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June 25, 2016
 
 
    
 
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Xn·bv¡pÅ icnbmb adp]Sn

cWvSmw temIalmbp²Ime¯p blqZcpw bp²¯ShpImcpapÄs¸sS 6500tesdt¸cpsS Poh³ c£n¨ Hcp Ncn{X]pcpj\mWp tam¬kntªmÀ lyp H^vfmcnän (1898þ1963). 1943 lnävedpsS \mkn¸SbmfnIÄ tdmansâ \nb{´Ww ssIbS¡nbt¸mÄ AhnsS DWvSmbncp¶ blqZscbpw c£s¸« bp²¯ShpImscbpw AdÌv sNbvXv D·qe\w sN¿pI F¶Xmbncp¶p \mknIfpsS \bw. F¶mÂ, X{´]camb \o¡§fneqsS Bbnc¡W¡n\mfpIsf Hfnhn Xmakn¸n¡m\pw Ahsc kpc£nXØe§fn F¯n¡m\pw tam¬. H^vfmcnän¡p km[n¨p. h¯n¡m\nse Hcp ko\bnÀ H^ojyembncp¶ At±l¯n\v A¶s¯ amÀ]m¸bmbncp¶ ]{´WvSmw ]obqknsâ ]n´pWbpapWvSmbncp¶p.

AbÀe³Un P\n¨ H^vfmcnän sshZnI]T\¯n\mbn tdman F¯nbXmbncp¶p. F¶mÂ, 1925 sshZnI]T\w ]qÀ¯nbm¡nbt¸mÄ At±lw AbÀe³Unte¡p aS§nbnÃ. A[nImcnIfpsS \nÀtZia\pkcn¨v At±lw h¯n¡m³ Iqcnbmbn tkh\w Bcw`n¨p. AtX¯pSÀ¶v 1934 At±l¯n\p tam¬kntªmÀ ]Zhn e`n¨p. ZoÀLImeambn tdman Xmakn¨ncp¶XpsImWvSv AhnsS [mcmfw kplr¯p¡Ä At±l¯n\pWvSmbncp¶p.

cWvSmw temIalmbp²¯nsâ Bcw`L«¯n CäenbnepWvSmbncp¶ bp²¯ShpImcpsS Iym¼pIÄ H^vfmcnän kµÀin¡pambncp¶p. X·qew ] e XShpImÀ¡pw At±ls¯ ]cnNbapWvSmbncp¶p. 1943 PÀa\nbpambpÅ kJy¯nÂ\n¶v Cäen ]n·mdnbt¸mÄ kJyI£nIfnÂs¸« Bbnc¡W¡n\p XShpImÀ tamNnXcmbn. F¶mÂ, PÀa³ ssk\yw CäenbpsS \nb{´Ww GsäSp¡m³ {ian¨Xns\¯pSÀ¶v ap³]p bp²¯ShpImcmbncp¶hÀ hoWvSpw XShpImcm¡s¸Spw F¶ ØnXnh¶p. CtX¯pSÀ¶p [mcmfw XShpImÀ tam¬. H^vfmcnänbpsS klmbwtXSn tdmante¡p Xncn¨p. At¸mÄ tdmansâ \nb{´Ww \mknIfpsS ssIIfnembncp¶p. slÀ_À«v Im]vfÀ F¶ tIWembncp¶p AhnsS t]meoknsâ Xeh\mbn \mknIfpsS `cWw ASnt¨Â¸n¨ncp¶Xv.

Im]vfdpsS {][m\e£yw tdmanse blqZsc Iq«¡pcpXn¡mbn tIm¬k³t{Sj³ Iym¼nte¡v Abbv¡pI F¶Xmbncp¶p. AXpt]mse, Cämenb³ A[nIrXÀ ap³]v hn«b¨ bp²¯ShpImsc AdÌpsNbvXp ITn\ tPmenIÄ¡p \nban¡pI F¶Xpw. F¶mÂ, tam¬. H^vfmcnänbpsSbpw At±l¯nsâ \nch[n kplr¯p¡fpsSbpw ]cn{ia^eambn 3925 ap³ bp²¯ShpImsc hnhn[ Øe§fn Hfn¸n¨p Xmakn¸n¡m³ km[n¨p. Ahcn Gsdt¸cpw {_n«ojv ]SbmfnIfmbncp¶p. ku¯v B{^n¡, {Kokv, Atacn¡ F¶nhnS§fnÂ\n¶pÅ ]SbmfnIfpw Ahcn DÄs¸«ncp¶p.

