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C´y³ P\m[n]Xy¯nsâ hnip²]pkvXIw `cWLS\

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Adp]¯mdmw dn¸»nIv Zn\w {]amWn¨p cmjv{S]Xn {]Wm_v apJÀPn cmjv{St¯mSmbn \S¯nb {]kwKw.

Fsâ kl]uc·mtc,

Adp]¯mdmw dn¸»nIv Zn\¯nsâ Xte¶mÄ, C´ybnepw hntZi¯papÅ \n§Äs¡ÃmhÀ¡pw Rm³ Dujvafamb BiwkIÄ t\cp¶p. kmbp[tk\Ifnsebpw AÀ[ssk\nI hn`mK§fnsebpw B`y´c kpc£m tk\Ifnsebpw AwK§sf Rm³ {]tXyIambn A`nhmZyw sN¿p¶p.

B[p\nI C´y P·w sImWvS \mÄ F¶ \nebv¡p P\phcn 26\v \½psS tZiob kvarXn]Y¯n A\izcamb Øm\apWvSv. almßmKmÔnbpsS [mÀanI, cmjv{Sob t\XrXz¯n\p Iogn \mjW tIm¬{Kkv {_n«ojv `cW¯n \n¶p ]qÀW kzmX{´yw Bhiys¸Sp¶ ]qÀW kzcmPv {]tabw 1929 Unkw_dn ]mkm¡n. 1930 P\phcn 26\v kzmX{´yZn\sa¶ \nebn KmÔnPn tZihym]Iambn BtLmj]cn]mSnIÄ kwLSn¸n¨p. A¶p apX FÃm hÀjhpw CtX Znhkw kzmX{´yw e`n¡pwhsc kzmX{´ykacw XpScpsa¶p cmPysam¶S¦w {]XnÚsbSp¯p t]m¶p.

IrXyw 20 hÀj¯n\ptijw, 1950Â, `cWLS\sb¶ \½psS B[p\nIXbpsS {]amW]{X¯n\p \mw AwKoImcw \ÂIn. CXn\pw cWvSp hÀjw ap¼v KmÔnPn ZmcpWambn càkm£nXzw hcns¨¦nepw, C¶s¯ temI¯v C´ysb Hcp BZÀiamXrIbm¡n XoÀ¯ `cWLS\bpsS N«¡qSv At±l¯nsâ X¯zimkv{X§fnÂ\n¶p \nÀans¨Sp¯Xmbncp¶p. AXnsâ k¯ \mep X¯z§fn A[njvTnXamWv: P\m[n]Xyw, hnizmk kzmX{´yw, enwKkaXzw; ISp¯ Zmcn{Zy¯nÂs]«pgep¶hÀ¡p km¼¯nI D¶Xn. ChsbÃmw `cWLS\m]camb _m[yXIfm¡s¸«p. cmPys¯ `cWm[nImcnIÄ¡p KmÔnPn \ÂInb efnXhpw iàhpamb `mKykqàw Rm³ D²cn¡s«: \n§Ä Ft¸msgms¡ kwibm[o\\mIp¶pthm, At¸mÄ \n§Ä IWvSn«pÅ Cu cmPys¯ Gähpw Zcn{Z\pw ZpÀ_e\pamb a\pjysâ apJw HmÀ¡pI, F¶n«p kzbw tNmZn¡pI, CXp hni¡p¶hcpw Bßob]camb ]«nWn A\p`hn¡p¶hcpamb Zie£¡W¡n\mfpIfpsS kzmX{´y¯nte¡p \bn¡ptam? ka{K hnIk\¯neqsS Zmcn{Zy \nÀamÀP\w \S¯p¶Xn\pÅ \½psS \nÝbZmÀVyw Cu hgn¡pÅ NphSphbv]mIWw.

t]mbhÀjw ]ehn[¯n khntijambncp¶p. {]tXyIX Fs´¶mÂ, aq¶p Zim_vZ¯n\ptijw cmPys¯ P\§Ä Hcp ]mÀ«n¡v Häbv¡p `qcn]£w \ÂIn kpØnc Kh¬saâv DWvSm¡p¶Xn\v A[nImc¯nteäpIbpw AXphgn cmPys¯ `cWs¯ Iq«pI£n cmjv{Sob¯nsâ k½ÀZ§fn \n¶p tamNn¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. CXneqsS sXcsªSp¡s¸« Kh¬saân\v AhcpsS `qcn]£w D]tbmKn¨v, P\§Ä¡p \ÂInb hmKvZm\§Ä \ndthäp¶Xn\pÅ \b§Ä cq]oIcn¡p¶Xn\pw \nba\nÀamWw \S¯n Cu \b§Ä \S¸nem¡p¶Xn\papÅ A[nImcw \ÂIn. thm«ÀamÀ AhcpsS NpaXe \nÀhln¨p; C\n AhcpsS hnizmks¯ BZcn¡pIsb¶Xp sXcsªSp¡s¸«hcpsS ISabmWv.

{]hÀ¯\£aamb \nba\nÀamW k`bnÃmsX `cWapWvSmhnÃ. kmwkvImcnI kwhmZ¯neqsSbpÅ ]ptcmKa\mßIamb \nba\nÀamWw hgn P\m`nemjw \ndthäp¶Xn\pÅ kwhn[m\w krãn¡s¸tSWvS thZnbmWXv. _Ôs¸« I£nIÄ X½nepÅ A`n{]mbhyXymk§Ä ]cnlcn¨v, \nba\nÀamW¯n A`n{]mbka\zbw km[yam¡Wsa¶pw AXv Bhiys¸Sp¶p. NÀ¨ IqSmsX \nba§Ä {]m_ey¯n hcp¯p¶Xp ]mÀesaânsâ \nba\nÀamW ]Zhnsb _m[n¡pw. ]mÀesaân P\§Ä AÀ¸n¨n«pÅ hnizmks¯ AXp XIÀ¡pw. CXp P\m[n]Xy¯nt\m A¯cw \nba§fpambn _Ôs¸« \b§Ät¡m KpWIcaÃ.

]WvUnäv PhlÀem s\lvdp, kÀZmÀ ]t«Â, kp`mjv N{µ t_mkv, `KXv knwKv, cho{µ\mY SmtKmÀ, kp{_ÒWy `mcXn XpS§nb Ht«sdt¸À¡v, hyXykvX§fmb {]hÀ¯\coXnIfpw kao]\§fpw DWvSmbncps¶¦nepw AhscÃmw ]dªXp tZikvt\l¯nsâ `mjbmWv. tZiobXbpsS Cu almßm¡fmb tk\m\nItfmSp \½psS kzmX{´y¯n\p \mw ISs¸«ncn¡p¶p. `mcXamXmhnsâ hntamN\¯n\mbn Poh³ _enbÀ¸n¨ Adnbs¸Sm¯ hoc\mbIscbpw \mw A`nhmZyw sN¿p¶p. F¶mÂ, kv{Xokpc£bpsS Imcy¯n `mcXamXmhns\ kz´w a¡Ä _lpam\n¡p¶nà F¶Xv Fs¶ thZ\n¸n¡p¶p. am\`wK§Ä, sIme]mXI§Ä, bm{X¡nSbnse ]oU\§Ä, X«ns¡mWvSpt]mIÂ, kv{Xo[\ acW§Ä F¶nh kv{XoIÄ¡p kz´w hoSn\pÅnepw t]mepw `bw krjvSn¡p¶p.

cho{µ\mY SmtKmÀ kv{XoIsf IpSp_¯nsâ tZhXamÀ Bbn am{Xaà Bßmhnsâ \mf§fmbpw IWvSp. \½psS Ip«nIÄ kv{XoItfmSpÅ A´kpä s]cpamä¯nsâbpw _lpam\¯nsâbpw ASnØm\ X¯z§Ä ad¶pt]mIp¶ hn[¯n c£IÀ¯m¡Ä, A[ym]IÀ, t\Xm¡Ä F¶o \neIfn \mw FhnsSbmWp ]cmPbs¸«Xv? \½Ä \nch[n \nba§Ä \S¸m¡n, ]t£ s_©an³ {^m¦vfn³ Hcn¡Â ]dªXpt]mse, _m[nXcÃm¯hcpw _m[nXsct¸mse {]Xntj[n¡pwhsc \oXn \S¸m¡s¸Sp¶nÃ. GXpXcw AXn{Ia¯n \n¶pw kv{XoIfpsS A`nam\s¯ kwc£n¡psa¶v FÃm C´y¡mcpw {]XnÚ sN¿Ww. kv{XoIsf BZcn¡pIbpw, imàoIcn¡pIbpw sNbvX cmjv{S§Ä am{Xta temIiànIfmbn amdnbn«pÅp.

P\m[n]Xy¯nsâ hnip²]pkvXIamWv C´y³ `cWLS\. sshhn[y§sf BtLmjn¡pIbpw, klnjvWpXbv¡mbn hmZn¡pIbpw hyXykvX kapZmb§Ä¡nSbnse kulmÀZw t{]mÕmln¡pIbpw sNbvX kwkvImcapÅ C´ybpsS, kmaqlnIþkm¼¯nI ]cnhÀ¯\ {]{Inbbn {[ph\£{Xambn \n¶Xv Cu `cWLS\bmWv. F¶ncp¶mepw Cu aqey§sf \mw AXoh {i²tbmsSbpw Pm{KXtbmsSbpw kwc£n¡Ww. cmjv{Sob kwhmZ§Ä, [mÀanIXbv¡p hncp²ambn, D·mZ¯nsâ {]IS\§fmbn amdpt¼mÄ, P\m[n]Xy¯n A´Àeo\amb kzmX{´yw, Ak´pjvS§fmb Dt]mXv]¶§sf krjvSn¡p¶p. hm¡pIfnse lnwkmßIX P\lrZb§fn apdnth¸n¡p¶p. KmÔnPn ]dªXpt]mse aXw Hcpabv¡mbpÅ iànbmWv, AXns\ kwL«\¯n\pÅ ImcWam¡n amäcpXv.

