÃ, b£n¸\n h¶mepw t\m t{]m»w!

]mhw aebmfnbpsS ØnXn C¯ncn IjvSw Xs¶. Imfbnd¨nbpw t]m¯nd¨nbpw Xn¶m³ t]Sn, Ft¸mgm B{´mIvknsâ hcsh¶p ]dbm³ ]änÃ. am¼gw IWvSm hmbn shÅaqdp¶Xp sImÅmw, kwKXn ImÀss_Unsâ _ÔphmWv. C\n ap´ncnbmsW¦n hnj¯n \ocm«pw IgnªmWv F¯p¶Xv. B¸nfn ISn¨m Ìn¡dpw sagpIpw. ssIX¨¡bnemsW¦n cmkhkvXphnsâ ssItbäw. ]¨¡dn ASp¯ ]©mb¯n F¯pt¼mtg IoS\min\nbpsS \mäw, CsXm¶pw thWvS, C¯ncn ao³ hm§n Iq«msa¶p IcpXnbm AtamWnb `ojWn. HSphnenXm, Xmdmhn\pw tImgn¡pw ]£n¸\n, ap«bnemsW¦n sshdknsâ Iq«B{IaWhpw!

kXy¯n aebmfn¡p a\xkam[m\t¯msS Ign¡m³ ]änb Fs´¦nepw kwKXn Cu \m«n DtWvSm ? At\zjn¨n«v C¡mcy¯n C\n Hcp hgntb Ahtijn¡p¶pÅq. No¸n\pw tkm¸n\pw Nmbt¡m¸bv¡pw hsc ssN\bntem«p t\m¡p¶ aebmfn C\n Xoä¡mcy¯nepw ssN\okv tamU kzoIcnt¡WvSn ht¶¡pw. ]mäm D¸nen«Xpw ]Ãnss{^bpw ]gpXmc hdp¯Xpw sNmdnb³]pgp s]mcn¨Xpsams¡ ]co£n¡m³ kabamsb¶p tXm¶p¶p. kÀ¡mcnt\mSv Hcp At]£, Hcp kÀhI£nkwLs¯ CtX¡pdns¨m¶p ]Tn¡m\pw Ign¡m\pw ssN\bnte¡p hn«pIqtS, ssN\ BbXn\m {]Xn]£¯n\pw FXnÀ¸pWvSmhnÃ!






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