A¡me¯v 9,700 blqZcmbncp¶p tdman DWvSmbncp¶Xv. Ahcn 1,007 t]sc AdÌpsNbvXv HujvhnävknepÅ tIm¬k³t{Sj³ Iym¼nte¡v Abbv¡m³ tIW Im]vfÀ¡p km[ns¨¦nepw _m¡nbpÅhsc kpc£nXØe§fn Hfn¸n¡m³ tam¬. H^vfmcnän¡p km[n¨p. Ahcn 5,000 t]sc amÀ]m¸bpsS th\¡me hkXnbmb ImÌ K³tUmÄt^mbnepw hnhn[ k\ymkm{ia§fnepw Hfn¸n¨t¸mÄ 3,700 t]sc hnhn[ BfpIfpsS `h\§fn Xmakn¸n¨p.

blqZscbpw bp²¯ShpImscbpw Hfnhn Xmakn¸n¡m³ tam¬. H^vfmcnän t\XrXzw sImSp¯Xpaqew At±ls¯ h[n¡m³ \mknIÄ ]eXhW {ian¨p. F¦nepw X{´]camb \o¡§fneqsS \mknIfnÂ\n¶p c£s¸Sm³ At±l¯n\v Ft¸mgpw km[n¨p.

bp²Ime¯p henb Hcp lotdm Bbn amdnb At±ls¯ bp²m\´cw saUÂ Hm^v {^oUw \ÂIn Atacn¡bpw, Iam³UÀ Hm^v Zn HmÀUÀ Hm^v Zn {_n«ojv F¼bÀ F¶ _lpaXn \ÂIn {_n«\pw BZcn¨p. AXn\p ]n¶mse Im\Ubpw Hmkvt{Senbbpw Cäenbpw hnhn[ _lpaXnIÄ \ÂIn BZcn¨p.

tam¬. H^vfmcnänbpsS sFXnlmknIamb Cu PohnXIYsb B[mcam¡n sP.]n. KmeKÀ hncNn¨ at\mlcamb t\mhemWv Z kvImÀseäv ]n¼Às\ Hm^v Zn h¯n¡m³. Cu t\mhens\ B[mcam¡n 1983 \nÀan¡s¸« at\mlcamb Hcp kn\nabmWv Zn kvImÀseäv B³Uv Zn »m¡v. {]kn² tlmfnhpUv \S\mb {KnKdn s]Iv BWv tam¬. H^vfmcnänsb kn\nabn A\izc\m¡n amänbncn¡p¶Xv. At±l¯nsâ apJy FXncmfnbmbn hcp¶ tIW Im]vfsd AhXcn¸n¡p¶Xp asämcp {]kn² tlmfnhpUv \S\mb {InÌ^À ¹½dpw.

tam¬. H^vfmcnänbpsS PohnX¯nÂ\n¶v ASÀ¯nsbSp¯ Hcp kw`hw Cu kn\nabpsS Ahkm\`mK¯p \mw ImWp¶pWvSv. Atacn¡³ ssk\yw Cäenbn em³Uv sNbvXXns\¯pSÀ¶p kJyI£nIÄ tdmansâ \nb{´Ww ]nSns¨Sp¯t¸mÄ Hcp klmbm`yÀY\bpambn tIW Im]vfÀ tam¬. H^vfmcnänsb kao]n¨p. ssZhnIamb IcpWtbmSpIqSn Bbnc¡W¡n\mfpIsf kz´w Poh³ ]Wbs¸Sp¯nbpw c£n¨ tam¬. H^vfmcnänbpsS klmbw Xsâ `mcy¡pw ]p{X\pw IqSn e`n¡Wsa¶mbncp¶p Im]vfdpsS At]£.

Ahsc F{Xbpw thKw kpc£nXcmbn kznävkÀe³Un F¯n¡Wsa¶p tIW Im]vfÀ At±lt¯mSp bmNn¨p.

At¸mÄ Im]vfsdt¸mse Hcp Iivaes\ klmbn¡p¶Xns\¡pdn¨p Nn´n¡m³ t]mepw km[n¡pIbnsömbncp¶p tam¬kntªmÀ sImSp¯ adp]Sn. F¶mÂ, Im]vfÀ Bhiys¸«Xpt]mse tam¬kntªmÀ {]hÀ¯n¡pIXs¶ sNbvXp. Im]vfdpsS `mcysbbpw ]p{Xs\bpw kpc£nXcmbn At±lw kznävkÀe³Un F¯n¨p.

\½psS PohnX¯n \aps¡Xntc Xn·{]hÀ¯n¡p¶hÀ ]ecpapWvSmsb¶ncn¡pw. A§s\bpÅhÀ¡pthWvSn \· {]hÀ¯n¡m³ \ap¡p km[n¡ptam? Akm[yw F¶mbncn¡pw C¡mcys¯¡pdn¨p \ap¡p tXm¶pI.

F¶mÂ, Xn· sN¿p¶htcmSp Xn·bv¡p ]Icw \· sN¿p¶hÀ [mcmfapWvSv Cu temI¯nÂ. A§s\bpÅ Hcmfmbncp¶p tam¬. H^vfmcnän. klmbw BhiyapÅhsc klmbn¨p F¶Xmbncp¶nà At±l¯nsâ alXzw. Xs¶ \nc´cambn th«bmSnb Xsâ i{Xphns\ At±lw klmbn¨p F¶Xmbncp¶p At±l¯nsâ alXzw.

tam¬. H^vfmcnänbpsS Cu amXrI \½psS HmÀabn DWvSmbncn¡s«. At¸mÄ \t½mSp Xn· sN¿p¶hÀ¡pt]mepw \· sN¿m³ \ap¡Xp {]tNmZ\amIpw.

 


 
    
 
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