C´ybpsS arZpem[nImc ioew tIgvhn tI«XmWv. aäp \nch[n cmPy§Ä aXmßI lnwkbnte¡p ap§n¯mgpt¼mÄ, hnizmk¯n\pw `cW]²Xn¡panSbnse _Ôs¯¡pdn¨pÅ \½psS \nÀhN\w Cu arZpem[nImc ioe¯nsâ iàamb DZmlcWamWv. FÃm hnizmk§fpw \nba¯n\pap¶n Xpeyam¡ns¡mWvSpw FÃm kwkvImc§fpw ]ckv]cw ka\zbn¸n¨psImWvSpw A\pIqeamb DuÀPw krjvSn¡p¶ Xcw hnizmk kaXz¯n \mw FÃmbvt¸mgpw {]Xymi AÀ¸n¡p¶p. sFIaXyw iànbmsW¶pw B[n]Xyw ZuÀ_eyamsW¶pw BÀj`mcX kwkvImcw \s½ ]Tn¸n¡p¶p.

cmjv{S§Ä X½nepÅ kwLÀj§Ä AXnÀ¯nIsf cà¡fam¡nbncn¡p¶p. `oIcXsb hn\miIcamb Hcp hyhkmbam¡n AXp amänbncn¡p¶p. `oIcXbpw A{Iahpw \½psS AXnÀ¯n¡pÅnte¡pw ISs¶¯nbncn¡p¶p. kam[m\w, Alnwk, \à Ab¸¡ CwKnX§Ä F¶nh \½psS hntZi \b¯nsâ `mKambncns¡Xs¶, k¼Âkar²hpw ]£]mXclnXhpamb Hcp C´ybnte¡pÅ \½psS ]ptcmKXnbn XSkw krãn¡p¶ {]XntbmKnIÄs¡Xnsc Aew`mht¯msSbncn¡m³ \ap¡mhnÃ. \½psS P\§Äs¡Xncmb Cu bp²¯nsâ in¸nIsf tXm¸n¡m\pÅ iànbpw Bßhnizmkhpw \nÝbZmÀVyhpw \ap¡pWvSv. \nb{´WtcJbnepS\ofw \S¡p¶ XpSÀ¨bmb shSn\nÀ¯Â IcmÀ ewL\§Ä¡pw `oIcm{IaW§Ä¡pw aqÀ¨bpÅ \bX{´w hgnbpw, A{]Xntcm[yamb kpc£mkwhn[m\§sfmcp¡nbpw adp]Sn \ÂIWw. `oIcXsb¶ hn]¯ns\Xncmb t]mcm«¯n temIw C´ytbmsSm¸w tNcWw.

km¼¯nI ]ptcmKXn F¶Xp P\m[n]Xy¯nsâ Hcp ]co£ IqSnbmWv. 2015 {]Xo£ \ÂIp¶ hÀjamWv. {][m\ km¼¯nI kqNI§sfÃmw hfsc {]Xo£ \ÂIp¶p. hntZi\mWytiJc¯nsâ iàns¸SÂ, km¼¯nI kamlcW¯nte¡pÅ \o¡w, hne\nehmcw \nb{´n¡Â, \nÀamWtaJebpsS IpXn¸v, Ignª hÀjs¯ dnt¡mÀUv ImÀjnI D¸mZ\w F¶nh \½psS km¼¯nI hyhØbv¡v ip`kqNI§fmWv. 2014þ15 km¼¯nI hÀj¯nsâ BZy cWvSp]mZ§fnepw A©p iXam\¯n IqSpX hfÀ¨m\nc¡v ssIhcn¡m³ km[n¨Xv Ggp apX F«p hsc hfÀ¨m\ncs¡¶ \½psS e£y¯nte¡pÅ bm{Xbv¡p {]Xo£ ]Icp¶p.

Hcp kaql¯nsâ hnPbw Af¡p¶Xv AXnsâ aqey§fpsSbpw Øm]\§fpsSbpw `cW D]IcW§fpsSbpw \ne\n¸nsâbpw AXnPoh\¯nâbpw ASnØm\¯nemWv. \½psS tZiob BJym\w cq]s¸«Xv AXnsâ `qXImes¯ X¯z§fneqsSbpw C¶s¯ hnPb§fneqsSbpamWv. A´Àeo\amb iàn¡p Icpt¯Ins¡mWvSv Ct¸mgXp `mhnsb kz´am¡m³ Xbmdmbn¡gnªp.

]T\w, cmPykvt\lw, Zb, kXykÔX, D¯chmZn¯zt_m[w F¶nhbm t_m[hXvIcn¡s¸« XeapdIsf hfÀ¯nsbSp¡pIbpw C´y¡mcpsS PohnX\nehmcw ]Xn·S§v hÀ[n¸n¡pIbpw sN¿pI F¶XmWp \½psS tZiob A`nemjw. tXmakv sPt^gvk¬ Hcn¡Â ]dªn«pWvSv: “”P\§Ä¡p hnZym`ymkhpw Adnhpw sImSp¡q. \½psS kzmX{´yw kwc£n¡s¸Sp¶Xn\pÅ Htcsbmcp Ahew_amWXv.’ 21þmw \qämWvSnse sshÚm\nI t\Xm¡Ä¡nSbn kao]`mhnbn \ap¡p \½psS Øm\w t\SnsbSp¡p¶Xn\p \½psS hnZym`ymk Øm]\§fn Gähpw DbÀ¶ KpW\nehmc¯n\mbn \ap¡p ]cn{ian¡mw.

¢mkv apdnIÄ¡p ]pdt¯¡p hnÚm\s¯ sImWvSpt]mIp¶ Xc¯nepÅXpw C¶t¯¡p {]tbmP\{]ZambhbpsS am\knI]ncnapdp¡¯n \n¶p `mh\sb kzX{´am¡p¶Xpamb ]pkvXI§fpsSbpw hmb\bpsSbpw kwkvImc¯n\p \mw {]tXyI Du¶Â sImSp¡Wsa¶p Rm³ A`yÀYn¡pIbmWv. F®aä Bib\ZnIfpsS kwtbmP\¯m ]cnt]mjn¸n¡s¸« kÀKmßI P\XbmIWw \mw. ssI¸¯nbn kq£n¡mhp¶ Iw]yq«dn\pÅn hn]peamb Ahkc§Ä Im¯ncn¡p¶, aXnepIfnÃm¯ Hcp {KÙimeXs¶bmbn amdnb IvfuUv kmt¦XnIhnZybnepw Bibhn\nab¯nepw B[n]Xyw t\Sm³ \½psS bphm¡Ä hgn Im«Ww. 21þmw \qämWvSv C´ybpsS ssI¸nSnbnemWv.

kmaqlnIXn·Ifnepw ]n´ncn¸³ioe§fnepw \n¶p \s½ XpSÀ¨bmbn ip²oIcn¡p¶Xn\pÅ Ignhv \mw IsWvS¯nbnsænÂ, Cu `mhn Htckabw Zriyhpw ]nSnsImSp¡m¯Xpambn \nesImÅpw. Ignª \qämWvSn\nsS NneÀ acWaSªp, NneÀ \ndwa§n, ]t£ ]ecpw C¶pw Ahtijn¡p¶p. Z£nWm{^n¡bn \n¶p KmÔnPn C´ybnte¡p Xncns¨¯nbXnsâ iXmÐn Cu hÀjw \mw BtLmjn¡pIbmWv. Cu almßmhn \n¶pÅ ]T\w \aps¡mcn¡epw Ahkm\n¸n¡m\mhnÃ. At±l¯nsâ amXrI ]n´pScp¶Xv A`nejWobamWv. 1901þ KmÔnPn \m«nte¡v BZyambn h¶t¸mÄ F´v sNbvXp F¶Xn \mw It®mSn¡Ww. B hÀjs¯ hmÀjnI tIm¬{Kkv kt½f\w \S¶Xv {_n«ojv C´ybpsS A¶s¯ XeØm\ambncp¶ I¡«bnembncp¶p. KmÔnPn AXnsemcp {]Xn\n[nbmbncp¶p.

dn¸¬ tImfPn Hcp kt½f\¯n\mbn At±lw sN¶p. AhnsS At±lw IWvSXv Xsâ kl{]Xn\n[nIfm B {]tZiw apgph³ aen\am¡s¸«XmWv. kvXÏ\mb KmÔnPn, X\n¡pthWvSn A\phZn¨ GsX¦nepw ipNoIcW sXmgnemfn¡mbn Im¯p\n¶nÃ. Hcp NqseSp¯v At±lw B {]tZiw hr¯nbm¡n. 1901þ Bcpw At±l¯nsâ amXrI ]n´pSÀ¶nÃ. 114 hÀj¯n\ptijw \ap¡v B amXrI ]n´pSÀ¶psImWvSp alm\mb Hcp ]nXmhnsâ t{ijvTcmb a¡fmImw.

Pbv lnµv.


bpUnF^pw BßlXym{]hWXbpw

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DÅXp]dªm / sI. tKm]meIrjvW³

apXnÀ¶ tIm¬{Kkv t\Xmhv F.sI. BâWn Xsâ A]qÀh cmjv{Sob CSs]SepIfnsem¶n ]dªXp bpUnF^v kÀ¡mÀ ASp¯Ime¯p t\cn« {]XnkÔnsb Ahkm\\nanjw AXnPohn¡pIbmbncp¶psh¶mWv. ISp¯ hn`mKobX ap¶Wnbnepw LSII£nIÄ¡pÅnepw \ne\n¡p¶psh¶XmWp bpUnF^v t\cnSp¶ {]iv\w. BßlXym{]hWX iàambpÅ t\Xm¡Ä FÃm cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nIfnepapWvSv. ISIhncp²amb B{Kl§fpw CutKm {]iv\§fpw aqew \nc´capWvSmIp¶ {]XnkÔnIÄ ap¶WnbpsS P\]n´pW aq¡pIp¯n hogp¶ AhØbnse¯n¨p. CXnteähpw IqSpX ]gn tIÄt¡WvSXp tIm¬{KkmWv.

A[nImcZpÀhn\ntbmKw, D¯chmZn¯t_m[anÃm¯ Xocpam\§Ä, KpcpXcamb Btcm]W§Ä t\cnSp¶hcmsW¦nÂt¸mepw Cã¡mcmb DtZymKØÀ¡v A\Àlamb ]cnKW\ \ÂIÂ, tNmZyw sN¿s¸Smhp¶ \S]SnIÄ F¶nhsbÃmw a{´namÀ X½nepÅ A`n{]mbhyXymk§Ä hepXm¡p¶Xns\m¸w _Ôw hjfm¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p. CXphgn kÀ¡mcnsâ {]XnÑmbbpw tamiamIp¶p. a{´nk`bpsS ]pd¯pÅ Nne apXnÀ¶ t\Xm¡Ä X§fpsS A`n{]mb§Ä ]ckyambn¸dªv A´co£w IqSpX IepjnXam¡p¶p.

CXns\Ãmw]pdta D¯chmZnXzs¸« Øm\¯ncn¡p¶ apXnÀ¶ t\Xm¡Äs¡Xntc AgnaXnbpw KpcpXcamb Btcm]W§fpw \nc´cw DbÀ¶phcnIbmWv. t\Xm¡Ä, {]tXyIn¨pw apJya{´n D½³NmWvSn Hcp XosISp¯Â bXv\¯nemWv. BßlXym{]hWbpÅ t\Xm¡sf Ipcp¡n \n¶v Hgn¨p\nÀ¯p¶Xnepw At±lw hym]rX\mbncn¡p¶p. Xncph\´]pct¯¡p t\Xm¡sf Ab¡m³ ssl¡am³Uv henb XmXv]cyw {]ISn¸n¡m¯Xn\m Ahcn \n¶pÅ \nÀtZi§Ä¡mbn UÂln kµÀin¨v D½³NmWvSnbpw ctaiv sN¶n¯ebpw Gsd kabw Ifbp¶p. ]mÀesaâv sXcsªSp¸nse apdnhpW¡m³ {ian¨psImWvSncn¡pIbmWp ssl¡am³Uv Ct¸mgpw. kz`mhnIambpw `cW¯n\pw hnIk\Imcy§Ä¡pw hfsc¡pdn¨p kabta e`n¡p¶pÅq. {ZpXKXnbnÂ, A\ptbmPyamb Xocpam\§sfSp¡m³ kÀ¡mÀ ]cmPbs¸Sp¶Xn\m Hmtcm hnjbhpw henbhenb {]XnkÔnbmbn kÀ¡mcnsâ \ne\n¸n\pXs¶ `ojWnbmb \nebn hfcp¶p. kÀ¡mcn\p t\cnb `qcn]£ta DÅq F¶Xn\m a{´nk` adn¡m³ X§Ä¡p Ignbpsa¶v Hmtcm LSII£nbpw IcpXp¶p. AXn\m A[nImct¡¡nsâ henb ]¦v Hmtcmcp¯cpw Bhiys¸Sp¶p.

F¶n«pw kÀ¡mÀ Hcp {]XnkÔnbn \n¶p asämcp {]XnkÔnbnte¡p \o§pIbpw hnhmZ Xocpam\§sfSp¡p¶Xp XpScpIbpamWv. FSp¯ Xocpam\s¯¡pdnt¨m AXnsâ \S]Sn{Ia§sf¡pdnt¨m bpàn`{Zambn hymJym\n¡m³ kÀ¡mcn\p ]et¸mgpw IgnbmdnÃ. aZy\ntcm[\hpambn _Ôs¸« hnjbw D¯a DZmlcWw. Cu hnjb¯n kÀ¡mcpw tIm¬{Kkv ]mÀ«nbpw Gäpap«enembncp¶p. BcmWp tIa³ F¶p Xocpam\n¡m³ `cWs¯bpw ]mÀ«nsbbpw \bn¨ t\Xm¡Ä X½n \S¯nb aÕcambn AXpamdn. \bw F´msW¶p t]mepw hyàambncp¶nÃ. a{´nk`m Xocpam\whsc Xncp¯s¸«p. Xbmdm¡nb \nba¯n\v Gsd ]gpXpIfpWvSmbncp¶p. kÀ¡mcn\p e`n¨ \nbtam]tZihpw icnbmbncp¶nÃ. tImSXnbmIs« {]XnIqeamb ]cmaÀi§Ä \S¯pIbpw sNbvXp.

]¯p _mdpIÄ¡p ssek³kv \ntj[n¨Xv asämcp DZmlcWw. \nehnepÅ N«§fpw hyhØIfpw A\pkcn¨v Chbv¡p _mÀ ssek³kv \ntj[n¡m³ ]änÃ. sslt¡mSXnbpsS D¯chv \S¸m¡p¶Xnse hogvN GXmWvSp tImSXnbe£y¯nsâ cq]¯nembn¡gnªp. sslt¡mSXn Xocpam\¯ns\Xntc kÀ¡mÀ sXämb D]tZis¯¯pSÀ¶p kp{]owtImSXnbnte¡v HmSn¡nX¨psNÃpIbpw \nba\S]SnIÄ thWvShn[w kzoIcn¡m¯Xn\m {]XnIqe ]cmaÀiw Gäphm§pIbpw sNbvXp. _mdpIÄ¡p ssek³kv \ÂIp¶Xnse kÀ¡mÀ kao]\w kwib¯nsâ \ngenembn.

C§s\ kz´w \S]SnIfneqsS Xs¶ kÀ¡mcnsâ {]XnÑmbbn Icn]pcWvSp. A\´c^e§sf¡pdn¨pw `mhnbn kw`hn¡mhp¶ {]XymLmX§sf¡pdn¨pw aXnbmb ]T\w \S¯msX ]e Imcy§fnepw kÀ¡mÀ A\u]NmcnI Xocpam\§sfSp¯p. C¯cw `qcn`mKw kµÀ`§fnepw tIm¬{KkmWp ]gntbsdbpw Gäphm§nbXv. A[nImcXÀ¡hpw hn\miImcnbmb {Kq¸vt]mcpw {]iv\§sf IqSpX k¦oÀWam¡n. Cu \S]SnIÄ kÀ¡mcns\bpw tIm¬{Kkns\bpw P\a[y¯n ]cnlmkycm¡n.

Xocpam\§sfSp¡p¶ coXnsb¡pdns¨mcp hm¡v. ap³Ime§fn Xocpam\saSp¡pt¼mÄ AhÀ ssl¡am³Unsâ {]XnIcWw F´mIpsa¶v Bi¦s¸«ncp¶p. ]mÀesaâv sXcsªSp¸n ]mÀ«n eÖmIcamb ]cmPbw Gäphm§nbtXmsS kwØm\ t\Xm¡Ä ssl¡am³UnÂ\n¶p kzmX{´yw t\SnbXnsâ e£W§Ä {]ISam¡n. Nnet¸mÄ AXv FXnÀ¸nsâ h¡nse¯pIbpw sNbvXp. tIm¬{Kkn am{Xaà bpUnF^v ]¦mfnIfmepw Ct¸mgpw _lpam\n¡s¸Sp¶ Hcp t\XmhmWv F.sI. B³Wn. F¶mÂ, CSs]Sm³ XmXv]cyanÃmsX kwØm\s¯ {]iv\§fn \n¶v At±lw AI¶p\n¡pIbmWv. Xsâ D]tZi§Ä kzoIcn¡m³ XbmdmImsX Gäpap«Â at\m`mht¯msS Nne t\Xm¡Ä XpScp¶Xn\memImw Hcp]t£ At±lw CSs]Sm¯Xv. kXyw]dªm bpUnF^nse aäp I£nIfpw {Kq¸nk¯n \n¶p apàaÃ. AhcpsS Nne t\Xm¡fmIs« am[ya{i² BIÀjn¡m³ thWvSn F´pw hnfn¨p]dbp¶hcpw.

hyXykvX kz`mh¯nepÅ Hcmtcm]Ww t\cn« sI._n. KtWjv Ipamdns\XntcbpÅsXmgnsI a{´namÀs¡Xntc DbÀ¶ Btcm]W§tfmsSÃmw XpS¡¯n arZpkao]\amWp bpUnF^v ]peÀ¯nbXv. aäp tIkpIsfÃmw HXp¡pItbm Asæn hnPne³kv hIp¸ns\ D]tbmKn¨p ssIImcyw sN¿pItbm sNbvXp. Cu \S]SnIÄ kÀ¡mcn\pw bpUnF^n\pw No¯t¸cpWvSmbn. At\zjWw ]ptcmKan¡p¶Xn\nsS hnPne³knse Nne Hm^okÀamsc ØewamänbXp kzm`mhnIambpw ]ecptSbpw ]pcnIwNpfn¸n¨p. s]mXpP\§fpsS kwibw Cc«n¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. s]mXpP\§sfbpw {]Xn]£s¯bpw Xr]vXns¸Sp¯psa¶Xn\m At\zjWw kÀ¡mcn\p ]pd¯pÅ kwhn[m\s¯ GÀs¸Sp¯p¶XmWv FÃmbvt¸mgpw \ÃXv. CXp \S¡m¯tXmsS kn_nsF At\zjWw tXSn s]mXpXmXv]cylÀPnIÄ kaÀ¸n¡s¸SpIbpw tImSXnIfpsS {i²bnÂs¸SpIbpw sNbvXp. CXp am[ya{i² DWvSm¡pI am{Xaà kÀ¡mcn\v A¼c¸pw k½m\n¨p.

_mÀ ssek³kv hnhmZ¯nemsW¦nepw ]pd¯p\n¶pÅ Hcp GP³kn¡v At\zjWw ssIamdpIbmbncp¶psh¦n \nehnepÅ hnhmZ§Ä DWvSmIpambncp¶nÃ. {]tXyIn¨pw _Ôs¸« a{´nbpsS \nc]cm[nXz¯nepw kXykÔXbnepw apJya{´nbpw kla{´namcpw apXnÀ¶ bpUnF^v LSII£n t\Xm¡fpw kwibw {]ISn¸n¡mXncn¡p¶Xn\mÂ. _Ôs¸« a{´n¡p Xsâ \nc]cm[nXz¯n Dd¸pWvSv. hkvXpXIfpsS ASnØm\¯neà FÃm Btcm]W§fpw F¶Xpw kXyamWv. kXykÔambXmsW¶p kaÀYn¡m³ _p²nap«pÅXn\m tS¸pIÄ \nba]cambn kzoIcn¡s¸SpIbpanÃ. F¶mÂ, tIcf¯nse P\§Ä `qcn`mKhpw Cu tS¸pIÄ tI«pIgnªpsh¶ hkvXpX kÀ¡mÀ hnkvacn¡pIbmWv.

tS¸pIfn kwkmcn¡p¶hÀ \pW ]dbp¶XmImw. tS¸pIÄ hymPambn \nÀan¨XmImw. Hcp P\m[n]Xykwhn[m\¯n _Ôs¸« a{´nbpsS XmXv]cywIqSn ]cnKWn¨m {]iv\¯n XoÀ¸pWvSm¡m³ kÀ¡mÀ kwhn[m\s¯¡mÄ ]pd¯p\n¶pÅ Hcp GP³knsb G¸n¡p¶XmWp \ÃXv. {]tXyIn¨pw s]mXp{]hÀ¯\¯nepw bpUnF^nepw ZoÀLImeambn \ne\n¡p¶bmsf¶ \nebnÂ. sXcsªSp¸v thK¯n kao]n¨psImWvSncn¡p¶Xn\m cmjv{Sobambpw AXmWp _p²n]camb Xocpam\w. kn_nsF At\zjWw Bhiys¸«pÅ Hcp s]mXpXmXv]cylÀPn tImSXnbpsS ]cnKW\bnse¯nbm Imcy§Ä IqSpX k¦oÀWamIpw.

a{´namcpw bpUnF^v LSII£nIfnse apXnÀ¶ t\Xm¡fpw _mÀ ssek³kv Btcm]W¯n kXy¯nsâ t\cnb IWnIt]mepw ImWp¶nsænepw [mÀanIambn icnbmb \ne]mSpw cmjv{Sobamb _p²nbpw kwØm\ kÀ¡mcn\v CÃmsb¶Xp hkvXpXbmWv.

cmjv{Sobamb kXykÔXbnÃmbvabpsS A`mh¯n ]ecpw t£m`n¡p¶hcpsS thjw FSp¯Wnbpw. bpUnF^n\pÅnse Ct¸mgs¯ {]iv\§Ä krãn¨ncn¡p¶Xv AhÀ Xs¶bmsW¶p am{Xaà XpS¡w AXn\pÅnÂ\n¶mbncp¶p Xm\pw. BßlXym{]hWXbpÅ hnaXÀ \nch[nbmWv. ]tcm]Imcaà AhcpsS e£yw. Asæn KmÔnb³ aqey§fà Ahsc apt¶m«p\bn¡p¶Xv. Ct¸mgs¯ kmlNcy¯n {]Xn]£¯p\n¶v Hcp Xc¯nepÅ `ojWnbpw bpUnF^n\nÃ. kz´ambmWv AhÀ KpcpXcamb {]iv\§sf krãn¡p¶Xv. _mÀssek³kv Btcm]W¯nsâ XpS¡¯n kPohambà AhÀ {]XnIcn¨Xv. arZpkzcw DbÀ¯nbXnsâ N½enÂ\n¶p c£s¸Sm³ {]Xn]£w Ct¸mÄ i_vZapbÀ¯n XpS§nbncn¡p¶p. F¶mÂ, A{X iàaà {]Xn]£¯nsâ AhØ. P\]n´pWbnÃm¯Xpaqew Nne {]t£m`§Ä AhÀ¡p \nÀ¯nt¸mtIWvSnbpw h¶p. am{Xhpaà AhcpsS Ct¸mgs¯ X{´w Bscsb¦nepw CÃmbva sN¿pIsb¶Ã adn¨v bpUnF^nse GsX¦nepw I£nsb H¸wtNÀ¡pI F¶XmWv. kao]Ime¯p ]Ýna_wKmfn CSXp]£w ]n´pScp¶ cmjv{Sob\o¡§Ä {i²n¡pI.

tIcf¯nepw Xsâ km¶n[yw ASbmfs¸Sp¯m³ AanXv jm Cd§n¸pds¸«ncn¡p¶ kmlNcy¯n amdp¶ cmjv{SobkmlNcy§sf bpUnF^v AhKWn¡cpXv. AanXv jmsb {]Xo£tbmsS t\m¡n¡mWp¶ Nne cmjv{SobiànIÄ ChnsSbpapWvSv. cmjv{Sobambn FÃmhn[¯nepw bpUnF^n\nXp ]co£WkabamWv.


amWnbpsS tNmcbv¡pw ]nÅbpsS Poh\pw

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A\´]pcn / ZznP³

amWnbpsS tNmcIpSn¡m\pw tIcf tIm¬{Kkns\ CÃmbvasN¿m\pw Bscms¡tbm tNÀ¶v DWvSm¡nsbSp¯ Xnc¡YbpsS km£mXvImcamWp _mÀtImg hnhmZ¯neqsS Ct¸mÄ \m«n HgpIns¡mWvSncn¡p¶Xv F¶p _mÀ apXemfnamtcmSp a{´namÀ ]Ww ]änbn«pWvSv F¶p hnizkn¡p¶hÀ¡pt]mepw t_m[yamhpIbmWv. amWnbpsSbpw tIcf tIm¬{Kknsâbpw \miw ImWm³ B{Kln¡p¶hscÃmw ]e \ymbhmZ§fpambn hnhmZ¯n hyXykvX thj§Ä sI«p¶p. kz´w IpgnbmWp tXmWvSp¶sX¶v ChÀ Adnbp¶nÃ. F¶mÂ, tIcf tIm¬{Kknt\mSpw amWntbmSpw Hcp XmXv]cyhpw CÃm¯hÀ¡pt]mepw C¡mcyw a\knemIp¶p.

tIm¬{KkpImc\mb Hcp FIvsskkv a{´n 28 tIkn Xs¶ {]Xnbm¡nbn«pw {]_e\mb B a{´ns¡Xntc t]mcmSnb X\n¡v A¡mes¯ apJya{´n Xs¶ c£I\mbn DWvSmbncp¶p F¶v AhImis¸Sp¶, H¯ncn I¨hSe£y§fpÅ, _mÀ apXemfnbmWp _nPp ctaiv. AhÀ ]Ww sImSp¯p F¶p ]dbp¶ aq¶p a{´namcn amWn HgnsI cWvSp a{´namcpsS t]tcm hnhc§tfm shfns¸Sp¯m¯Xp Xs¶ At±l¯nsâ e£yw AgnaXn \nÀamÀP\aà amWnbpsS am{Xw tNmcbmsW¶p a\knemIm¯hÀ BcmWn\n _m¡n? AXpt]mse C¡me¯v At±lw hnfn¡pItbm At±ls¯ hnfn¡pItbm sNbvXhcn tIcf tIm¬{Kkv Xdhm«nse _meIrjvW]nÅbpsSbpw ]n.kn. tPmÀPnsâbpw t^m¬ kw`mjW§fÃmsX asäm¶pw dn¡mÀUv sNbvXv Ft´ amtemIÀ¡p sImSp¯nÃ? A_vZpÅ¡p«n¡pw sFjmt]män¡pw FXntc kcnXm\mbÀ cwK¯ph¶Xpt]mse Hcp Ifn.

CXn tIcf tIm¬{KkpImÀ Adntªm AdnbmsXtbm IYm]m{X§fmbXv Ahsc kvt\ln¡p¶hsc hÃmsX BIpes¸Sp¯p¶p F¶Xp kXyamWv. ]t£ Nn{Xw IqSpX hyàambn hcpt¼mÄ CXn\p ]n¶nse Ifn IqSpX IqSpX hyàamIp¶p. Ccbm¡s¸Sp¶htcmSp amt\m`mhw amdp¶pWvSv. klXm]w _es¸Sp¶papWvSv. _nPphns\ t^m¬ hnfn¨n«pÅhscÃmw Ct¸mÄ `oXnbnembn«pWvSmhmw. ]{X{]hÀ¯IÀ AS¡w.

C¡fnbpsS ]n¶nepÅXp cmjv{Sobw am{XamWv F¶p IcpXm\pw _p²nap«mIp¶ \nebnte¡mWp Imcy§Ä t]mIp¶Xv. tIcf¯n F¡me¯pw ASnsbmgp¡mbn«pÅ hÀKobXbpsS kv^penwK§Ä {]ISamWv. apJya{´nbpw sI]nknkn A[y£\pw _Päv amWn Xs¶ AhXcn¸n¡psa¶v BhÀ¯n¨p ]dªn«pw tIm¬{Kkv hàmhv APbv Xdbnen\p _Päv apJya{´n AhXcn¸n¡Ww F¶p ]dbm³ tXm¶nbXv F´psImWvSmsW¶p tNmZn¨pt]mIntà P\w?

_mÀ apXemfn ]dªXpw dn¡mÀUv sNbvXp tIĸn¨ i_vZ§fpsS DSaIÄ ]dªXmbn tI«Xpw AhbpsS Pohn¨ncn¡p¶ DSaIÄ Xs¶ \ntj[n¨p. _meIrjvW]nÅ X\n¡dnbmw F¶p ]dªp shfns¸Sp¯nb kzÀW¡¨hS¡mcpsS ]ncnhnsâ apXemfnbpw ]nÅ ]dªXp IfhmsW¶p ]{X¡mtcmSp ]dªp. F¶mepw FÃmhcpw tNmcbv¡pÅ apdhnfnbmWp apg¡p¶Xv. P\m[n]Xyap¶Wn t\Xmhns\ _Päv AhXcn¸n¡m³ t]mepw A\phZn¡nsöp {]Xn]£w ]dbp¶nSs¯¯n Imcy§Ä. Hcp kÀ¡mcn Bcp [\a{´n BIWsa¶p \nÝbn¡p¶Xp {]Xn]£amtWm F¶v Bcpw tImSntbcntbmSp tNmZn¨nÃ. amWnkmÀ apJya{´n BIWsa¶v Bthit¯msS ]dªncp¶ tImSntbcn _meIrjvW\pw kn. ZnhmIc\psaÃmw Xs¶bmWtÃm Ct¸mÄ C§s\bpw ]dbp¶Xv.

sIm¨phÀ¯am\§Ä

amWnsb CÃmbva sNt¿WvSXn\p ImcWambn FÃmhcpw ]dbp¶Xp _nPp ctaiv D¶bn¡p¶ IYIÄ am{Xw. At±lw sXfnhv F¶p ]dbp¶ knUnIfn DÅtXm AhÀ H¶n¨pIqSnbncp¶t¸mÄ ]dbp¶ sIm¨p hÀ¯am\§fpw. kaql¯nse hyXykvX Xe§fnepÅ D¶XÀ H¶n¨pIqSn skmd]dbp¶nS¯v Bbncn¡m\pÅ Ahkcw ZznP\p e`n¨n«pWvSv. tIcf¯nse Hcp acma¯p a{´nbpsS AgnaXn¸Ww apgph³ kq£n¨ncp¶ Hcp tIm¬{SmIvSÀ XeØm\¯pWvSmbncps¶¶pw a{´n s]s«¶p acn¨t¸mÄ Hcp ss]kt]mepw At±l¯nsâ IpSpw_¯n\p sImSp¡msX tIm¬{SmIvSÀ ]Ww kz´am¡nsb¶pw Cu a{´nbpsS ]n³Kmanbmbn h¶ a{´n B tIm¬{SIvSsd apdnbn hnfn¨p Ip¯n\p]nSn¨p ]gb a{´n DWvSm¡nb Imin Ipsd Xncn¨psImSp¸n¨p F¶psams¡ C§s\ tI« Hcp IYbmWv. a{´namcpsS AgnaXnIfpsSbpw AhcpsS Fdm³aqfnIfpsS NXnIfpsSbpw FÃmw IYIÄ BfpIfpsS t]cpklnXw C¯cw sIm¨phÀ¯am\§fn IS¶phcmdpWvSv. ]et¸mgpw \oe¨phbpÅ Imcy§fpw. ]e apXemfnamcpsSbpw AhnlnX _Ô§sf¡pdn¨pw CS]mSpIsf¡pdn¨pw Hs¡bpÅ IYIÄ ]dbmdpWvSv. ]WapWvSm¡m³ ]escbpw ImgvNhbv¡p¶p F¶phsc ChÀ ]dbp¶Xp tI«n«pWvSv.

asämcp IY. AgnaXn¡mc³ F¶p Ip{]kn²nt\Snb Hcp a{´nbpsS t]gvkW Ìm^v Hcp Znhkw cmhnse a{´nsb ImWms\¯n. a{´n DWvSm¡nb ]Ww sImWvSp hm§p¶ ]pXnb FtÌäv BcpsS t]cn hm§Ww F¶v Adnbm\mWp sN¶Xv. a{´n ]dªs{X `mcybpsS t]cnembnt¡ms«. Ìm^v Xsâ `mcybpsS t]cn cPnÌÀ sNbvsX¶mWp IY. IÅpIpSn¨ncn¡pt¼mÄ, Asæn C¯cw hÀ¯am\§Ä ]dªp ckn¨ncn¡pt¼mÄ ]ecpw ]dbp¶Xp dn¡mÀUv sNbvXp ]pd¯ptIĸn¡p¶Xp icnbmtWm? AYhm A§s\ sNbvXm Xs¶ AXp P\w hnizkn¡ptam? hnizkn¡mtam? CsXm¶pw Bcpw HmÀ¡mdnÃ. AhÀ¡p thWvSXp NnecpsS càamWv.

am[ya§fpsS Cc«¯m¸v

Nmct¡knsâ Ime¯p IcpWmIcsâbpw ca¬ {iohmkvXhbpsSbpw \¼n \mcmbWsâbpw tNmcbv¡p thWvSn `mh\bv¡\pkcn¨v CÃm¡YIÄhsc DWvSm¡nbXp am[ya§ftÃ? AhÀ Xs¶ Ct¸mÄ Ahsc càkm£nIfm¡p¶p, ]pIgv¯p¶p. A¡me¯p kXykÔXbpsS BÄcq]ambn hmgv¯nbhÀs¡Xntc IpcnipWvSm¡p¶p. Ipsdt¸sc Ipcninteän ckn¡pIbpw ckn¸n¡pIbpw sN¿p¶Xp hnt\mZam¡p¶hÀ s]cpIp¶p. A¡me¯p Nm\epIÄ¡p thWvSn A¶s¯ {]XnIsf¡pdn¨p ]dªp ssIbSn t\SnbhÀ C¶p càkm£nIÄ¡p do¯p hbv¡m\pw ap¶nse¯p¶p. ChÀ¡p \njv]£ hnebncp¯epImÀ F¶mWp t]cv!!!

FhnsStbm ]dªtXm ]dbn¸n¨tXm Bb Imcy§Ä dn¡mÀUv sN¿n¨p tIĸn¨XpsImWvSv F§s\ sXfnhmIpw? AhnsS¸dbp¶ Imcy§Ä \nba]camb At\zjW kwhn[m\¯n\p ap¼n ]dbpIbpw AXn\p sXfnhpsImSp¡pIbpw sNbvXv AhÀ At\zjn¨p kXyw IWvSp]nSn¡pt¼mgtà Btcm]W hnt[b\mIp¶ hyànsb Ipä¡mct\m \nc]cm[ntbm F¶p hn[n¡m\mhpI? AÃmsX At±ls¯ IpcninteäWw F¶p hmZn¡p¶Xp ]gb sN¶mbbpsS a\ktÃ? tNmc IpSn¡m³ Hcp hgn IsWvS¯p¶p F¶pam{Xw.

_meIrjvW]nÅ hoWvSpw ]pdt¯t¡m?

amWnsb¶Ã tIcf tIm¬{Kknse aämcpw, kz´w aI³ KtWjv t]mepw, a{´nbmIp¶Xp a\kn \oäepWvSm¡p¶ BfmWv BÀ. _meIrjvW]nÅ. Ahsc No¯bm¡m³ At±lw F´pw ]dbpw. A§s\ kzbw IpgntXmWvSn At±lw hoWvSpw P\m[n]Xyap¶WnbpsS ]pdt¯¡v F¶ a«nembn«pWvSp Imcy§Ä. A§s\ kw`hn¨m Xs¶ ]nÅbv¡v AXv BZys¯ kw`haÃ.

1991  tPmk^nt\msSm¸w At±lw ap¶Wn¡p ]pd¯mbXmWv. P\m[n]Xyap¶Wns¡Xntc sIm«mc¡c \n¶p ]Zbm{X \bn¨p tIm«b¯n\pt]mb ]nÅ cWvSp IntemanäÀ \S¶tijw ssae¯p h¨v bm{X \nÀ¯n A¶s¯ {]Xn]£ t\Xmhnsâ ASps¯¯n. _meIrjvW]nÅsb H¸w Ccp¯n A¶p IcpWmIc³ \S¯nb Hcp ]{Xkt½f\¯n ]nÅ Ft´m ]dbm³ XpS§nbt¸mÄ IcpWmIc³ anWvScpXv F¶ hne¡nbXp ZznP³ IWvSXmWv. Cïp\n¶v Cd§pIbpw sNbvXp A½m¯v F¯nbXpw Cà F¶ a«nemb ]nÅ Hcp ]pXnb ]mÀ«nbmbn ap¶Wnbn Xncns¨¯nbXv Gsd shÅw IpSn¨mWv. IcpWmIcsâbpw amWnbpsSbpw FÃmw ASp¯v, kzm[o\apÅ ]{X{]hÀ¯IcS¡w F{Xtbm t]scs¡mWvSp in]mÀi sN¿n¨mWv AXpWvSmbXv.

hoWvSpw 2001 BâWn ]nÅbv¡p ]Icw KtWjns\ a{´nk`bn FSp¯t¸mÄ At±lw {]Xn]£s¯t¸mse s]cpamdn. BâWnsb XpSÀ¶v D½³ NmWvSn apJya{´nbmbt¸mÄ ]nÅsbbpw tP¡_ns\bpw hsc a{´nk`bn FSp¯nÃ. A¶p P\XmZÄ hgn CSXpap¶Wnbn Ibdm³ ]nÅ \S¯nb {iaw CSXpap¶WnbmWp XIÀ¯Xv. Ahkm\w F§pw CSwIn«msX h¶ ]nÅsb ctaiv sI]nknkn A[y£\mbt¸mgmWp hoWvSpw hnfn¨pXpS§nbXv. AXn\nsS At±l¯ns\Xncmb AgnaXnt¡knsâ hn[n h¶p. At±lw Pbnenembn. sXcsªSp¸n aÕcn¡m\mbnÃ. KtWjvIpamÀ aÕcn¨p. sIm«mc¡cbn ]nÅbpsS Øm\mÀYn tXmäp.

amWnbpw ]nÅbpw

_meIrjvW]nÅbv¡p amWntbmSpÅ hnjaw C¶pw C¶sebpw XpS§nbXÃ. amWnbpsS hfÀ¨ XpS§nb Imet¯ AXv Bcw`n¨p. A¶p ]nÅ ]mÀ«nbpsS Øm]I sk{I«dnbmWv. 1965 amWnbpw ]nÅbpw Pbn¨p. 1967 ]nÅ tXmäp. A¶s¯ CSXpkÀ¡mcns\Xnsc amWn sImSp¦mämbn. 1971 amWnsb ]mÀ«nbpsS Hm^okv sk{I«dnbmbn sNbÀam³ \nban¨p. ]nÅbv¡Xp ]nSn¨nÃ. AXn\ptijw \S¶ ]mÀ«n tbmK¯n amWnbpsS \nba\¯n {]Xntj[n¨p tÌPn Ccn¡m³ ]nÅ hnk½Xn¨p. A¶v sI.Fw. tPmÀPv imkn¨mWv ]nÅsb tÌPn IbänbXv. A´cn¨ hn.Sn. sk_mÌy³ ]eh«w ZznPt\mSp ]dªn«pÅ kw`hamWnXv.

1976 amWn a{´nbmbn. temIvk`mwKamb ]nÅbpw HmSnh¶p a{´nbmbn. Bdpamkw Ignªt¸mÄ ]nÅbv¡p cmPnhbvt¡WvSn h¶p. amWn XpSÀ¶p.

sI.Fw. tPmÀPv acn¨t¸mÄ tPmÀPv {Kq¸nsâ NpaXe ]nÅbv¡mbn. CµncmKmÔnbpsS a[yØXbn DWvSm¡nb eb\w ]nÅ k½Xn¨nÃ. ImcWw amWnbpsS t\XrXzambncp¶p. ]nÅ CSXpap¶Wnbn tNÀ¶p aÕcn¨p. aq¶p koänemWp Pbn¨Xv. amWn {Kq¸n\v 22 koäpw In«n. ]nÅbpsS hnjaw IqSn. CXn\nsS ]nÅ tIcf tIm¬{Kkv P\Xm]mÀ«nbn ebn¨n¨p. AtXmsS H¸apWvSmbncp¶hcn Ipsdt¸À amWns¡m¸w h¶p.

Ipsd¡mew Ignªt¸mÄ ]nÅ {Kq¸v ]p\cp²cn¨p. 1979 amWn CSt¯m«p sN¶t¸mÄ CSXpap¶Wn ]nÅsb HXp¡n. amWn¡p sImSp¯Xnsâ \mensem¶p koäv aÕcn¡m³ sImSp¯nÃ. 1980 ]nÅ amWn {Kq¸n ebn¨p. A§s\ bpUnF^nse¯n. BZys¯ a{´nk`bn amWn am{Xw a{´n. ]nÅbv¡v AkzØXbmbn. \¼mS³ Imephmcn kÀ¡mÀ hoWp. 1982 se sXcsªSp¸n Pbn¨p a{´nbmbn. A¡me¯mWv ]©m_v tamU {]kwK¯n IpSp¡nembXv. cmPnh¨ Xs¶ ]p\x{]thin¸n¡m³ amWn {ian¡p¶nsöp ]nÅbv¡p henb ]cmXnbmbncp¶p. Ahkm\w ]nÅbpsS ]p\x{]thi\w F¶ ]gpXneqsS IcpWmIc³ amWnsb sh«n. [\Imcyw ]nSns¨Sp¯p.

tPmk^pw ]nÅbpw FÃmw H¶n¨p\n¶p. ]mÀ«n hoWvSpw ]nfÀ¶p. ]nÅ amWnhncp²Às¡m¸w \n¶p. AhnsS c£bnÃmsX hoWvSpw ]nÅ {Kq¸v DWvSm¡n. A¶p ]nfÀ¶ amWnbpw tPmk^pw 2011 hoWvSpw ebn¨p. ]nÅbpw tP¡_pw FÃmw ebn¡m³ t\m¡nsb¦nepw tPmÀPpambpÅ eb\w am{XamWp \S¶Xv.

amWnsb¡mÄ tIas\¶p sXfnbn¡m³ ]nÅ kzoIcn¡p¶ X{´§Ä At±ls¯ t\cs¯bpw hogn¨n«pWvSv. FdWmIpf¯p cmtP{µ ssaXm\nbn \S¶ ]mÀ«n eb\kt½f\¯n X\n¡papt¼ {]kwKn¨ amWnsbbpw tPmk^ns\bpw IS¯nsh«m³ IWvSp]nSn¨ t_mw_mbncp¶p ]©m_v tamU {]kwKw. C¡pdnbpw amWnsb sh«m³ \S¯nb {]kvXmh\bneqsS ]nÅbv¡p Zpc´w kw`hn¨m sImWvSmepw ]Tn¡m¯h³ F¶v At±lw hoWvSpw sXfnbn¡p¶p.

kz´w \mhns\ \nb{´n¡m¯XpsImWvSv F{XmaXp XhWbmWv At±lw Zpc´¯nemIp¶Xv! am[ya§fpsS I¨hS]cX Iq«m³ AhcpWvSm¡nb sIWnbn At±lw hoWvSpw hogp¶p. AgnaXnt¡kn³ in£n¡s¸«v Bip]{Xnbn InS¶t¸mÄ Xs¶ IpSp¡nem¡n NXn¨hcmWv Cu I¨hS¡mÀ F¶ ASp¯Ime kXyw t]mepw At±lw HmÀ¡p¶nÃ. A¶pw t^m¬ kw`mjWambncp¶p hnó. ]©m_v tamU tIkn Xs¶ ]{X¡mÀ IpSp¡nem¡nbXmsW¶v At±lw ]et¸mgpw ]dbmdpWvSv. A¡me¯v At±l¯nsâ sIm«c¡cbnse hoSnsâbpw XeØm\¯pWvSmbncp¶ cWvSp hoSnsâbpw tjm¸nwKv tImw¹Ivknsâbpw Hs¡ Nn{X§Ä sImSp¯v BËmZn¨hcmWv C¡q«sc¶pw ]nÅ ad¡p¶p.

Nnesc XIÀ¡m³ thWvSntbm ]dbp¶Xp kXysa¶p sXfnbn¡m³ thWvSntbm ]dªpPbn¡m³ thWvSntbm Hs¡ At±lw ]dbp¶Xp ]eXpw kXyasöv BÀ¡mWdnbm¯Xv?

]nÅbpw a{´nØm\hpw

tIcf tIm¬{Kkn CXphsc DWvSmb {Kq¸pw Hmtcm t\Xmhn\p a{´nbmIm³ DWvSmbXmWv F¶p Ncn{Xw. amWn {Kq¸n am{XamWp cWvSmaXv Hcp a{´n DWvSmbn«pÅXv. tPmk^v {Kq¸n C¶phsc thsdmcmÄ a{´nbmbnÃ, tPmk^v cmPnh¨t¸mÄ AÃmsX. tP¡_nepw At±lw Pohn¨ncp¶ Ime¯v CÃ. \¼mSsâ tIcf tIm¬{Kknepw At±lw am{XamWp a{´nbmbXv. ]nÅ k½Xn¡msXbmWp KtWjv 2001  ]nÅ {Kq¸nsâ a{´nbmbXv.

1995 Pqsse 28 \v CSaebmÀ tIkn Ipä]{Xw kaÀ¸n¨Xns\¯pSÀ¶p ]nÅ cmPnh¨t¸mÄ AXphsc \ng t]mse IqsS DWvSmbncp¶ tPmk^v Fw. ]pXpticn¡p a{´nbmImambncp¶p. ]nÅ k½Xn¨nÃ. X\n¡nsæn BÀ¡pw thsWvS¶mWv ChcpsS a\kv. amWn¡p a{´nØm\w sImSp¡m¯XpsImWvSp IpXnch«¯n\v In«nb tI{µ kla{´nØm\hpw thsWvS¶ph¨ amWn {Kq¸nsâ Ncn{Xw t]mse H¶v. tIkn Ipä]{Xw kaÀ¸n¡s¸Sp¶Xp hsc `cn¨ a{´nbmWp ]nÅ.

]nÅbpw AgnaXnBtcm]Whpw

]nÅ BÀs¡Xntcbpw AgnaXn Btcm]Ww D¶bn¡pw. kz´¡mÀs¡Xntc ]dbp¶Xp lcw t]memWv. cmPnhbv¡p¶Xn\p ap¼p aI³ KtWjnsâ AgnaXnIsf¡pdn¨v At±lw kqNn¸n¨ncp¶Xv BcmWp ad¡pI? Aѳ ]dª AgnaXn¡p Iq«p\n¡mXncp¶Xp sImWvSmWv C§s\ ]dbp¶sX¶p aI\pw ]dªp.

]nÅ Ft§m«v?

Ac \qämWvSntesdbmbn tIcf¯nse cmjv{SobPohnX¯nepÅ _meIrjvW]nÅ bpUnF^n \n¶p ]pd¯m¡s¸«m F´mbn¯ocpsa¶v BÀ¡dnbmw? Nm\epIfpsS ap¶n ]dbp¶ ss[cysam¶pw {]iv\§fpsS ap¶n ImWn¡mdnÃ. hÀ¡e cm[mIrjvW³ Iqdpamä \ntcm[\ \nba{]Imcw ]nÅsb AtbmKy\m¡nb A¶v Gsd hnImc`cnX\mbncp¶p At±lw. CSXpap¶Wn¡p ]nÅsb DÄs¡mÅpI A{X Ffp¸amhnÃ. _m¡nbpÅXp _nsP]nbmWv. AhÀ¡pw ]nÅ Hcp XmXvImenI hnPbw F¶Xn\¸pdw t\«amIptam F¶v AhÀ¡p Xs¶ kwibw DWvSmhpw. FÃmw kw`hn¡m\ncn¡p¶ Imcy§Ä.


H_mabv¡p ]chXm\n hncn¡pt¼mÄ

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UÂln Ubdn / tPmÀPv IÅnhbenÂ

C´y³ dn¸»nIv Zn\mtLmj¯n ]s¦Sp¡m\pÅ {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZnbpsS £Ww Atacn¡³ {]knUâv _dmIv H_masb AZv`pXs¸Sp¯n F¶mWv sshäv luknse {][m\nIfnsemcmfmb s_³ tdmUvkv ]dªXv. F¦nepw {]tXyI BZchmbmWp hyàn]cambn H_ma Cu £Ws¯ IcpXp¶sX¶p sU]yq«n tZiob kpc£ D]tZãmhmb tdmUvkv hniZoIcn¨p. F¶mÂ, ]pXpNcn{Xw cNn¨pÅ H_mabpsS hchv C´ybpambpÅ X{´]camb _Ôw ]pXnb Xe§fnte¡p DbÀ¯m\pÅ Atacn¡bpsS XmXv]cyw shfnhm¡p¶ ktµiamIpw. H_mabpambn GähpaSp¯ kulrZw Øm]n¡p¶ tamZnbpsS ktµihpw hyàw.

]pXpNcn{XsagpXn Atacn¡

dn¸»nIv Zn\ ]tcUn hninjvSmXnYnbmbn C´ybnse¯p¶ BZy Atacn¡³ {]knUâmWv H_ma. GsX¦nepw cmPys¯ dn¸»nIv Zn\mtLmj¯n CXn\pap¼p asämcp Atacn¡³ {]knUâpw ]s¦Sp¯Xmbn AdnhnsömWp hntZiImcya{´meb¯nse DtZymKØÀ ]dbp¶Xv. {][m\a{´n \tc{µ tamZnbpsS £Ww Atacn¡bpsS 44þmaXp {]knUâv H_ma kzoIcn¨Xp Xs¶ BtKmfXe¯n henb kw`hambn.

\msf cmhnse XpS§p¶ H_mabpsS {XnZn\ C´ym kµÀi\w AXn\m cmPy¯n\I¯pw ]pd¯pw ]XnhnÃm¯ NÀ¨bmbn«pWvSv. `mcy antjepw H_matbmsSm¸w hcp¶pWvSv. a¡fmb amenbbpw kmjbpw C¡pdn XmPval kµÀi\w DÄs¸sSbpÅ C´y³ bm{Xbv¡p {]knUânt\msSm¸w DWvSmInÃ. Atacn¡bpsS tZiob kpc£m D]tZãmhv kqk¬ ssdkv, bpFkvSnBÀ ssa¡nÄ t^mam³, P\{]Xn\n[n k`bnse sUtam{ImäpIfpsS t\Xmhv \m³kn s]temkvIn, hmWnPy sk{I«dn s]¶n {]nävkvIÀ, {]UnUânsâ Iu¬kneÀ tPm¬ s]UÌ, sk\äÀ amÀIv hmÀ\À, {]Xn\n[n k`bnse GI C´y³ hwiP\pw C´y tIm¡kv klsNbdpamb Aan t_c, C´y tIm¡kv ap³ klsNbÀ tPm {Iuen F¶nhcpw hyhkmb, _nkn\kv h¼·mcpw H_masb A\pKan¡p¶pWvSv.

AXnITn\w Cu kpc£

H_mabptSXv AS¡w Atacn¡³ {]knUâpamcpsS ap³ kµÀi\§Äs¡m¶pw CÃmXncp¶ AXnITn\hpw hn]pehpamb kpc£m k¶ml§fmWv UÂlnbnepw B{Kbnepw Hcp¡nbncn¡p¶Xv. k©mckzmX{´yw hsc l\n¡p¶ hfscapt¼ XpS§nb kpc£m{IaoIcW§Ä IWvSp XeØm\ \Kcnbnse P\w A´whn«p\n¡pIbmWv. H_mabpsS Xs¶ 2010se C´y kµÀi\¯n\v C{Xtbsd XymKw C´y³ P\X klnt¡WvSn h¶nÃ.

Atacn¡³ {]knUâv \msf cmhnse ]¯n\p UÂlnbn hnam\w Cd§p¶Xp apX sNmÆmgvN sshIpt¶cw aS§p¶Xp hsc cmPys¯ kpc£mtk\IfmsI apÄap\bnemIpw. XeØm\ \Kchpw B{Kbnse XmPvalepw ]cnkc§fpw A£cmÀY¯n ssk\nI, t]meokv tIm«bmbn amdn¡gnªp. H_ma kµÀin¡p¶Xn\m sNmÆmgvN XmPvalen aäp kµÀiIÀ¡mÀ¡pw {]thi\anÃ. `oIcm{IaW `ojWnsb¯pSÀ¶p apwss_ AS¡apÅ h³\Kc§fnepw AXoh Pm{KXbnemWv.

`oIcÀ¡pw t\m«¡mew

H_mabpsS C´y³ kvt\l¯n {]Xntj[n¡m³ ]mIv `oIckwLS\IÄ a[y apwss_bnse {]ikvXamb kn²nhn\mbI t£{Xw B{Ian¡m³ ]²XnbnSp¶XmbmWp clkymt\zjW GP³knIÄ \ÂInb ap¶dnbn¸v. C´ybn sFFkv `oIcm{IaW¯n\p km[yXbpsWvS¶p t\cs¯ Hmkvt{Senbbpw {_n«\pw ap¶dnbn¸p \ÂInbncp¶p. CtX¯pSÀ¶p cmPys¯ P\¯nc¡pÅ t£{X§Ä¡p Iam³tUm tk\ DÄs¸sSbpÅ kpc£mhn`mK§sf hn\ykn¨ncn¡pIbmWv.

dn¸»nIv Zn\ ]tcUnsâ t]cn C¶pw \msfbpw Xn¦fmgvNbpw cmhnse 10.15 apX D¨bv¡p 12.45 hsc UÂln hnam\¯mhfw ]qÀWambn kvXw`n¡pw. km[mcW bm{Xm hnam\§Ä t]mepw Cu kab¯p em³Uv sN¿p¶Xpw ]d¶pbcp¶Xpw \ntcm[n¨Xv Bbnc¡W¡n\p hnam\bm{X¡msc KXntISnem¡pw. ]tcUnse thymatk\bpsS {]tXyI {]IS\¯n\pw CXn\pÅ dntlgvken\pambmWp Cu \ntcm[\sa¶mWp hniZoIcWw.

UÂlnbnepw ]cnkc§fnepw Ic apX BImiw hsc \ofp¶ Hmtcm C©pw \nco£n¡pIbpw Acn¨ps]dp¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ AXoh kpc£m {IaoIcW§fmWp \S¸m¡nbXv. Ac e£¯ntesd kpc£m Poh\¡mscbmWp Ah[n t]mepanÃm¯ tPmen¡p \ntbmKn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. C´y³ ssk\nIcpw AÀ[ssk\nIcpw t]meokpImcpw Iam³tUmIfpw AS¡w 60,000 t]cmWp kpc£bv¡mbn \nebpd¸n¡pI. Atacn¡³ ko{I«v kÀhokpImÀ DÄs¸sS {]tXyI Atacn¡³ kpc£m kwLw kz´w \nebn X§fpsS `cW¯eh\p aXnbmb kpc£ Hcp¡p¶papWvSv.

XmPvalens\bpw tIm«bm¡n

H_mabpsS hchp {]amWn¨p 15,000tesd knknSnhn ImadIfmWv Øm]n¨Xv. B{Kbnse XmPvalen\pw Npäpw am{Xw 1,600 knknSnhn ImadIÄ Hmtcm A\¡hpw \nco£W¯nem¡n. UÂlnbnte¡p hcp¶ apgph³ hml\§sfbpw BfpIsfbpw \nco£n¡m\pw kwhn[m\apWvSv. bm{Xbv¡nSbn ]ebnS¯pw UÂln t]meoknsâ ]cntim[\ ]Xnhmbn.

ansskem{IaWhpw hnam\ B{IaWhpw sNdp¡m\pw CXntesd k¶ml§fpWvSv. ]tcUv \S¡p¶ cmPv]Ynse hoYn¡pw H_ma Xmakn¡p¶ aucy tlm«en\pw apIfneqsS ]d¡m³ hnam\§Ä¡v A\paXn \ntj[n¨p. UÂlnbnse CµncmKmÔn A´mcmjv{S hnam\¯mhf¯nsâ Hcp `mKw Atacn¡³ kpc£mssk\nIcpsS \nb{´W¯nemWv. 400 IntemaoäÀ AIse hsc ansskepIfpsS hchp \nco£n¡m\mIp¶ AhmIvkv (FbÀt_m¬ hmWnwKv B³Uv I¬t{SmÄ knÌw) D]tbmK¯nemWv.

Atacn¡³ {]knUâv UÂlnbn Xmakn¡p¶ sFSnkn aucy \£{X tlm«ensâ kao]¯pIqSnbpÅ tdmUv, sat{Sm sdbn KXmKXw hsc ]qÀWambn \nÀ¯nhbv¡pw. tlm«en\p ap¶neqsSbpÅ Xnct¡dnb kÀZmÀ ]t«Â tdmUv \msfbpw Xn¦fmgvNbpw ]qÀWambn AS¨nSpw. CXn\p kao]¯p IqsSbpÅ FbÀt]mÀ«v sat{Sm kÀhokpw kpc£bpsS t]cn \nÀ¯nhbv¡m\mWp Atacn¡bpsS \nÀtZiw. C¶se apX Xs¶ Cu sat{Sm C´ybpsSbpw Atacn¡bpsSbpw kpc£m `S·mcpsS \nb{´W¯nembncp¶p.

dn¸»nIv Zn\ ]tcUv \S¡p¶ cmPv]Ynt\mSv ASp¯pÅ 71 _lp\ne aµnc§Ä Rmbdpw Xn¦fpw ]qÀWambn AS¨nSpw. DbÀ¶ sI«nS§fpsS apIfnseÃmw jmÀ]v jq«ÀamÀ AS¡apÅ Iam³tUmIfpw ssk\nIcpw t]meokpw \nc¶pIgnªp. cmPv]Ynte¡p hcp¶ tdmUpIfpw KXmKXw \nb{´n¨p. Cu dq«nse _kv kÀhokpIfpw Xncn¨phn«p.

]tcUn\mbn hntZi cmjv{S¯eh³ C´y³ {]knUânt\msSm¸w At±l¯nsâ Imdn k©cn¡p¶ ]Xnhpw H_ma sXän¡psa¶mWp dnt¸mÀ«pIÄ. kz´w ImdnemIpw Atacn¡³ {]knUânsâ hchv. H_ma NS§p ho£n¡p¶ kab¯p C´y³ thymatk\ hnam\§Ä t]mepw ]d¡m³ ]mSnsöXv AS¡w \nch[n \n_Ô\Ifpw kmbn¸·mÀ apt¶m«ph¨ncp¶p. F¶mÂ, A{Xb§p Ibdn C´ybn `cnt¡sWvS¶v C´y iàamb \ne]mSp kzoIcn¨tXmsS Atacn¡³ t]meokv AÂ]sam¶p sacp§n.

kmbn¸n\p ap¶n Ihm¯p ad¶v

P\§sf hnja¯nem¡m\pw C´ybpsS ]cam[nImc¯n hsc ssIIS¯m\papÅ Atacn¡bpsS ho¼ns\Xntc kzm`mhnIambpw cmPy¯p ]ebnS¯pw A]kzc§fpbÀ¶Xpw {it²bambn. kmbn¸n\p thWvSn Ihm¯p ad¡p¶Xnepw t`Zw Atacn¡bn sImWvSpt]mbn C´ybpsS dn¸»nIv Zn\ ]tcUv \S¯cptXmsb¶ ]cnlmkw \ham[ya§fn \ndªp. kmbn¸ns\ ImWpt¼mÄ Ihm¯p ad¡p¶Xp IWvSpaSp¯ P\¯nsâ kwibw icnhbv¡p¶Xmbncp¶p tI{µkÀ¡mcnsâ Nne sh{]mf§Ä. Atacn¡³ {]knUân\p aXnbmb kpc£ \ÂIp¶Xns\bÃ, adn¨v C´y³ kÀ¡mcnsâ ASna¯ at\m`mhamWp Nnesc¦nepw tNmZyw sNbvXXv.

kz´w P\Xbv¡p kpc£ Hcp¡m¯ kÀ¡mÀ hntZi {]knUân\p thWvSn C{X henb _lfsa´n\msW¶p UÂln tImSXn tI{µkÀ¡mcnt\mSp tNmZn¨Xpw {it²bambn. UÂlnbnse§pw knknSnhn Imad Øm]n¡m³ tImSXn t\cs¯ \nÀtZin¨t¸mÄ amk§Ä \o«ns¡mWvSp t]mbhÀ, hntZin¡p thWvSn BgvNIÄ¡pÅ CXp \S¸m¡nbsX§ns\sb¶ tNmZy¯n\p kÀ¡mcn\v D¯capWvSmbnÃ.

GXmbmepw {][m\a{´n tamZnbpsS {]Xnamk tdUntbm {]`mjWamb a³ In _m¯n Atacn¡³ {]knUâpw ]s¦Sp¡p¶Xp \¶mbn. SznädneqsSbpw sh_vsskäneqsSbpw H_matbmSp tNmZy§Ä tNmZn¡msa¶mWp tamZn SznädneqsS Adnbn¨Xv. t\cs¯ C´y³ {][m\a{´nbpsS Atacn¡³ kµÀi\thfbn tamZnbpw H_mabpw kwbpàambn hmjnwKvS¬ t]mÌv ]{X¯n kwbpà apJ{]kwKw FgpXnbXn\p Xncn¨pÅ acymZbmIpw BImihmWnbnse kwbpà kwkmcw. sNmÆmgvNbmWv Cu ]cn]mSn BImihmWn {]t£]Ww sN¿pI.

Atacn¡³ {]knUân\p thWvSn cmjv{S]Xn `h\nepw {][m\a{´nbpsS hkXnbnepw AXnhn]peamb kXvImc§fpw kzoIcW§fpw \S¯p¶pWvSv. dn¸»nIv Zn\¯n cmjv{S]Xn `h\n {]Wm_v apJÀPn \ÂIp¶ Aäv tlmw kXvImc¯nepw H_ma DWvSmIpw. Cu kzoIcW¯nepw ]tcUnepsams¡ ]s¦Sp¡m³ {]tXyI £WapÅXn\m teJI\pw H_mabpsS hchns\ ASp¯dnbm³ Ahkcw In«pw.

Aw_m\namcpw AUm\namcpw

sslZcm_mZv lukn H_mabpw tamZnbpambn \msf \S¡p¶ NÀ¨bpw XpSÀ¶pÅ D¨hncp¶pw CcphcpsSbpw kulrZw IqSpX Dujvafam¡pw. cmjv{S]Xn `h\n \msf cm{Xn \S¡p¶ A¯mghncp¶pw cmjv{S¯eh·mÀ¡pÅ Ncn{X¯nse Gähpw hn]peambXmIpw. km[mcW A¼Xn Xmsg t]À am{Xw ]s¦Sp¡mdpÅ C¯cw hncp¶n C¯hW Ccp\qdp h¼·mscbmWp £Wn¨ncn¡p¶Xv.

AtimI lmfn\p ]Icw cmjv{S]Xn `h\n ]pXpXmbn ]qÀ¯nbm¡nb lmfnemIpw A¯mgw. almßmKmÔn kam[nbmb cmPvL«nemWv cmjv{S]Xn `h\n \msf kzoIcWw. c¯³ Smäbpw Aw_m\namcpw apX AUm\namÀ hscbpÅ tamZnbpsS Cã¡mcmb h¼³ _nkn\kpImscÃmw £WnXm¡fpsS ]«nIbnepWvSv. C´ybnsebpw Atacn¡bnsebpw h³InS hyhkmbnIfpambn {]tXyI NÀ¨ thsdbpapWvSv.

BWh¡cmdnsâ \bX{´w

Atacn¡bpambpÅ ssk\ntIXc BWh¡cmdpambn _Ôs¸« NÀ¨Ifnse ]ptcmKXn C´y¡p {][m\amWv. BtKmf BWhhnXcW Iq«mbvabn C´y¡pw AwKXzw t\SpIbmIpw apJyw. C´y³ ]mÀesaâv ]mkm¡nb knhn BWh _m[yXm \nba¯nse \jvS]cnlmc hyhkvYbpsS t]cn {]XnkÔnbnemb BWh Icmdns\ ]qÀWtXmXn {]mhÀ¯nIamt¡WvSXpWvSv. BWh Zpc´apWvSmbm \jvS]cnlmcw \ÂtIWvSXp kma{Kn hnXcW¡mc\msW¶ hyhØtbmSpÅ Atacn¡bpsS FXnÀ¸ns\ adnISt¡WvSXv Htcm C´y¡mcsâbpw BhiyamWv. BWh¡cmdn\p ]pdsa {]Xntcm[w, kpc£, `oIchmZ¯ns\XntcbpÅ \S]SnIÄ F¶nhbnseÃmw C´ybpsS XmXv]cy§Ä kwc£n¡m\mbm AXmIpw tamZnbpsS t\«w.

C´ybnte¡p hcp¶Xn\p sXm«pap¼msb¦nepw ]m¡nØm\nse `oIckwLS\Isf \ntcm[n¡m³ H_ma k½ÀZw sNep¯nbXp \¶mbn. ]t£ \ntcm[\w sImWvSp {]iv\w XocnÃ. ]pXnb t]cpIfn `oIcÀ hoWvSpw kPohamIp¶Xp ]pXnbImcyaÃ. ]m¡nØm\nse `cW, ssk\nI t\XrXzs¯s¡mWvSp `oIcsc AaÀ¨ sN¿n¡p¶Xn Atacn¡ IÀi\ \ne]mSp kzoIcn¡msX C´y¡p kam[m\w ssIhcnÃ.

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Atacn¡bpsSbpw ssN\bpsSbpw ta[mhnXz¯n\nSbn BtKmfiànbmbpÅ C´ybpsS IpXn¸pw {][m\amWv. Atacn¡bpsS ASna¯w CÃmsX C´ybnse km[mcW¡mc\p IqSn {]tbmP\IcamIp¶ GsXmcp Iq«psI«pw kzmKXmÀlhpamWv. ‘`cn¡m³ \mec hÀjw an¨apÅ tamZnbpw cWvSp hÀjw tijn¡p¶ H_mabpw ssItImÀ¡pt¼mÄ CcpcmPy§Ä¡pw taJebnsebpw BtKmfXe¯nsebpw kam[m\¯n\pw ]pXpshfn¨w e`n¡s«sb¶p B{Kln¡mw.






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